Today In The Past

 

 

Events

451 – The Battle of Avarayr between Armenian rebels and the Sassanid Empire takes place. The Armenians are defeated militarily but are guaranteed freedom to openly practice Christianity.

961 – German King Otto II crowned

1328 – William of Ockham forced to flee from Avignon by Pope John XXII

1538 – Geneva expels John Calvin and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in Strasbourg for the next three years.

 

 

 

1637 – 1st battle of Pequot at Mystic Ct kills 500 indians

 

 

 

 

 

 

1647 – Alse Young becomes the first person executed as a witch in the American colonies, when she is hanged in Hartford, Connecticut.

1736 – Battle of Ackia (La), British & Chickasaw Indians defeat French

1770 – The Orlov Revolt, a first attempt to revolt against the Turks before the Greek War of Independence ends in disaster for the Greeks.

1781 – Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia

1798 – British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara

1805 – Lewis & Clark 1st see Rocky Mountains

1828 – Mysterious feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg.

1860 – Garibaldi occupies Palermo Italy

1861 – Postmaster General Blair announces end of postal connection with South

1861 – Union blockades New Orleans LA & Mobile AL

1864 – -30] Skirmish along the Totopotomoy Creek, Virginia

1864 – Territory of Montana formed

1865 – Battle of Galveston TX, surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith

1868 – President Andrew Johnson avoids impeachment by 1 vote

1869 – Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

1874 – 2nd Preakness: William Donohue aboard Culpepper wins in 2:56.5

1876 – HMS Challenger returns from 128,000-km oceanographic exploration

1883 – 11th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Jacobus wins in 2:42.5

1887 – Racetrack betting becomes legal in NY state

1894 – Emanuel Lasker (26) becomes World Champion chess player

1896 – 1st American intercollegiate bicycle race, Manhattan Beach NY

1896 – Dow Jones begins an index of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)

1896 – James Dunham murders six people in Campbell, California.

1898 – 32nd Belmont: F Littlefield aboard Bowling Brook wins in 2:32

1900 – British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa

1906 – Archaeological Institute of America forms

1908 – At Masjed Soleyman (مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made. The rights to the resource are quickly acquired by the United Kingdom.

 

 

 

1911 – 1st Indianapolis 500 auto race is run

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1923 – 1st Le Mans Grand Prix d’Endurance is run

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1924 – Pres Calvin Coolidge signs Immigration law: restricting immigration

1925 – Tigers’ Ty Cobb is 1st to collect 1,000 extra-base hits (ends 1,139)

1930 – Supreme Court rules buying liquor does not violate the Constitution

1937 – San Francisco Bay’s Golden Gate Bridge opens

1938 – House on un-American Activities forms

1940 – 1st successful helicopter flight in US: Vought-Sikorsky US-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky

1940 – Operation Dynamo begins evacuating defeated Allied troops from Dunkirk

1941 – American Flag House (Betsy Ross’ Home) given to city of Phila

1941 – Ark Royal airplane sights German battleship Bismarck

1942 – Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star

1942 – Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: African corps vs British army

1944 – 82nd Airborne div D-day-landing at La Haye du Puits to Ste Mere Eglise

1945 – US drop fire bombs on Tokyo

1946 – 2-for-42 & hitting .048 for 1946, Mel Ott stops playing baseball

1946 – Patent filed in US for H-Bomb

 

 

 

1956 – Aircraft carrier “Bennington” burns off RIkilling 103

 

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – USAF bomber flies Atlantic in a record of just over 3 hours

1966 – Buddhist sets self on fire at US consulate in Hué South-Vietnam

1969 – Apollo 10 astronauts returned to Earth

1970 – The Soviet Tupolev Tu-144 becomes the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2.

1972 – Joe Frazier TKOs Ron Stander in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

1973 – Super Fly Meets Shaft by John & Ernest hits #31

1974 – During a David Cassidy concert in London a 14 year old is trampled

1977 – George Willig climbs NYC World Trade Center

1978 – 1st legal gambling casino opens in Atlantic City

1979 – Dancin’ Fool by Frank Zappa hits #45

1980 – Dietmar Mogenburg of West Germany ties high jump record at 7’8″

1980 – Phillie Steve Carlton is 1st NLer to record 6, 1-hitters

1981 – Marine jet crashes on flight deck of USS Nimitz, killing 14

1982 – British ship Atlantic Conveyor & Coventry were hit in Falkland war

1983 – NASA launches Exosat

1984 – Frisbee is kept aloft for 1,672 seconds in Philadelphia

1984 – Tulsa Oklahoma gets 13″ of rain, 14 die

1985 – Danny Sullivan wins Indy 500 by 24 seconds following a spin

1985 – Explosions destroys 2 tankers off of Gibraltar, 30 die

1987 – Supreme Court ruled dangerous defendants could be held without bail

1987 – William H Webster replaces Robert M Gates as 14th director of CIA

1989 – At 7:42 AM, radio has a 30 2nd silence, honoring radio

1993 – Olympique Marseille wins 38th Europe Cup I at Munich

1993 – Long fly ball by Indians’ Carlos Martinez bounces off Jose Canseco’s head & goes over fence for a home run

