Today In The Past

 

 

Events

218 – 7th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

352 – Liberius begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Julius I

884 – St Adrian III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1521 – Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, is executed for treason.

1525 – Battle at Zabern: duke of Lutherans beats rebels

1527 – Pánfilo de Narváez departs to explore Florida

1536 – Anne Boleyns 4 “lovers” executed

1590 – Anne of Denmark is crowned Queen of Scotland.

1620 – 1st merry-go-round seen at a fair (Philippapolis, Turkey)

1630 – Italian Jesuit Niccolo Zucchi, 1st to see 2 belts on Jupiter surface

1631 – Earl Johann Tilly attacks Maagdenburg

1672 – Frontenac becomes governor of New France (Canada)

1673 – Louis Joliet & Jacques Marquette begin exploring Mississippi

1733 – England passes Molasses Act, putting high tariffs on rum & molasses imported to the colonies from a country other than British possessions

1742 – Frederick great (Emperor of Prussia) beats Austrians

1744 – French army takes Austrian Netherlands

1756 – Britain declares war on France (7 Years’ or French & Indian War)

1775 – American Revolutionary War: the Continental Congress bans trade with Canada.

1792 – 24 merchants form NY Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street

1794 – Hard frost in southern New England

1803 – John Hawkins & Richard French patent the Reaping Machine

1804 – Lewis & Clark begin exploration of Louisiana Purchase

1837 – Royal Decides installs the Weapon of Belgium firm(ly)

1845 – Rubber band patents

1849 – Fire destroy Centrum in St Louis Missouri

1862 – Battle of Princeton WV, ends, about 128 casualities

1863 – Battle of Big Black River Bridge, MS

1864 – Battle of Adairsville Georgia, Union forces Confederates to retreat

1871 – Indians fighter Gen Sherman escapes in ambulance vs Comanches

1875 – 1st Kentucky Derby: Oliver Lewis aboard Aristides wins in 2:37.75

1876 – 7th US Cavalry under Custer leaves Ft Lincoln

1881 – 7th Kentucky Derby: Jim McLaughlin aboard Hindoo wins in 2:40

1883 – Buffalo Bill Cody’s 1st wild west show premieres in Omaha

1884 – Alaska becomes a US territory

1890 – Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London

1894 – 19th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Assignee wins in 1:49.25

 

 

 

1900 – British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1902 – Greek archaeologist Valerios Stais discovers the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient mechanical analog computer.

1904 – Maurice Ravel’s “Shéhérazade,” premieres in Paris

1911 – 36th Preakness: Eddie Dugan aboard Watervale wins in 1:51

1915 – 40th Preakness: Douglas Hoffman aboard Rhine Maiden wins in 1:58

1919 – War Department (UK) orders use of National Star Insignia on all airplanes.

1920 – 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol

1920 – 1st flight by Dutch airlines KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij)

1924 – 50th Kentucky Derby: John Mooney aboard Black Gold wins in 2:05.2

1926 – Chiang Kai-shek is made supreme war lord in Canton

1927 – Chicago Cubs beat Boston Braves, 4-3, in 22 innings

1927 – U.S. Army aviation pioneer, Major Harold Geiger, dies in the crash of his Airco DH.4 de Havilland plane at Olmstead Field, Pennsylvania

1930 – 56th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:07.6

1932 – Congress changes name “Porto Rico” to “Puerto Rico”

1938 – Congress approves Vinson Naval Act, which funds a two-ocean navy

1940 – Germany occupies Brussels, Belgium & begins invasion of France

1943 – The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania’s Moore School to develop the ENIAC.

