Today In The Past

Events

837 – Best view of Halley’s Comet in 2000 years

989 – Battle at Abydos: Byzantine emperor Basilius II beats Bardas Phocas

1055 – Bishop Gebhard van Eichstattt named Pope Victor II

1111 – Pope Paschalis II crowns Roman catholics-German king Hendrik II

1180 – Republic day of Gelnhausen

1204 – Crusaders occupy Constantinople

1241 – Battle at Theiss: Mongols beat Hungarian King Béla IV

1250 – The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France is captured.

1256 – The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.

1346 – Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy

1367 – Battle at Nájera Spain: Castile & England beat Aragon & France

1556 – Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope

1598 – Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots

1640 – English Short Parliament forms (- May 5)

1668 – John Dryden (36) becomes 1st English poet laureate

1741 – Dutch people protest bad quality of bread

1741 – Royal Military Academy forms at Woolwich

1759 – French beat European Allies in Battle of Bergen

1796 – 1st elephant arrives in US from India

1796 – Battle at Millesimo Italy: Napoleon beats Austrians

1808 – William Henry Lane (“Juda”) perfects tap dance

1829 – English Emancipation Act grants freedom of religion to Catholics

1860 – 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento Calif

1861 – After 34 hours of bombardment, Ft Sumter surrenders to Confederates

1863 – Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)

1863 – Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital

1865 – Battle of Raleigh, NC

1865 – Sherman’s march through Georgia begins

1868 – Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor commits suicide

1869 – Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

1870 – Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC

1873 – Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)

1883 – US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism

1902 – J C Penney opens his 1st store in Kemmerer, Wyo

1904 – Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Herero’s chase away German army

1904 – Congress authorizes Lewis & Clark Expo $1 gold coin

1906 – Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama

1918 – Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital

1919 – Amritsar Massacre-British Army fires on nationalist rioters in India

1919 – British forces kill 100s of Indian Nationalists (Amritsar Massacre)

1920 – 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed

1926 – Bicyclists without bicycle-tax-stamp rounded up in Amsterdam

1933 – 1st flight over Mount Everest (Lord Clydesdale)

1934 – US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act

1939 – In India, the Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.

1940 – 2nd battle of Narvik-8 German destroyers, destroyed

1940 – Cornelious Warmerdam became 1st man to pole vault 15 ft

1941 – Heavy German assault on Tobruk

1943 – FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

1943 – Nazi’s discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn

1944 – The diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established.

1945 – Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen Neth from Nazis

1945 – Red Army occupy Wien (Vienna)

1945 – US marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa

1948 – 75 scientists ambushed on way to Mount Scopus

1954 – Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist

1955 – 20.33″ (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)

1957 – Due to lack of funds, Saturday mail delivery in US is temp halted

1958 – Van Cliburn is the first American to win the Chaikovsky Compettion in Moscow.

1959 – USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit

1960 – France becomes 4th nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara

1960 – Transit 1B, 1st navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit

1962 – US steel industry forced to give up price increases

1963 – Pete Rose triples for his 1st major league base hit

1964 – Ian D Smith becomes premier of Rhodesia

1966 – Pan Am places $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s

1969 – 33rd Golf Masters Championship: George Archer wins, shooting a 281

1970 – 34th Golf Masters Championship: Billy Casper wins, shooting a 279

1975 – 39th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 276

1975 – Chad military coup by General Odingar

1975 – Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war

1976 – $2 bill re-introduced as US currency

1976 – Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes

1979 – Longest doubles ping-pong match ends after 101 hours

1980 – “Grease” closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 3,388 performances

1980 – US boycotts Summer Olympics in Moscow

1981 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Beth Henley for “Crimes of the Heart”

1981 – Wash Post Janet Cooke wins Pulitzer Prize (later admits story a hoax)

1983 – Undefeated middleweight boxer Tony Ayala gets 35 years on sex assault

1984 – Pete Rose becomes 1st NL to get get 4,000 hits in a career

1985 – “TASS” denounced US boycott of Moscow Olympics

1986 – Boston Celtics end season with a 40-1 home win record

1986 – Spanish Grand Prix decided by 0.014 of a second

1987 – Portugal signs agreement to return Macau to China (in 1999)

1992 – American Airlines reduce its 1st-class fares 20%-50%

1992 – Crystal Pepsi begins test marketing in Providence, Denver & Dallas

1992 – Great Chicago Flood – Chicago’s underground tunnels flood

1994 – President guard at Kigali Rwanda, chops 1,200 church members to death

1997 – Hartford Whalers last NHL game

2012 – North Korean long range rocket testing ends in failure after the rocket broke up after launch

 

 

 

Births

1506 – Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (d. 1546)

1519 – Catherine de’ Medici, Italian born Queen consort to Henry II of France and later regent to her sons

