Today In The Past

 

 

Events

363 – Roman Emperor Julian defeats the Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Sassanid capital, but is unable to take the city.

757 – St Paul I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1138 – Anti-Pope Victor IV (Gregorio) overthrows self for Innocentius II

1167 – Battle of Monte Porzio – A Roman army supporting Pope Alexander III is defeated by Christian of Buch and Rainald of Dassel

 

 

 

1176 – Battle at LegnanoLombard League beats Frederick Barbarossa and the Holy Roman Empire

 

 

 

 

 

 

1453 – Constantinople falls to Muhammad II (Turks); ends Byzantine Empire

1453 – French banker Jacques Coeurs possessions confiscated

1592 – At the Battle of Sacheon, the Korean navy led by Admiral Yi Sun Shin, repels a Japanese army that outnumbers it nearly 3 to 1.

1630 – Gov John Winthrop begins “History of New England”

1652 – English Admiral Robert Blake drives out Dutch fleet under lt-adm Tromp

1677 – Treaty of Middle Plantation establishes peace between the Virginia colonists and the local Indians.

1727 – Peter II (11) becomes Tsar of Russia

1733 – The right of Canadians to keep Indian slaves is upheld at Quebec City.

1765 – Patrick Henry historic speech against the Stamp Act, answering a cry of “Treason!” with, “If this be treason, make the most of it!”

 

 

 

1780 – Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton massacres Colonel Abraham Buford’s continentals allegedly after the continentals surrender113 Americans are killed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1790 – Rhode Is becomes last of original 13 colonies ratifying Constitution

1848 – Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte

1848 – Wisconsin becomes 30th state

1849 – Lincoln says “You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time.”

1851 – Sojourner Truth addresses 1st Black Women’s Rights Convention (Akron)

1861 – Dorothea Dix offers help in setting up hospitals for Union Army

1864 – Mexican Emperor Maximilian arrives at Vera Cruz

1874 – Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect

1897 – 31st Belmont: J Scherrer aboard Scottish Cheiftain wins in 2:23.25

1900 – 25th Preakness: H Spencer aboard Hindus wins in 1:48.4

1900 – Trademark “Escalator” registered by Otis Elevator Co

1912 – 15 young women fired by Curtis Publishing for dancing “Turkey Trot” during their lunch break

1914 – Ship rams Canadian ship Empress of Ireland on St Lawrence R; 1024 die

1916 – US forces invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924

1919 – Charles Strite files patent for the pop-up toaster

1919 – Einstein’s light-bending prediction confirmed by Arthur Eddington

1922 – US Supreme Court rules organized baseball is a sport & not a business & thus not subject to antitrust laws

1928 – Fritz von Opel reaches 200 kph in experimental rocket car

 

 

 

1932 – World War I Veterans begin to assemble in WashingtonDC in the Bonus Army to request cash bonuses promised to them to be paid in 1945.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940 – Adolf Kiefer swims world record 100 yards backstroke (58.8 sec)

1940 – In WW II, Germans capture Ostend & Ypres in Belgium & Lille in France

1942 – Bing Crosby records “White Christmas,” greatest selling record to date

1943 – Meat & cheese rationed in US

1945 – US 1st Marine division conquerors Shuri-castle Okinawa

1949 – Candid Camera, TV comedy Variety, moves to NBC

1951 – 1st North Pole flight in single engine plane-CF Blair

 

 

 

1953 – Edmund Hillary & Tensing Norkay are 1st to reach summit of Everest

 

 

 

 

 

 

1957 – Algerian rebels kill 336 collaborators

1959 – Charles de Gaulle forms French government

1960 – Everly Brothers “Cathy’s Clown” hits #1

1965 – Phillies Dick Allen hits 529′ HR out of Connie Mack Stadium

1967 – Australian Paul McManus water skis barefoot for 1:30:19

1968 – Truth in Lending Act signed into law

1973 – Thomas Bradley elected 1st black mayor of Los Angeles Calif

1973 – Columbia Records fires president Clive Davis for misappropriating $100,000 in funds, Davis will start Arista records

1974 – Northern Ireland is brought under direct rule from Westminster

1976 – Only HR of Joe Niekro’s 22-year career, comes off brother Phil

 

 

 

1977 – A J Foyt wins Indianapolis 500 for a record 4th time

 

 

 

 

 

 

1977 – Janet Guthrie becomes 1st woman to drive in Indy 500

1978 – 1st class postage now 15 cents (13 cents for 3 years)

1980 – Attempted assassination on Vernon Jordan Jr National Urban League pres

1980 – J Turners “Juliet & Her Nurse” sold for $6,400,000 in NYC

1980 – Larry Bird beats out Magic Johnson for NBA rookie of year

1984 – Boston Red Sox retires #9 (Ted Williams) & #4 (Joe Cronin)

1985 – Amputee Steve Fonyo completes cross-Canada marathon at Victoria, British Columbia, after 14 months.

