Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1479 BC – Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shifts to Hatshepsut (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).

1184 BC – The Greeks enter Troy using the Trojan Horse (traditional date).

858 – Nicolaas I succeeds Benedict III as pope

1066 – Halley’s Comet sparks English monk to predict country’ll be destroyed

1185 – Battle at Danoura: Yoshitsune Minamoto’s fleet beats imperial fleet

1288 – Jews of Yroyes France are accused of ritual murder

1311 – Gen Malik Kafur returns to Delhi after campaign in South India

1364 – Pope Urbabus V names John V van Virneburg as bishop of Utrecht

1524 – Duke of Bourbon drives admiral Bonnivet out of Milan

1547 – Battle of Muhlberg: Emperor Karel V vs ruler Johan F the Brave

1570 – Battles between Spanish troops & followers of sultan Suleiman

1704 – “Boston News-Letter,” 1st successful newspaper in US, forms

1800 – Library of Congress established with $5,000 allocation

1833 – Jacob Evert & George Dulty patent 1st soda fountain

1863 – Skirmish at Okolona/Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson’s Raid)

1867 – Black demonstrators stage ride-ins on Richmond Va streetcars

1872 – Volcano Vesuvius erupts

1877 – Last federal occupying troops withdraw from south (New Orleans)

1877 – Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878: Russia declares war on Ottoman Empire.

1884 – National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (Atlanta)

1888 – Eastman Kodak forms

1894 – French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in world record 2:39:18

1895 – Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat

1898 – US fleet under commodore Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines

 

 

 

1898 – Spanish-American WarSpain declares war after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba

 

 

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1900 – Passing of Andrew Halliday, cable car pioneer

1905 – Senators execute a triple-play & beat Yankees 4-3

1907 – Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, is opened.

1908 – Mr & Mrs Jacob Murdock become 1st to travel across US by car, they leave LA in a Packard & arrive in NYC in 32d-5h-25m

1913 – The skyscraper Woolworth Building in New York City is opened.

1915 – German army fires chloroform gas in Ieper

 

 

 

1915 – Massacre of Armenians by Turks starts (Armenian Martyrs Day)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1916 – Easter rebellion of Irish against British occupation begins

 

 

 

 

 

 

1916 – Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organise a rescue for ice-trapped ship Endurance.

1920 – British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)

1925 – 88°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April

1928 – Fathometer, which measures underwater depth, patented

1929 – 1st non-stop England to India flight takes-off

1932 – German national election (NSDAP 36.3% in Prussia)

1933 – 1st major league to get 4 consecutive doubles in 9 inn (Dick Bartell)

1941 – British army begins evacuation of Greece

1941 – Dutch Prince Bernhard becomes an RAF pilot

1944 – 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China “over the Hump”

1944 – RAF bombs Munich

1944 – United Negro College Fund incorporates

1945 – Delegates of 46 countries gather in SF (to discuss UN)

1954 – 1st American, civilian pilot, P.R. Holden, wounded in Indochina

1960 – Heavy earthquake strikes South Persia, 500 killed

1960 – Record 4 grand slams hit today

1961 – JFK accepts “sole responsibility” following Bay of Pigs

1961 – Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is raised

1961 – The 17th century Swedish ship Vasa is salvaged.

1962 – 1st Lockheed A-12 is taxi tested

1962 – MIT sends TV signal by satellite for 1st time: CA to MA

1962 – Sandy Koufax’s 2nd 18-strikeout game

1965 – NY Met Casey Stengel wins his 3,000 game as manager

1967 – Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had “gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily.”

1968 – Leftist students take over Columbia University, NYC

1969 – Lebanese army in battle with Palestinians

1969 – US B-52’s drop 3,000 ton bombs at Cambodian boundary

1970 – China PR launches its 1st satellite transmitting song “East is Red”

1978 – Angels Nolan Ryan strikes out 15 Mariners, 20th time he has 15 in game

 

 

 

1980 – US military operation (Eagle Clawto save 52 hostages in Iranfails8 die

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Bill Shoemaker wins his 8,000th race, 2000 more than any other jockey

1981 – IBM-PC computer introduced

1981 – San Antonio blocks 20 Golden State shots to set NBA reg game record

1981 – US ends grain embargo against USSR

1982 – 150 Khomeini followers assault student dormitory in West Germany

1984 – Oiler’s Wayne Gretzky is 3rd to score on a Stanley Cup penalty shot

1987 – Howard Stern holds a free speech rally at Dag Hammarskjold Plaza NYC

1989 – 10s of thousands of students strikes in Beijing China

1990 – Security law violator Michael Milken pleads guilty to 6 felonies

1990 – Gruinard Island, Scotland, is officially declared free of the anthrax disease after 48 years of quarantine.

1991 – Freddie Stowers is awarded the posthumous Medal of Honor for which he had been recommended in 1918.

1993 – 1000 kg heavy IRA car bomb explodes in London, killing 1

1993 – An IRA bomb devastates the Bishopsgate area of London.

1994 – Bomb attack in center of Johannesburg, 9 killed

1995 – Court orders Darryl Strawberry to pay back $350,000 in taxes

1995 – Dow Jones Index hits record 4303.98

1995 – Package bomb, linked to Unabomber, blows up killing Gilbert B Murray

1996 – Highest scoring baseball game in 17 years – Twins 24, Tigers 11

2004 – The United States lifts economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years previously, as a reward for its cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction.

2005 – Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is inaugurated as the 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church taking the name Pope Benedict XVI.

2007 – Iceland announces that Norway will shoulder the defense of Iceland during peacetime.

