Today In The Past

 

 

Events

858 – Benedict III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1397 – Geoffrey Chaucer tells the Canterbury Tales for the first time at the court of Richard II. Chaucer scholars have also identified this date (in 1387) as when the book’s pilgrimage to Canterbury starts.

1492 – Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find Indies

 

 

 

1524 – Giovanni Verrazano,  Florentine navigatordiscovers New York Harbor

 

 

 

 

 

 

1534 – Sir Thomas More confined in London Tower

1555 – Siena surrenders for Spanish troops

1629 – 1st commercial fishery established

1793 – Battle of Warsaw

1797 – Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico in what would be one of the largest invasions to Spanish territories in America.

1808 – Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships

1817 – 1st US school for deaf (Hartford, Conn)

1824 – Russia abandons all North American claims south of 54° 40’N

1853 – US Marine Hospital at Presidio (SF) forms

1861 – Indianola TX – “Star of West” taken by Confederacy

1861 – Virginia is 8th state to secede

 

 

 

1863 –  Grierson’s Raid : La GrangeTN to Baton RougeLA

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Plymouth, NC

1864 – Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia

1864 – Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges

1865 – Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Lincoln’s assassination

1875 – “Snooker” (variation of pool) invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain

1895 – Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)

1900 – 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession

1905 – US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional

1905 – The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York which held that the “right to free contract” was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.

1907 – Ellis Island, NY-11,745 immigrants arrive

1912 – 1st unofficial gold record (Al Jolson’s “Ragging The Baby To Sleep”)

1920 – American Professional Football Association forms (NFL)

1924 – Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures & Louis B Mayer Co merged to form MGM

1932 – Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia ends slavery

1934 – New Fenway Park opens, Washington Senators beat Red Sox 6-5

1937 – Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd & Petunia Pig, debut

1939 – Joe Louis KOs Jack Roper in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1941 – British troop land in Iraq/Yugoslavia; surrender to nazis

1941 – Office of Price Administration forms (handled rationing)

1941 – World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.

1942 – 12 Lancaster bombers strike MAN-factory in Augsburg

1942 – Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp

1942 – POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein.

1943 – Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul

1945 – 8th Air Force bombs Dresden

1945 – Benito Mussolini flees from Salò to Milan

1945 – US troops lands in Mindanao

1947 – Jackie Robinson bunts for his 1st major league hit

1951 – NY Yankee Mickey Mantle’s 1st game, he goes 1 for 4

1953 – Mickey Mantle hits a 565′ (172 m) HR in Wash DC’s Griffith Stadium

1956 – Willie Mosconi sinks 150 consecutive balls in a billiard tournament

1958 – Brussel’s (Belgium) World Fair opens

1961 – 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs attempt to overthrow Castro

1964 – Ford Mustang formally introduced ($2368 base)

1964 – Jerrie Mock becomes 1st woman to fly solo around the world

1967 – Shortwave Radio NY Worldwide goes back on the air after a week off

1967 – Surveyor 3 launched; soft lands on Moon, April 20

1969 – Bernadette Devlin elected to British house of commons

1969 – Czechoslovakia’s Communist Party chairman Alexander Dubcek deposed

1969 – Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating Sen Robert F Kennedy

1969 – The Band (formerly The Hawks), perform their 1st concert

1970 – Apollo 13 limps back safely, Beech-built oxygen tank no help

1972 – 1st Boston Women’s Marathon won by Nina Kuscsik of NY in 3:10:26

1972 – 76th Boston Marathon won by Olavi Suomalainen of Finland in 2:15:39

1973 – 2nd Boston Women’s Marathon won by Jacqueline Hansen of CA in 3:05:59

1973 – 77th Boston Marathon won by Jon Anderson of Oreg in 2:16:03

 

 

 

1973 – German counter-terrorist unit GSG 9 founded.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1974 – Bundy victim Susan Rancourt disappears from CWU, Ellensburg, WA

1974 – Moslem fundamentalists assault military academy in Heliopolis Egypt

1975 – Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia (Kampuchea Natl Day)

1975 – Phnom Penh fell to Communist insurgents, ending Cambodia’s 5-year war

1978 – 63,500,000 shares traded on NY stock exchange (record)

1978 – 7th Boston Women’s Marathon won by Gayle Barron of Ga in 2:44:52

1978 – 82nd Boston Marathon won by Bill Rodgers of Mass in 2:10:13

1978 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sagan for “Dragons of Eden”

1982 – Canada adopts its constitution

1983 – Grete Waitz runs female world record marathon (2:25:29)

1983 – In Warsaw, police route 1,000 Solidarity supporters

1983 – India entered space age launching SLV-3 rocket

1983 – Nolan Ryan strikes out his 3,500th batter

1983 – Islanders tie NHL record with 3 shorthanded playoff goals vs Rangers Rangers 7-Isles 6-Patrick Div Finals-Isles hold 2-1 lead Wayne Gretzky scores 7 goals in one Stanley Cup playoff game