 

 

 

1943 – World War IIthe Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams.(16th)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – Chinese/US arm forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma

1944 – Operation Straightline: Allies land in Neth New-Guinea

1945 – 2 US P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu

1946 – Pres Harry Truman seizes control of nation’s railroads to delay a strike

1948 – Israel liberates Acre, Nebi Yusha & Telel-Kadi

1948 – Soviet Union recognized Israel

1949 – British government recognizes Republic of Ireland

1952 – 78th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Blue Man wins in 1:57.4

1954 – Supreme Court unanimously rules on Brown v Topeka Board of Education reversed 1896 “separate but equal” Plessy Vs Ferguson decision

1957 – Prayer Pilgrimage, biggest civil rights demonstration to date (DC)

1958 – 84th Preakness: Ismael Valenzuela aboard Tim Tam wins in 1:57.2

1961 – Castro offers to exchange Bay of Pigs prisoners for 500 bulldozers

1963 – Bruno Sammartino beats Buddy Rogers in NY, to become WWF champ

1964 – Phillies triple play Houston Colt .45s

1968 – Frank Howard belts record 8th HR in 5th straight game

1969 – 95th Preakness: Bill Hartack aboard Majestic Prince wins in 1:55.6

1969 – Balt, Cleve & Pitts agree to go from NFC to AFC in NFL

1969 – Russian probe Venera 6 landed on Venus

1970 – Hank Aaron becomes 9th player to get 3,000 hits

1970 – Thor Heyerdahl crosses Atlantic on reed raft Ra

1973 – Joe Ferguson, hits the 6,000th Dodger home run

1973 – Senate Watergate Committee begins its hearings

1973 – Stevie Wonder releases “You are the Sunshine of my Love”

1975 – 101st Preakness: Darrel McHargue aboard Master Derby wins in 1:56.4

1975 – 10cc releases “I’m Not in Love”

1975 – NBC paid $5M for rights to show “Gone with the Wind” one time

1976 – Earthquake in Uzbekistan: 1000’s killed

1978 – Lee Lacy hits record 3rd consecutive pinch-hit home run

1979 – -12°F (-11°C), on top of Mauna Kea, Hawaii (state record)

1980 – 106th Preakness: Angel Cordero Jr aboard Codex wins in 1:54.2

1980 – Kumar Anandan balanced on one foot for 33 hours

1980 – Major race riot in Miami Florida – 16 killed, 300 injured

1985 – Les Anderson, catches record 97 lb 4 oz Chinook Salmon, off Alaska

1986 – 112th Preakness: Alex Solis aboard Snow Chief wins in 1:54.8

 

 

 

1987 – USS Stark hit by Iraqi missiles37 sailors die

 

 

 

 

 

1989 – Longest Cab Ride Ever: 14,000 miles cost $16,000!

1990 – Cheers’ star Kelsey Grammer sentenced to jail for 30 days for DWI

1990 – Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,831.71

1992 – Expos Gary Carter is 3rd to catch 2,000 games (joins Boone & Fisk)

1993 – Intel’s new Pentium processor is unveiled

1997 – 123rd Preakness: Gary Stevens aboard Silver Charm wins in 1:54

1997 – Troops of Laurent Kabila march into Kinshasa.

2006 – The aircraft carrier USS Oriskany is sunk in the Gulf of Mexico to be an artificial reef

2007 – Trains from North and South Korea cross the 38th Parallel in a test-run agreed by both governments. This is the first time that trains have crossed the Demilitarized Zone since 1953.

 

 

 

 

Births

1155 – Jien, Japanese poet and historian (d. 1225)

1443 – Edmund, Earl of Rutland, brother of Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England

1451 – Engelbert II, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz/viceroy of Luxembourg

1490 – Albrecht von Hohenzollern, 1st duke of Prussia

1551 – Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and occultist (d. 1608)

1576 – Ferdinand van Apshoven, the Older, Flemish painter, baptized

 

 

 

1682 – Bartholomew RobertsWelsh pirate (d. 1722)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1741 – John Penn, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence) [OS=May 6]

 

 

 

1743 – Seth WarnerAmerican revolutionary leader (d. 1784)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1749 – Edward Jenner, England, physician, discovered vaccination

1758 – John St Aubyn, British fossil collector (d. 1839)

1768 – Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, English general (d. 1854)

1812 – Joseph Warren Revere, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1880

1821 – Sebastian Kneipp, German naturopathist (d. 1897)

1836 – Joseph Norman Lockyer, discoverer (Helium)/founder (Nature magazine)

