Today In The Past

 

 

Events

215 BC – A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene.

 

 

 

1014 – King Brian Boru of Ireland beats Danes at Battle of Clontarf

 

 

 

 

 

 

1154 – Damascus surrenders to sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo

1229 – Ferdinand III of Castile conquers Cáceres.

1343 – St. George’s Night Uprising.

1348 – 1st English order of knighthood founded (Order of Garter)

1500 – Pedro Cabral lands & annexes Brazil (Terra da Vera Cruz)

1501 – Portuguese navigator Pedro Cabral & 6 ships return to Lisbon

1597 – William Shakespeare’s The Merry Wives of Windsor is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance.

1635 – Oldest US public institution, Boston Latin School founded

1662 – Connecticut chartered as an English colony

1789 – President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, NY

1795 – William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason

1827 – William Rowan Hamilton presents his Theory of systems of rays.

1838 – English steamship “Great Western” crossing Atlantic docks in NYC

1861 – Arkansas troops seize Ft Smith

1864 – Battle of Cane River, LA (Red River Expedition, Monett’s Ferry)

1867 – Queen Victoria & Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel

 

 

 

1871 – Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up

 

 

 

 

 

 

1896 – Vitascope system of movie projection 1st shown at Koster & Bial’s Music Hall (NYC) 

1900 – 1st know occurrence of word “hillbillie” (NY Journal)

1915 – ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)

1918 – Battle of Zeebrugge ends

1919 – Major leagues open a reduced 140-game season

1921 – Charles Paddock runs world record 100m (10.4 secs)

1924 – British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley

1932 – Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens at Stratford-on-Avon

1932 – The 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands burns down.

1938 – Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government

1939 – Boston Red Sox Ted Williams hits his 1st HR

 

 

 

1940 – Dance hall fire kills 207 (Natchez Miss)

Natchez Fire

 

 

 

 

 

 

1941 – Greece Army surrenders to German Nazis RAF brings Greek king George II to Egypt

1942 – 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins

1942 – Luftwaffe bombs Exeter

1943 – British & US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta

1945 – Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated

1945 – US troops in Italy cross river Po

1949 – Chinese Red army conquerors Nanjing

1950 – Nationalist China evacuates Hainan Island

1952 – Oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Banias completed

1953 – General Charles P Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA

1954 – Hammerin’ Hank Aaron hits 1st of his 755 homers

1956 – US Supreme court ends race segregation on buses

1958 – Gil Hodges hits his 300th HR & Pee Wee Reese plays in 2,000th game

1959 – 1st heliport in Britain opens in London

1962 – 1st US satellite to reach the moon launched

1968 – 1st decimal coins issued in Britain (5 & 10 pence)

1969 – LA Laker Jerry West scores 53 points

1969 – Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death for killing Bobby Kennedy

1971 – Columbia University operations virtually end, by student strike

 

 

 

1972 – Apollo 16 astronauts explores Moon surface

 

 

 

 

 

 

1977 – Milt workers kill 300-500 students in Addis Ababa

1977 – Czech chess master Vlastimil Hort plays 201 games simultaneously & only loses 10

1978 – Reds Joe Morgan ends record streak of 91 cons errorless games at 2nd

1982 – Conch Republic is established.

1984 – AIDS-virus identified (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)

1985 – New Coke debuts

1987 – 28 construction workers killed in an apt collapse in Bridgeport, Ct

1988 – A Greek pedals self-powered aircraft, 74 miles

1988 – Federal smoking ban during domestic airline flights of 2 hrs or less

1989 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar plays his last game as a Laker

1989 – Nolan Ryan blows a no hitter in 9th inning

1992 – Marion Berry (former mayor of Wash DC) let out of prison

1992 – McDonald’s opens its 1st fast-food restaurant in China

1994 – General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Norm Duke

1994 – Libertarian party nominates Howard Stern for Governor of NY

1995 – Pres Clinton declares a national day of mourning for Oklahoma City

1997 – Omaria massacre in Algeria: 42 villagers are killed.

2003 – Beijing closes all schools for two weeks because of the SARS virus.

 

 

 

2009 – The gamma ray burst GRB 090423 is observed for 10 seconds as the most distant object of any kind and also the oldest known object in the universe.