1997 – Sammy Sosa (Cubs) & Tony Womack (Pirates) hit inside the park HRs

1998 – Date for Paula Jones sex harassment trial vs Pres Clinton

1998 – The United States Supreme Court rules that Ellis Island, the historic gateway for millions of immigrants, is mainly in the state of New Jersey, not New York.

2002 – The Mars Odyssey finds signs of large ice deposits on the planet Mars.

2003 – Only three days after a previous record, Sherpa Lakpa Gelu climbs Mount Everest in 10 hours 56 minutes. The tourism ministry of Nepal confirms this record in July that year.

2004 – The United States Army veteran Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing.

2006 – The May 2006 Java earthquake kills over 5,700 people, leaves 200,000 homeless.

2012 – A gunman in the Finnish town of Hyvink

 

 

 

 

Births

1264 – Prince Koreyasu, Japanese shogun (d. 1326)

1478 – Clement VII, [Giulio de’ Medici], Italy, Pope (1523-34)

1566 – Mehmed III, Ottoman Emperor (1595-1603)

1667 – Abraham De Moivre, French mathematician (De Moivre’s theorem)

1669 – Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist (d. 1722)

1689 – Mary Wortley Montagu, English essayist, feminist, eccentric

1759 – Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, writer/mother of Mary Shelley

1764 – Edward Livingston, American jurist and statesman (d. 1836)

1799 – Alexander S Pushkin, Russia, writer (Eugene Onegin)

1806 – Henry Knox Thatcher, Comm (Union Navy), died in 1880

1835 – Edward Porter Alexander, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1859 – Alfred Edward Housman, Bromsgrove England, poet (A Buried Life)

1863 – Robert Fitzsimmons, Boxing champion (d. 1917)

1865 – Akseli V Gallen-Kallela, Fins painter/graphic artist/illustrator

1876 – Jack Root, boxing’s 1st light heavyweight champion

1877 – Isadora Duncan, SF, free form/interpretative dancer

1883 – Mamie Smith, American singer (d. 1946)

1886 – Al Jolson, [Asa Yoelson], jazz singer/silent actor (Mamie, Swanee)

1895 – Dorothea Lange, US documentary photographer

1895 – Paul Lukas, Budapest Hungary, actor (Watch on the Rhine, Sphynx)

1903 – Estes Kefauver, (Sen-D-Tn)

 

 

 

1907 – John Wayne [Marion Mitchell Morrison], Winterset IA, actor (Green Berets, True Grit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1907 – Jean Bernard, French physician (d. 2006)

1908 – Robert Morley, England, actor (High Road to China, African Queen)

1910 – Laurance S Rockefeller, NYC, CEO (Chase Manhattan Bank)

1913 – Peter Cushing, England, actor (Dracula, Star Wars, Dr Who)

1916 – Moondog, American composer, musician and poet (d. 1999)

1919 – Jay Silverheels, Canadian actor (Tonto-Lone Ranger)

 

 

 

1920 – Peggy LeeAmerican singer (d. 2002)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1923 – James Arness, Minneapolis MN, actor (Matt Dillon-Gunsmoke, Thing)

 

 

 

1926 – Miles DavisAlton, IllinoisAmerican jazz musiciantrumpeter and composer (d. 1991)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1927 – Jacques Bergerac, France, actor (Gigi, Les Girls, Thunder in Sun)

1939 – Brent Musburger, sportscaster (CBS-TV)

1939 – Gerald Ronson, English multi-millionaire

1940 – Levon Helm, Elaine Arkansas, American musician (The Band), (d. 2012)

1944 – Verden “Phally” Allen, keyboardist (Mott the Hoople)

1944 – Sam Posey, American race car driver, TV commentator and author

1945 – Garry Peterson, rocker (Guess Who)

1946 – Neshka Robeva, Bulgarian Rhythmic gymnas and coach.