1986 – IBM produces 1st megabit-chip

1986 – Netherlands & Scilly Islands sign peace treaty (war of 1651)

1986 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Larry McMurtry for “Lonesome Dove”

1987 – Julius Erving becomes 3rd NBA player to score 30,000 points

1989 – 18th Boston Women’s Marath won by Ingrid Kristiansen of Nor in 2:24:33

1989 – 93rd Boston Marathon won by Abebe Mekonen of Ethiopia in 2:09:06

1989 – Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $245 per week

1990 – Gas explodes on passenger train in Kumrahar India, 80 die

1991 – Dow Jones closes above 3,000 for 1st time (3,004.46)

1991 – Railroad workers go on strike in US

1993 – Police officers found guilty of violating Rodney Kings civil rights

1995 – 24th Boston Women’s Marathon won by Uta Pippig of Germany in 2:25:11

1995 – 99th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas Ndeti of Kenya in 2:09:22

1997 – John Bell, 115, recieves new pacemaker

2002 – Four Canadian Forces soldiers are killed in Afghanistan by friendly fire from two United States Air Force F-16s, the first deaths in a combat zone for Canada since the Korean War.

2012 – The St Cuthbert Gospel, Europe’s oldest intact book, purchased by the British Library for 9 million pounds

 

 

 

 

Births

1278 – Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Eastern Roman Emperor (d. 1320)

1539 – Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter/cartoonist (Comedia)

1586 – John Ford, English dramatist (‘Tis Pity She’s a Whore)

1598 – Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (d. 1671)

1620 – Marguerite Bourgeoys, founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame (d. 1700)

1710 – Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (d. 1767)

1741 – Johann Gottlieb Naumann, composer

 

 

 

1741 – Samuel Chasesupreme court justice (signed Decl of Ind)

 

 

 

 

1788 – Joseph Gilbert Totten, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1864

1798 – Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician (d. 1840)

1809 – Philip St George Cocke, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861

1813 – Henry Washington Benham, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1884

1827 – French C Baeckelmans, Flemish architect (St Amanduskerk, Antwerp)

1837 – John Pierpont Morgan, US banker/CEO (US Steel)

1845 – Isabel Barrows, US, editor/penologist (Conference on Negro Question)

1849 – William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1923)

1863 – Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (d. 1940)

1866 – Ernest Starling, British physiologist (d. 1927)

1885 – Karen Blixen-Finecke, [pen name Isak Dinesen], Danish writer (Out of Africa)

1895 – Bert Wheeler, actor (Nitwits, Hold ’em Jail, High Flyers, Rainmakers)

1896 – Senor Wences, ventriloquist (his hand acts as a puppet)

1897 – Thornton N Wilder, US, novelist/playwright (Our Town)

1904 – Edward Chodorov, playwright/director (Story of Louis Pasteur)

1905 – Arthur Lake, Corbin Ky, actor (Dagwood-Blondie)

 

 

 

1915 – Joe FossAmerican WWII USMC ace pilot and Medal Of Honor recipient (d. 2003)

 

 

 

FOSS, JOSEPH JACOB Photo

 

 

 

 

 

1916 – David Stafford-Clark, psychiatrist

1916 – Donald Gibson, British vice-admiral

1916 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike, world’s 1st woman PM (Sri Lanka, 1960..77)

1918 – Anne Shirley, UK, actress (Devil & Daniel Webster, Stella Dallas)

 

 

 

1918 – William HoldenIllactor (Stalag 17Bridge Over River KwaiSOB)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1921 – Donald Barron, CEO (Midland Bank)

1923 – Harry Reasoner, Dakota City Iowa, newscaster (60 Minutes, ABC, CBS)

1923 – Lloyd Biggle Jr, US, sci-fi author (Silence is Deadly)

1923 – Norman Potter, cabinetmaker designer/writer

1926 – G M Hughes, professor/zoologist

1928 – Cynthia Ozick, US, author (Pagan Rabbi & Other Stories)

1929 – James Last, orchestra leader/composer/arranger

1930 – Chris Barber, jazz trombonist

1934 – Don Kirshner, rock & roll producer (invented bubblegum music)

1936 – Pete Graves, rocker (Moonglows)

 

 

 

1937 – Daffy Duckanimated character

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1937 – Eduard N Stepanov, Russian cosmonaut

1939 – Robin Knox-Johnston, yachtsman

1943 – Roy Estrada, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)

1946 – Clare Francis, yachtswoman/novelist (Come Hell or High Water)

1948 – Jan Hammer, composer (Escape from TV, Miami Vice)

