Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1086 – Abbott Dauferio/Desiderius becomes Pope Victor III

1153 – Malcolm IV becomes King of Scots

1218 – The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt.

1276 – Magnus Ladulås is crowned King of Sweden in Uppsala Cathedral.

1300 – King Philip IV occupies Flanders, Earl Gwijde captured

1370 – Hanzesteden signs peace treaty with Danish king Waldemar IV

1487 – Imposter Lambert Simnel ceremony crowned as King Edward VI of Dublin

1595 – Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library.

1621 – The Protestant Union is formally dissolved.

1658 – Battle of Dunes (Spanish-French War) fought

1689 – English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants

1738 – John Wesley is converted, essentially launching the Methodist movement; the day is celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day.

1798 – Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins.

1809 – Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war

1818 – Gen Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola Florida

1822 – Battle of Pichincha, Bolívar secures independence of Quito from Spain

1830 – “Mary Had A Little Lamb,” is published

1830 – 1st passenger rail service in US (Baltimore & Elliots Mill, Maryland)

1844 – Samuel Morse taps out “What hath God wrought” (1st telegraph message)

1854 – Lincoln University, Penn, 1st Black college in US founded by John Miller Dickey and Sarah Emlen Cresson

 

 

 

1856 – Pottawatomie Massacre took place in Kansas

 

 

 

 

 

 

1861 – Alexandria, VA occupied by Federal troops

1861 – Maj Gen Benjamin Butler declares slaves “contraband of war”

1862 – Beardslee field telegraph used for 1st time

1862 – Westminster Bridge across Thames opens

1877 – 5th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:45.5

1878 – CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race, Beacon Park Boston

1879 – 7th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Harold wins in 2:40.5

1881 – Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die

1883 – Brooklyn Bridge opened by Pres Arthur & Gov Cleveland

1884 – Anti-Monopoly party & Greenback Party forms People’s Party in US

1890 – Geo Train & Sam Wall circle world in record 67 days, Tacoma-Tacoma

1899 – 1st auto repair shop opens (Boston)

1900 – 34th Belmont: Nash Turner aboard Ildrim wins in 2:21¼

1901 – Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales.

1902 – Cleve’s Bill Bradley is 1st ALer to hit a HR run in 4 consecutive games, not duplicated until Babe Ruth does it June 25, 1918

1905 – 39th Belmont: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Tanya wins in 2:08

1915 – Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations

1916 – Conscription begins in Britain

1916 – French driven out of Fort Douaumont after 500 killed or injured

1916 – US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker

1926 – Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000 m (8:25.4)

1928 – Record 12 future Hall of Famers take the field, as Yanks beat A’s 9-7

1930 – 1st woman to fly from England to Australia solo, lands (Amy Johnson)

1930 – Ruth homers in both games of a doubleheader, giving him 9 in one week

1931 – 1st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad

1935 – 1st major league night baseball game, in Cincinnati (Reds 2, Phil 1)

1936 – Tony Lazerri 2 grand slams (11 RBIs); Ben Chapman sets record  reaching 1st 7 times safely, Yanks beat A’s 25-2

 

 

 

1941 – Bismarck sinks British battle cruiser HMS Hood1,416 die 3 survive

 

 

 

 

 

 

1943 – Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean

1943 – U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje

1951 – Racial segregation in Wash DC restaurants ruled illegal

1954 – 1st rocket attains 150 mi (241 km) altitude, White Sands, NM

1954 – Dr Peter Murray Marshall becomes 1st black to head an AMA unit

1954 – German airline Lufthansa forms

1954 – IBM announces vacuum tube “electronic” brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour

1956 – Conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council on Vesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha’s Parinibbāna.

