Today In The Past

 

 

Events

305 – Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor.

1006 – Supernova observed by Chinese & Egyptians in constellation Lupus

1048 – Bishop Bernold flees St Pieterskerk for Utrecht Neth

1328 – Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton – the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.

1394 – Ekiho, exorcised the Zen temple & it’s surroundings from an old badger

1523 – Danish king Christian III arrives in Veere

1528 – Pánfilo the Narváez begins exploration with 350 men to Florida

1544 – Turkish troops occupy Hungary

1551 – Council of Trente resumes

1598 – Jacob van Necks merchant fleet departs for Java

1625 – Portuguese & Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador (Bahia)

1682 – Louis XIV & his court inaugurates Paris Observatory

1703 – Battle at Rultusk: Swedish army beats Russians

1707 – England, Wales & Scotland form UK of Great Britain

1715 – Prussia declares war on Sweden

1751 – 1st American cricket match is played

1753 – Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, and the formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.

 

 

 

1776 – Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati

 

 

 

 

 

 

1778 – American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.

1785 – Kamehameha, the king of Hawaiʻi defeats Kalanikupule and establishes the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi

1822 – John Phillips becomes 1st mayor of Boston

1840 – 1st adhesive postage stamps (“Penny Blacks” from England) issued

1841 – 1st emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri for Calif

1844 – Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate

1846 – Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world

1848 – The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.

1857 – William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to US Navy

1861 – Lee orders Confederate troops under T J Jackson to Harper’s Ferry

1862 – Union captain David Farragut conquers New Orleans

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of ChancellorsvilleVA (29,000 injured or died)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi

1863 – Confederate “National Flag” replaces “Stars & Bars”

1864 – -8] Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)

1864 – Atlanta campaign, GA begins

1867 – Howard University chartered

1867 – Reconstruction of South begins, black voter registration

1869 – Folies Bergere opens in Paris

1873 – 1st US postal card issued

 

 

 

1875 – 238 members of “Whiskey Ring” accused of anti-US activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

1883 – “Buffalo Bill” Cody put on his 1st Wild West Show

1884 – Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)

1889 – Bayer introduces aspirin in powder form (Germany)

1891 – Cy Young pitches 1st game played in Cleveland’s League Park Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3

1898 – George Dewey commands, “You may fire when you are ready, Gridley” as US route Spanish fleet at Manila

1900 – Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah

1901 – Herb McFarland hit 1st grand slam in American League

1908 – World’s most intense shower (2.47″ in 3 minutes) at Portobelo Panama

1912 – Beverly Hills Hotel opens

1915 – British Lusitania leaves NY, for Liverpool

1919 – Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages

1920 – Babe Ruth’s 1st Yankee HR & 50th of career, out of Polo Grounds

1922 – Charlie Robertson of Chicago pitches a perfect no-hit, no-run game

1925 – A’s Jimmie Foxx, 17, 1st game; he pinch-hits a single

1926 – Brooklyn Dodgers & Boston Braves deadlock at 1-1 in 26 innings

1926 – Satchel Paige makes pitching debut in Negro Southern League

1927 – 1st British airliner to serve cooked meals (Imperial Airways)

1928 – Pitcairn Airlines (later Eastern) begins service

1929 – Brooklyn’s Johnny Finn sets 100 yard sack race in 14.4 seconds

 

 

 

1931 – Empire State Building opens in NYC

 

 

 

 

 

 

1931 – Singer Kate Smith begins her long-running radio program on CBS

1935 – Boulder Dam completed

1935 – Canada’s 1st silver dollar is circulated

1936 – FBI’s J Edgar Hoover arrests Alvin Karpis

1937 – FDR signs act of neutrality

1939 – Batman comics hit street

1939 – Pulitzer Prize awarded to Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (Yearling)

1941 – “Citizen Kane,” directed & starring Orson Welles, premieres in NY

1941 – General Mills introduces Cheerios

1941 – German assault on Tobruk

1942 – Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear “Jewish star”

1943 – 1st edition of illegal “The Free Artist” appears in Amsterdam

1943 – 69th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:04

1943 – Food rationing begins in US

1943 – German plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta

1945 – 900 occupiers of Demmin Vorpommeren, commit suicide

1945 – Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government

1945 – Australian & Dutch troops lands on Tarakan

1945 – Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II

1946 – Fieldmarshal Montgomery appointed British supreme commander

1946 – Mrs Emma Clarissa Clement named “American Mother of Year”

