Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

1091 – Battle at Monte Levunium: Emperor Alexius I beats Petshegenes

 

 

 

1429 – Joan of Arc leads OrleansFranceto victory over English

 

 

 

 

 

 

1522 – Emperor Charles V names Frans van Holly inquisitor-gen of Netherlands

1550 – Emperor Charles V gives inquisiters additional authority

1553 – Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England

1623 – 11 Dutch ships depart for the conquest of Peru

1628 – Sweden & Denmark sign defense treaty against Duke of Wallenstein

1644 – Farm leader Li Zicheng becomes emperor of China & flees Peking

1661 – Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan

1715 – John Flamsteed observes Uranus for 6th time

1781 – French fleet occupies Tobago during American War of Independence

1781 – French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope

1813 – Rubber is patented

1845 – Macon B Allen & Robert Morris Jr, 1st blacks to open law practice

1852 – 1st edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus published

1853 – Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth

1857 – US Army, Pacific Div HQ permanently forms at Presidio (SF)

1861 – Maryland’s House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union

1862 – 100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Miss

1862 – New Orleans fell to Union forces during US Civil War

1864 – -30] Skirmish at Jenkins’ Ferry, Arkansas

1864 – The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York.

1882 – The “Elektromote” – forerunner of the trolleybus – is tested by Ernst Werner von Siemens in Berlin.

1886 – 1st public Dutch electricity opens

1888 – Old Kavallison, Congo: Stanley meet Emin Pasha

1892 – Charlie Reilly is baseball’s 1st pinch hitter

1894 – Commonweal of Christ (Coxey’s Army) arrives in Wash, DC 500 strong to protest unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol

1901 – 27th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on His Eminence wins in 2:07.75

1903 – Limestone slides at Turtle Mountain kills 9 (Frank Alberta)

1905 – 2″ rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, TX

1913 – Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken patents all-purpose zipper

1916 – Irish nationalists set post office on fire in Dublin

1922 – 1st official Intl Weightlifting Federation Champ (Tallinn, Estonia)

 

 

 

1927 – Construction of Spirit of St Louis is completed

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – North Sea floodgate at Ijmuiden (biggest in world) officially opens

1930 – Telephone connection England-Australia goes into service

1939 – Whitestone Bridge connecting Bronx & Queens opens

1942 – Japanese troop march into Lashio, cuts off Burma Road

1942 – Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France

1943 – Dietrich Bonhoeffer arrested by nazis

1945 – 1st food drop by RAF above nazi-occupied Holland (operation Manna)

1945 – Japanese army evacuates Rangoon

1945 – Terms of surrender of German armies in Italy signed

1945 – US liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau Germany

1946 – 28 former Jap leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals

1953 – The first U.S. experimental 3D-TV broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV.

1957 – 1st military nuclear power plant dedicated, Fort Belvoir Va

1961 – ABC’s “Wide World of Sports, debuts

1965 – Australian government announces it would send troops to Vietnam

1967 – Aretha Franklin releases “Respect”

1968 – “Hair” opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 1750 performances

1970 – 50,000 US & South Vietnamese troops invade Cambodia

1971 – Bill Graham closes down Fillmore & Fillmore East

1971 – Boeing receives contract for Mariner 10, Mercury exploration

1974 – President Nixon said he will release edited tapes made in White House

1975 – Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The U.S. begins to evacuate US citizens from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war comes to an end.

1977 – British Aerospace forms

 

 

 

1981 – Peter Sutcliffe admits he is the Yorkshire Ripper (murdered 13 women)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Phillie Steve Carlton is 1st lefty to strike out 3,000 batters

1983 – Harold Washington sworn in as Chicago’s 1st black mayor

1985 – Tony Tubbs TKOs Greg Page in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1986 – 800,000 books destroyed by fire in LA Central Library

1986 – Boston Red Sox Roger Clemens strikes out 20 Seattle Mariners

1987 – Chicago Cub Andre Dawson hits for cycle

1990 – Dan Quisenberry (all-time AL save king, 238) announces his retirement

1990 – Wrecking cranes began tearing down Berlin Wall at Brandenburg Gate

1991 – Croatia declares independence

1991 – Cyclone strikes Bangladesh, 139,000 die/10 million homeless

1992 – Jury acquits LA police officers of beating Rodney King, riots begin

1992 – Sheena Easton collapses on stage while performing in “Man of LaMancha”

1995 – Longest sausage ever, at 2877 miles, made in Kitchener Ontario

1997 – The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 enters into force, outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons among its signatories.