1836 – Wilhelm Steinitz, Austria, world chess champion (1866-94)

1846 – Edmund Bishop, English secretary of Thomas Carlyle

1867 – Gerrit Mannoury, Dutch mathematician/philosopher

1868 – Horace Elgin Dodge, American automobile manufacturer (d. 1920)

1879 – Simon Petlyura, Ukrainian independence fighter (d. 1926)

1896 – Hannah Tillich, writer

1897 – Odd Hassel, Norwegian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)

1898 – Alfred Joseph Casson, Canadian painter (d. 1992)

1900 – Ruhollah Khomeini, Iran’s ayatollah (1979-89)

1903 – Douglas Packard, British Lt General

1903 – James “Cool Papa” Bell, Starkville, Mississippi, baseball center fielder in Negro league baseball, considered by many to have been one of the fastest men ever to play the game (d. 1991)

1906 – Eric Mensforth, president (Westland Aircraft)

1907 – Charles Cawley, British chief scientist/minister of power

1907 – Ilona Schacherer Elek, Budapest Hung, fencer (Olympic-gold-1936, 48)

1909 – Edward Playfair, British senior civil servant

1911 – Knut Anders Haukfield, SOE Operative

1911 – Maureen O’Sullivan, Boyle Ireland, actress (Tarzan, Pride & Prejudice)

1912 – Archibald Cox, special prosecutor (Watergate)

1913 – Hans Ruesch, Swiss racing driver (d. 2007)

1915 – Joseph D Craggs, electrical engineer

1919 – Merle Miller, American biographer (d. 1986)

1923 – Michael Beetham, Marshal (RAF)

1924 – Lord Tombs, CEO (Rolls Royce)

1924 – Thomas Baird, vice-admiral

1927 – Ronald Halstead, deputy CEO (British Steel)

1928 – Donald Cameron Watt, historian

1928 – Vivian Moses, biotechnologist

1929 – Raymond Hide, geophysicist

1931 – Dewey Redman, jazz musician

1936 – Dennis Hopper, KS, actor (True Grit, Blue Velvet, Easy Rider)

1939 – Gary Paulsen, American author

1940 – Alan Kay, American computer scientist

1941 – Malcom Hale, rocker

 

 

 

1942 – Taj MahalNYCbluesmansinger/songwriter (Real Thing)

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1943 – Vicky Moscholiou, Greek singer (d. 2005)

1944 – Jesse Winchester, Shreveport La, singer/songwriter (Learn to Love it)

1945 – D A S Pennefather, Maj-General/Commandant (General Royal Marines)

1946 – Sinaida Turchina, USSR, team handball (Olympic-gold-1976)

1947 – John Traicos, cricketer (in Egypt South Africa 1970, Zimbabwe 1992-93)

1949 – Bill Bruford, English drummer (Yes, King Crimson-Red, Genesis)

1950 – Christian Lacroix, French couturier (Chic Frills)

1950 – Howard Ashman, American lyricist (d. 1991)

1953 – Kathleen Sullivan, Pasadena Ca, newscaster (ABC-TV, CBS Morning Show)

1955 – Bill Paxton, actor (Brain Dead, Next of Kin, Indian Summer, True Lies)

1956 – Bob Saget, Phila, comedian (Full House, America’s Funniest Home Video)

1956 – Sugar Ray [Charles] Leonard, Rocky Mount North Carolina, boxer (Olympics-gold-76)

1956 – Dave Sim, Canadian cartoonist

1959 – Paul Di’anno, rocker (Iron Maiden Chingford, London V Early Vocalist

1959 – Jim Nantz, American broadcaster

1960 – Lou DiBella, American boxing promoter

1961 – Enya [Eithne Ní Bhraonáin], Gweedore, County Donegal, Irish singer and songwriter (A Day Without Rain)

1962 – Craig Ferguson, Glasgow, Scottish actor, writer and comedian

1965 – Trent Reznor, musician (9 Inch Nails)

1965 – Richard Baumhammers, American spree killer

1967 – Cameron Bancroft, actor (Beverly Hills 90210)