1947 – Lt General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, ends term as 2nd head of CIA

1947 – Radar for coml & private planes 1st demonstrated

1947 – Rear Admiral Roscoe H Hillenkoetter, USN, becomes 3th director of CIA

1948 – 74th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Citation wins in 2:05.4

1948 – North Korean proclaims itself People’s Democratic Republic of Korea

1948 – Glenn Taylor, Idaho Senator, arrested in Birmingham Alabama for trying to enter a meeting through a door marked “for Negroes”

1949 – A’s Elmer Valo is 1st AL’er to hit 2 bases-loaded triples in a game

1949 – Gerard Kuiper discovers Nereid, (2nd satellite of Neptune)

1950 – Gwendolyn Brooks, is 1st Black awarded a Pulitzer Prize (poetry)

1950 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Rodgers & Hammerstein (South Pacific)

1951 – 600,000 march for peace & freedom in Germany

1951 – Mickey Mantle’s 1st HR

1952 – Marines take part in an atomic explosion training in Nevada

1952 – Mr Potato Head, introduced

1952 – TWA introduces tourist class

1954 – 80th Kentucky Derby: Raymond York aboard Determine wins in 2:03

1955 – Bob Feller’s 15th 1 or less hitter (12 1-hitters, 3 no-hitters)

1956 – A doctor in Japan reports an “epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system”, marking the official discovery of Minamata disease.

1957 – Larry King’s 1st radio broadcast

1957 – US give Poland credit of $95 million

1957 – Vanguard TV-1 booster test reaches 195 km

1959 – Floyd Patterson KOs Brian London in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

1959 – West Germany introduces 5 day work week

 

 

 

1960 – Russia shoots down Francis Gary Powers‘ U-2 spy plane over Sverdlovsk

 

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – 1st US airplane hijacked to Cuba

1961 – Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba

1961 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee (To Kill a Mockingbird)

1962 – Bo Belinsky pitches a no-hitter, in his 4th start

1962 – JFK authorizes Area Redevelopment Act (ARA)

1963 – 1st American (James Whittaker) conquers Mount Everest

1964 – 1st BASIC program runs on a computer (Dartmouth)

1965 – 91st Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker on Lucky Debonair wins in 2:01.2

1965 – USSR launches Luna 5; later impacts on Moon

1965 – Battle of Dong-Yin, a naval conflict between ROC and PRC, takes place.

1966 – Last British concert by Beatles (Empire Pool in Wembley)

1967 – Anastasio Somoza Debayle becomes president of Nicaragua

1967 – Elvis Presley & Priscilla Beaulieu wed in Las Vegas

1969 – 43 Unification church couples wed in NYC

1969 – Leonard Tose buys NFL Philadelphia Eagles for $16,155,000

1969 – Pirate Radio Station 259 (England/France) begins transmitting

1971 – 97th Kentucky Derby: Gustavo Avila on Canonero II wins in 2:03.2

1971 – Amtrak Railroad begins operation

1971 – Rolling Stones release “Brown Sugar”

1972 – Radio’s Mutual Black Network premieres

1978 – Naomi Uemura became 1st to reach North Pole overland alone

1979 – Elton John becomes 1st pop star to perform in Israel

1979 – Marshall Islands (in Pacific) become self-governing

1981 – Harrison Williams (Sen-D-NJ) convicted on FBI Abscam charges

1981 – Radio Shack releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3

1982 – 108th Kentucky Derby: Ed Delahoussaye on Gato Del Sol wins in 2:02.4

1982 – 1982 World’s Fair in Knoxville Tennessee opens

1983 – Nolan Ryan surpasses Walter Johnson for most strikeouts (3,508)

1985 – US president Reagan ends embargo against Nicaragua

1986 – Bill Elliott sets stock car speed record of 212.229 mph

1986 – Tass reports Chernobyl nuclear power plant mishap

1986 – Will Stegers expedition reaches North Pole

1987 – 46 HRs hit in 13 baseball games

1988 – IRA attack in Roermond, kills 3

1989 – 135 acre Disney’s MGM studio officially opens to public

1989 – US Supreme Court rules employees have legal burden to prove non- discriminatory reasons for not hiring or promoting

1991 – Angola’s civil war ends

1991 – Rickey Henderson breaks Lou Brocks record with his 939th steal

1991 – Texas Ranger Nolan Ryan pitches record 7th no hitter (beats Toronto 3-0)

1991 – Skin-Spit-Skin featuring lesbian, homosexual & hetrosexual nude couples caressing, is seen by 5,000 in NYC

1992 – Eric Houston kills 4 in a California HS where he failed history 4 yrs prior

1992 – Rickey Henderson steals his 1,000th base

1993 – 119th Kentucky Derby: Jerry Bailey aboard Sea Hero wins in 2:02.4

1993 – Bomb attack on Sri Lankan president (26 die)

1994 – -3] Tornado & hail storms hit Jiangxi China, 95 killed

1994 – Charles Kuralt, retires as CBS newsman (On the Road)

1995 – Croatian forces launch Operation Flash during the Croatian War of Independence.