1946 – Mick Ronson, English musician (d. 1993)

1948 – Stevie Nicks, American rocker and songwriter (Fleetwood Mac, Bella Donna)

1949 – Dan Pastorini, NFL quarterback (Houston Oilers, Raiders) [or Dec 25]

1949 – Dayle Haddon, Montreal Quebec Canada, actress (Bedroom Eyes)

1949 – Hank Williams Jr, Shreveport La, country singer (Honky Tonk)

1949 – Pam Grier, Winston-Salem NC, actress (Big Bird Cage, Tough Enough)

1949 – Ward Cunningham, American computer programmer and inventor

1951 – Sally Kristen Ride, LA California, 1st US woman astronaut (STS-7, STS 41G), (d. 2012)

1955 – Masaharu Morimoto, Japanese chef

1957 – Margaret Colin, actress (Independence Day, Three Men & a Baby)

1959 – Nancy White-Brophy, Montague PEI, LPGA golfer (1994 McCall’s-25th)

1959 – Wayne Hussey, rocker (Mission-Lover for Life)

1962 – Bob[cat] Goldthwait, Syracuse NY, comedian (Police Academy)

1962 – Genie Francis, Englewood NJ, actress (General Hospital, Bare Essence)

1963 – Eddie Martin Jr, jockey

1964 – Lenny Kravitz, American musician

1966 – Helena Bonham Carter, London, English actress (Fight Club, Howards End)

1968 – Rachael Sporn, Australian basketball forward (Olympics-bronze-96)

1970 – Nobuhiro Watsuki, Japanese cartoonist

1977 – Raina Telgemeier, American cartoonist

1979 – Ashley Massaro, American model and professional wrestler

 

 

Deaths

604 – Augustinus van Canterbury, bishop/apostle of England, dies (or 605)

735 – Bede (Beda Venerabilis), English historian and monk, (b. circa 672 or 673)

818 – Ali ar-Rida, Shia Imam (b. 766)

1055 – Margrave Adalbert of Austria

1421 – Mehmed I, Ottoman Sultan (1413-21). B. 1389.

1512 – Bayezid II, Ottoman Sultan (1481-1512) dies at 62

1595 – Philippus Nerius, [Filippo Neri], Italian merchant/saint, dies at 79

1609 – Cornelis Claesz, mapmaker, buried

1685 – Charles II, Elector Palatine (b. 1651)

1703 – Samuel Pepys, English marine expert (Diary)/composer, dies at 70

1814 – Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, officially named the Guillotine (b. 1789)

1831 – Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen), dies

1831 – Ciro Menotti, Italian patriot (b. 1798)

1840 – Sidney Smith, British admiral (b. 1764)

1868 – Michael Barrett, Irish nationalist, last British public execution

1883 – Edward Sabine, Irish astronomer (b. 1788)

1902 – Almon Strowger, American inventor (b. 1839)

1904 – Georges Gilles de la Tourette, French neurologist (b. 1857)

1905 – Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker, dies

1907 – Ida McKinley, First Lady of the United States (b. 1847)

1926 – S V Petlura, Ukrainain ataman, assassinated by Shalom Schwarzbard

1933 – Jimmie Rodgers, country singer, dies at 35

1939 – Charles H Mayo, US surgeon/co-founder (Mayo Clinic), dies at 74

1939 – Cornelis J Cutters, supreme commander of Navy (1910-18), dies

1943 – Edsel Ford, owner (Ford Motor Company), dies at 49

1951 – Lincoln Ellsworth, artic explorer, dies at 71

 

 

 

1968 – William E “Little Willie” JohnUS R&B-singer (Fever), dies at 30

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1969 – Paul Hawkins, Australian racing driver (b. 1937)

1969 – Allan H. Loughead, American aviation pioneer (Lockheed Corporation; b. 1889)

1973 – Jacques Lipchitz, US cubist sculptor, dies at 81

1974 – Silvio Moser, Swiss racing driver (b. 1941)

1976 – Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (Holzweg), dies at 86

1994 – Warren Harding “Sonny” Sharrock, American jazz Guitarist, dies at 53

 

 

 

1995 – Isadore “Friz” Frelingcartoon director (Sylvester), dies at 88

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

 

 

1995 – Ron Weatherburn, jazz pianist, dies at 61

1995 – Severn Darden, comedian (Second City), dies at 65

1996 – Halka Grossman, resistance fighter/politician, dies at 76

1997 – Manfred Von Ardenne, German scientific pioneer, dies at 90

1999 – Waldo Semon, American inventor (b. 1898)

2001 – Vittorio Brambilla, Italian racing driver (b. 1937)

2004 – Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh, Russian astronomer (b. 1931)

 

 

 

2005 – Eddie AlbertAmerican actorwar hero (b. 1906)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2006 – Édouard Michelin, CEO of Michelin (b. 1963)

2007 – J Edward Oliver, cartoonist and composer (b. 1942)

2008 – Sydney Pollack, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1934)

2010 – Art Linkletter, Canadian-American radio and television personality (b. 1912)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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