Today In The Past

 

Events

763 BC – Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history.

923 – Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed and King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy.

1094 – Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar [El Cid] occupies Valencia on the Moren

1184 – King Magnus V of Norway is killed at the battle of Fimreite.

1215 – King John signs Magna Carta at Runnymede, England

1219 – King Valdemar brought victory for Denmark

1219 – Dannebrog – oldest national flag in the world – and flag of Denmark. According to legend, fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse (now Tallinn) in Estonia, and turned the Danes’ luck.

1246 – Battle at Leitha: Hungary-Austrian

1389 – Battle of Kossovo; Turks defeat Serbs

1567 – Battle at Carberry Scot: Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwells army

1643 – Able Tasmania returns to Batavia after discovering Tasmania

1664 – NJ established

1741 – Capt Bering leaves Petropavlovsk, sailing to America

1752 – Ben Franklin’s performs his kite-flying experiment

1762 – Austria uses 1st paper currency

1775 – George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of American Army

1779 – General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, Bronx

1785 – 2 French balloonists die in world’s 1st fatal aviation accident

1804 – 12th amendment ratified; deals with manner of choosing president

1836 – Arkansas becomes 25th state

1844 – Goodyear patents vulcanization of rubber

1846 – Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49°N

1851 – Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory

1859 – Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the “Northwestern Boundary Dispute” between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers.

1861 – Johnston evacuates Harpers Ferry

 

 

 

1862 – Gen JEB Stuart completes hisride around McClellan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1863 – 2nd battle at Winchester Va, ends in Federal defeat; 1350 casualities

1864 – -17] Skirmish at Gilgal Church, Georgia

 

 

 

1864 – Battle for Petersburg begins as Gen Grant assaults Confederate line

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Capt Mendell begins building 640m long ponton bridge over James R Va

 

 

 

1864 – Robert E Lee’s home area (Arlington, VA) becomes a military cemetery

 

 

 

 

 

1867 – Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode gold mine located in Montana.

1869 – Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY

1869 – Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout

1871 – Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school

1877 – Henry Ossian Flipper becomes 1st African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy

1878 – 1st attempt at motion pictures (used 12 cameras, each taking 1 picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse’s hooves leave the ground

1887 – Carlisle D Graham survives 2nd ride in Niagara waterfall in barrel

1898 – US marines attack Spanish off Guantánamo Cuba

1904 – Side-wheeler “General Slocum” burns in NY’s East River (1,031 die)

1911 – Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated.

1913 – The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippine concludes.

1915 – US government mints 1st $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo

1916 – Boys Scouts of America forms

1918 – 1″ of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania

1918 – 50th Belmont: Frank Robinson aboard Johren wins in 2:20.6

1920 – Duluth lynchings in Minnesota.

1921 – Bessie Coleman reaches France as US 1st black pilot

1924 – Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth Model T automobile

1924 – J Edgar Hoover assumed leadership of the FBI

1924 – Native Americans are proclaimed US citizens

1928 – Ty Cobb, 41, steals home for 50th & final time

1934 – Great Smokey Mountains National Park dedicated

1940 – France surrenders to Hitler, German troops occupy Paris

1943 – Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms

1944 – US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific

1951 – 1st coml electronic computer dedicated Phila

1951 – Joe Louis scored his last knock out victory

1954 – Great Britain’s 2 biggest steel factory nationalized

1955 – The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual “Operation Alert” (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the USA’s preparations for a nuclear attack.

1957 – 89th Belmont: Bill Shoemaker aboard Gallant Man wins in 2:26.6

1960 – Angel Cordero wins his 1st of over 7000 horse races

1960 – Argentina complains to UN about Israeli illicit transfer of Eichmann

1962 – Students for a Democratic Society complete the Port Huron Statement.

1963 – SF Giants Juan Marichal no-hits Houston Colt .45s, 1-0

1964 – Last French troops leave Algeria

1965 – Denny McLain in relief strikesout 1st 7 batters faced & record 14 in 6 2/3 innings, Bill Freehan ties catcher record of 19 putouts

1968 – Yummy Yummy Yummy by Ohio Express hits #4

1969 – “Hee Haw” with Roy Clark & Buck Owens premieres on CBS TV

1969 – Mets help their power needs by adding 1st baseman Donn Clendenon

1972 – Rock fall inside Vierzy Tunnel (France) causes 2 train crash; 107 die

1973 – “American Graffiti” opens in NYC

1974 – “Streak” by Ray Stevens hit #1 on UK pop chart

1977 – NY Mets trade Tom Seaver to Reds for Pat Zachry

1982 – Supreme Court rules all children, regardless of citizenship, are entitled to a public education

1983 – Supreme Court struck down state & local restrictions on abortion

1984 – Thomas Hearns KOs Roberto Duran

1985 – Rembrandt’s painting Danaë is attacked by a man later judged insane; he threw sulfuric acid on the canvas and cut it twice with his knife.