 

 

 

Births 

1533 – William I of Orange (d. 1584)

1538 – Gugliemo Gonzaga, composer

1581 – Vincent de Paul, French saint (d. 1660)

1620 – John Graunt, statistician, founder of science of demography

1743 – Edmund Cartwright, England, cleric, inventor (power loom)

1750 – Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician

1766 – Robert Bailey Thomas, founder (Farmer’s Almanac)

1784 – Peter Vivian Daniel, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1860)

1804 – Thomas Oliver Selfridge, Comm (Union Navy)

1807 – Charles Ferguson Smith, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862

1814 – Angela Burdett-Coutts, philanthropist extrordinaire

1815 – Anthony Trollope, England, novelist/poet (Barchester Towers)

1815 – James Edward Harrison, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1875

1822 – Erastus Barnard Tyler, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1828 – Robert Brank Vance, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899

1829 – George Peabody Estey, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1881

1849 – Joseph S Gallieni, general (Battle of Marne)/milt governor (Paris)

1867 – Fannie Thomas, became oldest known American (113 y 273 d at death)

 

 

 

1874 – John Russell PopeUSarchitect (Jefferson Memorial)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1876 – Erich Raeder, German naval commander (d. 1960)

1882 – Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain (d. 1970)

1887 – Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter (d. 1931)

1889 – [Richard] Stafford Cripps, Engl min of Plane-manufacturing (1942-45)

1895 – S Constantine Timoshenko, Russian marshal/people’s commissioner

1899 – Oscar Zariski, Russian-born mathematician (d. 1986)

 

 

 

1904 – Willem De KooningRotterdam Netherlandsartist (North Atlantic Light)

 

Willem De Kooning

 

 

 

 

 

1905 – Robert Penn Warren, 1st US poet laureate (All the King’s Men)

1911 – Karl O Schiller, German economist (Minister of Economics)

1914 – Justin Wilson, cajun chef (Wise Potato Chips)

1927 – Josy Barthel, Luxembourg, 1500m runner (Olympic-gold-1952)

1927 – Pasqualino de Santis, cinematographer

1930 – Conn Findlay, Stockton California, coxswain (Oly-2 gold/bronze-56, 64, 76)

1932 – Vladimir Yengibaryan, Yerevan, Armenia, welterweight boxer (Olympic gold, 1956), (d. 2013)

1933 – Freddie Scott, US songwriter/singer (Cry to Me)

1934 – Shirley MacLaine, Richmond Va, actress/mystic (Irma la Douce)

1936 – Jill Ireland, London, actress (Breakout, Assassination, Chino)

1937 – Joe Henderson, American jazz saxophonist (d. 2001)

1940 – Sue Grafton, American author

1941 – John Williams, Melbourne Australia, guitarist (Acad Award)

1942 – Valeri Abramovich Voloshin, Russian cosmonaut

1945 – Doug Clifford, rock drummer (Creedence Clearwater Revival-Proud Mary)

1947 – Roger D. Kornberg, American chemist, Nobel-prized

1948 – Benzion Freshwater, English multi-millionaire

1953 – Eric Bogosian, Woburn MA, actor (Talk Radio)

1955 – Michael O’Keefe, NJ, actor (Caddyshack, Ironweed, Slugger’s Wife)

1963 – Billy Gould, LA California, rock bassist (Faith No More)

1963 – Joey Vera, heavy metal rocker (Armored Saint-Aftermath)

1964 – Cedric the Entertainer, American comedian and actor

1967 – Leslie M Marx, Ft Belvoir Va, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)

1971 – Mauro Pawlowski, Belgian guitarist and singer

1973 – Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar, cricketer (prodigy at 16, Indian capt at 23)

1977 – Carlos Beltran, Puerto Rican baseball player

1982 – Kelly Clarkson, Fort Worth, Texas, American singer and winner of the inaugural season of TV series American Idol

 

 

 

Deaths

624 – Mellitus, third Archbishop of Canterbury

709 – Wilfrid, English bishop and saint, dies at about 76

729 – Egbert[us], English bishop/saint, dies in Iona at 89

1077 – Geza I, King of Hungary (1074-7), dies

1185 – Antoku Taira, emperor of Japan (1180-85), drowns

1338 – Marquis Theodore I of Montferrat (b. 1291)

1530 – Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (De partu Virginis), dies

1622 – Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint (b. 1577)

1656 – Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (b. 1561)

 

 

 

1731 – Daniel DefoeEnglish novelist (Robinson Crusoe), dies

 

 

 

 

 

 

1779 – Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (b. 1711)

1891 – Count Helmuth K B von Moltke, Prussian gen/fieldmarshal, dies

1947 – Willa Cather, American writer (b. 1873)

1964 – Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (b. 1895)

1965 – Louise Dresser, actress (State Fair, Ship Comes In, Mammy), dies at 86

1968 – Tommy Noonan, actor (Gentlemen Perfer Blondes), dies at 45

 

 

 

1974 – Bud Abbottcomedian (Abbott & Costello), dies at 78

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1983 – Rolf Stommelen, German race car driver (b. 1943)

1986 – Bessie Wallis Warfield Simpson, (Edward abdicated for her), dies at 89

1993 – Oliver R Tambo, chairman (African National Congress), dies at 75

1996 – Erma Bombeck, columnist (Septic Tank is Always Greener), dies

1997 – Pat Paulsen, comedian (Smothers Brothers Show), dies at 69

2004 – Estée Lauder, American cosmetics entrepreneur (b. 1906)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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