1958 – Pres Batista opens offensive against Fidel Castro’s rebellion

1958 – UP & International News Service merge into United Press International

1959 – 1st house with built-in bomb shelter exhibited (Pleasant Hills Pa)

1960 – 1 millionth Dutch telephone installed

1961 – 27 Freedom Riders arrested in Jackson, Mississippi

1962 – M Scott Carpenter aboard Aurora 7 launched into Earth orbit

1963 – 1st Lockheed A-12 to crash, CIA pilot Ken Collins ejects safely

1964 – Longest HR (471′) in Balt Memorial Stadium (Harmon Killebrew, Minn)

1964 – Panic in Lima Peru soccer stadium, kills 300

1966 – “Mame” opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 1508 performances

1967 – AFL grants a franchise to Cincinnati Bengals

1968 – FLQ separatists bomb the U.S. consulate in Quebec City.

1969 – Beatles’ “Get Back,” single goes #1 & stays #1 for 5 weeks

1970 – Peter Green quits Fleetwood Mac to join a religious cult

1970 – The drilling of the Kola Superdeep Borehole begins in the Soviet Union.

1971 – A commuter bus plunges into Panama Canal, killing 38 of 43 aboard

1974 – Dean Martin Show, last airs on NBC-TV

1976 – 1st commercial SST flight to North America (Concorde to Wash DC)

1976 – In the Judgment of Paris, wine testers rate wines from California higher than their French counterparts, challenging the notion of France being the foremost producer of the world’s best wines.

1980 – “Rock Lobster” by B-52’s hits #56

1980 – Iran rejects a call to World Court to release US hostages

1981 – Bobby Unser wins, loses, & wins a controversial Indy 500

1981 – Hostage situation ends at Central Bank in Barcelona Spain

1982 – Liberation of Khorramshahr, Iranians recapture of the port city of Khorramshahr from the Iraqis during the Iran-Iraq War.

1985 – “View to a Kill” premieres in US

1985 – -25) cyclone hits Bangladesh; about 10,000 die

1986 – Margaret Thatcher becomes 1st British PM to visit Israel

1987 – Al Unser Sr, 47, wins his 4th Indy 500

1988 – John Moschitta set record for fast talking: 586 words per minute

1989 – “Indiana Jones & Last Crusade” premieres

1989 – French war criminal Paul Touvier arrested in monastery in Nice

1989 – Sonia Sutcliffe, wife of the Yorkshire Ripper, is awarded £600,000 in damages (later reduced to £60,000 on appeal) after winning a libel action against Private Eye.

1990 – Andre Dawson receives a record 5 intentional walks in a game

1990 – A car carrying American Earth First! activists Judi Bari and Darryl Cherney explodes in Oakland, California, critically injuring both.

1992 – Al Unser Jr wins Indy 500

1993 – Eritrea achieved independence from Ethiopia after 30-year civil war

1993 – Kim Basinger files for bankruptcy to avoid paying $7.4M settlement

1993 – Kurd rebellion kills 33 soldiers & 5 citizens in Turkey

1994 – Poison singer Bret Michaels gets into a car crash

1996 – “Spy Hard,” starring Leslie Nielsen is released

2001 – Mountain climbing: 15-year-old Sherpa Temba Tsheri becomes the youngest person to climb to the top of Mount Everest.

2001 – The Versailles wedding hall disaster in Jerusalem, Israel, kills 23 and injures over 200 in Israel’s worst-ever civil disaster.

2001 – The Democrats gain control of the U.S. Senate for the first time since 1994 when Senator James Jeffords of Vermont abandons the Republican Party and declares himself an independent.

2004 – Communications in North Korea: North Korea bans mobile phones.

