Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

756 – Abd-al-Rahman I becomes emir of Cordova Spain

884 – Marinus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1004 – Henry II the Saint crowned king of Italy

1248 – Archbishop Konrad v Hochstaden lays cornerstone for Koln cathedral

1252 – Pope Innocent IV issues the papal bull ad exstirpanda, which authorizes, but also limits, the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition.

1492 – Cheese & Bread rebellion: German mercenaries kills 232 Alkmaarse

1525 – German boer army surrounded/slaughters 5,000; ends Boer war

1525 – The battle of Frankenhausen ends the Peasants’ War.

1536 – Anna Boleyn & George Boleyn Lord Rochford accused of adultery/incest

1602 – Cape Cod discovered by English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold

1618 – Johannes Kepler discovers harmonics law

1625 – 16 rebellious farmers hanged in Vocklamarkt Upper-Austria

1648 – Treaty of Munster: Spain & Netherlands ratified

1672 – 1st copyright law enacted by Massachusetts

1702 – War of Spanish Succession, 1st American conflict between England & France

 

 

 

1718 – James Pucklea London lawyerpatents world’s 1st machine gun

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1730 – Robert Walpole becomes England 1st prime minister (was: chief min)

1791 – Maximilien Robespierre proposes the Self-denying Ordinance.

1793 – Diego Marín Aguilera flies a glider for “about 360 meters”, at a height of 5-6 meters, during one of the first attempted flights.

1800 – King George III survives a 2nd assassination attempt

1817 – Opening of the first private mental health hospital in the United States, the Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now Friends Hospital) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1829 – Joseph Smith ordained by John the Baptist according to Joseph Smith

1836 – Francis Baily observes “Baily’s Beads” during annular solar eclipse

1858 – Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden London

1862 – Battle of Drewry’s Bluff (Ft Darling), Virginia

1862 – Confederate cruiser The Alabama runs aground near London

1862 – Department of Agriculture created

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of New MarketVirginia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Skirmish at Marksville (Avoyelles) (Red River Campaign)

1869 – National Woman Suffrage Association forms

1876 – 2nd Kentucky Derby: Bobby Swim aboard Vagrant wins in 2:38.25

1894 – 20th Kentucky Derby: Frank Goodale aboard Chant wins in 2:41

1896 – Tornado kills 78 in Texas

1897 – The Greek army retreats with heavy losses in the Greco-Turkish War.

1902 – Lyman Gilmore is 1st person to fly a powered craft

1905 – Las Vegas Nevada founded

1906 – NY Giants’ Hooks Wiltse strikes out 4 batters in 1 inning

1910 – The last time a major earthquake happened on the Elsinore Fault Zone.

1911 – Supreme Court dissolves Standard Oil (Sherman Antitrust Act)

1912 – Ty Cobb rushes a heckler at a NY Highlander game & is suspended

1918 – 1st airmail postal service (NY, Phila & Wash DC)

1918 – 1st regular airmail service (between NY & Wash) inaugurated

1918 – 43rd Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard War Cloud wins in 1:53.6

1919 – 44th Preakness: Charles Peak aboard Jack Hare Jr wins in 1:53.4

1918 – Washington Senator Walter Johnson pitches 1-0, 18 inning game

 

 

 

1918 – The Finnish Civil War ends.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1926 – 52nd Kentucky Derby: Albert Johnson on Bubbling Over wins in 2:03.8

1928 – Mickey Mouse made his 1st appearance in “Plane Crazy”

1929 – Fire in X-ray film stock kills 125 at Crile Clinic (Cleve Ohio)

1930 – Ellen Church becomes 1st airline stewardess, United (SF to Cheyenne)

1932 – The May 15 Incident: in an attempted Coup d’état, the Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi is killed.

1933 – 1st voice amplification system to be used in US Senate

1934 – Dept of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive

1937 – 63rd Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 1:58.4

1940 – German armour division moves into Northern France

1940 – USS Sailfish (SS-192) recomisioned, origionaly the Squalus.

1940 – McDonald’s opens its first restaurant in San Bernardino, California.

