Today In The Past

 

Events

4000 BC – Approximate domestication of the horse in the Eurasian steppes near Dereivka, central Ukraine (hypothesis only)

193 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.

794 – Charles the Great opens general synod in Frankfurt

1204 – King Philip Augustus of France conquers Rouen.

1215 – Beijing, then under the control of the Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Beijing.

1283 – Albrecht I van Habsburg becomes ruler of Austrian/Bull market

1495 – 1st written record of Scotch Whiskey appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller

1533 – Anne Boleyn crowned queen of England

1568 – Duke of Alva oversees beheading of 18 nobles in Brussels as part of Council of Troubles/Council of Blood

1638 – 1st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Mass

1660 – Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1774 – Boston Port Bill: British government orders Port of Boston closed

1789 – 1st US congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)

1792 – Kentucky admitted as 15th US state

1794 – Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.

1796 – Last of Britain’s troops withdraws from US

1796 – Tennessee admitted as 16th US state

1813 – Capt John Lawrence utters Navy motto “Don’t give up the ship”

1815 – Napoleon swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.

1843 – Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist

1845 – Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days

1855 – US adventurer Wm Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery

1861 – 1st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Va

1861 – British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War

1861 – Skirmish at Arlington Mills, VA

1862 – 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Va (11,165 casualties)

1862 – Gen Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at 7 Pines

1862 – Slavery abolished in all US possessions

1864 – -Nov] Shenandoah Valley campaign

1864 – Battle of Cold Harbor, VA (Gaines’ Mill, Gaines’ Farm)

1864 – Confederate cruiser The Georgia sold to The English

1869 – Voting machine patented (Thomas A Edison)

1872 – 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58.25

1877 – US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico

1879 – Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed in the Anglo-Zulu War.

1880 – 1st pay telephone installed

1880 – US census at 50,155,783

1890 – US census at 62,622,250

1907 – -27°F (-33°C), Sarmiento, Argentina (South American record)

1908 – John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days

1909 – Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle

1915 – 1st Zeppelin air raid over England

1916 – German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun

1921 – Race riot in Tulsa Oklahoma (21 whites & 60 blacks killed)

1927 – Peace Bridge between US & Canada opens

1935 – Driving test & license plates introduced in England

1935 – Yanks set solo HR record with 6 beat Boston 7-2

1936 – Queen Mary completes its maiden voyage, arriving in NY

1938 – Protective baseball helmets 1st worn by batters

1939 – 1st boxing match to be televised, Lon Nova defeats Max Baer

1939 – British sub “Thetis” sinks in Liverpool Bay with all 99 aboard

1939 – Retired German Col-gen Gerd von Runstedt returns to service

1940 – Coffee & tea rationed in Holland

1941 – British troops occupy Bagdad Iraq

1941 – NY Giant Mel Ott hits his 400th HR & his 1,500th RBI

1943 – Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die

1946 – 78th Belmont: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:30.8

1947 – OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbands

1947 – Photosensitive glass developed

1948 – Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire

1949 – 1st magazine on microfilm offered to subscribers (Newsweek)

1949 – Lucille Ball & Desi Arnaz wed for the second time

1951 – 1st self-contained titanium plant opens (Henderson Nevada)

1954 – Emile Zatopek runs record 6 mile: (27:59.2)/10,000m (28:54.2)

1957 – 1st US runner breaks 4 minute mile (Don Bowden) [see May 5, 1956]

1958 – Charles de Gaulle elected premier of France

1962 – USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 40,420 m

1963 – “El Watusi” by Ray Barreto hits #17

1965 – coal mine explosion in Fukuoka Japan kills 236

1966 – 2,400 persons attend White House Conference on Civil Rights

1968 – 100th Belmont: Gus Gustines aboard Stage Door Johnny wins in 2:27.2

1968 – Simon & Garfunkel’s “Mrs Robinson” hits #1

1969 – Tobacco advertising is banned on Canadian radio & TV

1970 – “Everything Is Beautiful” by Ray Stevens hits #1

1970 – Com Bowie Kuhn reprimands Astro Jim Bouton for writing “Ball Four”

1971 – Ed Sullivan’s final TV show on CBS

1972 – West German police arrest RAF-leader Andreas Baader

1973 – Paul McCartney & Wings release “Live & Let Die”

1974 – “My Girl Bill” by Jim Stafford hits #12

1974 – Bundy victim Brenda Ball disappears from Burien, Wash

1974 – Chemical plant explodes in Flixborough Lincs kills 28 in UK

1974 – The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine.

