Category: Education


Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1267 – Vienna’s church orders all Jews to wear a distinctive garb

1278 – Jews of England imprisoned on charges of coining

1291 – Scottish nobles recognize authority of English king Edward I

1427 – Jews are expelled from Berne Switzerland

1497 – Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci leaves for 1st voyage to the New World

1503 – Columbus discovers Cayman Islands

1534 – French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Newfoundland

1559 – Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen-mother Mary

1652 – John Johnson, a free black, is granted 550 acres in Northampton, Va

1655 – Jamaica captured by English

 

 

 

1676 – Bacon’s Rebellionfrontiersmen vs Virginia government begins

 

 

 

 

 

 

1752 – Benjamin Franklins 1st tests the lightning rod

1768 – John Wilkes is imprisoned for writing an article for The North Briton severely criticizing King George III. This action provokes rioting in London.

1775 – 2nd Continental Congress convenes in Pa issues paper currency for 1st time

1775 – 2nd Continental Congress names George Washington, supreme commander

 

 

 

1775 – Green Mountain Boys capture Fort Ticonderoga NYAmerican Revolution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1796 – Napoleon defeats Austria in Battle of Lodi Bridge

 

 

 

1797 – 1st Navy shipthe “United States,” is launched

 

 

 

 

 

 

1801 – First Barbary WarThe Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1823 – 1st steamboat to navigate the Mississippi River arrives at Ft Snelling

1824 – The National Gallery in London opens to the public in its temporary home in a townhouse on Pall Mall

1837 – Panic of 1837: New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels.

1849 – Pack destroys Astor Place opera house in NYC (22 killed)

 

 

 

1857 – Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys in Meerut

 

 

 

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of Plum Run Bend, TN (Plum Point Bend)

1864 – Battles at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia

1864 – Skirmish at Ny River Virginia

1865 – Jefferson Davis captured at Irwinsville Georgia

1865 – Surrender of Sam Jones

1869 – Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR

1870 – Jem Mace & defends his heavyweight crown against Irish champ Joe Coburn, it lasts 1 hr & 17 minutes, & neither is struck by a punch

1871 – Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war

1872 – Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US president

1876 – Centennial Fair opens in Philadelphia

1879 – Meteor falls near Estherville, Iowa

1889 – 17th Preakness: W Anderson aboard Buddhist wins in 2:17.5

1893 – 19th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Kunze aboard Lookout wins in 2:39.25

1905 – 31st Kentucky Derby: Jack Martin aboard Agile wins in 2:100.75

1908 – 1st Mother’s Day observed (Phila)

1910 – 1st aircraft air display held (Hendon, England)

1910 – 36th Kentucky Derby: Fred Herbert aboard Donau wins in 2:06.4

1910 – Comet Halley’s closest approach to Earth in 1910 pass

1913 – 39th Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Goose aboard Donerail wins in 2:04.8

1915 – Zeppelin drops hundred of bombs on Southend-on-Sea

1916 – Disastrous fire in Ellendale, ND

1917 – Atlantic ships get destroyer escorts to stop German attacks

1918 – HMS Vindictive sunk to block entrance of Ostend Harbor

1919 – 45th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 2:09.8

1919 – Race riot in Charleston SC, 2 blacks killed

1922 – The United States annexes the Kingman Reef.

1924 – J Edgar Hoover appointed head of FBI

1926 – 52nd Preakness: John Maiben aboard Display wins in 1:59.8

1929 – 55th Preakness: Louis Schaefer aboard Dr Freeland wins in 2:01.6

1930 – 1st US planetarium opens (Adler-Chicago)

1931 – Golf ball size hail falls in Burlington NJ

1933 – Nazis stage public book burnings in Germany

1933 – Paraguay declares war on Bolivia

1940 – British Local Defense Volunteers (Home Guard) forms

1940 – Nazi armies attack Netherlands, Belgium & Luxembourg

1940 – Winston Churchill succeeds Neville Chamberlain as British Prime Minister

1940 – World War II: The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in Kent.