1941 – 1st British turbojet flies

1941 – Joe DiMaggio starts 56-game hitting streak; Yanks lose 13-1

1942 – Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)

1943 – Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International).

1944 – Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill & George VI discuss D-Day plan

1945 – World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia.

1948 – 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ends

1948 – 74th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Citation wins in 2:02.4

1948 – Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq & Saudi-Arabia troops attack Israel

1951 – AT&T is 1st US company to have one million stockholders

1952 – Johnny Longden becomes 2nd jockey to ride 4,000 winners

1953 – Heavyweight champion Rocky Marciano KOs Jersey Joe Walcott in Chicago

1955 – Building of space travel center at Baikonur Kazachstan begins

1955 – The first ascent of Makalu, the world’s fifth highest mountain.

1957 – 18,000 people at Madison Sq Garden-Billy Graham launched a crusade

1957 – 1st British H-bomb explosion (over Christmas Island)

1958 – USSR launches Sputnik III

1959 – 100th anniversary of 1st college baseball game, between Amherst & Williams Teams reenact the original contest

1960 – Taxes took 25% of earnings in US

1962 – US marines arrive in Laos

1963 – Last Project Mercury flight, L Gordon Cooper in Faith 7, launched

1963 – Peter, Paul & Mary win their 1st Grammy (If I Had a Hammer)

1963 – Tottenham Hotspur wins 3rd Europe Cup II at Rotterdam

1965 – 91st Preakness: Ron Turcotte aboard Tom Rolfe wins in 1:56.2

1966 – South Vietnamese army battle Buddhists, about 80 die

1969 – Associate Justice Abe Fortas resigns from Supreme Court

1970 – Elizabeth Hoisington & Anna Mae Mays named 1st female US generals

1970 – Mississippi Highway Patrol kills 2 at Jackson State College

1971 – 97th Preakness: Gustavo Avila aboard Canonero II wins in 1:54

1972 – George Wallace shot & left paralyzed by Arthur Bremer in Laurel, Md

1972 – The island of Okinawa, under U.S. military governance since its conquest in 1945, reverts to Japanese control.

1973 – California Angel Nolan Ryan’s 1st no-hitter beats KC Royals, 3-0

 

 

 

1974 – Ma’alot massacre:  31 peopleincluding hostage takersare killed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1976 – 102nd Preakness: John Lively aboard Elocutionist wins in 1:55

1980 – 1st trans-US balloon crossing

1981 – “Harlem Globetrotters on Gilligan’s Island” airs

1981 – 2nd City TV’s (SCTV) network premier (NBC)

1981 – SCTV Network 90, sequel to Second City Television debut on NBC

1982 – 108th Preakness: Jack Kaenel aboard Aloma’s Ruler wins in 1:55.4

1983 – Madison Hotel (Boston) destroyed by implosion

1987 – Record archery score for a pair over 24 hrs, is set

1988 – Moscow began withdrawing its 115,000 troops in Afghanistan

 

 

 

1990 – “Portrait of Doctor Gachet” by Vincent Van Gogh sold for $82.5 million

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,822.45

1991 – Pres Bush takes Queen Elizabeth to Oakland A’s-Balt Oriole game

1992 – NY dept store chain Alexanders announces closing of all 11 stores

1993 – 119th Preakness: Mike Smith aboard Prairie Bayou wins in 1:56.6

1993 – Alamodome in San Antonio TX opens

1997 – ABC News & Starwave Corp launch ABCNEWS.com

2010 – Jessica Watson becomes the youngest person to sail, non-stop and unassisted around the world solo.

