Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

535 – John II ends his reign as Catholic Pope

589 – Reccared summons the Third Council of Toledo

615 – St Boniface IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope

685 – St Benedict II ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1360 – Treaty of Brétigny signed by English & French

1429 – French troops under Joan of Arc rescues Orleans

1450 – Jack Cade’s Rebellion-Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI

1521 – Parliament of Worms installs edict against Marten Luther

1541 – Hernando de Soto discovers Mississippi River

1639 – William Coddington founds Newport RI

1784 – Only known deaths by hailstones in US (Winnsborough SC)

1792 – British Capt George Vancouver sights, names Mt Rainier, Wash

1792 – US establishes military draft

1823 – “Home Sweet Home” 1st sung (London)

1840 – Alexander Wolcott patents Photographic Process

 

 

 

1846 – 1st major battle of Mexican War fought at Palo Alto Texas

 

 

 

 

 

 

1847 – Robert Thompson patents rubber tire

1861 – Richmond Va, is named the capital of the Confederacy

1862 – Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell Va

1864 – Actions at Stony Creek/Nottoway bridge Virginia (Drewry’s Bluff)

1864 – Atlanta Campaign: Severe fighting near Dalton

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Spotsylvania Court House begins

 

 

 

 

 

 

1877 – 1st Westminster Dog Show held

1878 – 1st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines

1879 – George Selden files for 1st patent for a gasoline-driven automobile

1881 – Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolian monarch

1885 – Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl

1886 – Jacob’s Pharmacy in Atlanta sells 1st Coca-Coke (contained cocaine)

1895 – China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki

1897 – 22nd Preakness: T Thorpe aboard Paul Kauvar wins in 1:51¼

1900 – 250 grave robbers shot to death

1902 – Mt Pelee erupts, wipes out St Pierre, Martinique, kills 30,000

1907 – Tommy Burns beats Jack O’Brien in 20 for heavyweight boxing title

1914 – Paramount Pictures is formed.

1915 – 41st Kentucky Derby: Joe Notter aboard Regret wins in 2:05.4

1916 – German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes

1919 – 1st transatlantic flight take-off by a navy seaplane

1919 – Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later results in the creation of Remembrance Day.

1920 – 46th Kentucky Derby: Ted Rice aboard Paul Jones wins in 2:09

1921 – Sweden abolished capital punishment

1925 – 51st Preakness: Clarence Kummer aboard Coventry wins in 1:59

1926 – 1st flight over North Pole (Bennett & Byrd)

1926 – Fire breaks out in Fenway Park

1937 – 63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins 2:03.2

1942 – Aircraft carrier Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack at Coral Sea

1943 – 69th Preakness: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 1:57.4

1943 – Adm Cunningham of Brit fleet: “Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass”

1945 – Gen Von Keitel surrenders to Marshal Zhukov

1945 – V-E Day; Germany signs unconditional surrender, WW II ends in Europe

1946 – The Estonian school girls Aili Jõgi and Ageeda Paavel blow up the Soviet memorial that preceded the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn.

1950 – Chiang Kai-shek asks US for weapons

1951 – Dacron men’s suits introduced

1952 – Mad Magazine debuts

1958 – Pres Eisenhower orders National Guard out of Central HS, Little Rock

1958 – VP Nixon is shoved, stoned, booed & spat upon by protesters in Peru

1959 – 3-deck Nile excursion steamer springs a leak panicking passengers who capsized ship. 200 drown just yards from shore

1961 – 1st practical sea water conversion plant-Freeport Texas

1961 – Alan Shepard receives NASA Distinguished Service Medal, Washington

1962 – “Funny Thing Happened” opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 965 perfs

1962 – 1st Atlas Centaur Launch

1963 – “Dr No” premieres in US

1963 – JFK offers Israel assistance against aggression

1965 – 1st shut put over 70′ (Randy Matson 70′ 7″)

1966 – Only HR ever hit out of Baltimore’s Memorial Park (Frank Robinson)

1967 – Muhammad Ali is indicted for refusing induction in US Army

1968 – Jim (Catfish) Hunter of Oakland pitches perfect game vs Twins (4-0)

1968 – Pulitzer prize awarded to William Styron (Confessions of Nat Turner)

1970 – Beatles release “Let it Be” album

1970 – Construction workers break up an anti-war rally in NYC’s Wall Street

1972 – Sabena aircraft at Lod Intl, Tel Aviv, captured by Palestinians

 

 

 

1973 – Indians holding SD hamlet of Wounded Knee for 10 weeks surrender

 

 

 

 

 

 

1974 – 50 MPH speed limit in Britain lifted

1976 – The rollercoaster Revolution (roller coaster), the first steel coaster with a vertical flip, opens at Six Flags Magic Mountain

1977 – David Berkowitz pleads guilty in “Son of Sam” 44-caliber shootings

1980 – World Health Organization announced smallpox had been eradicated

1984 – Thames Barrier to stop flooding in London officially completed

1984 – USSR announces it will not participate in LA Summer Olympics

1987 – Gary Hart quits democratic presidential race (Donna Rice affair)

 

 

 

1987 – The Loughgall ambushThe SAS kill 8 IRA members and 1 civilianin Loughgall, Northern Ireland.

