Today In The Past

 

Events

1279 BC – Rameses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.

70 – Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem

1223 – Mongol invasion of the Cumans: Battle of the Kalka River – Mongol armies of Genghis Khan lead by Subutai defeat Kievan Rus and Cumans.

1417 – Jacoba van Bavarian becomes countess of Holland/Zealand/Henegouwen

1495 – Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella & Venice sign anti-French Saint League

1564 – Battle on Gotland: Lubeck & Denmark beat Sweden

1578 – Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England to Frobisher Bay, Canada, eventually to mine fool’s gold, used to pave streets in London.

1621 – Sir Francis Bacon thrown into Tower of London for 1 night

1634 – US colony Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony

1669 – Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.

1790 – US copyright law enacted

1790 – Alferez Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca.

1837 – Astor Hotel opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria

1853 – Elisha Kane’s Arctic expedition leaves NY aboard Advance

1859 – Phila A’s organize to play “town ball” became baseball 20 years later

1861 – Gen Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line

1862 – Battle of Seven Pines VA (Fair Oaks)

1864 – Raid at Morgan’s Kentucky

1868 – 1st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio

1868 – Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris

1870 – Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)

1878 – German battleship Grosser Kurfurst sinks, 284 killed

1879 – Madison Square Garden opens

1880 – League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport RI

1884 – Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents “flaked cereal”

1889 – Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Penn

1891 – Work on trans-Siberian railway begins

1893 – Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening (zipper)

1900 – US troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion

1902 – Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal

1907 – Taxis 1st began running in NYC

1908 – Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is 1st airplane passenger (Belgium)

1909 – 1st NAACP conference (United Charities Building, NYC)

1910 – Glenn Curtiss flies from Albany to NYC

1911 – R.M.S. Titanic launched.

1912 – US marines land on Cuba

1913 – 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified

1915 – An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London

1916 – Battle of Skagerrak: Brit-German sea battle at Jutland (10,000 dead)

1916 – British battle cruiser Invincible explodes, killing all but 6

1917 – 1st jazz record released (Dark Town Strutters Ball)

1919 – NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic

1926 – Sesquicentennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia

1927 – Ford Motor Company produces last “Tin Lizzie” (begins Model A)

1927 – Tiger 1st baseman Johnny Neun makes an unassisted triple play

1928 – 1st aerial cross of Pacific takes off from Oakland

1930 – Comet 73P/1930 (Schwassmann-Wachmann 3) approaches 0.0617 AUs of Earth

1931 – 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.

1935 – Quake kills 50,000 in Quetta Pakistan

1937 – German battleships bomb Almeria Spain

1940 – Gen-major Bernard Montgomery leaves Duinkerken

1941 – 1st issue of “Parade” goes on sale

1941 – 41 U boats sunk this month (325,000 ton)

1941 – A Luftwaffe air raid in Dublin, Ireland claims 38 lives.

1943 – “Archie” comic strip 1st broadcast on radio

1947 – 79th Belmont: Ruperto Donoso aboard Phalanx wins in 2:29.6

1949 – Charley Lupica begins stay on 4 foot square platform atop a 60′ pole, vowing to stay until Indians clinch pennant. (They don’t, & stays 117 days)

1950 – Due to rain, Indy 500 shortened to 345 miles, Johnny Parson wins

1955 – Supreme Court orders school integration “with all deliberate speed”

1958 – Dick Dale invents “surf music” with “Let’s Go Trippin”

1961 – Chuck Berry’s amusement park, Berryland in St Louis, opens

1962 – “Tell It To Groucho” last airs on CBS-TV

1965 – Jim Clark becomes 1st foreigner in 49 years to win Indy

1969 – “Gitarzan” by Ray Stevens peaks at #8

1969 – Stevie Wonder releases “My Cherie Amore”

1974 – Israel & Syria sign an agreement concerning Golan Heights

1977 – Trans Alaska oil pipeline completed

1980 – Police & youthful rebels battle in Zurich

1985 – 41 tornadoes hit Northeast US, killing 88

1985 – Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) became a Schedule I drug in the United States.

1989 – “Rambling with Gambling” 20,000th radio program on WOR-AM (NYC)

1989 – 1st presentation of rock n roll Elvis awards

1990 – NYC’s Zodiac killer shoots 3rd victim, Joseph Ponce

1990 – Seinfeld starring Jerry Seinfeld, debuts on NBC as Seinfeld Chronicles

1991 – Sides in Angola sign a treaty ending 16 year civil war

1997 – Donovan Bailey beats Michael Johnson in 150m race

1997 – The Confederation Bridge opens, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick.

