Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1267 – Vienna’s church orders all Jews to wear a distinctive garb

1278 – Jews of England imprisoned on charges of coining

1291 – Scottish nobles recognize authority of English king Edward I

1427 – Jews are expelled from Berne Switzerland

1497 – Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci leaves for 1st voyage to the New World

1503 – Columbus discovers Cayman Islands

1534 – French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Newfoundland

1559 – Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen-mother Mary

1652 – John Johnson, a free black, is granted 550 acres in Northampton, Va

1655 – Jamaica captured by English

 

 

 

1676 – Bacon’s Rebellionfrontiersmen vs Virginia government begins

 

 

 

 

 

 

1752 – Benjamin Franklins 1st tests the lightning rod

1768 – John Wilkes is imprisoned for writing an article for The North Briton severely criticizing King George III. This action provokes rioting in London.

1775 – 2nd Continental Congress convenes in Pa issues paper currency for 1st time

1775 – 2nd Continental Congress names George Washington, supreme commander

 

 

 

1775 – Green Mountain Boys capture Fort Ticonderoga NYAmerican Revolution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1796 – Napoleon defeats Austria in Battle of Lodi Bridge

 

 

 

1797 – 1st Navy shipthe “United States,” is launched

 

 

 

 

 

 

1801 – First Barbary WarThe Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1823 – 1st steamboat to navigate the Mississippi River arrives at Ft Snelling

1824 – The National Gallery in London opens to the public in its temporary home in a townhouse on Pall Mall

1837 – Panic of 1837: New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels.

1849 – Pack destroys Astor Place opera house in NYC (22 killed)

 

 

 

1857 – Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys in Meerut

 

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of Plum Run Bend, TN (Plum Point Bend)

1864 – Battles at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia

1864 – Skirmish at Ny River Virginia

1865 – Jefferson Davis captured at Irwinsville Georgia

1865 – Surrender of Sam Jones

1869 – Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR

1870 – Jem Mace & defends his heavyweight crown against Irish champ Joe Coburn, it lasts 1 hr & 17 minutes, & neither is struck by a punch

1871 – Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war

1872 – Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US president

1876 – Centennial Fair opens in Philadelphia

1879 – Meteor falls near Estherville, Iowa

1889 – 17th Preakness: W Anderson aboard Buddhist wins in 2:17.5

1893 – 19th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Kunze aboard Lookout wins in 2:39.25

1905 – 31st Kentucky Derby: Jack Martin aboard Agile wins in 2:100.75

1908 – 1st Mother’s Day observed (Phila)

1910 – 1st aircraft air display held (Hendon, England)

1910 – 36th Kentucky Derby: Fred Herbert aboard Donau wins in 2:06.4

1910 – Comet Halley’s closest approach to Earth in 1910 pass

1913 – 39th Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Goose aboard Donerail wins in 2:04.8

1915 – Zeppelin drops hundred of bombs on Southend-on-Sea

1916 – Disastrous fire in Ellendale, ND

1917 – Atlantic ships get destroyer escorts to stop German attacks

1918 – HMS Vindictive sunk to block entrance of Ostend Harbor

1919 – 45th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 2:09.8

1919 – Race riot in Charleston SC, 2 blacks killed

1922 – The United States annexes the Kingman Reef.

1924 – J Edgar Hoover appointed head of FBI

1926 – 52nd Preakness: John Maiben aboard Display wins in 1:59.8

1929 – 55th Preakness: Louis Schaefer aboard Dr Freeland wins in 2:01.6

1930 – 1st US planetarium opens (Adler-Chicago)

1931 – Golf ball size hail falls in Burlington NJ

1933 – Nazis stage public book burnings in Germany

1933 – Paraguay declares war on Bolivia

1940 – British Local Defense Volunteers (Home Guard) forms

1940 – Nazi armies attack Netherlands, Belgium & Luxembourg

1940 – Winston Churchill succeeds Neville Chamberlain as British Prime Minister

1940 – World War II: The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in Kent.