 

 

 

Births

1565 – Henrick de Keyser, architect/master builder of Amsterdam

1567 – Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi, Cremona Italy, composer (L’Orfeo)

1608 – René Goupil, French Catholic missionary (Canadian Martyrs) (d. 1642)

1720 – Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (d. 1792)

1749 – Levi Lincoln, Sr., American revolutionary, statesman, politician, and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1820)

1773 – Clemens L Metternich, Austrian prince

1786 – General Dimitris Plapoutas, a Revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence (d. 1864)

1802 – Isaac Ridgeway Trimble, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1888

1810 – Jacob Thompson, (Confederacy), died in 1885

1819 – Thomas Leonidas Crittenden, Major General (Union volunteers)

1830 – Laurence Simmons Baker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907

1845 – Ilja [Elias] Metsjnikov, USSR, zoologist/bacteriologist (Nobel 1908)

 

 

 

1856 – Lyman Frank BaumNYchildren’s book author (Wizard of Oz)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1857 – Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (d. 1911)

1859 – Pierre Curie, France, physicist (Nobel 1903)

1890 – Katherine Anne Porter, US, novelist (Ship of Fools)

1895 – Charles Lamont, SF CA, director (Abbott & Costello Go to Mars)

1899 – Jean-Etienne Valluy, French general (d. 1970)

1903 – Maria Reiche, German-born mathematician and archaeologist (d. 1998)

1904 – Gustav-Adolf Boltenstein, Sweden, equest dressage (Oly-gold-1952, 56)

1905 – Joseph Cotten, Virginia, actor (3rd Man, Airport 77, Hearse)

 

 

 

1909 – James MasonEnglandactor (LolitaBloodlineBoys From Brazil)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1914 – Jack Pepys, immunologist

1915 – Paul A Samuelson, economist (1970 Nobel, 1947 John Bates Clark Medal)

1918 – Eddy Arnold, Henderson TN, country singer (Cattle Call, Anytime)

1918 – Joseph Wiseman, Montreal, actor (Dr No, Viva Zapata, Les Miserables)

1920 – Hugh Henry Home Popham, aviator/writer/poet

1923 – Richard Avedon, US, photographer (1957 ASMP award)

1924 – Maria Koepcke, German ornithologist (d. 1971)

1930 – Jasper Johns, Augusta, Ga, painter/sculptor (Green Target)

1936 – Anna Maria Alberghetti, Italy, singer/actress (Cinderfella)

1936 – Donald [Anthony] Moffitt, US, sci-fi author (Jupiter Theft)

1936 – Wavy Gravy, American clown and activist

1936 – Ralph Steadman, British cartoonist

1937 – Trini Lopez, Trinidad, singer/guitarist (If I Had a Hammer)

1937 – Madeleine Albright, U.S. Secretary of State

1940 – Paul Rudd, Boston Mass, actor (Conn Yankee in King Arthur’s Court)

1941 – K T Oslin, Crossett Ar, country singer (80’s Ladies)

1941 – Lainie Kazan, Brooklyn, singer/actress (Lust in the Dust, Beaches)

1942 – Anthony Wayne England, Indianapolis, PhD/astronaut (STS 51-F)

1944 – Gunilla Hutton, Goteborg Sweden, actress (Petticoat Junction)

1944 – Miruts Yifter, Ethiopia, 5K/10K runner (Olympic-gold-1980)

1944 – Tich, rocker

1946 – Chazz Palminteri, Bronx NY, actor (Jade, Diabolique, Bronx Tale)

1947 – Graham Goble, Adelaide,Australia, rock guitarist (Little River Band)

1948 – Brian Eno, Woodbridge England, rock keyboardist/singer (On Land)

1949 – Frank L Culbertson Jr, Charleston SC, Cmdr USN/astro (STS-38)

1953 – George Brett, WV, KC Royal 3rd baseman (1980 AL MVP)

1953 – Mike Oldfield, England, composer (Tubular Bells)

1954 – Robert P. Harrison, American thinker

1960 – Rob Bowman, American film director

1964 – Pamela Dukes, Bronx NY, discus thrower

1967 – John Smoltz, Detroit MI, pitcher (Atlanta Braves, 1996 Cy Young)

1969 – Emmitt Smith, running back (Dallas Cowboys, 3-time NFL rushing leader)

 

 

 

1969 – Holly McPeakManhattan Beach CAbeach volleyballer (Olympics-96)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1970 – Prince Be, rapper (PM Dawn)

1971 – Phil Pfister, American strength athlete

1973- Tori Spelling, LA Ca, actress (Donna-Beverly Hills 90210)