1547 – Elisabeth of Valois, daughter of King Henry II of France and 3rd wife of Philip II of Spain (d. 1568)

1570 – Guy Fawkes, English Catholic conspirator (d. 1606)

1573 – Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1625)

1618 – Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer (d. 1693)

1626 – Aert Jansz van Nes, Lt-admiral, baptised

1721 – John Hanson, Maryland, 1st US Pres under Articles of Confederation (d. 1783)

1743 – Thomas Jefferson, Virginia, (D-R) 3rd President of the United States (1801-09) (d. 1826)

1771 – Richard Trevithick, Cornwall, inventor (steam locomotive)

1780 – Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (d. 1868)

1784 – Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder

1784 – Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (d. 1877)

1791 – Félix PBOG earl de Merode, Belgian minister of War/Finance

1802 – Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist (d. 1884)

1808 – Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (d. 1896)

1822 – Leroy Augustus Stafford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1822 – William Stephen Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899

1832 – James Wimshurst, British designer/inventor (electricstatic generator)

1850 – Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)

1852 – F.W. Woolworth, American businessman (d. 1919)

1854 – Richard T Ely, US economist (Hard Times)

1866 – Butch Cassidy, [Robert LeRoy Parker], American desperado (Wild Bunch Passage)

1887 – Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association (d. 1995)

1889 – Herbert Osborne Yardley, American cryptographer (d. 1958)

1891 – Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian winner of the Victoria Cross (d. 1921)

1892 – Arthur Harris, Cheltenham, Marshal of the RAF

1892 – Robert A Watson-Watt, England, physicist (radar)

1897 – Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (d. 1917)

1899 – Alfred Moser Butts, game inventor (Scrabble)

1900 – Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer (d. 1976)

1902 – Philippe de Rothschild, Paris, manager (Bordeaux Vineyard)

1904 – Sir David Robinson, British philanthropist and entrepreneur (d. 1987)

1906 – Budd [Lawrence] Freeman, US jazz saxophonist (Eel)

1906 – Samuel Beckett, French playwright (Waiting for Godot, Nobel 1969)

1907 – Harold Stassen, W St Paul Minn, (Gov-R-Minn) perennial pres candidate

1909 – Eudora Welty, Jackson Ms, novelist (Optimist’s Daughter-Pulitzer 1973)

1909 – Stanislaw Marcin Ulam, Polish mathematician (d. 1984)

1913 – Bernard Chacksfield, Air Vice-Marshal

1913 – David Donald Albritton, Danville Al, high jumper (Olympic-silver-1936)

1916 – Phyllis Fraser Cerf Wagner, American actress, journalist, and publisher (d. 2006)

1917 – Howard Keel, Ill, actor/singer and president of the Screen Actors Guild (7 Brides for 7 Brothers, Kiss Me Kate)

1919 – Madalyn Murray O’Hair, American atheist (opppsed prayer in school)

1920 – Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (d. 1982)

1921 – Baron Thyssen-Bornemisza, industrialist

1921 – James Wilson, British Lt-General

1922 – Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician (d. 1999)

1923 – Don Adams, American actor and comedian (d. 2005)

1924 – Stanley Donen, SC, film director/producer (Bedazzled, Damn Yankees)

1925 – Frank Neville Hosband Robinson, physicist

1926 – 11th duke of Marlborough, English large landowner

1926 – Don Adams, NYC, comedian (Maxwell Smart-Get Smart, Check it Out)

1927 – Rosa Joyce Plesters Brommelie, conservation scientist

1931 – Jon Stone, co-creator of Sesame Street (d. 1997)

1933 – Ben Nighthorse Campbell, (Sen-D Colorado)

1933 – Shani Wallis, Ireland, singer/actress (Oliver)

1935 – Kenneth Hayr, air marshal

1935 – Lyle Waggoner, KC Kansas, actor (Carol Burnette Show, Wonder Woman)

1937 – Edward Fox, London England, actor (M-Never Say Never Again)

1937 – Lanford Wilson, US playwright (Hot L Baltimore)

1939 – Paul Sorvino, actor (Chiefs, Dick Tracy)

1940 – Lester Chambers, Ms, vocalist (Chamber Brothers-Time Has Come Today)

1940 – Mike Beuttler, British racing driver (d. 1988)

1941 – Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist, Nobel laureate

1942 – Bill Conti, Providence RI, composer (For Your Eyes Only, Rocky IV)

1943 – Bill Koch, US skier

1943 – Billy Kidd, American skier

1944 – Brian Pendleton, rocker (Pretty Things)

1944 – Jack Casady, Wash DC, rock bassist (Hot Tuna, Jefferson Airplane)

1945 – Edward J Caruthers Jr, Troy Ala, high jumper (Olympic-silver-1968)