1987 – “Twilight Zone” director John Landis found innocent in death of actor

1987 – Michael Jackson attempts to buy Elephant Man’s remains

1987 – Robin Ventura set a college baseball record with hits in 57 games

1988 – President Zia ul-Haq fires government/disbands parliament in Pakistan

1990 – Boris Yeltsin is elected president of the Russian republic

1990 – Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,870.49

1990 – Rickey Henderson steals record 893rd base, breaking Ty Cobb’s record

1994 – Al Unser Jr wins 78th Indianapolis 500 in 3:06:29.006 (255.89 kph)

1994 – Great comet-iceball seen above North sea

1997 – 70th National Spelling Bee: Rebecca Sealfon wins spelling euonym

1997 – Jesse Timmedequas, found guilty of rape/murder of Megan Kanka, 7

1997 – Spanish scientists announce new human species in 780,000 year old fossil

2001 – International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers inaugurated.

2004 – The World War II Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.

2004 – The Al-Khobar massacres in Saudi Arabia kill 22.

2012 – Facebook’s problematic public listing could cost those involved $115 million from technical glitches

2012 – Indonesian police make the biggest drug bust in ten years after seizing over a million ecstasy pills valued at $45 million

 

 

 

 

Births

1594 – Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian general (d. 1632)

1627 – Anne ML of Orleans, duchess of Montpensier (Grand Mademoiselle)

1630 – Charles II, King of England (1660-85)

1675 – Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (d. 1715)

1716 – Louis J M Daubenton, French zoologist

1722 – James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish politician (d. 1773)

 

 

 

1736 – Patrick HenryUSpatriot “Give me liberty or give me death

 

 

 

 

 

 

1794 – Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (d. 1874)

1810 – Erasmus Darwin Keyes, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895

1810 – Solomon Meredith, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1875

1824 – Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox, Major General (Confederate Army)

1825 – David Bell Birney, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1864

1826 – Ebenezer Butterick, inventor (tissue paper dress pattern)

1827 – Reuben Lindsay Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1890

1841 – Sylvester Magee, last living American slave and oldest person who ever lived, (d. 1971)

1864 – A H Borgesius, Dutch amateur astronomer

1880 – Oswald Spengler, Germany, philosopher (Decline of West)

1885 – Erwin F Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer (theory of relativity)

1894 – Beatrice Lillie, Toronto, comedian/actress (Around World in 80 Days)

1896 – George L Funke, botanist (Flower Physiology)

1897 – Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Brno Austria, movie composer (Violanta)

 

 

 

1903 – Bob Hope, [Leslie Townes], Kent Englandentertainer (famous profile)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1904 – Robert Knox, bacteriologist

1906 – Terence Hanbury White, Bombay India, novelist (England Have My Bones)

1907 – Hartland Molson, Canadian businessman and senator (d. 2002)

1909 – Neil R[onald] Jones, US, sci-fi author (Space War, Twin Worlds)

1911 – James Marjoribanks, British ambassador

1912 – Lucie Aubrac [Bernard], Paris, history teacher and French resistance member, (d. 2007)

1914 – Stacy Keach, Sr., American actor (d. 2003)

1921 – Clifton James, NYC, actor (Buster & Billie, David & Lisa)

1926 – Iannis Xenakis, composer/architect/engineer

1927 – Carl Toms, stage designer (1 Million BC, Moon Zero Two)

1928 – Felix Rohatyn, Vienna Austria, investment banker (NY Big MAC Bonds)

1932 – Paul R. Ehrlich, American biologist and author who founded the group Zero Population Growth

1935 – Martin Garrod, Commandant General (Royal Marines)

1937 – Alwin Schockemohle, horse show jumper

1937 – Charles W. Pickering, American judge

1938 – Francis Thomas (Fay) Vincent, baseball commissioner

1939 – Al Unser, auto racer (Indianapolis 500-1970, 71)

1944 – Helmut Berger, actor (Ash Wednesday, Damned, Picture of Dorian Gray)

1945 – Martin Pipe, horse trainer

1945 – Gary Brooker, rock keyboardist (Procol Harum)

1948 – Anthony Geary, Coalville Utah, actor (Luke/Bill-General Hospital)

1949 – Francis Rossi, London, guitarist (Status Quo-Picture of a Matchstick Man)

1952 – Louise Cooper, UK, sci-fi author (Nemesis, Inferno, Infanta, Nocturne)

1953 – Danny Elfman, LA California, composer (Simpson Show Theme)

1955 – John Hinckley Jr, shot & wounded Pres Reagan (1981)

1955 – Mike Porcaro, rock bassist (Toto-Roseanna, Africa)

1956 – LaToya Jackson, singer (If You Feel the Funk)

1958 – Annette Bening, Topeka KS, actress (Grifters, Bugsy, Valmont) [or 5/5]

1959 – Mel Gaynor, Glasgow Scotland, rock drummer (Simple Minds-Water Front)