1941 – 67th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Whirlaway wins in 1:58.8

1941 – Adolph Hitler’s deputy Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland

1941 – England’s House of Commons & Holborn Theater destroyed in a blitz

1944 – Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal

1945 – Allies capture Rangoon from the Japanese

1945 – Russian troops occupied Prague

1947 – 73rd Preakness: Doug Dodson aboard Faultless wins in 1:59

1948 – 1st attack by Egyptian irregular forces at Kfar Darom Israel

1956 – French government sends 50,000 reservists to Algeria

1959 – Soviet forces arrive in Afghanistan

1959 – Giants Jim Hearn allows 2 runs against Pirates, game is suspended, Hearn is released & charged with loss 2 months after his retirement

1960 – USS Nautilus completes 1st circumnavigation of globe under water

1963 – Decca signs Rolling Stones on advice of Beatle George Harrison

1966 – 25°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in May

1967 – Hank Aaron only inside the park HR (vs Jim Bunning)

1967 – Keith Richards, Brian Jones & Mick Jagger arrested on drug charges

1967 – Stockholm Vietnam-Tribunal declares US aggression in Vietnam/Cambodia

1968 – Vietnam peace talks began in Paris between the US & North Vietnam

1969 – Apollo 10 transmit 1st color pictures of Earth from space

1969 – Turtles play White House, Mark Volman falls off stage 5 times

 

 

 

1969 – US troops begin attack on Hill 937/Hamburger Hill

 

 

 

 

 

 

1972 – Overloaded South Korean bus plunges into reservoir, killing 77

1975 – Brian Oldfield of US put shot 75′, an unofficial record

1979 – Vivekananda (Sri Lanka) completes nonstop cycle ride of 187 hrs, 28 min, around Vihara Maha Devi Park, Colombo, Sri Lanka [From May 2]

1981 – Amy Alcott wins LPGA Lady Michelob Golf Tournament

1981 – Francois Mitterrand defeats Valery Giscard d’Estang for Pres of France

1982 – WABC joins ABC’s All Talk radio network

1983 – “Laverne & Shirley,” last airs on ABC-TV

1983 – Lee Chin Yong performs 170 continuous chin-ups in Seoul

1984 – Intl Court of Justice rules on US blockade of Nicaragua

1988 – Edgar Degas’ “Danseresje of 14” sold for $10,120,000

1989 – Gen Manuel Noriega’s government nullifies country’s elections, which the opposition had won by a 3-1 margin

1990 – French TGV-train hits record speed of 510.6 kph

1990 – Howard Stern holds a mock funeral for rival John DeBella

1993 – Fire in clothing factory at Bangkok, kills 145

1993 – Paul Cezannes still life sells for $28,600,000 in NYC

1994 – Nelson Mandela sworn in as South Africa’s 1st black president

1994 – Silvio Berlusconi forms Italian government with 5 neo-fascists

1995 – Britain lifts a 23-year ban on ministerial talks with Sinn Fein

1996 – 2 US Marine helicopters collided during joint US & British war games

1996 – Excel Communications, Inc. becomes the youngest company ever to join the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), trading under the symbol (ECI).

1997 – Chicago Cubs turn baseballs 68th triple play (vs SF Giants)

2001 – In Ghana, a stampede at a football game kills over 120 spectators.

2005 – A hand grenade which was thrown by Vladimir Arutyunian lands about 65 feet (20 metres) from U.S. President George W. Bush while he was giving a speech to a crowd in Tbilisi, Georgia, but it malfunctions and does not detonate.

2012 – The Red Cross suspends all humanitarian work in Pakistan after a worker was kidnapped and killed

2012 – Two bombings in Damascus, Syria, kill 55 people and injure 370

 

 

 

Births

1265 – Emperor Fushimi of Japan (d. 1317)

1536 – Thomas Howard, 4th duke of Norfolk, English Earl Marshall

1604 – Jean Mairet, French dramatist (d. 1686)

1724 – Johan A Zoutman, Dutch lt-admiral (battle of Doggersbank)

 

1730 – George RossUS judge (signed Declaration of Independence)

 

 

 

 

1746 – Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)

1769 – Jean Lannes, duc de Montebello, Marshal of France

1770 – Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal (defeated Prussians)

1775 – Robert Gray, Sea Captain (d. 1806)

1788 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, optics pioneer/physicist

1810 – James Shields, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1879

1813 – Montgomery Blair, Franklin County Ky, lawyer (Dred Scot V Sandford)

1824 – Charles Henry Van Wyck, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895

1830 – Francois M Raoult, French physicist/chemist (law of Raoult)

1838 – John Wilkes Booth, American stage actor and assassin (President Lincoln)

1850 – Thomas Johnstone Lipton, Glasgow, yachtsman/tea magnate (Lipton Tea)