1975 – California Angel Nolan Ryan 4th no-hitter beats Balt Orioles, 1-0

1975 – Ron Woods replaces Mick Taylor as Rolling Stone guitarist

1976 – Great-Britain & Iceland terminate codfish war

1977 – Russia charges Jewish rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason

1980 – 1st transmission of CNN, Cable News Network

1980 – ANC sets fire to Sasol oil installations in South Africa

1980 – Steve Garvey, hits the 7,000th Dodger home run

1982 – Rickey Henderson is fastest to reach 50 stolen bases in a year

1984 – Netherlands’ Lubbers government gives 48 sites for cruise missiles

1984 – Weightlifter Alexander Gunyashev of USSR snatches a record 211 kg

1985 – “Just A Gigolo/I Ain’t Got Nobody” by David Lee Roth hits #12

1987 – Phil Niekro 314th combines with Joe to have most wins by bros (530)

1990 – Cowboy Channel on cable TV begins transmitting

1990 – Dow Jones Avg hits a record high of 2,900.97

1992 – E Lamps (20 year lightbulb) introduced

1993 – Connie Chung joins Dan Rather as anchors of CBS Evening News

1994 – Guns n Roses drummer Matthew Sorum files to divorce Kai

1997 – 1st NY Women Film Festival opens

2001 – Dipendra of Nepal slaughters his family during dinner.

2001 – Dolphinarium massacre: an Hamas suicide bomber kills 21 at a disco in Tel Aviv.

2003 – The People’s Republic of China begins filling the reservoir behind the Three Gorges Dam.

2007 – Jack Kevorkian is released from prison after serving eight years of his 10-25 year prison term for second-degree murder in the 1998 death of Thomas Youk, 52, of Oakland County, Michigan.

2007 – Smoking is banned from United Kingdom’s public places.

2009 – General Motors files for chapter 11 bankruptcy. It is the fourth largest United States bankruptcy in history.

2012 – New York Mets pitcher Johan Santana pitches a no-hitter against the St. Louis Cardinals

 

 

Births

1076 – Mstislav I of Kiev (d. 1132)

1300 – Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (d. 1338)

1480 – Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (d. 1550)

1503 – Wilhelm von Grumbach, German lt col

1549 – Allesandre Spontone, composer

1563 – Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, English prime minister (1598-1612)

1633 – Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (d. 1687)

1675 – Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (d. 1755)

1765 – Christiane Vulpius, wife of Johann W von Goethe

1780 – Karl von Clausewitz, Prussian strategist

1790 – Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi/learned (Ereg miliem)

1801 – Brigham Young, painter/religious leader (Mormon church)/polygamist

1806 – John Buchanan Floyd, Ex-Sect of War (Union), died in 1863

1825 – John Hunt Morgan, Brigadier General (Confederate cavalry commander)

1831 – John Bell Hood, Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1879

1833 – John Marshall Harlan, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1911)
1843 – Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer (d. 1930)

1844 – Galusha Pennypacker, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1916

1844 – John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)

1887 – Clive Brook, London England, actor/director (List of Adrian Messenger)

1890 – Frank Morgan, [Francis P Wupperman], NYC, actor (Wizard of Oz), (d. 1949)

1898 – Curtis Stevens, US, 2 man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1932)

1898 – Edgar “Cookie” Fairchild, NYC, bandleader (Jerry Colonna Show)

1898 – Molly Picon, NYC, Yiddish actress (Milk & Honey)

1901 – John W Van Duren, playwright (I Remember Mama)

1907 – Frank A Whittle, England inventor (jet engine)

1917 – William S. Knowles, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, (d. 2012)

1921 – Nelson Riddle, Oradell NJ, musical conductor (Batman, Frank Sinatra)

1922 – Abdul Rashid, Pakistan, field hockey player (Olympic-gold-1960)

1924 – William Sloane Coffin, American clergyman (d. 2006)

1926 – Andy Griffith, Mount Airy NC, actor (Andy Griffith Show, Matlock), (d. 2012)

1926 – Marilyn Monroe, [Norma Jean Mortenson], LA, actress (Some Like It Hot)

1930 – Edward Woodward, Croydon England, actor (Breaker Morant, Wickerman)

1930 – Ty Hardin, Ill, actor (Berserk, PT 109) [or Jan 1]

1930 – John Lemmon, English logician (d. 1966)

1933 – Charles Wilson, (Rep-D-TX, 1973- )

1934 – Pat Boone, Florida, singer/actor (April Love, Cross & Switchblade)

1934 – Sylvia Syms, London, actress (Asylum, Moonraker, Shirley Valentine)

1935 – James George, US, weightlifter (Olympic-silver-1960/bronze-1956)

1935 – Reverend Ike, SC, evangelist minister (Joy of Living)

1937 – Colleen McCullough, Wellington, Australian author (Tim, Indecent Obsession)

1937 – Morgan Freeman, Memphis Tn, actor (Driving Mrs Daisy, Glory)

1939 – Cleavon Little, Chickasha Oklahoma, actor (Blazing Saddles, Toy Soldiers)