2002 – The United States is re-elected to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, one year after losing the seat it had held for 50 years.

2004 – Oldsmobile builds its final car ending 107 years of production.

 

 

 

Births 

534 – Taliesin, Welsh poet, according to legend in Mabinogion

1584 – Melchior Teschner, composer

1636 – Esaias Reusner, composer

1667 – John Arbuthnot, Scottish writer (Alexander Pope)

1745 – Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice Supreme Court (1796-1800)

1758 – Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero (d. 1820).

1762 – Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal (d. 1833)

1806 – Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austria, physician/philosopher

1815 – Abram Duryee, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890

1854 – Henri Poincaré, France, mathematician/astronomer/philosopher

1860 – Lorado Taft, US, sculptor (Black Hawk)

1863 – William Randolph Hearst, publisher (SF Examiner, Seattle P-I)

1871 – Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)

1872 – Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1930)

 

 

 

1875 – Rafael SabatiniItalian/British writer (d. 1950)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1893 – Harold C Urey, Ind, physicist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934)

 

 

 

1899 – Duke EllingtonWash DC, [Edward Kennedy], bandleader (Take “A” Train)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1901 – Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (1926-89)

1904 – Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate

1907 – Fred Zinneman, Austria, director (From Here to Eternity, Julia)

1908 – Jack [Stewart] Williamson, US, sci-fi author (Cometeers)

1909 – Tom Ewell, [S Yewell Tompkins], Ky, actor (Tom Ewell Show, 7 Yr Itch)

1914 – Ewan Roberts, Edinburgh Scotland, actress (Pvt Benjamin)

1915 – Donald Mills, singer (Mills Brothers)

1919 – Celeste Holm, NYC, actress (Gentleman’s Agreement, All About Eve), (d. 2012)

1921 – Cornelis de Jager, Dutch astronomer (Sun)

1922 – George Allen, football coach (LA Rams, Washington Redskins)

1922 – Tommy Noonan, WA, actor (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Promises Promises)

 

 

 

1922 – Toots ThielemansBelgian/US jazz musician/composer

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1925 – Danny Davis, rocker (Nashville Brass

1925 – Ned Austin, American character actor (d. 2007)

1927 – Betsy Ancker-Johnson, physicist/auto company exec

1927 – Dorothy Manley, England, 100m sprint (Olympic-silver-1948)

1928 – Big Jay McNeely, rocker

1928 – Carl Gardner, Tyler Tx, rock vocalist (Coasters-Searchin)

1931 – Anthony “Lonnie” Donegan, Scotish skiffle vocalist/guitarist

 

 

 

1934 – Otis RushAmerican , bluesman , guitarist , musician

 

Otis-Rush

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1936 – April Stevens, Niagara Falls NY, rock vocalist (Deep Purple)

1936 – Jacob Rothschild, English banker/multi-millionaire

1936 – Zubin Mehta, Bombay India, conductor (NY Philharmonic)

1942 – Klaus Voorman, rock bassist (Manfred Mann-Mighty Quinn)

1943 – Duane Allen, Taylortown Texas, country singer (Oak Ridge Boys-Elvira)

1945 – Tammi Terrell, soul singer (Ain’t No Mountain High Enough)

1947 – Jim Ryan, US, 1500m runner/broke 4 minute mile (Olympic-silver-1968)

1947 – Tommy James, singer (Crimson & Clover )

1948 – Reb Brown, Los Angeles CA, actor (Cage, Yor, Capt America, Fast Break)

1949 – Eddie Hart, US, 100m runner (Olympic-1972)

1949 – Francis Rossi, England, guitarist/vocalist (Status Quo-Down Down)

 

 

 

1951 – Dale EarnhardtAmerican racecar driver (d. 2001)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – Deborah Van Valkenburgh, Schnectady, actress (Too Close for Comfort)

1952 – Nora Dunn, Chic Ill, comedienne (SNL, Miami Blues, Working Girl)

