Today In The Past

 

 

Events

653 – St Martin I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

656 – Ali ibn Abu Talib chosen kalief of Islam

676 – Deusdedit III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1091 – Floris II de Vette becomes earl of Holland

1119 – Charles the Good becomes earl of Flanders

1291 – Akko reconquered after 200 years by French crusaders, & destroyed

1397 – Union of Kalmar established between Denmark, Sweden & Norway

1462 – Vlad III the Impaler attempts to assassinate Mehmed II (The Night Attack) forcing him to retreat from Wallachia.

 

 

 

1497 – Battle of Deptford Bridgeforces under King Henry VII soundly defeat troops led by Michael An Gof.

 

 

 

 

 

1535 – English Catholic Cardinal John Fischer state rights

1565 – Matsunaga Hisahide assassinates the 13th Ashikaga shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru.

1579 – Anti-English uprising in Ireland

1579 – Sir Francis Drake lands on coast of California at Drakes Bay, names it “New Albion”

1580 – Battle at Hardenberg: Spanish troops beat rebels

1583 – Brabant: duke of Parma beats French mercenaries

1631 – Mumtaz Mahal dies during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, then spends more than 20 years building her tomb, the Taj Mahal.

1665 – Battle at Viciosa: English & Portuguese army beat Spain

1745 – American colonials capture Louisburg, Cape Breton I from French

 

 

 

1775 – Battle of Bunker Hill (actually it was Breed’s Hill)

 

 

 

 

 

1815 – Stephen Decatur conquerors Algerian frigate Mashouda

 

 

 

 

 

1824 – Bureau of Indian Affairs established

1837 – Charles Goodyear obtains his 1st rubber patent

1850 – Paddle-wheeler “G P Griffith” burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)

1855 – Heavy French/British bombing of Sebastopol, 2000+ killed

1856 – Republican Party opens its 1st national convention in Philadelphia

1861 – Battle of Boonville, MI-Brigadier General Lyon defeats Confederate forces

1863 – Battle at Middleburg Virginia

1863 – Battle of Aldie, Confederates fail to drive back Union in Virginia

1863 – Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs CSS Atlanta

1863 – Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford chartered (1st accident insurer)

1864 – -18] Confederate troops pull back out Solves/lost Mt, Georgia

1864 – 640m long ponton bridge over James River Virginia finished

1864 – General John B Hood replaces General Johnston

1864 – Skirmish at Mud Creek/Noyes’s (Nose) Creek, Georgia

1876 – Battle of Rosebud/Battle Where Girl Saved Her Brother

1877 – Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon – the Nez Perce defeat the US Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory.

1882 – Tornado kills 130 in Iowa

1885 – Statue of Liberty arrived in NYC aboard French ship `Isere’

1894 – 1st US poliomyelitis epidemic breaks out, Rutland, Vermont

1895 – US Ship Canal (W 225th St) in the Bronx completed; cutting Marble Hill off from Manhattan

1898 – The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established.

1901 – The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT.

 

 

 

1916 – US troops under Gen Pershing march into Mexico

 

 

 

 

 

1919 – “Barney Google” cartoon strip, by Billy De Beck, premieres

1928 – Amelia Earhart leaves Nfld to become 1st woman (passenger) to fly Atlantic (as a passenger in a plane piloted by Wilmer Stultz)

1932 – Oil tanker Cymbeline explodes in Montreal, Canada

 

 

 

1932 – Bonus Army: around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the U.S. Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits.

 

 

 

 

 

1933 – Kansas City Massacre: 1 FBI agent, 4 cops & 1 gangster killed by mob

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1937 – Marx Brothers’ “A Day At The Races” opens in NY

1938 – Japan declares war on China

1939 – Last public guillotining in France. Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the prison Saint-Pierre.

1940 – France asks Germany for terms of surrender in WW II

1940 – USSR occupies Estonia

1940 – World War II: sinking of the RMS Lancastria by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France.

1946 – SW Bell inaugurates mobile telephone commercial service, St Louis

1947 – Pan Am Airways chartered as 1st worldwide passenger airline

1950 – 1st kidney transplant (Chicago)

1952 – 2 mine cave-ins at Charleroi, Belgium

1953 – Sup Court Justice Wm O Douglas stays executions of spies Julius & Ethel Rosenberg scheduled for next day their 14th anniversary

1954 – CIA exile army lands in Guatemala (JF Dulles & United Fruit Co)

1954 – Rocky Marciano beats Ezzard Charles in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1956 – Golda Meir begins her term as Israel’s foreign minister

1958 – Radio Moscow reports execution of Hungarian ex-premier Imre Nagy

1958 – The Wooden Roller Coaster at Playland, which is in the Pacific National Exhibition, Vancouver, Canada opened, and is still open to this day

1960 – Ted Williams hit his 500th HR

1962 – Lou Brock is 2nd to HR into Polo Grounds right-center field bleachers

1963 – Supreme Court rules against Bible reading/prayer in public schools

1965 – 1st bombing by B-52 (50 km north of Saigon)