1997 – Tony Blair elected PM of UK

2000 – Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declares the existence of “a state of rebellion”, hours after thousands of supporters of her arrested predecessor, Joseph Estrada, storm towards the presidential palace at the height of the EDSA III rebellion.

2003 – 2003 invasion of Iraq: In what becomes known as the “Mission Accomplished” speech, U.S. President George W. Bush declares that “major combat operations in Iraq have ended” on board the USS Abraham Lincoln off the coast of California.

2006 – The Puerto Rican government closes the Department of Education and 42 other government agencies due to significant shortages in cash flow.

2007 – The Los Angeles May Day mêlée occurs, in which the Los Angeles Police Department’s response to a May Day pro-immigration rally become a matter of controversy.

2010 – Car bomb fails to go off in Times Square, New York City

2012 – Guggenheim Partners make the largest ever purchase of a sports franchise after buying the Los Angeles Dodgers for $2.1 billion

 

 

 

Births

1218 – John I, Count of Hainaut (d. 1257)

1218 – Rudolph I of Germany, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1291)

1238 – Magnus VI Lagabuter, King of Norway (1263-80)

1285 – Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1326)

1545 – Franciscus Junius, [Francois du Jon], French/Neth calvinist theologist

1592 – Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionaries/astronomer

1672 – Joseph Addison, England, essayist (Spectator)

1735 – John H van Kinsbergen, Dutch lt-admiral/founder of Dutch Marines Corp

1738 – Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819) (d. 1819)

1759 – Jacob Albright, [Albrecht], German/US predictor

 

 

 

1764 – Benjamin Henry Latrobeengineer/architect (built Capitol)

 

Latrobe

 

 

 

 

 

 

1769 – Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory) (1828-30)

1800 –  Thomas Aloysius Dornin, Comm (Union Navy), died in 1874

1807 – John Bankhead “Prince John” Magruder, Major General (Confederate Army)

1819 – William Steele, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885

1835 – Alfred Napoleon Alexander “Natti” Duffie, Brig Gen (Union volunteers)

1839 – Chardonnet, inventor (rayon)

 

 

 

1852 – Calamity Jane , frontier adventurer/indian fighter

 

 

 

 

 

 

1872 – Sidónio Pais, Portuguese military and politician (d. 1918)

1884 – Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe, British politician, naval officer and racing driver (d. 1964)

1887 – Alan Gordon Cunningham, Irish/Brit gen/director of Palestine (1945-48)

1896 – Mark Wayne Clark, American general (d. 1984)

1896 – J. Lawton Collins, American general (d. 1987)

1898 – Eugene R Black, US, Pres of World Bank (1953-62)

1907 – Kate Smith, American singer (d. 1986)

1909 – Ethel Jane Cain, original UK Speaking Clock voice

1910 – Cliff Battles, Akron Oh, NFL hall of famer (Braves, Redskins)

1913 – Louis Nye, American comedian and actor (d. 2005)

1915 – Archie Williams, American athlete (d. 1993)

1916 – Glenn Ford, Quebec Canada, actor (Cade’s County, Big Heat, Midway)

1918 – Jack Paar, Canton Ohio, American television host of the Jack Paar Show (d. 2004)

1921 – 12th Lord Middleton, English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1923 – Joseph Heller, Bkln NY, novelist (Catch-22, 1963 Arts & Letters Award)

1924 – Patricia Roberts Harris, 1st US black woman cabinet member

1924 – Terry Southern, writer

1925 – Malcolm Scott Carpenter, Boulder Colo, astronaut (Mercury 7-Aurora 7)

1927 – Greta Andersen, Denmark, 100m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1948)

1929 – Sonny James, [James Loden], Hackelburg AL, rocker (Young Love)

 

 

 

1930 – Little Walter, [Marion Walter Jacobs], Bluesman , Harp Player

 