1949 – Heini Hemmi, Switzerland, giant slalom (Olympic-gold-1976)

1951 – Olivia Hussey, Buenos Aires, actress (Romeo & Juliet, Death on Nile)

1952 – Željko Ražnatović, Serbian warlord (d. 2000)

1954 – Riccardo Patrese, driver (Grand Prix)

1954 – Michael Sembello, American musician

1955 – Pete Shelley, vocal/guitar (Buzzcocks-Going Steady, Love Bites)

1956 – Pillow, [Therese Joan Bell], California, bodybuilder (Gold Classic 1983)

1957 – Nick Hornby, English author

1959 – Sean Bean, English actor (The Lord of the Rings Trilogy, A Game of Thrones)

1959 – Teri Austin, Toronto Canada, actress (Terminal Choice, Knots Landing)

1961 – Boomer Esiason, NFL quarterback (NY Jets, Cincinnati Bengals)

1962 – Nancy Hogshead, Iowa City, swimmer (Olympic-gold-1984)/model (jockey)

1964 – Raye Hollit, American Gladiator (Zap)

1966 – Lela Rochon, actress (Waiting to Exhale)

1967 – Liz Phair, American musician/songwriter

1969 – Alexander McQueen, fashion designer

1972 – Jennifer Garner [Affleck], Houston, Texas. American actress (Sydney Bristow-Alias)

1972 – Claire Sweeney, English actress

1973 – Brett Maher, Adelaide SA Australia, basketball guard (Olympics-96)

1974 – Victoria Beckham [Adams], Harlow, Essex, English singer (Posh Spice-Spice Girls)

1976 – Nadine Thomas, Miss Jamaica Universe (1997)

1976 – Monet Mazur, American actress and musician

1978 – Jason White, Scottish rugby player

1981 – Ryan Raburn, American baseball player

 

 

 

Deaths

326 – Alexander of Alexandria, Patriarch of Alexandria

485 – Proclus, Greek mathematician, dies in Athens [or Apr 14]

617 – Donnán of Eigg, Celtic Christian martyr, patron saint of Eigg

818 – Bernhard I, King of Italy, dies

858 – Benedict III, Italian Pope (855-58), dies

1080 – King Harald III of Denmark (b. 1041)

1272 – Zita/Cita, Italian maid/saint, dies at about 59

1427 – Jan IV, duke of Brabant/Limburg/wife of Jacoba van Bayern, dies

1574 – Joachim Camerarius, [Liebhard Kammerer], German philologist, dies

1630 – Christian I, ruler of Anhalt-Bernburg (battle of White Mt), dies

1680 – Kateri Tekakwitha, first American Indian to receive beatification (b. 1656)

1761 – Thomas Bayes, English mathematician

 

 

 

1790 – Benjamin FranklinUS, (Poor Richards Almanac), dies at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

1799 – Richard Jupp, English architect (b. 1728)

1835 – William Henry Ireland, forger (Shakespearean manuscripts), dies

1838 – J Schopenhauer, writer, dies at 71

1843 – Samuel Morey, American inventor (b. 1762)

1863 – Daniel Smith Donelson, Confederate general/cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61

1882 – George Jennings Sanitary engineer (b. 1810)

1941 – Al Bowlly, British dance band vocalist (b. 1899)

1942 – Jean Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)

1945 – Hannie Schaft, “Girl with red hair,” executed

1945 – Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54

1960 – Eddie Cochran, rocker, dies at 21 in a car crash

1967 – Red Allen, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1908)

1968 – Margaret Seddon, dies at 95

1974 – Vinnie Taylor, rocker (Canned Heat), dies of a drug overdose

1976 – Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)

1983 – Felix Pappalardi, rocker (Cream, Mountain), dies

1983 – Mark W Clark, US general (WW II), dies at 87

1987 – Carlton Barrett, Jamaican reggae drummer (No woman no cry), dies at 36

 

 

 

1987 – Dick Shawncomedian (Producers), dies on stage at 57

 

 

 

 

1988 – Eva Novak, actress (Medicine Man), dies of pneumonia at 90

1990 – Ralph David Abernathy, US civil rights leader, dies

1992 – Hank Penny, country music singer, dies at 73 of heart failure

1996 – Jose Luis Lopez Aranguren, philosopher, dies at 86

1997 – Chaim Herzog, President of Israel (1983-93), dies at 78

1998 – Linda McCartney, American-born wife of Paul McCartney (b. 1941)

2003 – Robert Atkins, American dietician (b. 1930)

2003 – Paul Getty, American-born philanthropist (b. 1932)

 

 

 

2003 – Earl KingAmerican musician and songwriter (b. 1934)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

2003 – Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (b. 1910)

2007 – Kitty Carlisle, American actress and television personality (b. 1910)

2008 – Danny Federici, organ player for E-Street Band (b. 1950)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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