Today In The Past

 

Events

632 – Origin of Persian [Yezdegird] Era

1338 – German monarch declares pope & king’s decree redundant

1487 – Battle at Stoke: Henry VII beats John de la Pole & Lord Lovell

1567 – Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison Scotland

1624 – Judge directs US colony Virginia to English crown

1673 – Peace of Vossem: Fren King Louis XIV & Frederik Willem of Brandenburg

1745 – English fleet occupies Cap Breton on St Lawrence River

1746 – Battle at Piacenza: Austria & Sardinia beat Spanish & French army

1755 – British capture Fort Beauséjour, expel Acadians

1775 – Liberty Bell rang for the 2nd Continental Congress

1779 – In support of the US, Spain declares war on England

1779 – Vice-admiral Hardy sails out of Isle of Wight against Spanish Armada

1779 – Spain declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the siege of Gibraltar begins.

1784 – Holland forbids orange clothes

1815 – Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia

1815 – Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French

1822 – Denmark Vessy leads slave rebellion in South Carolina

1832 – Battle of Kellogg’s Grove, Ill

1858 – Abraham Lincoln says “A house divided against itself cannot stand”

1861 – Battle of Vienna, VA & Secessionville, SC (James Island)

1864 – Battle of Lynchburg VA

1864 – Skirmish at Golgotha Georgia

1864 – Union General Grant begin siege of Petersburg, Va

1871 – Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, NYC

1873 – Pres Grant decrees Wallowa Valley for Nez-Perce indians

1880 – Salvation Army forms in London

1882 – 17″ hailstones weighing 1.75 lbs fall in Dubuque Iowa

1883 – The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children

1884 – 1st roller coaster used (Coney Island NY)

1893 – RW Rueckheim invents Cracker Jack

1896 – Temperature hits 127°F at Fort Mojave, Calif

1897 – A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later.

1903 – Ford Motors incorporates

1903 – Pepsi Cola company forms

1903 – Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage by leaving Oslo, Norway.

1909 – 1st US airplane sold commercially, by Glenn Curtiss for $5,000

1909 – Jim Thorpe makes his pro baseball pitching debut for Rocky Mount (ECL) with 4-2 win, this will cause him to forfeit his Olympic medals

1911 – A 772 gram stony meteorite strikes the earth near Kilbourn, Columbia County, Wisconsin damaging a barn.

1917 – 49th Belmont: James Butwell aboard Hourless wins in 2:17.8

1922 – Henry Berliner demonstrates his helicopter to US Bureau of Aeronautics

1923 – Sun Yat Sen founds military academy

1929 – Otto E Funk, 62, ends marathon walk (NY to SF, 4165 miles in 183 days)

1933 – US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) created

1935 – US Congress accepts FDR’s “New Deal”

1937 – Marx Brothers’ “A Day At The Races” opens in LA

1938 – Jimmie Foxx is walked a record 6 consecutive times by Browns

1943 – Race riot in Beaumont Texas (2 die)

1945 – 71st Preakness: Wayne D Wright aboard Polynesian wins in 1:58.8

1951 – 83rd Belmont: David Gorman aboard Counterpoint wins in 2:29

1952 – Soviet Fighters shoot Swedish Catalina reconnaissance flight down

1954 – Ngo Dinh Diem elected president of Vietnam

1956 – 88th Belmont: David Erb aboard Needles wins in 2:29.8

1957 – French offensive in Algeria

1960 – “Psycho,” opens in NY

1962 – 2 US army officers killed in Saigon

1966 – “Rowan & Martin Show,” debuts on NBC-TV

1967 – 50,000 attend Monterey International Pop Festival

1970 – Kenneth A Gibson elected 1st black mayor of Newark, NJ

1970 – Race riots in Miami Florida

1972 – The largest single-site hydro-electric power project in Canada starts at Churchill Falls, Labrador.

1975 – Bucks trade Kareem Abdul-Jabber & Walt Wesley to LA for 4 players

1975 – Supreme Court rules uniform minimum legal fees are a violation

1976 – Student uprisings begin in Soweto, South Africa (Soweto Day)

1977 – Leonid Brezhnev named president of USSR

1977 – Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California, as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates.