1965 – Kinks arrive in NYC beginning their 1st US tour

 

 

 

1966 – Peter Green joins John Mayall’s Bluebreakers

 

1967 – “Somebody To Love” by Jefferson Airplane peaks at #5

1967 – 1st Chinese hydrogen bomb explodes

1967 – China becomes world’s 4th thermonuclear (H-bomb) power

1967 – Longest doubleheader 9:15 (Tigers & Athletics)

1968 – Ohio Express’ “Yummy Yummy Yummy” goes gold

1969 – “Oh! Calcutta!” opens in NYC (almost entirely in the nude)

1970 – Edwin Land patents Polaroid camera

1970 – Led Zeppelin begins their last European tour

1972 – 5 arrested for burglarizing Democratic Party HQ at Watergate

1972 – Looking Glass releases “Brandy”

1972 – Five White House plumbers apprehended after second burglary of Democratic Natl HQ, Watergate

1973 – Russian party leader Brezhnev visits US

1978 – “Cheeseburger In Paradise” by Jimmy Buffett peaks at #32

1978 – Ron Guidry sets Yankee record with 18 strike-outs

1981 – Battle between Moslems & Christians in Cairo, 14 killed

1982 – Pres Reagan 1st UN Gen Assembly address (“evil empire” speech)

1982 – President Galtieri resigns after leading Argentina to defeat

1986 – Chief Justice Warren Earl Burger resigns Antonin Scalia nominated

1987 – With the death of the last individual, the Dusky Seaside Sparrow becomes extinct.

1988 – Microsoft releases MS DOS 4.0

1988 – Women sentenced to 90 years in 1st product tampering murder case

1991 – Country entertainer Minnie Pearl suffers a stroke at 78

1991 – Pres Zachary Taylors body is exhumed to test how he died

1993 – Indians’ Carlos Baerga hits 3 home runs against Detroit

1994 – OJ Simpson doesn’t turn himself in on murder charges, LA cops chase his Ford Bronco for 1½ hours, eventually gives up (seen live on TV)

Births

1239 – Edward I, King of England (1272-1307) subdued Wales, expelled Jews from England

1603 – Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint (d. 1663)

1682 – Charles XII, King of Sweden (1697-1718)

1691 – Giovanni Paolo Pannini, Italian painter and architect (d. 1765)

1704 – John Kay, English inventor (d. 1780)

1714 – Cesar F Cassini, de Thury, French astronomer (geodesic labor)

1718 – George Howard, British field marshal (d. 1796)

 

 

 

1742 – William Hooper, US attorney (signed Decl of Independence)

 

 

 

 

 

1811 – Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic independence fighter and Icelandic historian (d. 1879)

1817 – Thomas Maley Harris, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1906

1823 – John Henry Hobart Ward, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1903

1830 – Rochard Montgomery Gano, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1913

1832 – William Crookes, English chemist/physicist (Crookes-pipe, thallium)

1837 – Vincent Strong, civil war fighter, died in 1863

1861 – Omar Bundy, U.S. army general and soldier (d. 1940)

1867 – John Robert Gregg, Ireland, inventor (shorthand)

1870 – George Cormack, cereal inventor (Wheaties)

1880 – Carl Van Fight, US author/critic (Red, Nigger Heaven)

1880 – Carl Van Vechten, American writer and photographer (d. 1964)

1881 – Tommy Burns, Canadian boxer (d. 1955)

1882 – Igor F Stravinsky, Oranienbaum Russia, composer (Rite of Spring) [OS 05/06]

1888 – Heinz Guderian, German General (d. 1954)

1898 – Maurits C Escher, Dutch graphic artist

1898 – Carl Hermann, German physicist (d. 1961)

1900 – Martin Bormann, propoganda minister (Hitler)

1902 – Sammy Fain, American popular music composer (d. 1989)

 

 

 

1903 – Ruth Wakefield, inventor of the Toll House Cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie (d. 1977)

 

 

 

 

 

1904 – Ralph Bellamy, Chicago, actor (Air Mail, Dive Bomber, Trading Places)

1910 – Red Foley, Blue Lick Ky, country singer (Mr Smith Goes to Washington)

1914 – John R Hersey, author (Hiroshima, Bell for Adano, Wall)

1915 – Stringbean, [David Akeman], Ky, banjoist/comedian (Hee Haw)

1917 – Atle Selberg, Norwegian mathematician (d. 2007)

1920 – Beryl Reid, actress (Joseph Andrews, Psychomania, Yellowbeard)

1920 – Francois Jacob, France, biologist/bacteriologist (Nobel 1965)

1922 – Jerry Fielding, Pitts Pa, composer (Lively Ones, Hogan’s Heroes)

1923 – Elroy “Crazylegs” Hirsch, AAFC, NFL halfback, end (LA Rams)

1929 – Tigran Petrosyan, USSR, world chess champion (1963-69)

1930 – James Gathers, Sumter SC, 200m runner (Olympic-bronze-1952)

 

 

 

1933 – Harry Browne, American free-market libertarian writer, politician, and investment analyst (d. 2006)