1945 – Lowell George, rock vocalist/guitarist (Little Feat-Time is a Hero)

1945 – Tony Dow, Hollywood California, actor (Wally-Leave it to Beaver)

1946 – Al Green, Forest City Arkansas, singer (Lets Stay Together)

1946 – Roy Loney, rocker (Flaming Groovies)

1948 – Nam Hae-il, Chief of Naval Operations of Republic of Korea Navy

1949 – Jean-Jacques Favier, Kehl Germany, astronaut (STS 78)

1949 – Philippe Petit, Nemours France, juggler/aerialist

1949 – Ricardo Zuniño, Argentine racing driver

1950 – Riff West, rock bassist (Molly Hatchet)

1950 – Ron Perlman, Bronx NY, actor (Quest for Fire, Beauty & the Beast)

1951 – Beatrix “Trixie” Schuba, Austria, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1972)

1951 – Max Weinberg, rock drummer (E Street Band, Conan O’Brien Show)

1951 – Peabo Bryson, Greenville SC, R&B vocalist (I’m So into You)

1951 – Peter Davison, actor (Dr Who, Sink or Swim, Fiddlers Three)

1952 – Jonjo O’Neill, racehorse trainer

1952 – Ron Dittemore, American space administrator

1954 – Jimmy Destri, rock keyboardist (Blondie-Heart of Glass, Rapture)

1956 – Peter ‘Possum’ Bourne, New Zealand rally driver (d. 2003)

1957 – Saundra Santiago, Bronx NY, actress (Gina-Miami Vice)

1958 – Randy Piper, heavy metal rocker (Wasp-Wildchild)

1959 – Vicki Witt Lansing MI, playmate (Aug, 1978)

1960 – Olaf Ludwig, German cyclist

1962 – Hillel Slovak, Israeli-born guitarist (d. 1988)

1963 – Gary Kimovich Kasparov, USSR, world chess champion (1985- )

1964 – Davis Milton Love III, Charlotte NC, PGA golfer (1987 MCI Heritage)

1964 – Caroline Rhea, Canadian actress

1969 – Harold Pruett, rocker (Outsiders-Time Won’t Let Me)

1970 – Rick Schroder, SI NY, actor (Ricky-Silver Spoons, Champ, Earthling)

1971 – Charles Outlaw, NBA forward (LA Clippers, Orlando Magic)

1974 – Darren Turner , British Race Driver

1975 – Lou Bega, German-born musician and artist

1978 – Chris Sligh, American Idol finalist

 

 

 

Deaths

799 – Paul the Deacon / Paulus Diaconus Warnefred, Italian Benedictine monk and chronicler (born c. 720)

814 – Krum of Bulgaria

1093 – Prince Vsevolod I of Kiev (b. 1030)

1279 – Boleslaw the Pious, Polish duke

1517 – Tuman Bey, last Mamelukken sultan of Egypt, hanged

1612 – Sasaki Kojirō, Japanese samurai

1635 – Fakhr-al-Din II, Druze Prince of Lebanon (b. 1572)

1722 – Charles Leslie, Irish controversialist, dies

1793 – Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, French revolutionary (b. 1763)

1806 – Jean-Jacques Bachelier, French painter, dies at about 82

1853 – Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (b. 1788)

1855 – Henry De la Beche, English geologist (b. 1796)

1880 – Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist (b. 1813)

1904 – Vasili Vereshtshagin, Russian painter (War & Peace), dies

1918 – Lavr Georgevich Kornilov, Russian general (b. 1870)

1936 – Milton Brown, American swing bandleader (b. 1903)

1941 – Annie Jump Cannon, US astronomer (Henry Draper catalogues), dies at 77

1942 – Henk Sneevliet, leader of Dutch RSAP/Spartacus, executed at 58

1945 – Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher (b. 1874)

1967 – Luis Somoza Debayle, president of Nicaragua (1956-63), dies at 44

1980 – Markus Höttinger, Austrian racing driver (b. 1956)

1984 – Christopher Wilder, FBI’s “most wanted man,” accidentally kills self

1992 – Wallace Stegner, novelist (Pulitzer 1972), dies at 84

1994 – Donald Benjamin Harden, archaeologist, dies at 92

1996 – James “Jimmy the Gent” Burke, criminal, dies at 64

1997 – George Wald, scientist (Nobel Prize, vitamin A in retina), dies at 80

1997 – Dorothy Frooks, American author and military figure (b. 1896)

1998 – Patrick de Gayardon, French skydiver and skysurfer (b. 1960)

2002 – Desmond Titterington, Northern Irish racecar driver (b. 1928)

2003 – Possum Bourne, New Zealand rally car driver (b. 1956

2005 – Johnnie Johnson, American blues musician (b. 1924)

2007 – Don Selwyn, Māori actor and film director (b. circa 1936)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advertisements