Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

553 – 2nd Council of Constantinople (5th ecumenical council) opens

1260 – Kublai Khan becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire.

1382 – Battle of Beverhoutsveld – population beats drunken army

1430 – Jews are expelled from Speyer Germany

1494 – On 2nd voyage to New World, Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica

1640 – English Short Parliament unites

1646 – King Charles I surrenders at Scotland

1762 – Russia & Prussia sign peace treaty, Treaty of Saint Petersburg ending the Seven Years War

1780 – 2nd oldest learned society in US (American Academy of Arts & Sciences) forms (Boston)

1809 – Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)

1814 – British attack Ft Ontario, Oswego, NY

1816 – American Bible Society organized (NY)

1842 – City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours (Hamburg Germany)

1847 – American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)

1854 – English pirate Plumridge robs along pro-English Finnish coast

1855 – NYC regains Castle Clinton, to be used for immigration

1862 – French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo

1862 – Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, VA

1863 – Battle of Tupelo, MS

1863 – Joe Coburn KOs Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round

1864 – Atlanta Campaign: 5 days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge

1864 – Battle between Confederate & Union ships at mouth of Roanoke

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of WildernessVA (Germana FordWilderness Tavern)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Campaign in Northern Georgia – Chattanooga GA to Atlanta GA

1865 – 1st US train robbery (North Bend Ohio)

1877 – Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles.

1886 – The Bay View Tragedy occurs, as militia fire upon a crowd of protesters in Milwaukee, Wisconsin killing seven.

1891 – Music Hall (Carnegie Hall) opens in NY, Tchaikovsky as guest conductor

1893 – Panic of 1893: Great crash on NY Stock Exchange

1904 – Cy Young of Boston pitches perfect game against Phila A’s (3-0)

1908 – 34th Kentucky Derby: Arthur Pickens on Stone Street wins in 2:15.2

1908 – Great White Fleet arrives in SF

1912 – 5th Olympic games open at Stockholm, Sweden

1915 – German U-20 sinks Earl of Lathom

1916 – US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924

1920 – US Pres Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal

1922 – Construction begins on Yankee Stadium (Bronx)

1925 – John T Scopes arrested for teaching evolution in Tennessee

1925 – Ty Cobb goes 6 for 6, (16 total bases)

1925 – Afrikaans is established as an official language in South Africa.

1926 – Sinclair Lewis refuses his Pulitzer Prize for “Arrowsmith”

1930 – 1st woman to fly solo from Engl to Australia takes-off (Amy Johnson)

1934 – 60th Kentucky Derby: Mack Garner aboard Cavalcade wins in 2:04

1935 – Jessie Owens of US, sets then long jump record at 26′ 8½”

1936 – Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip

1936 – Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa

1938 – Phillies Harold Kelleher faces 16 batters in 6th, as Cubs score 12 runs, both marks are NL records off one hurler in a single inning

1940 – Norwegian government in exile forms in London

1941 – 2 Fokker’s employees flee nazi occupied Netherlands to England

1941 – Chanel No. 5 was released.

1942 – British assault on Diego Suarez Madagascar

1942 – US begins rationing sugar during WW II

1943 – Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System

1944 – Gandhi freed from prison

1944 – Russian offensive against Sebastopol Krim

1945 – Mauthausen Concentration camp liberated

1945 – Netherlands & Denmark liberated from Nazi control

1945 – Uprising against SS-occupying troops in Prague

1945 – Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated

1945 – World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler’s death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.

1947 – Mississippi Valley flooding kills 16 & causes $850M in damage

1947 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Penn Warren (All the King’s Men)

1948 – 1st air squadron of jets aboard a carrier

1951 – 77th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Count Turf wins in 2:02.6

1952 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Herman Wouk (Caine Mutiny)

1954 – Military coup by general Alfredo Stroessner in Paraguay

1955 – West Germany granted full sovereignty by 3 occupying powers

1956 – 82nd Kentucky Derby: David Erb aboard Needles wins in 2:03.4

1956 – Jim Bailey (US) runs mile a record 3:58.6 in LA Calif

1956 – World championships of judo are 1st held, in Tokyo

1958 – Pulitzer prize awarded to James Agee for (Death in the Family)

1961 – Alan Shepard becomes 1st American in space (aboard Freedom 7)

1962 – 88th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack aboard Decidedly wins in 2:00.4

1962 – West Side Story soundtrack album goes to #1 & stays #1 for 54 weeks which is more than 20 weeks longer than any other album

1964 – Separatists riot in Quebec

1965 – 1st large-scale US Army ground units arrive in South Vietnam

1966 – Willie Mays hit his 512th HR

1973 – 99th Kentucky Derby: Ron Turcotte aboard Secretariat wins in 1:59.4

1975 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Shaara (Killer Angels)