1873 – Jan Kalf, literary/art historian (Preservation of museums)

1888 – Max[imilian Raoul Walter] Steiner, Vienna, composer (Gone With Wind)

 

 

 

1894 – Dimitri TiomkinRussiacomposer (Acad Award 1954High & Mighty)(d. 1979)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1898 – Ariel Durant, writer (Story of Civilization)

1899 – Fred Astaire, Omaha Neb, tap dancer/actor (Easter Parade, Swingtime)

1902 – David O Selznick, Pittsburgh Pa, producer (Gone With the Wind)

1903 – Kay Petre, early racing driver

1904 – David Brown, CEO (Aston Martin Lagonda)

1905 – Angus Paton, civil engineer

1910 – Margot Turner, matron-in-chief (Army Nursing Service)

1912 – Harold Myers, film journalist

1915 – Denis Thatcher, husband of British PM Margaret (1979-90)

1916 – Milton Babbitt, US mathematician/composer (Widow’s Lament)

1918 – George Welch, American pilot (d. 1954)

1921 – Nancy Walker, Phila, Bounty ads/actress (Rhoda, McMillan & Wife)

1925 – Edward Fursdon, British Maj-Gen (defense council)

1930 – Pat Summerall, NFLer (NY Giants)/sportscaster (CBS)

1930 – Scott Muni, American radio DJ (d. 2004)

1933 – Barbara Taylor Bradford, author

1934 – William Lithgow, Scottish industrialist/multi-millionaire

1935 – Henry Fambrough, US singer (Spinners)

1936 – Anthony Mullens, British Lt-Gen (Deputy chief of defense)

1936 – Gary Owens, Mitchell SD, disc jockey/TV host (Laugh In, Gong Show)

1936 – Michael Stone, English broker/multi-millionaire (Man Group)

1936 – Trevor Clay, Gen-Sec (Royal College of Nursing)

1938 – Peter Davies, Major-General/Director-General (RSPCA)

1940 – Taurean Blacque, actor (Neal Washington-Hill Street Blues)

1940 – Wayne A. Downing, retired United States Army general

1941 – Win Bischoff, CEO (Schroders)

1943 – Richard Darman, American economist

 

 

 

1946 – Dave MasonWorcester Englandsinger/songwriter (We Just Disagree)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1946 – Donovan, Scottish musician

1947 – Jay Ferguson, Burbank California, rocker (Spirit-I Got A Line on You)

1947 – Paul Nicholas Young, architect

1952 – Kikki Danielsson, Swedish singer

1953 – Tito Santana, Mexican-American professional wrestler

1955 – Chris Berman, sportscaster (ESPN)

1955 – Mark David Chapman, assassin (John Lennon)

1957 – Sid Vicious, [John Simon Ritchie], England, bassist (Sex Pistols)

1957 – Phil Mahre, Yakima Wash, twin alpine slalom skier (Oly-gold/silver-80, 84)

1957 – Steve Mahre, Yakima Wash, twin alpine slalom skier (Oly-Silver-80, 84)

1960 – Bono [Paul Hewson], Dublin, Ireland, rocker (U2-Joshua Tree)

1960 – Merlene Ottey, Jamaican/Italian running star (Olympics)

1960 – Victoria Rowell, Portland ME, actress (Drucilla-Young & Restless)

1961 – Teri Copley, Arcadia California, actress (Mickey-We’ve Got it Made)

1963 – Lisa M Nowak, Wash DC, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut

1965 – Linda Evangelista, St Catherines Canada, model (Elite)

1966 – Jonathan Edwards, Britain, triple jumper (Olympics-gold/silver-92, 96)

1968 – Julie Smith, Glendora California, softball infielder (Olympics-gold-96)

 

 

 

1969 – John ScalziAmerican science fiction  writer

 

 

 

 

 

 

1975 – Hélio Castroneves, Brazilian race car driver

1976 – Rob Malda, American internet writer/editor (Slashdot)

1977 – Amanda Borden, Cincinnati Ohio, gymnast (World-silv-94, Oly-gold-96)

1977 – Nick Heidfeld, German Formula 1 driver

2004 – The Gosselin Sextuplets

 

 

 

Deaths

238 – Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus, the Thracian, Roman Emperor, murdered

995 – Boudouin, bishop of Utrecht

1290 – Duke Rudolph II of Austria (b. 1271)