 

 

 

 

 

1937 – Peter Lupus, actor (Mission Impossible)

1939 – Dickey Do, [Gerry Granahan], rocker (Dickey Doo & The Dont’s)

1940 – George Akerlof, American economist, Nobel laureate

1942 – Norman Kuhlice, England, rocker (Swinging Blue Jeans-You’re No Good)

1942 – Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian IAEA director, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize

1943 – Newt[on] L Gingrich, (Rep-R-G, 1979- /Speaker of House 1995-97)

1943 – Barry Manilow, New York City, American singer/pianist (Mandy, I Write the Songs)

1943 – Burt Rutan, American aerospace engineer

1944 – Bill Rafferty, comedian (Real People, Laugh-in ’77)

1944 – Chris Spedding, rocker

1945 – Eddy Merckx, Belgium, cyclist (5 time winner of Tour de France)

1945 – Tommy Franks, American General

1947 – George S. Clinton, American composer and musician

1951 – Joe Piscopo, Passaic NJ, comedian (SNL, Miller Lite commercials)

1957 – Philip Chevron, English pop musician (Pogues-Peace & Love)

1958 – Jello Biafra, American musician and activist

1958 – Bobby Farrelly, American film director

1960 – Thomas Haden Church, American actor

1963 – Greg Kinnear, actor/talk show host (Talk Soup, Sabrina, Later)

1964 – Diane Murphy, actress (Tabitha Stevens-Bewitched)

1964 – Erin Murphy, actress (Tabitha Stevens-Bewitched)

1964 – Michael Gross, West Germany, swimmer (Olympic-2 world records-1984)

1964 – Rinaldo Capello, Italian racing driver

1965 – Dan Jansen, West Allis Wisc, speed skater (Oly-gold-1984, 88, 92)

1965 – Kami Cotler, Long Beach California, actress (Elizabeth-Waltons)

1969 – Karen Nystrom, ice hockey forward (Canada, Oly-Silver-98)

1969 – Kevin Thornton, Amarillo, vocalist (Color Me Badd-Want to Sex You Up)

1970 – Michael Showalter, American comedian

1971 – Tripp Schwenk, US, 100m/200m backstroke (Olympics-silver-96)

1971 – Paulina Rubio, Mexican singer

1976 – Sven Nys, Belgian mountainbiker & cyclo-crosser

1980 – Brittney McConn, Largo Fla, figure skater (1997 Eastern Sr champ)

1980 – Venus Williams, Lynwood California, tennis star

Deaths

656 – Osman ibn Affan, 3rd kalief of Islam (644-56) murdered

676 – Adeodatus/Deusdedit II, Italian Pope (672-76), dies

855 – Leo IV, Italian Pope (847-55), dies

1091 – Dirk V, count of Holland (1061-91), dies

1119 – Boudouin VII with the Axe, earl of Flanders (1111-19), dies

1463 – Princess Catherine of Portugal, writer (b. 1436)

1565 – Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese shogun (b. 1536)

1678 – Giacomo Torelli, Italian stage designer, engineer and architect dies at 69

1696 – John III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), dies at 66

1734 – Duke of Berwick, French general strategist, dies in battle

1775 – Major John Pitcairn, British marine (killed in battle) (b. 1722)

1797 – Aga Mohammed Khan, cruel ruler of Persia, castrated & killed

1815 – Hammida, Algerian admiral, dies in battle

1821 – Martín Miguel de Güemes Argentine military leader (b. 1785)

1906 – Harry N Pillsbury, US chess player, dies

1938 – Peter Michael, CEO (Cray Electronics), dies

1939 – Eugene Weldman, last guillotined in France

1952 – Jack Parsons, American rocket-fuel pioneer and renegade occultist (b. 1914)

1956 – Bob Sweikert, American racing driver (b. 1926)

1961 – Jeff Chandler, [Ira Grossel], actor (Away all boats), dies at 40

1968 – José Nasazzi, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1901)

1981 – Richard O’Connor, British general (b. 1889)

1981 – Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (b. 1889)

1981 – Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, dies at 65

1984 – Swale, Kentucky Derby winner, collapses & dies

1986 – Kate Smith, singer (God Bless America), dies in Raleigh NC at 78

1989 – John Matusek, NFLer (Oak Raider)/actor, dies of a heart attack at 38

1992 – Dewey Balfa, bayou fiddler, dies at 65

1996 – Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (b. 1922)

2001 – Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1919)

2002 – Willie Davenport, American athlete (b. 1943)

2005 – Sam Loeb, comic book writer (b. 1988)

2005 – Karl Mueller, American bassist (Soul Asylum) (b. 1962)

2007 – Serena Wilson, American belly dancer (b. 1933)

2008 – Tsutomu Miyazaki, Japanese serial killer (b. 1962)

2008 – Cyd Charisse, American dancer and actress (b. 1922)

2009 – Darrell Powers, American World War II veteran of the United States 101st Airborne Division. (b. 1923)

2012 – Rodney King, African American motorist beaten by LA cop, dies at 47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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