1978 – Cin Red Pete Rose becomes 14th player to get 3,000 hits

1979 – 105th Kentucky Derby: Ron Franklin on Spectacular Bid wins in 2:02.4

1979 – Voyager 1 passes Jupiter

1980 – Siege at Iranian Embassy in London ends; British commandos & police stormed the building

1984 – 110th Kentucky Derby: Laffit Pincay Jr aboard Swale wins in 2:02.4

1985 – Amy Alcott wins LPGA Moss Creek Women’s Golf Invitational

1987 – Congress begins Iran-Contra hearings

1988 – Eugene A Marino installed as 1st black US archbishop

1989 – Mike Tyson gets 2nd speeding ticket for drag racing in Albany NY

1990 – 116th Kentucky Derby: Craig Perret aboard Unbridled wins in 2:02

1990 – Paul Hogan & Linda Koslowski wed in Byron Bay, Eastern Australia

1991 – A riot breaks out in the Mt. Pleasant section of Washington, D.C. after a Salvadoran man is shot by police.

1994 – North-Yemen air force bombs Aden South Yemen

1995 – Last basketball game at Boston Gardens (Magic beats Celtics)

1997 – “Married With Children” final episode on Fox TV

1997 – Iridium-1 Delta 2 Launch, Successful

2000 – Conjunction of Sun, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn & Moon

2005 – The United Kingdom general election takes place, in which Tony Blair’s Labour Party is re-elected for a third, consecutive term.

2006 – The government of Sudan signs an accord with the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA).

2012 – Japan shuts down its nuclear reactors leaving the country without nuclear power for the first time since 1970

 

 

 

Births

867 – Uda, Emperor of Japan (d. 931)

1210 – King Afonso III of Portugal (d. 1279)

1352 – Ruprecht, Roman catholic German king

1479 – Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru (d. 1574)

1546 – Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician (d. 1623)

1635 – Philippe Quinault, French playwright (L’amant indiscret)

1764 – Robert Craufurd, British general (d. 1812)

1800 – Louis Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette)

 

 

 

1813 – Søren KierkegaardDanish philosopher (d. 1855)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1818 – Karl Marx, Trier, Prussia, philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), (d. 1883)

1823 – James Allen Hardie, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1876

1830 – John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer (d. 1906)

1832 – H H Bancroft, historian, publisher (History of Pacific States)

1833 – Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer/explorer

1834 – Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter (d. 1873)

 

 

 

1849 – HambletonianChester NYgreatest standardbred horse

 

 

 

 

 

 

1865 – Nellie Bly, [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (d. 1922)

1866 – Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist (d. 1938)

1883 – Charles Bender, only American Indian in baseball’s Hall of Fame

 

 

 

1883 – Archibald WavellBritish general (d. 1950)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1890 – Christopher Morley, author (Kitty Foil)

1899 – Freeman Gosden, Richmond Va, radio actor (Amos-Amos ‘n’ Andy)

1900 – Charles Jewtraw, US, 500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1924)

1900 – Mervyn A Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope)

 

 

 

1901 – Blind Willie McTellAmerican ragtime/blues singer and guitarist (d. 1959)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1903 – James Beard, US, culinary expert/author (Delights & Prejudices)

1908 – Rex Harrison, [Reginald Carey], Engld, actor (My Fair Lady, Cleopatra)

1910 – William I Martin, US pilot/vice-admiral (WW II)

1911 – Phillip Edmund Clinton Manson-Bahr, specialist in tropical medicine

1912 – Alice Faye, [Ann Leppert], NYC, actress (Barricade, State Fair)

1913 – Tyrone Power, Cleve, actor (Mark of Zorro, Alexander’s Ragtime Band)

1916 – Zail Singh, President of India (d. 1994)

1920 – John Hidalgo Moya, architect/designer (Skylon)

1922 – Phil Gordon, Meridian Miss, singer/actor (Jasper-Bev Hillbillies)

1925 – Leo Ryan, United States Congressman (d. 1978)

1926 – Ann B Davis, Schenectady NY, American actress (Bob Cummings Show, Alice-Brady Bunch)

1927 – Pat Carroll, Shrevport La, comedienne/actress (Make Room for Daddy)

1930 – Michael James Adams, USAF pilot (X-15)

1931 – Greg, Belgian comic-book writer (Achille Talon) (d, 1999)

1932 – Will Hutchins, Atwater California, actor (Sugarfoot, Hey Landlord)

1938 – Johnnie Taylor, Crawfordsville, Arkansas, R&B and multi-genre singer (Disco Lady, I Believe in You), (d. 2000)

1939 – Cesare Fiorio, Italian sporting director of various Formula One teams

1940 – Lance Henriksen, actor (Aliens, Pumpkinhead, Knights, Hard Target)

1942 – Tammy Wynette [Virginia Pugh], Redbay Alabama, country singer (Stand by your Man), (d. 1998)

 

 

 