 

 

 

Births

15 BC – Julius Caesar Germanicus, Roman commander (d. 19)

1522 – John Jewel, English bishop (d. 1571)

1544 – William Gilbert, Essex England, physicist (researcher into magnetism)

1605 – Nikon, [Nikita Minin], patriarch of Russian-orthodox church

1650 – John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, English general strategist

1671 – Gian Gastone de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1737)

1738 – George III, King of Great Britain (1760-1820)

 

 

 

1743 – Jean-Paul MaratFrance , physician ,  revolutionary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1753 – Oliver CromwellBurlington NJdecorated black soldier who served with Washington in US War of Independence

 

 

 

 

 

 

1794 – William Whewell, British philosopher (History of Inductive Science)

1811 – Charles Clark, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1877

 

 

 

1816 – Emanuel LeutzeUSpainter (Washington Crossing the Delaware)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1816 – Robert Seaman Granger, (Union Army Bvt Major general, died in 1894)

1819 – Victoria Alexandrine, Queen of Great Britain (1837-1901)

1854 – Louis Mountbatten, admiral (WW I)

1854 – John Riley Banister, American law officer and cowboy (d. 1918)

1868 – Charles E. Taylor, First aircraft maintenance professional (d. 1956)

1870 – Benjamin Cardozo, American jurist (d. 1938)

1870 – Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa and proponent of Commonwealth & League of Nations (d. 1950)

1878 – Lillian Moller Gilbreth, engineer (CIOS Gold Medal-1954)

1879 – H. B. Reese, American inventor of Reese’s and founder (d. 1956)

1882 – Creighton Hale, Cork Ireland, actor (Gorilla Man, Way Down East)

1887 – Edward “Mick” Mannock, Irish WWI flying ace (d. 1918)

1891 – Benedictus H Danser, Dutch botanist

1891 – William F Albright, US old testament scholar/archaeologist

1893 – W H Walter Baade, German/US astronomer (Andromeda)

1895 – Samuel I Newhouse, US millionaire publisher (Parade, Vogue, Glamour)

1903 – Aram Katchaturian, Armenian composer, (Earth)

1904 – Kenneth Buckley, British rear-admiral

1904 – Patrick Johnson, physicist

1905 – Mikhail Sholokhov, USSR, writer (And Quiet Flows the Don, Nobel 1965)

1909 – Wilbur Mills, (Rep-D-Ark)/involved with Fanne Foxe

1911 – Barbara West, English survivor of the Titanic sinking (d. 2007)

1913 – Audrey Brown, England, 4 X 100m runner (Olympic-silver-1936)

1914 – Lilli Palmer, [Peiser], Germany, actress (Gentle Sex, Lotte in Weimar)

1918 – Coleman A Young, civil rights leader (Mayor-D-Detroit)

1919 – Sid Couchey, Cleveland, Ohio, comic book artist (Richie Rich), (d. 2012)

1925 – Mai Zetterling, Vaeras Sweden, actress (Witches, Offbeat, Jet Storm)

1927 – John Kelly Jr, US, sculls (Oly-bronze-1956)/brother of Grace Kelly

1927 – Timothy Beven, CEO (Barclays Bank)

1928 – William Trevor, Brit writer (Children of Dynmouth, Fools of Fortune)

1938 – Glen Hall, cricket leg-spinner (South African in one Test v England 1964)

1938 – Tommy Chong, Edmonton, Alberta, comedian/actor (Cheech & Chong)

1940 – Gary Burghoff, Bristol CT, actor (Radar-M*A*S*H)

1941 – Bob Dylan, [Zimmerman], Minn, singer/songwriter (Blowin’ in Wind)

1942 – Derek Quinn, guitarist (Freddie & Dreamers-I’m Telling You Now)

1942 – Sarah Dash, Trenton NJ, rocker (LaBelle-Lady Marmalade)

1944 – Patti LaBelle, [Holt], Phila Pa, singer (LaBelle-Lady Marmalade)

1945 – Priscilla Presley, Bkln NY, actress (Jenna-Dallas, Naked Gun)

1946 – Irina Kirszenstein Szewinska, Lenningrad, long jumper (Oly-bron-1972)

1946 – Steve Upton, rock drummer (Wishbone Ash-There’s the Rub, Locked In)

1949 – John Illsley, rocker (Dire Straits)

1949 – Jim Broadbent, English actor

1951 – Rob Baker, rock drummer (Red Rider)

1955 – Rosanne Cash, Memphis Tn, country singer (Seven Year Ache, I Wonder)

