Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1185 – Sea battle at Dan-no-ura: Minamoto Yoritomo beats Taira-family

1449 – Anti-pope Felix V resigns

1507 – Geographer Martin Waldseemuller 1st used name America

1541 – -26) Liege flooded after heavy down pour

1604 – Count Maurits’ army lands at Cadzand

1607 – Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish/Portuguese fleet

1614 – Amsterdam Bank of Loan forms

1626 – Battle at the Dessauer bridge: Monarch Albrecht von Wallenstein beats Earl of Mansfeld

1678 – French troops conquer Ypres

1684 – Patent granted for thimble

1719 – Daniel Defoes publishes “Robinson Crusoe”

1792 – Guillotine 1st used, executes highwayman Nicolas J Pelletier

 

 

 

1829 – Charles Fremantle arrives in the HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.

 

Charles-Howe-Fremantle-209x300

 

 

 

 

1846 – Thornton AffairOpen conflict begins over the disputed border of Texastriggering the MexicanAmerican War.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1849 – The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal’s English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.

1850 – Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices

1859 – Ground broken for Suez Canal

1861 – Battle of Lavaca, TX

1861 – American Civil War: The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C.

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of New Orleans LA – US Admiral Farragut occupies New Orleans

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Marks’ Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)

1875 – Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3″)

1886 – Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna

1898 – Spanish-American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April.

1904 – NY Yankee Jack Chesbro’s 1st of 41 wins this year

1915 – 78,000 ANZAC troops land at Gallipoli

1925 – Paul von Hindenburg elected president of Germany

1928 – Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for the blind

1933 – US & Canada drop Gold Standard

1938 – 1st use of seeing eye dog

1941 – Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta

1942 – Luftwaffe bombs Bath

1945 – Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany’s final transmission

1945 – Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany

1945 – Red army completely surrounds Berlin

1945 – US & Soviet forces meet at Torgau Germany on Elbe River

1947 – Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Voete begins

1950 – Chuck Cooper becomes 1st black to play in NBA

1953 – Scientists identify DNA

1954 – Bell labs announces 1st solar battery (NYC)

1954 – British raid Nairobi Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)

1956 – Elvis Presley’s “Heartbreak Hotel” goes #1

1957 – 1st experimental sodium nuclear reactor operated

1959 – St Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic, Great Lakes opens to shipping

1960 – 1st submerged circumnavigation of Earth completed (Triton)

1961 – Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin

1961 – Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit

1961 – Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad

1962 – US Ranger spacecraft crash lands on Moon

1966 – Drunk driver kills 10 children in Asse Belgium

1966 – The city of Tashkent is destroyed by a huge earthquake.

1967 – Abortion legalized in Colorado

1970 – Freda Payne releases “Band of Gold”

1971 – About 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters march on Washington

1972 – Hans-Werner Grosse glides 907.7 miles (1,461 km) in an AS-W-12

1974 – Chancellor Willy Brandt sect Gunther Guillaume found to be a spy

1974 – NFL moves goal posts & adopts sudden-death playoff

1975 – 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao

1975 – West German embassy blown-up in Stockholm Sweden

1976 – Cub centerfielder Rick Monday rescues US flag from 2 fans trying to set it on fire

1977 – Cin Reds tie record of 12 runs in 5th inning beating Braves 23-9

1978 – Supreme Court rules pension plans can’t require women to pay more

1979 – Peace treaty between Israel & Egypt goes into effect

1980 – Announcement of Jimmy Carter hostage rescue bungle in Iran

1981 – Mariners mgr Maury Wills is suspended for 2 games after ordering Seattle’s grounds crew to enlarge batter’s boxes by one foot

1981 – More than 100 workers are exposed to radiation during repairs of a nuclear power plant in Tsuruga, Japan.

1982 – In accordance with Camp David, Israel completes Sinai withdrawal

1983 – Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto’s orbit.