GRB090423

 

 

 

 

 

 

2012 – 38,000 London Marathon entrants have their home and email contacts published in a data protection breach

 

 

 

Births

1170 – Isabelle of Hainaut, queen of France (d. 1190)

1185 – King Afonso II of Portugal (d. 1223)

1464 – Johanna van Valois, Queen of France

1464 – Robert Fayrfax, composer

1484 – Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italy, scholar (On the Subtlety of Things)

1598 – Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp, naval commander

1621 – William Penn, English admiral (d. 1670)

1697 – George Baron Anson, British admiral/explorer

1728 – Samuel Wallis, explorer (Wallis Island)

1746 – Félix Vicq-d’Azyr, French physician and anatomist (d. 1794)

 

 

 

1791 – James BuchananCove Gap PA, (Fed/Dem), 15th US president (1857-61)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1792 – John Thomas Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist (d. 1882)

1813 – Stephen Arnold Douglas, (Little giant), US senator (Lincoln debates)

 

 

 

1858 – Max K E Ludwig PlanckGerman physicist (Planck ConstantNobel 1918)

 

Max Planck

 

 

 

 

 

 

1891 – Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev, Sontsovka, Ukraine, composer (Peter and the Wolf)

1895 – Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand writer (d. 1982)

 

 

 

1897 – Lucius du Bignon ClayUSgeneral (WW II)/gov (West Germany)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1899 – Vladimir Nabokov, St Petersburg, Russia, novelist (Lolita, Ada)

1903 – Guy Simonds, youngest general officer in the Canadian army (d 1974)

1906 – Marcel Hillaire, Cologne Germany, actor (Adv in Paradise)

1908 – Myron Waldman, American animator (d. 2006)

1911 – Simone Simon, France, actress (All Money Can Buy, Ladies in Love)

1914 – Mitsu Suzuki, teacher of tea ceremony at SF Zen Center

1915 – Arnold Hall, CEO (Hawker Siddeley Group)

1917 – Jacob Kistemaker, nuclear physicist (ultra centrifuge)

1917 – Dorian Leigh, American supermodel (d. 2008)

1918 – Gordon Hirabayshi, Seattle, Washington, American civil rights activist and WWII internment opponent (Hirabayshi v. United States), (d. 2012)

1919 – Oleg Penkovsky, Soviet double-agent

1920 – Eric Yarrow, CEO (Clydesdale Bank)

1921 – Warren Spahn, left-handed pitcher (Boston/Milwaukee Braves)

1922 – Boy [Segundo JA] Ecury, Aruba, resistance fighter

1924 – Colin Welch, columnist/critic

1928 – Shirley Temple Black, Ca, actress (Heidi)/ambassador (UN)

1932 – Halston, [R Halston Frowick], fashion designer (1972 Hall of Fame)

1932 – Jim Fixx, jogger/writer (Jim Fixx on Running)

1936 – Roy Orbison, Vernon Tx, rocker (Pretty Woman)

1939 – David Birney, Wash DC, actor (Brigette Loves Bernie, St Elsewhere)

1940 – Lee Majors, [Harvey Yeary], Mich, TV actor ($6,000,000 Man, Stunt Man)

1940 – Richard Monaco, US, sci-fi author (Grail War, Final Quest)

1942 – Sandra Dee, [Zuck], Bayonne NJ, actress (Gidget, Imitation of Life)

1943 – Herve Villechaize, France, “Da Plane! Da Plane!” (Fantasy Island)

1947 – Bernadette Devlin McAliskey, Ireland, political activist [or 1940]

1947 – Saskia, [Trudy van den Berg], singer (S & Serge, Spinning Wheel)

1948 – Richard Day, engineer/development expert

1949 – Blair Brown, Wash DC, actress (Altered States, Molly Dodd)

1949 – Joyce DeWitt, Wheeling WV, actress (Janet Wood-Three’s Company)

1952 – Narada, [Michael Walden], Mich, rocker (Don’t Want Nobody Else)

1955 – Judy Davis, Perth Australia, actress (Husbands & Wives)

1957 – Jan Hooks, Decatur Georgia, comedienne actress (SNL, Designing Women)

1960 – Steve Clark, Hillsborough England, rock guitarist (Def Leppard)

1960 – Valerie Bertinelli, Del, (1 Day at a Time, Sydney); Ms Eddie Van Halen

1961 – George Lopez, American actor and comedian

1964 – Gen, [Simon Matthews], English pop drummer (Jesus Jones-Zeroes & Ones)