1941 – 67th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Whirlaway wins in 1:58.8

1941 – Adolph Hitler’s deputy Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland

1941 – England’s House of Commons & Holborn Theater destroyed in a blitz

1944 – Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal

1945 – Allies capture Rangoon from the Japanese

1945 – Russian troops occupied Prague

1947 – 73rd Preakness: Doug Dodson aboard Faultless wins in 1:59

1948 – 1st attack by Egyptian irregular forces at Kfar Darom Israel

1956 – French government sends 50,000 reservists to Algeria

1959 – Soviet forces arrive in Afghanistan

1959 – Giants Jim Hearn allows 2 runs against Pirates, game is suspended, Hearn is released & charged with loss 2 months after his retirement

1960 – USS Nautilus completes 1st circumnavigation of globe under water

1963 – Decca signs Rolling Stones on advice of Beatle George Harrison

1966 – 25°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in May

1967 – Hank Aaron only inside the park HR (vs Jim Bunning)

1967 – Keith Richards, Brian Jones & Mick Jagger arrested on drug charges

1967 – Stockholm Vietnam-Tribunal declares US aggression in Vietnam/Cambodia

1968 – Vietnam peace talks began in Paris between the US & North Vietnam

1969 – Apollo 10 transmit 1st color pictures of Earth from space

1969 – Turtles play White House, Mark Volman falls off stage 5 times

 

 

 

1969 – US troops begin attack on Hill 937/Hamburger Hill

 

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – Overloaded South Korean bus plunges into reservoir, killing 77

1975 – Brian Oldfield of US put shot 75′, an unofficial record

1979 – Vivekananda (Sri Lanka) completes nonstop cycle ride of 187 hrs, 28 min, around Vihara Maha Devi Park, Colombo, Sri Lanka [From May 2]

1981 – Amy Alcott wins LPGA Lady Michelob Golf Tournament

1981 – Francois Mitterrand defeats Valery Giscard d’Estang for Pres of France

1982 – WABC joins ABC’s All Talk radio network

1983 – “Laverne & Shirley,” last airs on ABC-TV

1983 – Lee Chin Yong performs 170 continuous chin-ups in Seoul

1984 – Intl Court of Justice rules on US blockade of Nicaragua

1988 – Edgar Degas’ “Danseresje of 14” sold for $10,120,000

1989 – Gen Manuel Noriega’s government nullifies country’s elections, which the opposition had won by a 3-1 margin

1990 – French TGV-train hits record speed of 510.6 kph

1990 – Howard Stern holds a mock funeral for rival John DeBella

1993 – Fire in clothing factory at Bangkok, kills 145

1993 – Paul Cezannes still life sells for $28,600,000 in NYC

1994 – Nelson Mandela sworn in as South Africa’s 1st black president

1994 – Silvio Berlusconi forms Italian government with 5 neo-fascists

1995 – Britain lifts a 23-year ban on ministerial talks with Sinn Fein

1996 – 2 US Marine helicopters collided during joint US & British war games

1996 – Excel Communications, Inc. becomes the youngest company ever to join the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), trading under the symbol (ECI).

1997 – Chicago Cubs turn baseballs 68th triple play (vs SF Giants)

2001 – In Ghana, a stampede at a football game kills over 120 spectators.

2005 – A hand grenade which was thrown by Vladimir Arutyunian lands about 65 feet (20 metres) from U.S. President George W. Bush while he was giving a speech to a crowd in Tbilisi, Georgia, but it malfunctions and does not detonate.

2012 – The Red Cross suspends all humanitarian work in Pakistan after a worker was kidnapped and killed

2012 – Two bombings in Damascus, Syria, kill 55 people and injure 370

 

 

 

Births

1265 – Emperor Fushimi of Japan (d. 1317)

1536 – Thomas Howard, 4th duke of Norfolk, English Earl Marshall

1604 – Jean Mairet, French dramatist (d. 1686)

1724 – Johan A Zoutman, Dutch lt-admiral (battle of Doggersbank)

 

1730 – George RossUS judge (signed Declaration of Independence)

 

 

 

 

1746 – Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)

1769 – Jean Lannes, duc de Montebello, Marshal of France

1770 – Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal (defeated Prussians)