1985 – For 2nd time, Wayne Gretzky, scores 7 goals in a Cup game

1985 – Roger Miller’s musical “Big River,” premieres in NYC

1985 – West German Parliament ruled it illegal to deny the holocaust

1986 – ETA bomb attacks Madrid killing 5

1988 – John Demjanjuk (Ivan the Terrible), sentenced to death in Jerusalem

1989 – Mike Tyson gets a speeding ticket for drag racing in Albany NY

 

 

 

1990 – Hubble space telescope is placed into orbit by shuttle Discovery

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – Violeta Barrios de Chamorro begins a 6 year term as Nicaragua’s pres

1994 – 14″ of snow in Southern Calif

1994 – Bomb attack on taxi stand in Johannesburg, 10 killed

1994 – Fishing boat with school children capsize at Lanaka Syria, 46 killed

1994 – Mexican businessman & billionaire Angel Losada kidnap

1997 – Seattle Mariner Ken Griffey Jr hits his 250th HR

 

 

 

2005 – The final piece of the Obelisk of Axum is returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading Italian army in 1937.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – 107 die in Amagasaki rail crash in Japan.

2007 – Boris Yeltsin’s funeral – the first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.

2011 – At least 300 people killed in deadliest tornado outbreak in the Southern United States since the 1974 Super Outbreak.

 

 

 

 

Births

32 – Marcus Salvius Otho, Roman Emperor (d. 69)

1214 – Louis IX, King of France (1226-70)

1228 – Conrad IV, Andria Italy, King of Germany, Jerusalem and Sicily (d. 1254)

1284 – Edward II, King of England (1307-27)

1287 – Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England (d. 1330)

 

 

 

1599 – Oliver CromwellPuritan lord protector of England (1653-58)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1621 – Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (d. 1679)

1694 – Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect (d. 1753)

1710 – James Ferguson, astronomer

1725 – Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral (d. 1786)

1769 – Mark Isambard Brunel, engineer/inventor

1840 – James Dearing, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865

1868 – John Bevins Moisant, pioneer aviator, first to cross English Channel with passenger and a cat, killed in New Orleans whose present day airport was originally name for him. (D. 1910)

1869 – Karl Prohaska, composer

1874 – Guglielmo Marconi, Bologna Italy, inventor (radio, Nobel 1909)

1900 – Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss/Us physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945)

1906 – William J Brennan Jr, NJ, 92nd Supreme Court judge (1956-90) [or 8/25]

1908 – Edward R Murrow, Pole Creek NC, newscaster (Person to Person)

1912 – Gladys L Presley, mother of Elvis

1913 – Earl Bostic, Tulsa OK, alto sax player (Flamingo, Temptation)

 

 

 

1917 – Ella Fitzgerald, Newport News VA, jazz singer (Is it live or Memorex)

 

Our Tribute To Ella

 

 

 

 

1923 – Albert King, Mississippi, blues singer/guitarist (Bad Luck Blues)

 

 Our Tribute To Albert 

 

 

 

 

 

1923 – Francis Graham-Smith, British astronomer

1929 – Yvette Williams, NZ, long jumper (Oly-gold-52)

1930 – Paul Mazursky, Brooklyn, writer/director (Moscow on the Hudson)

1931 – Felix Berezin, Russian mathematician (d. 1980)

1932 – Lia Manoliu, Romania, discus thrower (Olympic-gold-1968)

1932 – Meadowlark Lemmon, basketball star (Harlem Globetrotter) 

1933 – Jerry Leiber, songwriter (Leiber & Stoller)

1940 – Al Pacino, NYC, actor (And Justice For All, Godfather, Scorpio)

1940 – O B McClinton, [Burnett], country singer (Keep your arms around me)

1942 – Jon Kyl, (Rep-R-Arizona)

1945 – Bjorn Ulvaeus, rock vocalist/guitarist (ABBA-Waterloo, Dancing Queen)

1945 – Stu Cook, rock bassist (Creedence Clearwater Revival-Proud Mary)

1946 – Digby Fairweather, jazz trumpeter

1946 – Peter Sutherland, CEO (Allied Irish Banks)

1946 – Ronnie Gilbert, rocker (Lifeline, Harp)

1946 – Talia Shire, [Coppola], Lake Success NY, actress (Adrienne-Rocky)

1949 – Michael Brown, NYC, keyboardist (Left Bank-Don’t Walk Away Renee)

1949 – Dominique Strauss-Kahn, French economist, lawyer, and politician

1953 – Ron Clements, American animation director

1955 – Joanne Abbott, Sarnia Ontario, yachter (Olympics-96)

1955 – John Nunn, British chess player

 

 

 