2008 – Usain Bolt breaks the world record in the 100m sprint, with a wind-legal (+1.7m/s) 9.72 seconds.

 

 

Births

1443 – Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII of England (d. 1509)

1469 – Manuel I, King of Portugal (1495-1521) during era of exploration

1557 – Feodor I (Fyodor/Theodore Ivanovich), Czar of Russia (1584-98)

1640 – Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (d. 1673)

1664 – Giulio Alberoni, Spanish/Italian minister/cardinal

1701 – Alexander Cruden, compiler of a concordance to King James Bible

1744 – Richard Edgeworth, writer, Bath

1819 – Walt Whitman, West Hills, NY, poet (Leaves of Grass)

1835 – Hijikata Toshizō, Japanese military leader (d. 1869)

1837 – Stephen Dodson Ramseur, Mjr General (Confederate Army), died in 1864

1837 – William Henry Fitzhugh “Rooney” Lee, Major General (Confederate Army)

1852 – Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer (d. 1919)

1872 – Charles G Abbot, US, astronomer (Constant Sun)

1872 – William Heath Robinson, England, illustrator/cartoonist (Don Quixote)

1892 – Gregor Strasser, German pharmacist/NSDAP-Reich organization leader

1894 – Fred Allen, Cambridge Mass, comedian (Fred Allen Radio Show)

1898 – Norman Vincent Peale, Ohio, clergyman (Power of Positive Thinking)

1907 – Valston Hancock, British air marshal

1908 – Don Ameche, Kenosha WI, actor (Cocoon, Trading Places)

1909 – Thor Thorvaldsen, Norway, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1948, 52)

1912 – Henry M “Scoop” Jackson, (Sen-D-Wash)

1912 – Martin Schwarzschild, US astronomer (evolution)

1913 – Peter Gibson, British Rear-Admiral

1921 – Robert Arthur Ley, UK, sci-fi author (Telepath, Power of X)

1922 – Denholm Elliott, London, actor (Alfie, Cuba, Doll’s House, King Rat)

1923 – Clint Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (1949- )

1927 – Michael Sandberg, British CEO (Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corp)

1927 – Red Holloway [James], Helena, Arkansas, jazz tenor saxophonist, (d. 2012)

1929 – Neil Shaw, British CEO (Tate & Lyle)

1930 – Clint Eastwood, SF California, actor (Dirty Harry)/mayor (Carmel, California)

1931 – John Schrieffer, US physicist (Nobel 1972)

1931 – Shirley Verrett, New Orleans, mezzo-soprano (Cassandra-Les Troyens)

1932 – Jay Miner, American microchip designer (d. 1994)

1934 – Bent Peter Rasch, Denmark, canoe (Olympic-gold-1952)

1934 – Jim Hutton, Binghamton NY, actor (Ellery Queen)

1938 – Peter Yarrow, NYC, (Peter, Paul & Mary-Puff the Magic Dragon)

1939 – Terry Waite, Anglican Church envoy/Lebanese hostage

1941 – Johnny Paycheck, Greenfield OH, singer (Take This Job & Shove It)

1941 – Louis J. Ignarro, American pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate

1942 – Happy Hairston, NBA star (Cin, Detroit, LA)

1943 – Joe Namath, PA, NFL QB (NY Jets), $400,000 man (1969 Superbowl)

1943 – Sharon Gless, LA California, actress (Chris Cagney-Cagney & Lacey)

1944 – Mick Ralphs, guitarist (Mott the Hoople, Bad Company)

1945 – Bernard Goldberg‎, American journalist

1946 – Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German director (Marriage of Maria Braum)

1948 – John Bonham, Redditch England, drummer (Led Zeppelin-Stairway to Heaven)

1949 – Steven Kampmann, Phila, actor (Kirk-Newhart)

1949 – Tom Berenger, Chicago IL, actor (Big Chill, Someone to Watch Over Me)

1950 – Edward Barker, cartoonist

1950 – Gregory Harrison, Catalina California, actor (Trapper John, Logan’s Run)

1952 – Karl Bartos, German musician (Kraftwerk, Electronic)

1954 – Vicki Sue Robinson, American singer (d. 2000)

1955 – Laura Baugh, Gainesville FL, LPGA golfer (1994 Youngstown Classic-9th)

1955 – Tommy Emmanuel, Australian Guitarist CGP

1960 – Chris Elliott, actor/comedian (Get a Life, David Letterman Show)

1961 – Harry Enfield, comedian (Dermot-Men Behaving Badly, Saturday Live)

1961 – Lea Thompson, actress (Back to the Future, Caroline In The City)

1962 – Corey Hart, Montreal Canada, vocalist (I Wear My Sunglasses at Night)

1963 – Wendy Smith, rocker (Prefab Sprout-2 Wheels Good)

1964 – Scotti Hill, Manhasset NY, rock guitarist (Skid Row-Psycho Love)

1964 – Darryl McDaniels, American musician (Run-D.M.C.)