1775 – Robert Gray, Sea Captain (d. 1806)

1788 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, optics pioneer/physicist

1810 – James Shields, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1879

1813 – Montgomery Blair, Franklin County Ky, lawyer (Dred Scot V Sandford)

1824 – Charles Henry Van Wyck, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895

1830 – Francois M Raoult, French physicist/chemist (law of Raoult)

1838 – John Wilkes Booth, American stage actor and assassin (President Lincoln)

1850 – Thomas Johnstone Lipton, Glasgow, yachtsman/tea magnate (Lipton Tea)

1873 – Jan Kalf, literary/art historian (Preservation of museums)

1888 – Max[imilian Raoul Walter] Steiner, Vienna, composer (Gone With Wind)

 

 

 

1894 – Dimitri TiomkinRussiacomposer (Acad Award 1954High & Mighty)(d. 1979)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1898 – Ariel Durant, writer (Story of Civilization)

1899 – Fred Astaire, Omaha Neb, tap dancer/actor (Easter Parade, Swingtime)

1902 – David O Selznick, Pittsburgh Pa, producer (Gone With the Wind)

1903 – Kay Petre, early racing driver

1904 – David Brown, CEO (Aston Martin Lagonda)

1905 – Angus Paton, civil engineer

1910 – Margot Turner, matron-in-chief (Army Nursing Service)

1912 – Harold Myers, film journalist

1915 – Denis Thatcher, husband of British PM Margaret (1979-90)

1916 – Milton Babbitt, US mathematician/composer (Widow’s Lament)

1918 – George Welch, American pilot (d. 1954)

1921 – Nancy Walker, Phila, Bounty ads/actress (Rhoda, McMillan & Wife)

1925 – Edward Fursdon, British Maj-Gen (defense council)

1930 – Pat Summerall, NFLer (NY Giants)/sportscaster (CBS)

1930 – Scott Muni, American radio DJ (d. 2004)

1933 – Barbara Taylor Bradford, author

1934 – William Lithgow, Scottish industrialist/multi-millionaire

1935 – Henry Fambrough, US singer (Spinners)

1936 – Anthony Mullens, British Lt-Gen (Deputy chief of defense)

1936 – Gary Owens, Mitchell SD, disc jockey/TV host (Laugh In, Gong Show)

1936 – Michael Stone, English broker/multi-millionaire (Man Group)

1936 – Trevor Clay, Gen-Sec (Royal College of Nursing)

1938 – Peter Davies, Major-General/Director-General (RSPCA)

1940 – Taurean Blacque, actor (Neal Washington-Hill Street Blues)

1940 – Wayne A. Downing, retired United States Army general

1941 – Win Bischoff, CEO (Schroders)

1943 – Richard Darman, American economist

 

 

 

1946 – Dave MasonWorcester Englandsinger/songwriter (We Just Disagree)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1946 – Donovan, Scottish musician

1947 – Jay Ferguson, Burbank California, rocker (Spirit-I Got A Line on You)

1947 – Paul Nicholas Young, architect

1952 – Kikki Danielsson, Swedish singer

1953 – Tito Santana, Mexican-American professional wrestler

1955 – Chris Berman, sportscaster (ESPN)

1955 – Mark David Chapman, assassin (John Lennon)

1957 – Sid Vicious, [John Simon Ritchie], England, bassist (Sex Pistols)

1957 – Phil Mahre, Yakima Wash, twin alpine slalom skier (Oly-gold/silver-80, 84)

1957 – Steve Mahre, Yakima Wash, twin alpine slalom skier (Oly-Silver-80, 84)

1960 – Bono [Paul Hewson], Dublin, Ireland, rocker (U2-Joshua Tree)

1960 – Merlene Ottey, Jamaican/Italian running star (Olympics)

1960 – Victoria Rowell, Portland ME, actress (Drucilla-Young & Restless)

1961 – Teri Copley, Arcadia California, actress (Mickey-We’ve Got it Made)

1963 – Lisa M Nowak, Wash DC, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut

1965 – Linda Evangelista, St Catherines Canada, model (Elite)

1966 – Jonathan Edwards, Britain, triple jumper (Olympics-gold/silver-92, 96)

1968 – Julie Smith, Glendora California, softball infielder (Olympics-gold-96)

 

 

 

1969 – John ScalziAmerican science fiction  writer

 

 

 

 

 

 

1975 – Hélio Castroneves, Brazilian race car driver

1976 – Rob Malda, American internet writer/editor (Slashdot)

1977 – Amanda Borden, Cincinnati Ohio, gymnast (World-silv-94, Oly-gold-96)

1977 – Nick Heidfeld, German Formula 1 driver

2004 – The Gosselin Sextuplets

 

 

 

Deaths

238 – Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus, the Thracian, Roman Emperor, murdered

995 – Boudouin, bishop of Utrecht

1290 – Duke Rudolph II of Austria (b. 1271)

1424 – Go-Kameyama, Emperor of Japan

1493 – Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, Scottish politician

1566 – Leonhard Fuchs, German botanist, dies at 65

1641 – Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (b. 1596)

1653 – John Bicker, ship builder/merchant/regent, dies at 61

1657 – Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician (b. 1592)

1691 – Colonel John Birch, English soldier (b. 1615)

1726 – Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier (b. 1670)

1737 – Nakamikado Emperor of Japan (b. 1702)

1774 – Louis XV, king of France (1715-74), dies at 64

1787 – William Watson, English physician and scientist (b. 1715)

1792 – John Stevens, American delegate to the Continental Congress

1794 – Elisabeth PMH, princess of France, beheaded at 30

1798 – George Vancouver, British explorer, (Voyage of Discovery), dies at 40

 

 

 

1807 – Comte de RochambeauFrench soldier (b. 1725)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1818 – Paul RevereAmerican patriotdies

 

 

 

 

 

 

1829 – Thomas Young, physicist/decipherer of Egyptian hierogolyphics, dies

 

 

 

1863 – Thomas Jackson, “Stonewall“, Confederate general (Civil War), dies at 39

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – James Clay Rice, lawyer/Union brig-general, dies in battle at 34

1864 – Thomas Greeley Stevenson, Union brig-general, dies at about 27

1897 – Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader (b. 1863)

1904 – Henry M Stanley, [John Rowlands], British explorer, dies

1920 – John Wesley Hyatt, inventor/plastics pioneer, dies

1943 – Andre Bertulot, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged

1943 – Arnaud/Armand Fraiteur, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged

1943 – Maurice-Albert Raskin, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged

1955 – Tommy Burns, Canadian boxer (b. 1881)

1963 – Gene “Big Daddy” Lipscomb, American football player (b. 1931)

1967 – Lorenzo Bandini, Italian racing driver, (b. 1935)

1977 – Joan Crawford, actress (Mildred Pierce), dies at 69

1982 – Jean C M Picart le Doux, French designer, dies

1989 – Woody Shaw, American jazz musician (b. 1944)

1990 – Walker Percy, physician/novelist (Lancelot), dies of cancer at 73

1992 – Joan Merrill, vocalist, dies of a stroke at 74

1992 – Sylvia Sims, singer (Flower Drum Song), dies of a heart attack at 74

1994 – John Wayne Gacy, mass murderer, executed in Illinois at 52

1995 – Jimmy Raney, jazz guitarist, dies at 67

1997 – Joanie Weston, roller derby queen (Bay Bombers), dies at 61

1999 – Shel Silverstein, American poet and composer (b. 1930)

2001 – Deborah Walley, American actress (b. 1943)

2006 – A. M. Rosenthal, American newspaper editor (b. 1922)

2006 – Soraya, Colombian-American singer (b. 1969)

2010 – Frank Frazetta, American artist (b. 1928)

2011 – Michael Baze, American horse racing jockey (b. 1987)

2012 – Evelyn Johnson, American pilot, dies at 102

 

 

 

2012 – Carroll ShelbyAmerican automobile designerdies at 89

 

Ford Shelby GR-1 Concept

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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