1978 – Cin Red Tom Seaver no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0

1979 – “Logical Song” by Supertramp peaks at #6

1979 – Carl Yastrzemski hits his 1,000th extra base hit

1979 – Moslem Brotherhood kills 62 sheiks in Aleppo Syria

1980 – “Blues Brothers,” premieres in Chicago

1982 – Britain requests Argentina arrange for return of prisoners

1983 – Charlos Vieira completes 191 hr “nonstop” cycling in Leiria Portugal

1983 – European Space Agency launches European Comm Satellite 1, Oscar 10

1984 – Edwin Moses wins his 100th consecutive 400-meter hurdles race

1984 – Matt de Waal finishes 14,290-mi round trip from Salt Lake City (106d)

1985 – Willie Banks of USA sets triple jump record (58 feet 11 inches) in Indianapolis

1987 – Subway gunman Bernhard Goetz acquitted on all but gun possession charges after shooting 4 black youths who tried to rob him

1989 – Funeral for Imre Nagy, leader of Hungarian uprising in 1956

1989 – Only 17 hole-in-ones recorded since US open began, today 4 more are made all on 6th hole (Weaver, Wiebe, Pate & Price)

1991 – Boris Yeltsin elected president of Russian SSR

1991 – Otis Nixon steals NL record 6 bases in 1 day

1992 – Caspar Weinberger (Sec of Def 1981-87), indicted on Iran-contra charge

1992 – Longest salami is 68’9 & 25 circumference, weighed 1,492lbs/5oz in Flekkefjord, Norway

1995 – “Batman Forever” opens with a record $528 million weekend

1995 – Marlins outfielder Andre Dawson hits his 400th NL career HR (429)

1995 – Salt Lake City awarded the XIX Winter Olympics in 2002

1997 – The Dairat Labguer massacre in Algeria; 50 people are killed.

2012 – 32 people are killed by a car bomb in Baghdad

2012 – A collapse of a stage at a Toronto Radiohead concert kills one person

Births

1139 – Emperor Konoe of Japan (d. 1155)

1332 – Isabella de Coucy, English princess (d. 1382)

1591 – Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (d. 1655)

1606 – Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (d. 1675)

1633 – Jean de Thévenot, French traveler and scientist (d. 1667)

1644 – Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of Scotland, England and Ireland and Duchess of Orléans (d. 1670)

1792 – Sir Thomas Mitchell, Australian explorer (d. 1855)

1801 – Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)

1806 – Edward Davy, English physician, chemist, and inventor (d. 1885)

1813 – Otto Jahn, German archaeologist (d. 1869)

1826 – Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist and botanist (d. 1897)

1829 – Geronimo, Apache leader (d. 1909)

1834 – Wesley Merritt, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1910)

1837 – Eli Long, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1903

1840 – Ernst Otto Schlick, German engineer (d. 1913)

1888 – Bobby Clark, vaudevillan (World’s funniest circus clown)

1888 – Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1980)

1890 – Stan Laurel, [Arthur S Jefferson], England, comedian (Laurel & Hardy)

1895 – Stan Laurel, [Arthur S Jefferson], comedian (Laurel & Hardy)

1896 – Jean Peugeot, Frans auto manufacturer (Peugeot)

1897 – Georg Wittig, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)

1899 – Nelson Doubleday, US, publisher (Doubleday)

1902 – Barbara McClintock, US, cytogeneticist (Jumping Genes, Nobel 1983)

1902 – Kornelis Posthumus, Dutch chemist

1907 – Jack Albertson, Malden Mass, actor (Thin Man)

1909 – Archie Fairley Carr, biologist (d. 1987)

1910 – E G Marshall, Owatonna Minn, actor (Lawrence-Defenders, Caine Mutiny)

1910 – Ilona Massey, Budapest Hungary, actress/singer (Ilona Massey Show)

1910 – Richard Maling Barrer, chemist

1912 – Enoch Powell, England, MP (C)/racist/Greek professor

1916 – Hank Luisetti, NBA forward (1st to use a one-handed shot)

1917 – Katharine Graham, NYC, newspaper publisher (Wash Post)

1917 – Aurelio Lampredi, Italian mechanical engineer (Ferrari; d. 1989)

1917 – Irving Penn, American photographer

1920 – Raymond U. Lemieux, Canadian scientist (d. 2002)

1923 – Ron Flockhart, Scottish racing driver (d. 1962)

1925 – Faith Domergue, New Orleans, actress (House of 7 Corpses)

1925 – Richard Jacobs, philanthropist/sports owner (Cleveland Indians)

1929 – Ramon Bieri, American actor (d. 2001)

1932 – Ralph Robins, CEO (Rolls-Royce)

1934 – Little Caesar, vocalist (Little Caesar & the Romans)

1934 – William Forsyth Sharpe, American economist, Nobel laureate

1937 – August Busch III, CEO (Anheuser-Busch, St Louis Cards)

1937 – Erich Segal, Brooklyn NY, author (Love Story, Oliver’s Story)

1938 – Joyce Carol Oates, NY, novelist (Garden of Earthly Delights)

1938 – Mickie Finn, Hugo Oklahoma, TV hostess/banjo player (Mickie Finn’s)

1940 – Billy “Crash” Craddock, Greensboro NC, singer

1941 – Lamont Dozier, Detroit, songwriter (Dozier-Holland-Dozier)