1959 – Rupert Everett, actor (Princess Daisy, Another Country)

1961 – Melissa Etheridge, US singer/songwriter/guitarist (Never Enough)

1963 – Lisa Whelchel, Fort Worth Texas, actress (Blair-Facts of Life)

1963 – Tracey E Bregman, Munich Germany, actress (Lauren-Bold & Beautiful, Days of Our Life)

1963 – Blaze Bayley, British singer (ex-Iron Maiden)

1963 – Ukyo Katayama, Japanese racing driver

1965 – Jammo Myllys, Savonlinna FIN, hockey goalie (Team Finland, Oly-Br-98)

1967 – Noel Gallagher, Manchester, English pop musician (Oasis)

1969 – Chan Kinchla, Canadian musician (Blues Traveler)

1973 – Emma Johnson, Sydney NSW Australia, swimmer (Olympics-96)

1973 – Mark Lee, American musician (guitarist for Third Day)

1974 – Marc Gené, Spanish Formula One driver

1975 – Melanie Janine Brown, “Scary Spice”, Leeds, vocalist (Spice Girls)

1976 – David Buckner, American musician (Papa Roach)

1979 – Casey Sheehan, American soldier; son of Cindy Sheehan (d. 2004)

 

 

 

1982 – Ana Beatriz BarrosBrazilian model

 

 

 

 

 

 

1982 – Joanne Borgella, American plus-sized model and singer

1983 – Rama Claproth, Indonesian blues guitarist

1984 – Carmelo Anthony, American basketball player

1986 – Jaslene Gonzalez, Puerto Rican/American fashion model

1990 – Dave Morton, American guitarist

 

 

 

 

Deaths

1259 – King Christopher I of Denmark (b. 1219)

1379 – King Henry II of Castile (b. 1334)

1425 – Hongxi Emperor of China (b. 1378)

1453 – Constantine XI Dragases, last Byzantine Emperor, dies at 49

 

 

 

1500 – Bartholomeu Diaz , Portuguese sea explorerdrowns

 

 

 

 

 

 

1546 – Cardinal Beaton, English archbishop of St Andrews, murdered

1593 – John Penry, English congressionalist, executed

1660 – Frans van Schooten, Dutch mathematician (b. 1615)

 

 

 

1790 – Israel PutnamAmerican Revolutionary War general (b. 1718)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1814 – Josephine, empress of France (1804-14), dies

1816 – Madame L’Ouverture, widow of Haiti’s leader Toussaint L’O, dies

1829 – Humphry Davy, scientist/inventor (Miner’s safety lamp), dies at 84

 

 

 

1866 – Winfield ScottAmerican general , presidential candidate (b. 1786)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1896 – Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist (b. 1814)

1903 – Bruce Price, American architect (b. 1845)

1942 – John Barrymore, US actor (Beloved Rogue, Dinner at 8), dies at 60

1951 – Fanny Brice, Zeigfield Girl (Baby Snooks Show), dies at 59

1953 – Man Mountain Dean, American professional wrestler (b. 1891)

1972 – Moe Berg, American baseball player and spy (b. 1902)

1972 – Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (b. 1878)

1979 – Mary Pickford, actress (Coquette, Suds, Secrets), dies at 86

1982 – Romy Schneider, actress (Cardinal), dies of cardiac arrest at 43

1989 – John Cipollina, American musician (Quicksilver Messenger Service) (b. 1943)

1992 – Peter John “Ollie” Halsall, guitarist, dies of a heart attack at 43

1993 – Billy Conn, boxer (fought Joe Louis 1951), dies of pneumonia at 75

1994 – Erich Honecker, president of German DR (1971-89), dies in Chile at 81

1994 – Ezra Taft Benson, min of Agr/leader of mormon (1985-94), dies at 94

1994 – Oliver “Bops Junior” Jackson, drummer, dies at 61

1995 – Margaret Chase Smith, 1st woman Rep & Sen (R-Me), dies at 97

1996 – James George “Jimmy” Rowles, jazz pianist, dies at 77

1997 – George Fenneman, announcer (You Bet Your Life), dies at 77

1997 – Jeff Buckley, musician, drowns at 30

1998 – Barry M. Goldwater, U.S. Senator from Arizona and presidential candidate (b. 1909)

2003 – David Jefferies, British motorcycle racer (b. 1972)

2004 – Archibald Cox, Watergate special prosecutor (b. 1912)

2006 – Steve Mizerak, American pool player (b. 1944)

2007 – Posteal Laskey, American convicted murderer widely believed to be the Cincinnati Strangler of natural causes (b. 1938)

 

 

 

2008 – Harvey KormanAmericancomedian , actor (b. 1927)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2009 – Karine Ruby, French snowboarder and Olympic champion (b. 1978)

2010 – Dennis Hopper, American actor and director (b. 1936)

2012 – Doc Watson, American bluegrass musician, dies from complications following surgery at 89

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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