1953 – Nikolai Nikolayevich Budarin, Kirya Russia, cosmonaut (STS 71, TM-27)

1954 – Jake Burton Carpenter, American snowboarder

1955 – Jerry Seinfeld, comedian/actor (Jerry-Seinfeld)

1955 – Kate Mulgrew, Dubuque Iowa, actress (Capt Janeway-Star Trek Voyager)

1957 – Timothy Treadwell, American bear enthusiast (d. 2003)

1958 – Daniel Day-Lewis, England, actor (Last of the Mohicans, My Left Foot)

1958 – Eve Plumb, Burbank, actress (Jan-Brady Bunch, I’m Gonna Get You Sucka)

1958 – Michelle Pfeiffer, Midway City California, actress (Married to the Mob)

1958 – Simon Edwards, rocker (Fairground Attraction-Find My Love)

1965 – Reggie Miller, NBA player (Indiana Pacers)

1967 – Elizabeth “Betsy” McCagg, Kirkland Wash, rower (Olympics-4th-92, 96)

1968 – Carnie Wilson, LA California, rock vocalist (Wilson Phillips-Hold On)

1970 – Andre Agassi, Las Vegas Nev, tennis star (Oly-gold-96, US Open 1994)

1970 – Uma Thurman, Boston Mass, actress (Baron Munchausen, Pulp Fiction)

1970 – William Martin III, Charleston SC, finn yachter (Olympics-23rd-1996)

1975 – John Macready, LA California, gymnast (Olympics-5th-96)

1979 – Ryan Sharp, Scottish racing driver

1984 – Taylor Cole, American actress

 

 

 

2003 – BarbaroAmerican thoroughbred racehorse (d. 2007)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deaths

852 – Amalarius/Fortunatus/Symphosius of Metz/Lyon, bishop, dies at 76

926 – Burchard II, Duke of Swabia

1380 – Catherine of Siena, Italian saint (b. 1347)

1499 – John IV, Dutch army leader/earl of Egmond, dies

1535 – John Houghton, English, executed

1594 – Thomas Cooper, English bishop, lexicographer, and writer

1676 – Michiel A de Ruyter, Dutch rear-admiral, (Newport), killed at 69

1698 – Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b. 1655)

1768 – Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (b. 1694)

1793 – John Michell, English scientist (b. 1724)

1798 – Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist (b. 1723)

1903 – Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (b. 1835)

 

 

 

1918 – Gavrilo PrincipBosnian murderer of arch duke Ferdinanddies at 22

 

 

 

 

 

 

1920 – William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (b. 1839)

 

 

 

1935 – Leroy Carrpianist , bluesman , dies at 30

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1947 – Irving Fisher, US economist, dies at 80

1954 – Ernst Heldring, Dutch merchant/ship owner/financier, dies at 82

1961 – Cisco Houston, American folk singer (b. 1918)

1967 – Anthony Mann, US director (El Cid, Last Frontier), dies at 60

 

 

 

1967 – J.B. LenoirAmerican Blues Musician (b. 1929)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1972 – Ntare V, deposed King of Burundi, killed in an abortive coup

1975 – Charles McMahon Jr, US USMC lance corporal, killed in Vietnam

1975 – Darwin Judge, USMC-corporal, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Viet

1975 – Michael John Shea, USMC-lt/pilot, 1 of last soldiers killed in Vietnam

1975 – William Craig Nystul, USMC capt, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Viet

 

 

 

1980 – Alfred Joseph HitchcockBritish director (PsychoBirds), dies at 80

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1986 – Seamus McElwaine, Irish IRA-terrorist, killed at 25

1993 – Mick Ronson, English guitarist/producer (Mott the Hoople), dies at 46

1994 – Erik Erikson, anthropologist, dies at 53

1995 – Robert Gibb, zoo/theme park creator, dies at 57

1997 – Keith Ferguson, blues (Fabulous Thunderbirds), dies of overdose at 50

1997 – Mike Royko, columnist, dies of stroke at 64

2006 – John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (b. 1908)

2007 – Zhang Taofang, Chinese sniper (b. 1931)

2008 – Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist, known as the first to synthesize LSD (b. 1906)

2012 – Amarillo Slim, American professional poker player, dies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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