Little Walter

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1939 – Judy Collins, Seattle Wash, singer (Send in the Clowns, Clouds)

1939 – Max Robinson, Richmond Virginia, American broadcast journalistr (ABC Evening News) (d. 1988)

1940 – Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer

1944 – Rita Coolidge, Nashville Tn, singer (Higher & Higher, We’re All Alone)

1946 – Jerry Weiss, NYC, rocker (Blood Sweat & Tears)

1946 – Joanna Lumley, Kashmir India, actress (Abs Fab, OHM’s Secret Service)

1946 – Nick Fortune, [Nicholas Fortuna], rock bassist (Buckinghams Chicago)

1946 – Tony Ashton, rocker

1946 – Valentin Muratov, USSR, floor exercise gymnist (Olympic-gold-1956)

1946 – John Woo, Hong Kong director

1947 – Carlos Ward, rocker (B T Express)

1948 – James Wise, US soul singer (Archie Bell & the Drells)

1949 – Margo Miller, SF California, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)

1949 – Paul Teutul, Sr., founder of Orange County Choppers

1954 – Joel Rosenberg, science fiction author

1957 – Dick Swett, (Rep-D-New Hampshire)

1957 – Paul D Ronney, LA California, ScD/astronaut (STS 83 alt)

1961 – Steven Cauthen, jockey (1978 Kentucky Derby-Affirmed)

1964 – Ruth Picardie, journalist

1966 – Johnny Colt, Cherry Point NC, rock bassist (Black Crowes)

1967 – Yael Arad, Israel, Women’s half middleweight judoka (Oly-1996)

1967 – Tim McGraw, American musician

1968 – D’arcy Wretzky, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins)

1969 – Wes Anderson, American director and writer

1975 – Jodhi May, London, British actress (A World Apart, The Other Boleyn Girl)

1980 – Jan Heylen, Belgian racing driver

1983 – The Human Tornado (Craig Williams), American professional wrestler

 

 

 

Deaths

408 – Arcadius, Eastern Roman emperor (b. 337/338)

1118 – Edith of Scotland, first wife of Henry I of England (b. c. 1080)

1171 – Dermot MacMurrough, last Irish King of Leinster, dies

1240 – Jacques de Vitry, Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals

1277 – Stefanus IV Uros I de Great, King of Serbia (1243-76), dies

1308 – Albrecht I van Habsburg, German King (1298-1308), murdered

1447 – Louis VII, Duke of Baveria (1413-43), dies

 

 

 

1539 – Isabella of Portugalqueen of Spain and empress of Germany (b. 1503)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1572 – Pius V, [Antonio Ghislieri], great-inquisiteur/Pope (1566-72), dies

1700 – John Dryden, English poet/playwright (Rival Ladies), dies

1731 – Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (b. 1677)

1813 – Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (killed in combat) (b. 1768)

1863 – Edward Dorr Tracy, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 29

 

 

 

1873 – David LivingstoneBritish physician/explorer (Africa), dies at 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

1899 – Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (b. 1824)

1902 – John Glover, English chemist (production sulfuric acid), dies at 85

1904 – Antonín Dvorak, Czech composer (Slavic Dancing), dies at 62

1913 – John Barclay Armstrong, Texas Ranger and U.S. Marshal (b. 1850)

1945 – Paul Josef Goebbels, Nazi minister on propoganda, commits suicide

1947 – Sanner, leader of Norger blood bath, executed

 

 

 

1965 – Spike Jonescomposer (Spike Jones Show), dies at 53

 

 

 

 

 

 

1978 – Aram Katchaturian, Russian composer (The Earth), dies at 74

1991 – Richard Thorpe, director (Jailhouse Rock, Night Must Fall), dies

1994 – Ayrton Senna, Brazilian Grand prix driver, dies in crash at 34

1997 – Bebe, AKA Flipper, dolphin, dies at 40

1998 – Eldridge Cleaver, American activist (b. 1935)

2000 – Steve Reeves, American actor (b. 1926)

2003 – Miss Elizabeth, American wrestler (b. 1960)

2006 – Big Hawk, American rapper (b.1969)

2006 – Johnny Paris, American saxophonist (Johnny and the Hurricanes) (b. 1940)

2008 – Deborah Jeane Palfrey, Washington, D.C. prostitution service owner (b. 1956)

2009 – Danny Gans, Canadian-born Las Vegas entertainer (b. 1956)

2012 – Charles “skip” Pitts, American soul and blues guitarist, dies from lung cancer at 65

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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