1965 – Donna Weinbrecht, skier (Olympic-gold)

1967 – Brent Muscat, rocker (Faster Pussycat-Wake Me When It’s Over)

1967 – Melina Kanakaredes, Akron Ohio, actress (Eleni Andros-Guiding Light)

1968 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (d. 2001)

1969 – Yelena Shushunova, Russian gymnast

1969 – Richard Wolstencroft, Australian Filmmaker

1977 – John Cena, American professional wrestler

1979 – Barry Fratelli, Scottish bassist (The Fratellis)

1979 – Jaime King, American actress

1981 – Joanna Krupa, Supermodel/actress

1981 – Chris Sharma, American rock climber/boulderer

1983 – Jennifer Heil, Canadian free style skier

1986 – Jessica Stam, Canadian supermodel

 

 

 

Deaths

34 – Christ, crucified, according to Isaac Newton

303 – Saint George, Greek officer in the Roman army, beheaded. Patron saint of many lands including England

725 – Wihtred, King of Kent

871 – Ethelred I, king of Wessex/brother of Alfred the Great, dies

990 – Ekkehart II, [Palatinus], monk to St-Gallen/poet, dies

997 – Vojtech “Adalbert” of Prague, 2nd bishop of Prague/apostle, dies at 40

1014 – Brian Boru, High King of Ireland, dies in battle at Clontarf

1016 – Æthelred II “the Unready”, king of England (979-1016), dies

1151 – Queen Adeliza of England (b. 1103)

1217 – King Inge II of Norway (b. 1185)

1407 – Olivier de Clisson, French soldier (b. 1326)

1416 – Blaise/Blasius of Parma, Ital astrologist/philosopher/algebra, dies

1605 – Boris Godunov, chief adviser to Tsar Fyodor I and Tsar of Russia (1598-1605), dies after a lengthy illness and a stroke at approximately 20

1616 – Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Spanish writer (Don Quixote), dies at 69

1616 – William Shakespeare, English poet and playwright (b. 1564) (Julian calendar) dies aged 52

1625 – Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange, dies at 57

1774 – Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich, painter, dies

1781 – James Abercrombie, British general (b. 1706)

1792 – Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and adventurer (b. 1741)

1794 – Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French statesman (executed) (b. 1721)

1839 – Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer (b. 1768)

1853 – Auguste Laurent, chemist, dies

1865 – James Dearing, US Confederate brig-general, dies at 24

1895 – Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig, physiologist, dies

1895 – Carl Ludwig, German physician (b. 1815)

 

 

 

1907 – Alfred PackerAmerican Cannibal (b. 1842)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1918 – Percy Thomson Dean, lt-commander, killed at Zeebrugge, dies

1951 – Charles G. Dawes, Vice President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)

1975 – Pete Ham, rocker (Badfinger), commits suicide by hanging himself at 27

1983 – Buster Crabbe, 400m US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1932), dies at 73

1986 – Harold Arlen, [Hyman Arluck], US composer, murdered at 81

1986 – Otto Preminger, dir (Advise & Consent, Anatomy of Murder), dies at 79

1990 – Albert Salmi, (Caddyshack), kills terminally ill wife & self at 62

1991 – Johnny Thunders, American musician (b. 1952)

1995 – Howard Cosell, sportscaster (Monday Night Football), dies at 77

1995 – John Stennis, (Sen-D-MS), dies at 93

 

 

 

1995 – Lonesome Sundownblues singer/guitaristdies at 66

 

Lonesome+Sundown+lonesome

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1996 – Leonard Kuntstat, blues discographer, dies at 70

1996 – Pamela Lyndon Travers, writer (Mary Poppins), dies at 96

1996 – Jean-Victor Allard, Canadian military officer (b. 1913)

1998 – James Earl Ray, American assassin (b. 1928)

2003 – James H. Critchfield, American Central Intelligence agent (b. 1917)

2005 – John Mills, English actor (b. 1908)

2006 – Johnnie Checketts, New Zealand fighter pilot (b. 1912)

2007 – Paul Erdman, American economist and author (b. 1932)

2007 – David Halberstam, American journalist, historian and author (b. 1934)

2007 – Boris Yeltsin, first President of the Russian Federation (b. 1931)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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