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – Cuyahoga County voters approve sin tax to build Cleveland Gateway

1990 – Reindependence Day of Estonia

1991 – CIA director William H Webster resigns

1993 – Lennox Lewis beats Tony Tucker in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

 

 

 

1993 – 16 year old Keron Thomas disguises himself as a motorman & takes NYC subway train & 2,000 passengers on a 3 hour ride

 

 

 

 

 

1994 – 500th commentary by Andy Rooney on 60 Minutes

1994 – Pres Clinton announces US will no longer repatriate boat people

1999 – Nancy Mace becomes the first female cadet to graduate from The Citadel military college.

2005 – The new Canadian War Museum opens, in commemoration of the 60th anniversary of V-E Day.

2010 – The last piece of Yankee Stadium falls in the Bronx, New York, marking the end of the two year demolition process.

 

 

 

Births

1326 – Joanna I of Auvergne, queen of France (d. 1360)

1460 – Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (d. 1536)

1492 – Andreas Alciatus, [Giovanni Andrea-Alciato], Italian lawyer

1521 – Peter Canisius, [Pieter de Hondt/Kanijs], jesuit/saint

1587 – Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1637)

1629 – Niels Juel, Danish admiral (d. 1697)

1670 – Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier (d. 1726)

 

 

 

1737 – Edward GibbonEnglandhistorian (Decline & Fall of Roman Empire)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1738 – Mikhail Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1809)

1753 – Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla, father of Mexican independence

1786 – Thomas Hancock, founded British rubber industry

1810 – James Cooper, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863

1821 – William Henry Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1885)

 

 

 

1824 – William Walkerfilibuster/president of Nicaragua (1856-57)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1828 – Jean Henri Dunant, Switz, writer/founder (Red Cross, YMCA, Nobel 1901)

1829 – Louis Moreau Gottschalk, 1st internationally recognized US pianist

1833 – Frank Wheaton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1903

1836 – Bryan Morel Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1905

1846 – Oscar Hammerstein, Germany, opera/playwright (Kohinoor)

 

 

 

1884 – Harry TrumanLamar Missouri33rd US President (D) (1945-1953), (d. 1972)

 

Harry_S_Truman,_bw_half-length_photo_portrait,_facing_front,_1945

 

 

 

 

1895 – Edmund Wilson, American critic/writer (Patriotic Gore)

1895 – Fulton J Sheen, El Paso Ill, bishop (Life is Worth Living)

1895 – Jose Gomez, [Joselito el Gallo], bullfighter

1895 – James H. “Dutch” Kindelberger, American aerospace pioneer (d. 1962)

 

 

 

1899 – Friedrich August von HayekAust/British economist (Road to Serfdom)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1902 – Andre Michel Lwoff, physiologist

1906 – Roberto Rossellini, Rome Italy, director (Open City)

 

 

 

1911 – Robert Johnsonblues singer (King of Delta Blues Singer)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1916 – Gordon Scarrott, engineer

1916 – João Havelange, Brazilian industrialist

1921 – Saul Bass, designer

1926 – David Attenborough, producer/TV host/scientist

 

 

 

1926- Don RicklesQueens NYcomedian (Don Rickles ShowCPO Sharkey)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1928 – Theodore Sorenson, presidential advisor (JFK)/author (1000 Days)

1932 – Sonny Liston, American heavyweight boxer (d. 1970)

1935 – Salome Jens, Milwaukee Wisc, actress (From Here to Eternity)

1936 – Neville Purvis, British vice admiral (Chief of Fleet Support)

1937 – Daniel Robberechts, Belgian writer (Labia Majora)

1937 – Thomas Pynchon, novelist (V)

1939 – Otis Paul Drayton, Glen Cove NY, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1964)

1940 – Peter Benchley, NYC, novelist (Jaws, The Deep), (d. 2006)

1940 – Ricky Nelson, NJ, rock star (Hello Mary Lou, It’s Late, Garden Party)

1941 – James A Traficant Jr, (Rep-D-OH, 1985- )

1942 – Angel Cordero Jr, Santurce PR, jockey (Seattle Slew) [or Nov 8]

1942 – Euclid “Motorhead” Sherwood, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)

1943 – Paul Samwell-Smith, rocker (Yardbirds-For Your Love)

1943 – Rick Samwell-Smith, rocker (Yardbirds-For Your Love)

1943 – Toni Tennille, Montgomery Ala, female Beachboy (Capt & Tennille)

1944 – Gary Glitter, [Paul Gadd], England, rocker (Rock & Roll Part II)

 

 

 

1945 – Keith Jarrettjazz musician/film composer (Nachtfahrer)

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1947 – Phil Sawyer, rocker (Spencer Davis Group)

