Today In The Past

 

 

Events

325 – 1st Christian ecumenical council opens at Nicaea, Asia Minor

1217 – The Second Battle of Lincoln is fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke.

1293 – Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed

1293 – King Sancho IV of Castile creates the Study of General Schools of Alcalá.

1303 – Treaty of Paris restores Gascony to British in Hundred Years War

1310 – Shoes were made for both right & left feet

1347 – Rienzo calls Rome for people’s tribunal

1495 – French King Charles VIII leaves Naples

1498 – Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calcutta India

1501 – Joao da Nova Castell discovers Ascension Islands

1521 – Ignatius Loyola seriously wounded by a cannon ball

1631 – Magdeburg in Germany seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire under earl Johann Tilly, most inhabitants massacred, one of the bloodiest incidents of the Thirty Years’ War.

1639 – Dorchester Mass, forms 1st school funded by local taxes

1690 – England passes Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II

1734 – 1st Jockey Club forms in SC

1774 – Britain gives Quebec, Labrador & territory north of Ohio

1775 – Citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC declare independence of Britain

1830 – 1st railroad timetable published in newspaper (Baltimore American)

1830 – D Hyde patents fountain pen

1845 – HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost.

1861 – Kentucky proclaims its neutrality in Civil War

1861 – North Carolina becomes 11th & last state to secede from Union

1861 – US marshals appropriate previous year’s telegraph dispatches, to reveal prosecessionist evidence

1862 – Homestead Act provides cheap land for settlement of West

1864 – Battle at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia, 1,400 killed or injured

1864 – Spotsylvania-campaign ends after 10,920 killed/injured 

1867 – Royal Albert Hall foundation laid by Queen Victoria

1868 – Republican National Convention, meets in Chicago, nominates Grant

1873 – Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent first blue jeans with copper rivets

1879 – 5th Kentucky Derby: Charlie Shauer aboard Lord Murphy wins in 2:37

1892 – George Sampson patents clothes dryer

1896 – The six ton chandelier of the Palais Garnier falls on the crowd resulting in the death of one and the injury of many others.

1900 – 2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris (lasted 5 months)

1902 – US military occupation of Cuba (since Jan 1, 1899) ends

1913 – 38th Preakness: James Butwell aboard Buskin wins in 1:53.4

1916 – Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting

1918 – 1st electrically propelled warship (New Mexico)

1919 – Volcano Keluit on Java, erupts killing 550

1922 – “Egypt” sinks off Ushant after colliding with “Seine,” killing 90

1926 – Congress passes Air Commerce Act, licensing of pilots & planes

1926 – Thomas Edison says Americans prefer silent movies over talkies

1927 – At 7:40 AM, Lindbergh takes off from NY to cross Atlantic for Paris

1927 – Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain (Treaty of Jedda)

1930 – 1st airplane catapulted from a dirigible, Charles Nicholson, pilot

1932 – Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland 1st woman fly solo across Atlantic

1939 – 1st regular transatlantic airmail (Pan Am: NY to Marsseille France)

1940 – Gen Guderians tanks reach The Channel (British expeditionary army)

1942 – US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve

1948 – 1st use of Israeli Air Force & 1st war victory, defeating Syrian army

1950 – 76th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hill Prince wins in 1:59.2

1959 – Ford wins battle with Chrysler to call its new car “Falcon”

1959 – Japanese-Americans regain their citizenship

1961 – 87th Preakness: Johnny Sellers aboard Carry Back wins in 1:57.6

1961 – White mob attacks “Freedom Riders” in Montgomery, Alabama

1964 – Buster Mathis defeats Joe Fraizer to qualify for US Olympic team

1967 – 93rd Preakness: Bill Shoemaker aboard Damascus wins in 1:55.2

1969 – US troop capture Hill 937/Hamburger Hill Vietnam

1970 – 100,000 march in NY supporting US policies in Vietnam

1972 – 98th Preakness: Eldon Nelson aboard Bee Bee Bee wins in 1:55.6

1978 – 104th Preakness: Steve Cauthen aboard Affirmed wins in 1:54.4

1978 – 3 PFLP members kill a cop near El Al airlines in Orly Airport, Paris

1979 – 1st western pop star to tour USSR-Elton John

1980 – Drummer Peter Criss quits Kiss

1980 – Fire in nursing home in Kingston Jamaica, kills 157

1980 – In a referendum, 59.5% of Quebec voters reject separatism

1983 – Larry Holmes beats Tim Witherspoon in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1983 – Michael Dokes & Mike Weaver fight to a draw in 15 for hw boxing title