1962 – Dorothy Trapp, equestrian 3-day (Olympics-96)

1963 – Ivan Capelli, Italian racing driver

1963 – Michael Chabon, American author

1965 – Shinichiro Watanabe, Japanese anime director

1966 – Ricky Craven, American NASCAR driver

1967 – Heavy D, rapper

1967 – Margaret Crowley, Australian 800m/1500m runner (Olympics-96)

1970 – Thomas Alden Page, Glenridge NJ, rocker (New Kids-Hangin’ Tough)

1973 – Ruslana, Ukrainian singer

1974 – Will Sasso, Canadian actor and comedian

1977 – Kym Valentine. Australian actress

1981 – Marketa Janska, Czech model and Playboy Playmate

1983 – Ben “Yahtzee” Croshaw, Anglo-Australian videogame creator and critic

1985 – Tim Bridgman, British racing driver

1990 – Joey Logano, American racecar driver

1996 – Matthew Eappen, Boston Mass, baby killed by nanny Louise Woodward

 

 

Deaths

1144 – Petronella, wife of earl Floris II the Vette of Holland/regent, dies

1153 – David I, King of Scots (1124-53), dies at about 68

1351 – Abu al-Hasan ‘Ali, Sultan of Morocco (b. circa 1297)

1408 – Taejo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (b. 1335)

1425 – Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, Scottish politician (b. 1362)

1456 – Ambroise de Loré, French military commander (b. 1396)

 

 

 

1543 – Nicolas Copernicusastronomerdies in Poland

 

 

 

 

 

 

1612 – Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury/PM (1598-1612), dies at 48

1734 – Georg Ernst Stahl, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)

1806 – John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, British field marshal (b. 1723)

1843 – Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician (b. 1765)

1861 – Elmer Ellsworth, US warrior (Chicago Zouaves), shot to death at 23

1861 – James T Jackson, US landlord (doodde EE Ellsworth), shot dead)

1876 – Georgi Benkovski, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1843)

1879 – William Lloyd Garrison, abolitionist (Liberator), dies at 73

1908 – Old Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (b. 1821)

1941 – Lancelot Holland, British vice-admiral ((WW II/Hood), dies in battle

1949 – Aleksey Shchusev, Russian architect (b. 1873)

1950 – Archibald Wavell, British general (b. 1883)

1959 – John Foster Dulles, US Secretary of State (1953-59), dies at 71

 

 

 

1963 – Elmore Jamesblues guitaristdies at 45 of a heart attack

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1974 – Duke EllingtonJazz musician ,band leaderdies of cancer at 75

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1984 – Vincent J. McMahon, American professional wrestling promoter (b. 1914)

1986 – Stephen D Thorne, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, dies in a plane crash at 33

1986 – Yakima Canutt, actor/director (Diary of a Young Comic), dies at 91

1987 – Hermione Ferdinanda Gingold, actress (Gigi, Music Man), dies at 89

1991 – Gene Clark, folk-rocker (Byrds-Tambourine Man), dies at 49

1993 – Milton O Thompson, astronaut (Dynasoar, X-15), dies at 66

1994 – Yehuda Mor-Mirkovsky, Israeli kibbutz-founder, dies at 96

1995 – Mike Pyne, jazz Pianist, dies at 54

1996 – Alexander Langsdorf, physicist, dies at 83

1996 – Jack McCarthy, kiddie show host (Popeye), dies of cancer at 81

1997 – Edward Mulhare, actor (Ghost & Mrs Muir), dies of lung cancer at 74

2004 – Henry Ries, American photographer (b. 1917)

 

 

 

2008 – Dick Martin , American comedian (b. 1922)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2009 – Jay Bennett, American guitarist, multi-instrumentalist, engineer, producer, and singer-songwriter (b. 1963)

2010 – Paul Gray, American bassist (Slipknot) (b. 1972)

2011 – Huguette Clark, Heiress of the Clark Copper fortune, life-long reclusion from society. (b. 1906)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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