1987 – Bettino Craxi’s Socialist Party wins election in Italy

1987 – Michael Spinks TKOs Gerry Cooney in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

1991 – Climactic eruption of the Mount Pinatubo volcano in the Philippines

1991 – Birth of the first federal political party in Canada that supports Quebec nationalism, le Bloc Québécois.

1992 – 1st Berlin Air Show in 60 years

1992 – Jeff Reardon breaks Rollie Fingers’ save record with #342

1992 – Dan Quayle, relying on faulty card, erroneously instructs Trenton NJ, elementary student to spell “potato,” “potatoe” during spelling bee

1994 – Disney’s “Lion King,” opens in theaters with $42 million

1994 – NY Giants cut quarterback Phil Simms

1994 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice

1996 – IRA bomb in Manchester wrecks city centre at 11.17am, injuring 200

2002 – Near earth asteroid 2002 MN missed the Earth by 75,000 miles (120,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon

2012 – Apple I computer sells for a record $374,500

2012 – Five Dutch banks, including ING, receive credit rating downgrades of one or two notches

Births

1221 – Frederik II, [Strijdbare], duke of Austria

1330 – Edward, the black prince, prince of Wales (1343-1376)

1542 – Richard Grenville, English parliament leader/vice-admiral (Roanoke)

1553 – Ernst, archduke of Austria/governor of the Netherlands

1624 – Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (d. 1704)

1640 – Bernard Lamy, French mathematician (d. 1715)

1755 – Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist (d. 1809)

1765 – Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (d. 1831)

1767 – Rachel Donelson Jackson, wife of Pres Andrew (1828-37) (died 1828)

1789 – Josiah Henson, American slave and settlement founder (d. 1883)

1833 – Edward Moody McCook, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1909

1884 – Harry Langdon, Council Bluffs IA, comic/director (Strong Man)

1900 – Paul J Mares, US, jazz trumpetist/composer (Farewell blues)

1900 – Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)

1908 – Sam Giancana, American mafioso (d. 1975)

1910 – David Rose, London England, orchestra leader (Red Skelton Show, Stripper)

1914 – Saul Steinberg, Romania, cartoonist/illustrator (New Yorker)

1914 – Yuri Andropov, Russian KGB chief/1st secretary

1914 – Hilda Terry, American Cartoonist (d. 2006)

1916 – Marshall Field IV, publisher/editor (Chic Daily News, Sunday Times)

 

 

 

1919 – Van Barfoot, Edinburg, Mississippi, Army colonel and Medal of Honour recipient, (d. 2012)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Air Force Medal of Honor

 

 

 

 

1923 – Errol Garner, American jazz pianist (Misty) (d. 1977)

1926 – Shigeru Kayano, Japanese Ainu activist (d. 2006)

1927 – Hugo Pratt, graphic artist

1929 – Nigel Pickering, guitarist (Spanky & Our Gang)

1932 – Einar K Enevoldson, US, Nasa test pilot (X-24B)

1934 – Ruby Nash Cutis, Akron Oh, rocker (Ruby & The Romantics)

1937 – Waylon Jennings, country singer/guitarist (Ramblin’ Man)

1939 – Ward Connerly, American political figure

1941 – Harry Nilsson, Bkln NY, singer/guitarist (Midnight Cowboy)

1942 – Xaveria Hollander, [DeVries], Surabaya Indonesia, auth (Happy Hooker)

1943 – Johnny Halliday, rocker

1944 – Inna Ryskai, USSR, volleyball player (Olympic-2 gold/2 silver-1964-76)

1944 – Robert Keppel, American criminologist

1945 – Rod Argent, England, keyboardist (Zombies-She’s Not There)

1945 – Lawrence Wilkerson, American retired military officer

1946 – Janet Lennon, vocalist (Lennon Sisters)

1947 – Lee Purcell, Cherry Point NC, actor (Big Wednesday, Mr Majestyk)

1949 – Jim Varney, Lexington Kentucky, American actor (Ernest Goes to Jail, Hey Vern)

1949 – Dusty Baker, baseball player (LA Dodgers)

1950 – Noddy Holder, rock vocalist/guitarist (Slade-Cum On Feel The Noize)