1983 – Phillies Steve Carlton passes W Johnson with 2nd most strike outs

1984 – Boston’s Roger Clemens beats Twins, 5-4, for his 1st victory

1985 – Dow Jones industrial avg closes above 1300 for 1st time

1985 – FBI arrests John A Walker Jr, convicted of spying for USSR

1985 – Israel exchanges 1,100+ Arab prisoners for 3 Israeli soldiers

1985 – Larry Holmes beats Carl Williams in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1985 – US began broadcasts to Cuba on Radio Marti

1986 – Flintstones 25th Anniversary Celebration airs on CBS-tv

1989 – 115th Preakness: Pat Valenzuela aboard Sunday Silence wins in 1:53.8

1989 – China declares martial law in Beijing

1989 – Toonces The Cat takes the wheel on Saturday Night Live

1990 – Hubble Space Telescope sends 1st photograph’s from space

1992 – Rap singer raps 597 syllables in under 60 seconds

1993 – 10m meteor comes within 150,000 km of Earth (1993KA)

1993 – 274th & final “Cheers” on NBC

1994 – Bobcat Goldthwait charged with misdemeanors for fire on Tonight Show

1995 – 121st Preakness: Pat Day aboard Timber Coutry wins in 1:54.4

1995 – CBS News fires co-anchor Connie Chung

1997 – Cosmos Zenit-2 Launch (Russia), Failed

1997 – Thor-2A Delta 2 Launch (Norway/USA), Successful

 

 

 

 

Births

1315 – Bonne of Luxembourg, wife of John II of France (d. 1349)

1364 – Henry Percy, [Harry Hotspur], British soldier/politican

1470 – Pietro Bembo, cardinal/theologian

1537 – Hieronymus Fabricius Ab, Aquapend Italy, physician (De Formato Foetu)

1593 – Jacob Jordaens, Flemish barok artist

1663 – William Bradford, British-born printer (d. 1752)

1706 – Seth Pomeroy, American gunsmith and soldier (d. 1777)

1750 – Stephen Girard, bailed out US bonds during War of 1812

1759 – William Thornton, architect (Capitol building, Wash DC)

1768 – Dolley Dandridge Payne Madison, 1st lady (1809-17)

1772 – William Congreve, English officer (design fire rocket)

1799 – Honoré de Balzac, French novelist (d. 1850)

 

 

 

1806 – John Stuart MillUKphilosopher/political economist/Utilitarian

 

 

 

 

 

 

1818 – William George Fargo, founder (Wells Fargo)

1825 – Antoinette Brown Blackwell, clergy (1st ordained US female minister)

1828 – James William Reilly, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905

1851 – Emile Berliner, Germany, inventor (flat phonograph record)

1860 – Eduard Buchner, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)

1883 – Paul Arntzenius, painter/graphic artist/etcher

1899 – Estelle Taylor, Delaware, actress (8 Commandments)

1899 – John M Harlan, Chicago, 91st Supreme Court justice (1955-71)

1901 – Max Euwe, Netherlands, world chess champion (1935-37)

1908 – Jimmy Stewart [James], PA, actor (Mr Smith Goes to Wash, Wonderful Life), (d. 1997)

1911 – Gardner F[rancis] Fox, US, sci-fi author (Kothar-Barbarian Swordsman)

1912 – Joseph Proce, 3rd victim of NYC’s Zodiac killer (survives)

1913 – Henry Cadbury Brown, architect

1913 – William Hewlett, cofounder (Hewlett-Packard Co)

1915 – Moshe Dayan, Israeli general/minister of Defense

1918 – Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)

1919 – George Gobel, Chicago Ill, comedian/TV personality (I Love My Wife)

1923 – Edith Fellows, Boston, actress (Pennies From Heaven, City Streets)

1926 – Vic Ames, rocker (Ames Brothers)

1926 – Bob Sweikert, American race car driver (d. 1956)

1927 – [Harold] Bud Grant, Wisc, CFL/NFL player/coach (Winnipeg, Minnesota)

1928 – David Hedison, actor (Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea)

1928 – Jack Kevorkian, controversial American medical doctor

1930 – Robert Bunyard, Commandant (British Police Staff College)

1931 – Chiharu Igaya, Japan, slalom (Olympic-silver-1956)

1933 – Constance Towers, actress (Capitol, Shock Corrider, Naked Kiss)

1936 – Anthony Zerbe, Cal, actor (Harry-O, Centennial, They Call Me Mr Tibbs)

1938 – Christina Bass-Kaiser, 3K Dutch speed skater (Olympic-gold-1972)

1940 – Sadaharu Oh, of Yomiuri Giants (Japan), hit 868 career HR

 

 

 

1942 – Carlos HathcockAmerican Marine sniper (d. 1999)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1944 – Joe Cocker, Sheffield England, rock vocalist (Little Help From My Friends)

1945 – Harold E Ford, (Rep-D-TN, 1975- )