1965 – Brooke Shields, NYC, model/actress (Blue Lagoon, Suddenly Susan)

1967 – Sandrine Bonnaire, Clermont France, actress (Vagabond, Police)

1971 – Sarah O’Hare, model (Cosmopolitan-Jan 1994)

1974 – Bindi Mansfield, Mooerbank NSW Australia, diver (Olympics-96)

1976 – Colin Farrell, Dublin, Irish actor (In Bruges, Minority Report)

1977 – Scott Klopfenstein, American musician (Reel Big Fish)

1984 – Nate Robinson, American basketball player

 

 

Deaths

455 – Petronius Maximus, senator/Emperor of Rome, lynched

1091 – Hendrik van Verdun, bishop of Luik (1075-91), dies

1198 – Moses ben Solomon Ha-Cohen, rabbi of Mainz, dies

1246 – Isabella of Angouleme, queen of John of England

1349 – Thomas Wake, English politician (b. 1297)

1408 – Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun (b. 1358)

1504 – Engelbert II, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz, dies

1551 – Aristotele “Basiano” da Sangallo, Italian set designer, dies

1594 – Tintoretto, Italian Mannerist painter, dies at 75

1665 – Pieter J Saenredam, Dutch architectural painter, dies at 67

1799 – Pierre Lemonnier, French astronomer (b. 1715)

1809 – Ferdinand von Schill, Prussian officer/rebel, dies in battle at 33

1831 – Samuel Bentham, British mechanical engineer (b. 1757)

1832 – Évariste Galois, French mathematician (b. 1811)

1837 – Joseph Grimaldi, greatest clown (king of pantomime), dies at 57

1862 – Robert Hatton, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at about 34

1900 – John Power, Irish baronet/whiskey manufacturer, dies in battle

1906 – King Alfonso XIII, assassinated in Madrid

1910 – Elizabeth Blackwell, 1st woman physician, dies at 89

1916 – Horace Hood, British spy (Battle of Jutland), dies in battle

1942 – Reinhard Heydrich, German protector of Bohemia & Moravia, assassinated

1952 – Walter Schellenberg, German lawyer/headed spy (Venlo), dies

1955 – “Wild Bill” Vukovich, killed in Indy 500

1962 – Adolf Eichmann, Nazi war criminal, hanged at Ramie Prison in Israel at 56

1963 – Carel C van Essen, archaeologist (Art of Ancient Rome), dies at 63

1967 – Billy Strayhorn, American composer, pianist and arranger (b. 1915)

1971 – Reinhold Niebuhr, US theologist, dies at 78

1972 – Walter Freeman, American physician (b. 1895)

1976 – Martha Mitchell wife of former Att Gen John Mitchell, dies in NY at 57

1982 – Jack Dempsey, former heavyweight boxing champ/actor, dies at 86

1986 – James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)

1989 – Terry Drinkwater, CBS news correspondent, dies at 53 of cancer

1993 – Spuds Mackenzie, American advertisement dog

1995 – Tim Mara, owner (NY Giants), dies at 59

1996 – Peter Gordon Dorrell, archaeologist/photographer, dies at 68

1996 – Timothy Francis Leary, Harvard prof/LSD guru, dues of cancer at 75

1997 – Rosie Will Monroe, WW II icon (Rosie the riveter), dies at 76

1997 – James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist (b. 1905)

1998 – Charles Van Acker, Belgian racing driver (b. 1912)

2000 – Tito Puente, American musician (b. 1923)

2000 – Johnnie Taylor, American singer (b. 1938)

2001 – Arlene Francis, American television personality (d. 1907)

2004 – Robert Quine, American guitarist (b. 1941)

2006 – Raymond Davis Jr., American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1914)

2006 – Lula Mae Hardaway, American songwriter, mother of singer Stevie Wonder (b. 1930)

2009 – Millvina Dean, last living survivor of the RMS Titanic disaster died. (b. 1912)

2010 – Brian Duffy, British photographer and film producer (b. 1933)

2010 – William A. Fraker, American cinematographer (b. 1923)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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