1969 – Paige Turco, Boston MA, actress (Melanie-Guiding Light)

1970 – Jordan Nathaniel M Knight, Mass, rocker (New Kids-Hangin’ Tough)

1970 – Matt Lindland, American mixed martial arts fighter

1975 – Cheick Kongo, French martial artist

1975 – Jonti Picking, British cartoonist

1977 – Jere Michael, Aspen Colo, figure skater (1994 National Jr champ)

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1050 – Guido van Arezzo, Italian music theorist, dies

1189 – Minamoto no Yoshitsune, Japanese general (b. 1159)

1336 – Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan (b. 1288)

1365 – Louis VI the Roman, Duke of Bavaria and Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1328)

1395 – Constantine Dragas, Serbian ruler of a semi-independent realm

1464 – Thomas de Ros, 10th Baron de Ros, English politician (executed) (b. 1427)

1510 – Sandro Botticelli, Florentine Renaissance painter (Birth of Venus), dies at about 65

1591 – Jost/Jobst/Jodocus Amman, Swiss cartoonist/graphic artist, dies at 51

1606 – Forges Dimitri #1, czar of Russia (1605-06), murdered

1727 – Catherine I, Empress of Russia (1725-27), dies

1765 – Alexis Claude Clairault, French mathematician (b. 1713)

1801 – William Heberden, English physician (b. 1710)

1807 – John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (b. 1745)

 

 

 

1829 – John Jayfirst Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1745)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1838 – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, French diplomat (b. 1754)

1838 – René Caillé, French explorer (b. 1799)

1840 – Niccolo Paganini, composer, dies at 57

1868 – Isami Kondo, Shinsengumi Commander (b. 1834)

1875 – John C. Breckinridge, Vice President of the United States (b. 1821)

1879 – Asa Packer, railroad magnate and founder of Lehigh Valley Railroad (b. 1805)

1883 – Lydia Estes Pinklham, patent-medicine manufacturer, dies

1886 – John Deere, American blacksmith and manufacturer of agricultural equipment who founded Deere & Company, dies at 82

1889 – William Roxby Beverly, artist, dies

1916 – Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (b. 1862)

1917 – Charles Anthoni Johnson Brooke, ruler of Sarawak (b. 1829)

1926 – Lucien Herr, French leader (Correspondance entre Schiller), dies

1927 – Harold Geiger, U.S. Army aviation pioneer (b. 1884)

1930 – Herbert David Croly, US founder (New Republic), dies at 61

1945 – Jan van Geenen, resistance fighter, dies

1945 – Sasaki Shigetsu Sokei-an, founder 1st Zen Institute of America, dies

1963 – John Wilce, physician and former head football coach at the Ohio State University (b. 1888)

1974 – Ernest Nash, German born archaeologist (b. 1898)

1978 – John Selwyn Brooke Selwyn Lloyd, speaker of house of commons, dies

1981 – Jeannette Ridlon Piccard, 1st US woman free balloon pilot, dies

1987 – Gunnar Myrdal, Sweden, economist (Nobel 1974), dies at 88

1992 – George Hurrell, Hollywood photographer, dies of cancer at 87

1992 – Lawrence Welk, conductor/accordionist (Lawrence Welk Show), dies of pneumonia at 89

1994 – Willian Noel Moffet, architect, dies at 82

1996 – Scott Evans Brayton, racing car driver, dies at 37

1996 – Willis Conover, broadcaster, dies at 75

 

 

 

1996 – Johnny “Guitar” WatsonBlues guitarist , dies at 61

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1999 – Bruce Fairbairn, Canadian record producer and musician (b. 1949)

2001 – Frank G. Slaughter, American novelist and physician (b. 1908)

2002 – Dave Berg, American cartoonist (b. 1920)

2005 – Frank Gorshin, American actor (b. 1934)

2006 – Captain Nichola Goddard, Canadian soldier (b. 1980)

2011 – Harmon Killebrew, American baseball player (b. 1936)

2012 – Donna Summer, American singer, dies from lung cancer at 63

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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