1961 – Dinesh D’SouzaAmerican author

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – Andy Bell, rocker (Erasure-Oh L’Amour)

1964 – Hank Azaria, New York City, American actor (The Birdcage) and voice behind many characters in The Simpsons (Moe, Apu, Chief Wiggum, Comic Book Guy, Carl Carlson)

1965 – Eric Avery, American musician (Jane’s Addiction, Deconstruction, Polar Bear)

1967 – Angel Martino, Americus GA, 50m/100m freestyle (Oly-gold/2 br-92, 96)

1969 – Jon Olsen, US, 100m freestyle/400m/800m medley (Olymp-gold-1992, 96)

1969 – Marisa Pedulla, Bellefonte PA, half-lightweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1969 – Joe Buck, American sports broadcaster

1969 – Renée Zellweger, American actress

1971 – Andrew Grigg, CFL receiver (Hamilton Tiger Cats)

1971 – Brad Clontz, Stuart VA, pitcher (Atlanta Braves)

1978 – Letícia Birkheuer, Brazilian model

1981 – Felipe Massa, Brazilian Formula One driver

1981 – Anja Pärson, Swedish skier

1989 – Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, 11th Panchen Lama

 

 

 

 

Deaths

68 – Saint Mark, the first Pope of Alexandria and the founder of Christianity in Africa

974 – Ratherius of Verona/Liege, bishop/abbot, dies at about 84

1265 – Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, English crusader

1295 – Sancho IV, the Brave, scholar/king of Castile/Leon, dies

1342 – Benedict XII, [Jacques Fournier], Pope (1334-42), dies

1472 – Leon Battista degli Alberti, scupltor/musician (Dinner Pieces), dies

1482 – Margaret of Anjou, Queen (Henry VI), dies

1516 – John Yonge, English diplomat (b. 1467)

1605 – Naresuan, King of Siam (b. 1555)

1607 – Don Juan Alvarez, Spanish Admiral (Gibraltar), dies in battle

1607 – Jacob van Heemskerck, Dutch Admiral (Nova Zambia), dies in battle

1744 – Anders Celsius, Swed astronomer (Centegrade Thermometer), dies at 42

1770 – Jean-Antoine Nollet, French abbot and physicist (b. 1700)

1792 – Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Beckmann, composer, dies at 54

1792 – Nicolas J Pelletier, French highwayman, 1st person guillotined

1808 – Alois Luigi Tomasini, composer, dies at 66

1822 – Frederick “William” Herschel, German/British astronomer, dies at 83

1840 – Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (b. 1781)

1853 – William Beaumont, physiologist, dies at 67

1862 – Charles Ferguson Smith, US Union Gen-Maj, dies of infection at 55

1873 – Walter de la Mare, Engl poet/author (Behold the Dreamer), dies at 43

1878 – Anna Sewell, English author (b. 1820)

1905 – Jacob Olie, Dutch photographer, dies at about 70

1915 – Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (b. 1830)

1937 – Clem Sohn, air show performer dies at 26 when his chute fails to open

1972 – George Sanders, actor (Mr Freeze-Batman, Ivanhoe), dies at 65

1976 – Carol Reed, director (Agony & Ecstasy), dies

1988 – Clifford D[onald] Simak, sci-fi author (Hugo, Way Station), dies at 83

 

 

 

1990 – Dexter GordonJazz saxophonistdies of kidney failure at 67

 

Dexter Gordon

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1992 – Yutaka Ozaki, Japanese rock artist, dies at 26 of pulmonary edema

1994 – Talaat Yassin Hamman, militant Moslem leader, shot dead at 32

1995 – Art Fleming, game show host (Jeopardy), dies at 74

1995 – Ginger Rogers, actress/dancer (Top Hat, Stage Door), dies at 83

1996 – Saul Bass, designer, dies at 74

2000 – Lucien le Cam, French mathematician (b. 1924)

 

 

 

2001 – Michele AlboretoItalian racecar driver (b. 1956)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2002 – Lisa Lopes, American rapper (TLC) (b. 1971)

2007 – Bobby “Boris” Pickett, American singer and songwriter (b. 1938)

2008 – Humphrey Lyttelton, Jazz musician and broadcaster, (b. 1921)

2009 – Beatrice Arthur, American comedian, actress, and singer, (b. 1922)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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