1947 – Rick Zehringer, Ohio, rocker (McCoys)

1951 – Chris Frantz, Ky, rock drummer (Talking Heads, Tom Tom Club)

1951 – Philip Bailey, rocker (Earth Wind & Fire-Shining Star, Easy Lover)

1952 – Charles J Camarda, NYC, PhD/astronaut

1953 – Alex Van Halen, Amsterdam The Netherlands, Dutch drummer (Van Halen)

1955 – Stephen Furst, Norfolk Va, actor (Animal House, Elliot-St Elsewhere)

1956 – Jeff Madrigali, Walnut Creek California, soling yachter (Olymp-bronze-96)

1957 – Deana Deardruff, US, 4 X 100m swimmer (Olympic-gold-1972)

1959 – Ronnie Lott, Albuquerque, NM, NFL defensive back (SF 49er)

1961 – Akira Taue, Japanese professional wrestler

1964 – Melissa Gilbert Brinkman, LA, actress (Little House on the Prairie)

1964 – Peter Gill, rocker (Frankie Goes to Hollywood-Relax) [or Mar/Jan 8]

1970 – Christine Stark, Winnipeg Manitoba, volleyballer (Olympics-96)

1973 – Hiromu Arakawa, Japanese artist

1975 – Enrique Iglesias, Madrid, Spanish singer-songwriter and King of Latin Pop (Bailamos, Hero)

1976 – Martha Wainwright, Canadian musician and songwriter

1978 – Josie Maran, American model

1981 – Björn Dixgård, Swedish guitarist

 

 

 

Deaths

535 – John, [Mercurius], Italian Pope (533-35), dies

685 – Benedict II, Italian Pope (683-85), dies

1192 – Duke Ottokar IV of Styria (b. 1163)

1278 – Emperor Duanzong of China (b. 1268)

1319 – Haakon V, King of Norway (1299-1319), dies

1473 – John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English politician (b. 1420)

1538 – Edward Fox, English bishop

1672 – Jean-Armand du Peyrer, Comte de Tréville and French Officer (b. 1598)

1684 – Henri Dumont, composer, dies

1725 – John Lovewell, US indian fighter, dies in battle

1773 – Ali Bey Al-Kabir, Egyptian Mameluk head, dies (b. 1728)

1788 – Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian-born physician and naturalist (b. 1723)

1794 – Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, chemist (identified oxygen), guillotined

1819 – Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819)

1842 – Jules Dumont d’Urville, French explorer (b. 1790)

1864 – James Samuel Wadsworth, gen-mjr (Union), dies in battle at 56

 

 

 

1873 – John Stuart Millgreat Empiricist philosopherdies at 66

 

John Stuart Mill

 

 

 

 

1876 – Truganini, last originating Tasmanian, dies

1880 – Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (b. 1821)

1887 – Alexander Ulyanov, brother of Lenin/hanged for assassination of tsar

1903 – Eugene-Henri-Paul Gauguin, French painter (Tahiti), dies

1904 – Eadweard Muybridge, English photographer (horse trot), dies

1915 – Henry McNeal Turner, 1 US black army chaplain, dies at 82

1936 – Oswald Spengler, German philosopher (Underworld of Abendlandes), dies

1943 – Mordicai Anielewicz, commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, killed

1947 – Harry Gordon Selfridge, American-born department store founder (b. 1858)

1960 – J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (b. 1904)

1967 – Laverne Andrews, singer (Andrews Sisters), dies at 51

1969 – Remington Kellogg, American naturalist (b. 1892)

1974 – Graham Bond, rocker, dies jumping under a train

1975 – Avery Brundage, CEO (Intl Olympic Committee, 1952-72), dies at 87

1976 – Ulrike Meinhof, lead Germany Red Army Faction, dies

1982 – Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian auto racer, dies in an accident

1985 – Edmond O’Brien, actor (Sam Benedict), dies of Alzheimer’s at 69

 

 

 

1988 – Robert A Heinleinsci-fi writer (Friday), dies of heart failure at 80

 

 

 

 

 

 

1991 – Ronnie Brody, British actor (Superman 3, What’s Up Nurse), dies at 72

1994 – George Peppard, actor (Breakfast at Tiffanys, A-Team), dies at 65

1995 – Carroll Best, bluegrass banjo, dies at 63

1995 – Jerry Zipkin, socialite, dies at 80

1996 – Serge Chermayeff, architect/designer, dies at 95

1996 – Garth Williams, American illustrator (b. 1912)

1998 – Bebe Rebozo, American banker and Watergate figure (b. 1912)

1999 – Dirk Bogarde, London England, actor (b. 1921) (Death in Venice, Servant)

1999 – Dana Plato, American actress (b. 1964)

2005 – Nicolás Vuyovich, Argentine racing driver (b. 1981)

2006 – Iain Macmillan, Abbey Road photographer (b. 1938)

2008 – Eddy Arnold, Country music star (b. 1918)

2012 – Maurice Sendak, American author/illustrator, dies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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