1940 – Rene Auberjonois, actor (Clayton-Benson, Star Trek Deep Space 9)

1942 – Tom Mankiewicz, LA California, screenwriter (Diamonds are Forever)

1944 – Robert Powell, England, actor (Jigsaw Man, Shaka Zulu, Secrets)

1947 – Jonathan Pryce, Welsh actor (Evita, Brazil, Praying Mantis)

1947 – Ron Wood, rock guitarist (Faces, Jeff Beck Group, Rolling Stones)

1947 – Ron Dennis, CBE, F1 team principal (McLaren)

1948 – Tom Sneva, US auto racer (Indianapolis 500-1983)

1953 – Diana Canova, West Palm Beach Fla, actress (Corrine-Soap)

1953 – David Berkowitz, American serial killer (Son of Sam)

1955 – Chiyonofuji, sumo wrestler

1956 – Lisa Hartman Black, Houston, singer/actress (Tabitha, Knots Landing)

1956 – Robin Mattson, LA California, actress (Janet Green-All My Children)

1959 – Alan “Wild”er, English rock vocalist/music (Depeche Mode-Wild!)

1959 – Martin Brundle, British race car driver and F1 television commentator

1960 – Simon Gallup, English bassist (The Cure)

1962 – Sherri Howard, Sherman Tx, 4X400m hurdler (Olympic-gold-1984)

1963 – Mike Joyce, rock drummer (Smiths-Ask, Panic, London)

1964 – Mark Curry, American comedian and actor

1968 – Jason Donovan, rocker/actor (Neighbors)

1970 – Karen Mulder, Dutch supermodel

1972 – Cheryl Abplanalp, Bryn Mawr Penn, team handball wing (Olympics-1996)

1973 – Heidi Klum, Bergisch Gladbach, North Rhine-Westphalia, German supermodel

1974 – Alanis Nadine Morisette, vocalist (Jagged Little Pill)

1977 – Richard Williams, British racing driver

1984 – Naidangiin Tüvshinbayar, first Mongolian athlete win gold medal from Olympics

 

 

 

Deaths

195 BC – Gaozu of Han of China

193 – Didius Julianus, ship owner/emperor of Rome (193), murdered at 61

1191 – Philips van de Elzas, count of Vlanderen, dies

1340 – Jan III van Diest, bishop of Utrecht (1322-40), dies

1434 – Władysław II Jagiełło , King of Lithuania and later also Poland, dies (b.1351)

1568 – Duke of Alva and authority of Council of Troubles behead 18 nobles in Brussels for treason and heresy

1568 – Gijsbert van Bronkhorst-Batenburg, calvinist leader, beheaded

1616 – Tokugawa Ieyasu (b. 1543)

1676 – Creutz, Swedish admiral (Öland), dies in battle

1676 – Uggla, Swedish admiral (Öland), dies in battle

1710 – David Mitchell, British admiral (b. 1642)

1769 – Edward Holyoke, President of Harvard University (b. 1689)

1795 – Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist (b. 1744)

1815 – Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (b. 1853)

1823 – Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal, dies at 53

1861 – John Q Marr, US Confederate captain, dies in battle at Fairfax Courthouse, the first Confederate death of the war

1864 – Solomon George Washington Dill, poor white ally of blacks, assassinated in his home by white terrorists in SC

1868 – James Buchanan, 15th US president (1857-61), dies at 77

1941 – Hugh S Walpole, British writer (Killer & the Slain), dies

1942 – Vladislav Vancura, Czech physician/resistance fighter, executed at 50

1943 – Leslie Howard, actor (Romeo & Juliet), Nazis shot down his plane at 50

1948 – Sonny Boy Williamson, [John Lee], blues player, dies at 34

1952 – John Dewey, US philosopher (Common Faith), dies at 92

1968 – Helen Keller, blind & deaf/author (Let us Have Faith), dies at 87

1971 – Reinhold Niebuhr, US theologist (Nature & Destiny of Man), dies at 78

1973 – Harvey S Firestone Jr, US tire manufacturer, dies at 75

1975 – Steve Prefontaine, 5K (Olympics-4-1972), dies at 25

1980 – Arthur Nielsen, American market analyst (b. 1897)

1986 – Jo Gartner, Austrian racing driver (d. 1958)

1991 – David Ruffin, rock vocalist (Temptations), dies of drug overdose at 50

1996 – Don Grolnick, jazz musician, dies at 48

1999 – Christopher Sydney Cockerell, British engineer and inventor (b. 1910)

2001 – Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (b. 1920)

2004 – William Manchester, American writer (b. 1922)

2008 – Yves Saint Laurent, French fashion designer (b. 1936)

2010 – Lt. Gen. William H. Ginn, Jr., U.S. Air Force officer (b.1928)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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