1943 – Michael PalinEnglandcomedian (Monty PythonFish Called Wanda)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1944 – John Rhys-Davies, Salisbury England, actor (Sir Edward-Quest, Sliders)

1945 – Raphael, Spain, spanish singer (When the Sun Sets, Lo Meyur de Ano)

1945 – Kurt Loder, Entertainment reporter

1946 – Stefania Sandrelli, Viareggio Italy, actress (Lie, Conformist, 1900)

1948 – Bill Ward, Birmingham England, heavy metal drummer (Black Sabbath)

1950 – Googoosh, Faegheh Atashin (فائقه آتشین), Iranian, Persian Singer & actress

1951 – Rex Goh, rock guitarist (Air Supply)

1952 – Louis Cortelezzi, rock saxophonist (Mink DeVille)

1952 – Campbell McComas, Australian impersonator and broadcaster (d. 2005)

1953 – Billy Burnette, Memphis Tn, rock guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)

1954 – Angelo Kimball, Boston Mass, rock guitarist (Face To Face)

1955 – Robert Feld, Nashville Tn, National Scrabble Champion (1990)

1957 – Lisa Eilbacher, Dharan Saudi Arabia, actress (Beverly Hills Cop)

1958 – Ron Arad, Israeli aircraft navigator missing in action.

1959 – Ian McCullough, rock vocalist (Echo & Bunnymen-Heaven Up Here)

1964 – Heike Henkel, German FR, world record indoor high jumper (1992)

1967 – Maro Mavri, Greek fashion model and actress

1970 – Naomi Klein, Canadian author and activist

1970 – Soheil Ayari, French racer

1972 – Janelle Lynn Canady, Miss Alaska USA (1996)

1972 – James Cracknell, British rowing champion, double Olympic gold medalist

1973 – Tina Yothers, Whittier California, actresss (Jennifer-Family Ties)

1974 – Seiji Ara, Japanese racing driver

1984 – Eve Torres, American dancer and model

1988 – Jessica Dubroff, American aviator (d. 1996)

1988 – Adele, English singer

 

 

 

Deaths

200 – Sun Ce, warlord of the Han Dynasty (b. 175)

311 – Gaius VM Galerius, emperor of Rome, dies at about 50

984 – Gerberga of Saxony, Queen of Western Francia

1028 – Alfonso V, King of Leon/Galicia (999-1028), dies in battle

1194 – Casimir II, the Just, grand duke of Poland (1177-94), dies. Born 1138

1219 – King Leo II of Armenia (b. 1150)

1309 – Charles II, the Lame, King of Naples (1285-1309), dies

1504 – Anton of Burgundy, the Great Bastard, knight, dies at about 82

1525 – Frederik III, the Wise, ruler of Saxon (1486-1525), dies at 62

1582 – Charlotte de Bourbon, Princess of Orange, dies

1613 – Johann Steuerlein, composer, dies at 66

1672 – Samuel Cooper, English painter (b. 1609)

1702 – Jacob Hintze, composer, dies at 79

1766 – Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (b. 1684)

1811 – Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)

1821 – French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte (1799-1815), dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena

1827 – Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (1806-27), dies at 76

1859 – Peter G L Dirichlet, German mathematician, dies at 53

1864 – Alexander Hays, US Union-general-major, dies in battle at 44

1864 – John Marshall Jones, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 43

1864 – Leroy A Stafford, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 42

1886 – Joseph Albert, German photographer (Albertotype), dies at 61

1892 – August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German chemist (b. 1818)

1902 – Bret Harte, writer, dies at 65

1931 – Glen Kidston, British aviator and racing driver (b. 1899)

1968 – Albert Dekker, dies of accidental suffocation at 62

1971 – Petro Scaglione, Italian procureur-general, killed by Mafia

 

 

 

1972 – Rev Gary Davisfolk/blues pioneerdies at 76

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1976 – Thomas Burnett Swann, sci-fi author (Day of Minotaur), dies at 47

1981 – Bobby Sands, IRA activist/terrorist dies in the 66th day of his hunger strike

1985 – Sir Donald Bailey, British civil engineer (b. 1901)

1988 – Michael Shaara, American author (b. 1928)

1989 – Frank Easton, cricket wicketkeeper (NSW 1933-39), dies

1993 – Irving Howe, US writer/critic (Dissent), dies at 72

1994 – Hein Salomonson, architect, dies at about 83

1995 – James Pack, naval officer museum curator, dies at 81

1995 – Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, engineer, dies at 75

1995 – Mikhail Moseyevich Botvinnik, world chess champ, dies

2001 – Raymond Kessler, American midget wrestler

2002 – Paul Klipsch, American engineer, noted for his loudspeaker designs. (b. 1904)

2007 – Theodore Harold Maiman, Inventor (b. 1927)

2008 – Irv Robbins, Canadian-American entrepreneur (b. 1917)

2011 – Claude Choules, last surviving World War I veteran (b. 1901)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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