1941 – Aldrich Ames, CIA officer and spy for the Soviet Union

1942 – Eddie Levert, Canton Ohio, vocalist (O’Jays-For the Love of Money)

1942 – Giacomo Agostini, Lovere, Italy, world motorcycle race champion

1943 – Joan Van Ark, New York City, New York, American actress and director (Valene-Dallas, Knots Landing)

1944 – Takamiyama, [Jesse Kuhaulua], Hawaii, 1st non-Japanese sumo champion

1950 – James Smith, US, singer (Stylistics-Can’t Give you Anything)

1951 – Sonia Braga, Maringa Brazil, actress (Dona Flor & Her 2 Husbands)

1951 – Roberto Durán, Panamanian boxer

1952 – Aleksandr Zaitsev, USSR, pairs figure skating (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1952 – Gino Vanelli, Montreal Quebec, singer (Living Inside Myself)

1954 – Gary Roberts, rocker (Boomtown Rats)

1958 – Jóhannes Helgason, Icelandic guitarist (Þeyr)

1959 – Warrior, American professional wrestler

1966 – Jan Zelezny, Czech, javelin thrower (Olympics-2 gold-92, 96)

1966 – [Eric] Randy Barnes, Charleston WV, shot putter (Oly-silv/gold-88, 96)

1970 – Phil A Mickelson, San Diego CA, PGA golfer (1991 Northern Telecom)

1971 – Tupac Shakur, Bkln NY, rap star/actor (Juice, Bullet) (killed in 1996)

1972 – Ann Shoket, American magazine editor

1973 – Eddie Cibrian [Edward Carl], Burbank, California, American actor (Sunset Beach, Third Watch)

1978 – Jasmine Leong, Chinese Malaysian singer

1980 – Nehir Erdoğan, Turkish actress

1982 – May Andersen, Danish supermodel

Deaths

956 – Hugo, the Great, duke of France, dies

1246 – Lutgardis/Ludgardis, Flemish mystic/saint, dies at about 64

1397 – Philip of Artois, Count of Eu, French soldier (b. 1358)

1492 – Jan Coppenhole, Flemish rebel leader, beheaded

1575 – Hadrianus Junius, [Adriaen the Jonghe], medical/historian, dies at 63

1623 – Christian, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Wolfenbüttel, German Protestant military leader (b. 1599)

1671 – Stenka Razin, Cossack rebel leader, tortured & executed in Moscow

1722 – John Churchill up Marlborough, English general strategist, dies at 72

1752 – Joseph Butler, English philosopher (b. 1692)

1792 – Benjamin Tupper, Continental Army officer, and pioneer to the Ohio Country (b. 1738)

1815 – Frederik Willem, duke of Brunswick (1813-15), dies in battle

1850 – William Lawson explorer of New South Wales, Australia (b. 1774)

1855 – John Gorrie, American physician (b. 1803)

1858 – John Snow, English epidemiologist (b. 1813)

1869 – Charles Sturt, English explorer (b. 1795)

1881 – Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner (b. 1801)

1881 – Sir Josiah Mason, English manufacturer (b. 1795)

1902 – Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (b. 1841)

1905 – Hermann von Wissmann, German explorer/governor of E Africa, dies at 51

1925 – Chittaranjan Das, Indian patriot and freedom fighter (b. 1870)

1930 – Elmer Ambrose Sperry, US inventor (gyroscope compass), dies

1930 – Ezra Fitch, Abercrombie & Fitch founder (b. 1866)

1939 – Chick Webb, American jazz drummer and big band leader (b. 1905)

1944 – Marc Bloch, French historian (executed) (b. 1886)

1945 – Aris Velouchiotis, Greek guerrilla resistance leader (b. 1905)

1947 – Jean-Francois Capart, Belgian egyptologist (Memphis), dies at 86

1952 – Andrew Lawson, Scottish-American geologist, first to map the entire San Andreas Fault (b. 1861)

1958 – Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1895)

1959 – George Reeves, actor (Superman, Gone with the Wind), shoots self at 45

1969 – Harold RLG 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Brit field marshal, dies at 78

1970 – Brian Piccolo, American football player (b. 1943)

1976 – Francis E Meloy Jr, US ambassador to Lebanon, kidnapped & killed

1977 – Wernher von Braun, rocket scientist (V1/V2), dies at 65 of smoking

1981 – John S Knight, US newspaper magnate, dies at 86

1982 – John Honeyman-Scott, guitarist (Pretenders), overdoses on drugs

1996 – Mel Allen, American sportscaster (NY Yankees), dies at 83

2003 – Georg Henrik von Wright, Finnish-Swedish philosopher (b. 1916)

2006 – Alireza Shapour Shahbazi, Iranian archaeologist, (b. 1942)

2008 – Mario Rigoni Stern, Italian writer, World War II veteran and Nazi concentration camp survivor (b. 1921)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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