1954 – James Belushi, Chicago Ill, comedian (Sat Night Live, Trading Places)

1955 – Julie Hagerty, Cincinnati OH, actress (Airplane, Princesses)

1955 – Sally E Silverstone, Walthamstow England, Co-Captain (Biosphere 2)

1955 – Polly Draper, Gary, Indiana, American actress (Thirtysomething, Side Effects)

1957 – Brad Gillis, rock guitarist/vocalist (Night Ranger)

1957 – Brett Butler, MLB center fielder

1957 – Clio Goldsmith, Paris France, actress (Gift, Heat of Desire)

1958 – Wade Boggs, Nebraska, Red Sox/Yank 3rd baseman (AL bat champ 1985-88)

1959 – Eileen Davidson, Artesia California, actress (Kristen-Days of our Life)

1963 – Helen Hunt, LA California, actress (Jamie-Mad About You, Twister)

1963 – Scott Rockenfield, drummer (Queensryche-Breaking the Silence)

1964 – Courteney Cox, Birmingham, Alabama, American actress (Monica Geller on the NBC sitcom Friends)

1969 – Ice Cube, rap singer/actor (Boyz in the Hood, Anaconda)

1970 – Leah Remini, American actress

1971 – Jake Busey, American actor

1973 – Neil Patrick Harris, Albuquerque NM, actor (Doogie Howser MD)

1975 – Rachel Wacholder, American beach volleyballer

1976 – Gary Lightbody, Northern Irish musician (Snow Patrol)

1979 – Charles Zwolsman Jr., Dutch racing driver

1981 – William Dean Martin, American musician (Good Charlotte)

Deaths

923 – Robert I, King of France (922-23), dies in battle

948 – Romanus I Lecapenus, Armenian emperor of Byzantium (919-44), dies

991 – Theophanu, wife of Holy Roman Emperor Otto II and regent of Otto III, dies (b. 960)

1073 – Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan (b. 1034)

1246 – Frederik II “the Strijdbare”, duke of Austria, dies in battle at 25

1381 – Wat Tyler, leader of English Peasants’ Revolt, beheaded in London

1389 – Lazar I, Serbian prince, dies in battle

1389 – Murad I, Osmaans sultan, dies in battle

1397 – Count of Eu, French knight, dies in Turkish captivity

1467 – Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, dies at 70

1557 – Sebastiaan Van Noyen, military master builder, dies

1666 – Pieter de Bitter, Dutch admiral (Colombo, Goa), dies

1702 – Georg E Rumphius, German nature explorer, dies

1703 – Gillis Schey, Dutch admiral (battle at Lowestoft), dies at 58

1768 – James Short, Scottish mathematician and optician (b. 1710)

1849 – James Knox Polk, 11th Pres (1845-1849), dies in Nashville, Tenn at 53

1865 – Edmun Ruffin, US secessionist/writer, commits suicide

1905 – Hermann von Wissmann, German African expl/gov East-Africa, dies

1907 – William Le Baron Jenney, US architect, dies

1917 – Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian physicist (b. 1867)

1917 – Lillian Bassman, Russian emigrant to America, photographer and painter (Harper’s Bazaar), (d. 2012)

1941 – Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist (b. 1873)

1968 – Samuel Earl “Wahoo Sam” Crawford, baseball pitcher, dies at 88

1968 – Wes Montgomery, jazz guitarist, dies of a heart attack at 48

1982 – Art[hur E] Pepper, US, alto saxophonist, dies at 56

1985 – Robert Stethem, U.S. Navy Seabee diver murdered by terrorists on TWA Flight 847 (b. 1961)

1987 – Walter W Heller, US economist (Old Myths & New Realities), dies at 71

1989 – Victor French, actor (#44-Get Smart, Highway to Heaven), dies at 54

1993 – John Connally, (Gov-D/R-Texas), dies at 76

 

 

 

1996 – Ella Fitzgerald, singer, dies at 78 see also Our Birthday Tribute 

 

 

Videos

1996 – Fitzroy Maclean, the original James Bond, dies at 85

1996 – Jean Gimpel, author/iconoclast, dies at 77

2002 – Choi Hong Hi, founder of Taekwon-Do (b. 1918)

2003 – Hume Cronyn, Canadian actor (b. 1911)

2007 – Claudia Cohen, American gossip columnist and socialite (b. 1950)

2007 – Sherri Martel, American professional wrestler and valet (b. 1958)

2008 – Stan Winston, American special effects and makeup artist, and film director (b. 1946)

2011 – Bill Haast, American Herpetologist (b. 1910)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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