1946 – Bakhaavaa Buidaa, Mongolia, wrestler (Oly-silver-1972) disqualified

1946 – Cher [Cherilyn Sarkisian], El Centro, California, American singer and actress (I Got You Babe, Jack Lalane, Mask)

1948 – Dave Thomas, St Catherines Ontario, comedian (SCTV, Grace Under Fire)

1951 – Thomas D Akers, St Louis, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 41, 49, 61, 79)

1951 – William Cullen Bryant, actor (Hell Squad)

1954 – James Henderson, country singer (Black Oak Arkansas)

1954 – Cindy Hensley McCain, wife of John McCain

1954 – Robert Van de Walle, Belgian judoka

1958 – Jane Wiedlin, Wisc, singer/guitarist (GoGos, Fur, Rush Hour)

1958 – Ronald Prescot Reagan Jr, LA, Pres son/TV host (Ron Reagon Show)

1959 – Bronson Pinchot, NYC, actor (Perfect Strangers, Beverly Hills Cop)

1960 – John Cowsill, rock vocalist (Cowsills-Hair)

1960 – Susan Cowsill, Newport RI, rock vocalist (Cowsills-We Can Fly)

1961 – Vaughn Jefferis, Matangi NZ, equestrian 3 day event (Olymp-bronze-96)

1962 – Lydia Cheng, NYC, Ms Big Apple bodybuilder (1982) (Pumping Iron 2)

1962 – Sylvie Rauch, Munich German FR, nude model/actress

1963 – David Wells, Torrance CA, pitcher (Baltimore Orioles, NY Yankees)

1964 – Joseph Sinnott Edwards, Chicago, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)

1966 – Mindy Cohn, LA, actress (Facts of Life)

1967 – Ramzi Yousef, Kuwaiti-born Pakistani terrorist

1971 – Tony Stewart, American race car driver

1975 – Mark Zupan, American quadriplegic rugby player

1977 – Chad Muska, American Skateboarder for Element Skateboards

1981 – Mark Winterbottom, Australian racing driver

1993 – Caroline Zhang, American figure skater

 

 

 

 

Deaths

685 – King Ecgfrith of Northumbria (b. 645)

1277 – John XXI, [Petrus Juliani/Hispanus], Portuguese Pope (1276-77), dies. (b. 1215)

1285 – John II of Jerusalem, King of Cyprus (b. 1259)

1444 – Bernardinus van Siena, Italian saint, dies at 63

1471 – Henry VI, king of England (1422-61, 70-71)/France (1431-71), dies

1503 – Lorenzo de Medici, Italian patron (b. 1463)

1506 – Christopher Columbus, explorer, dies in poverty, in Spain at 55

1550 – Ashikaga Yoshiharu, Japanese shogun (b. 1510)

1597 – Matthijs Heldt, dies in battle

1622 – Osman II, sultan of Turkey (1618-22), dies

1669 – Joris van der Hagen, landscape painter, dies

1722 – Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist (b. 1669)

1732 – Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (b. 1676)

1782 – William Emerson, British mathematician (b. 1701)

1793 – Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist (b. 1720)

1795 – Ignác Martinovics, Hungarian physicist/revolutionary, beheaded

 

 

 

1834 – Marquis de LafayetteFrench generaldies

 

 

 

 

 

 

1909 – Ernest Hogan, blackface comedian and musician (b. 1859)

1923 – Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist, dies

1946 – Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor (b. 1871)

1947 – Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1862)

1949 – Randolph West, American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1890)

1956 – Max Beerbohm, caricturist/writer (Yet Again), dies

1959 – Alfred Schutz, Austrian/US architect/philosopher, dies at 60

1961 – Josef “Pips” Priller, German fighter ace (b. 1915)

1972 – Walter Winchell, columnist/narrator (Untouchables), dies at 75

1973 – Jarno Saarinen, Finnish motorcycle racer (b. 1945)

1989 – Anton Diffring, actor (Zeppelin, Fahrenheit 451), dies at 70

1989 – Gilda Radner, comedienne (SNL, Haunted Honeymoon), dies at 42

1989 – John R Hicks, English economist (Nobel 1972), dies

1993 – Max Klein, inventor (paint by numbers), dies at 77

1996 – Julius Marmur, biochemist/geneticist, dies at 70

1996 – Lewis B Combs, naval commander/civil engineer, dies at 101

2000 – Jean Pierre Rampal, French flutist (b. 1922)

2002 – Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist (b. 1941)

2005 – William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (b. 1918)

2008 – Hamilton Jordan, former Carter White House Chief of Staff (b. 1944)

2011 – Randy Savage, American Pro-Wrestler (b. 1952)

2012 – Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi, convicted bomber (Pan Am 103), dies from prostate cancer at 60

2012 – Robin Gibb, British singer song-writer, dies from colon and liver cancer at 62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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