1974 – Ahmet Rodan Zappa, son of Frank/rocker (Z, 2 Hip 4 TV)

1978 – Amy Chow, San Jose California, gymnast (Olympics-gold/silver-96)

1978 – David Krumholtz, NYC, actor (Billy Kulchak-Chicago Sons)

1980 – Josh Beckett, American baseball player

1981 – Zara Anne Elizabeth Phillips, daughter of Princess Anne

1981 – Jamie-Lynn Sigler, American actress

1982 – Jessica Sutta, American dancer, singer and actress (The Pussycat Dolls)

1983 – Devin Bronson, American guitarist (Avril Lavigne)

1984 – Sérgio Jimenez, Brazilian racing driver

 

 

 

Deaths

392 – Valentinianus II, emperor of Rome (375-392), murdered at 21

884 – Marinus I, [Martinus II], Pope (882-84), dies

913 – Hatto I, Archbishop of Mainz

1036 – Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan (b. 1008)

1157 – Yury Dolgoruky, Russian prince

1174 – Nur ad-Din, King of Syria (1146-1174), dies at 56

1381 – Eppelein von Gailingen, German robber baron

1470 – Charles VIII of Sweden (b. 1409)

1482 – Paolo Toscanelli, Italian physician & mapmaker, dies

 

 

 

1585 – Niwa NagahideJapanese warlord (b. 1535)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1591 – Dmitry Ivanovitch, youngest son of Russian Tsar Ivan IV, murdered at 8

1621 – Henrick de Keyser, Amsterdam’s master builder, dies at 56

1622 – Peter Plancius, Flemish vicar/cartographer, dies at about 69

1634 – Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (b. 1585)

1685 – Henri Otto, Spanish marquis of Caretto/Savona/Grana, dies

1714 – Roger Elliott, British general and Governor of Gibraltar

1740 – Ephraim Chambers, English encyclopaedist (b. 1680)

1760 – Alaungpaya, King of Burma (b. 1711)

1879 – Gottfried Semper, German architect (b. 1803)

1886 – Emily Dickinson, US poet, dies at 55

1932 – Ki Inukai, premier Japan (1931-32), murdered

 

 

 

1945 – Major Henry Alexius CourtneyUS medal of honor marinedies in battle of Sugar Loaf

 

 

 

 

COURTNEY, HENRY ALEXIUS, JR. Photo

 

 

 

 

 

1948 – Edward Flanagan, American priest and founder of Boys Town (b. 1886)

1964 – Cornelis H Edelman, Dutch geologist, dies at 61

1967 – Edward Hopper, US painter (House by Railroad), dies at 84

1972 – Nigel Green, actor (Skull, Tobruk, Ipcress File), dies at 47

 

 

 

1976 – Samuel Eliot MorisonUS historian , Admiral (Admiral of Ocean Sea), dies at 88

 

 

 

 

 

 

1982 – Gordon Smiley, American race car driver (b. 1946)

1986 – Theodore H White, US journalist (Making of Pres, Pulitzer), dies at 71

1988 – Andrew Duggan, actor (Jigsaw, Firehouse), dies of cancer at 64

1991 – Bud Freeman, jazz tenor saxophonist, dies of cancer at 84

1992 – Robert Morris Page, US physicist (radar), dies at 88

1992 – Jovy Marcelo, Filipino race car driver (b. 1965)

1994 – Royal Dano, actor (Ghoulies 2), dies of a heart attack at 71

1994 – [Henry] John Baker, resistance fighter/journalist (Slogan), dies at 79

2003 – June Carter Cash, American musician and singer (b. 1929)

2003 – George Francis, British gangster (b. 1940)

2007 – Jerry Falwell, American evangelist (b. 1933)

2007 – Yolanda King, American actress and activist, daughter of Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. 1955)

2008 – Alexander Courage, composer of original Star Trek theme (b. 1919)

2008 – Robert Dunlop, Northern Irish motorcycle racer, younger brother of Joey Dunlop (b. 1960)

2010 – Loris Kessel, Swiss racing driver (b. 1950)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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