1424 – Go-Kameyama, Emperor of Japan

1493 – Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, Scottish politician

1566 – Leonhard Fuchs, German botanist, dies at 65

1641 – Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (b. 1596)

1653 – John Bicker, ship builder/merchant/regent, dies at 61

1657 – Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician (b. 1592)

1691 – Colonel John Birch, English soldier (b. 1615)

1726 – Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier (b. 1670)

1737 – Nakamikado Emperor of Japan (b. 1702)

1774 – Louis XV, king of France (1715-74), dies at 64

1787 – William Watson, English physician and scientist (b. 1715)

1792 – John Stevens, American delegate to the Continental Congress

1794 – Elisabeth PMH, princess of France, beheaded at 30

1798 – George Vancouver, British explorer, (Voyage of Discovery), dies at 40

 

 

 

1807 – Comte de RochambeauFrench soldier (b. 1725)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1818 – Paul RevereAmerican patriotdies

 

 

 

 

 

 

1829 – Thomas Young, physicist/decipherer of Egyptian hierogolyphics, dies

 

 

 

1863 – Thomas Jackson, “Stonewall“, Confederate general (Civil War), dies at 39

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – James Clay Rice, lawyer/Union brig-general, dies in battle at 34

1864 – Thomas Greeley Stevenson, Union brig-general, dies at about 27

1897 – Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader (b. 1863)

1904 – Henry M Stanley, [John Rowlands], British explorer, dies

1920 – John Wesley Hyatt, inventor/plastics pioneer, dies

1943 – Andre Bertulot, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged

1943 – Arnaud/Armand Fraiteur, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged

1943 – Maurice-Albert Raskin, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged

1955 – Tommy Burns, Canadian boxer (b. 1881)

1963 – Gene “Big Daddy” Lipscomb, American football player (b. 1931)

1967 – Lorenzo Bandini, Italian racing driver, (b. 1935)

1977 – Joan Crawford, actress (Mildred Pierce), dies at 69

1982 – Jean C M Picart le Doux, French designer, dies

1989 – Woody Shaw, American jazz musician (b. 1944)

1990 – Walker Percy, physician/novelist (Lancelot), dies of cancer at 73

1992 – Joan Merrill, vocalist, dies of a stroke at 74

1992 – Sylvia Sims, singer (Flower Drum Song), dies of a heart attack at 74

1994 – John Wayne Gacy, mass murderer, executed in Illinois at 52

1995 – Jimmy Raney, jazz guitarist, dies at 67

1997 – Joanie Weston, roller derby queen (Bay Bombers), dies at 61

1999 – Shel Silverstein, American poet and composer (b. 1930)

2001 – Deborah Walley, American actress (b. 1943)

2006 – A. M. Rosenthal, American newspaper editor (b. 1922)

2006 – Soraya, Colombian-American singer (b. 1969)

2010 – Frank Frazetta, American artist (b. 1928)

2011 – Michael Baze, American horse racing jockey (b. 1987)

2012 – Evelyn Johnson, American pilot, dies at 102

 

 

 

2012 – Carroll ShelbyAmerican automobile designerdies at 89

 

Ford Shelby GR-1 Concept

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1457 BC – Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC) between Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Kadesh. It is the first battle to have been recorded in what is accepted as relatively reliable detail.

1012 BC – Solar Eclipse seen at Ugarit, 6:09-6:39 PM.

328 – Athanasius is elected Patriarch bishop of Alexandria.

1092 – Lincoln Cathedral consecrated

1336 – Italian poet Francesco Petrarca climbs Mont Ventoux

1386 – Treaty of Windsor between Portugal-England

1450 – ‘Abd al-Latif (Timurid monarch) is assassinated.

1460 – Court yard episcopal palace Atrecht has witch burnings

1502 – Columbus left Spain on his 4th & final trip to New World

1519 – Austrian adel/burgerij in uprising against central government

1671 – Col Thomas Blood attempts to steal Crown Jewels

1726 – Five men arrested during a raid on Mother Clap’s molly house in London are executed at Tyburn.

1754 – 1st newspaper cartoon in America-divided snake “Join or Die”

1766 – John Byron back in England after trip around the world

1785 – British inventor Joseph Bramah patents beer-pump handle

1837 – “Sherrod” burns in Mississippi River below Natchez Miss; 175 dies

1846 – Battle of Resaca de la Palma-US sends Mexico back to Rio Grande

1862 – Battle of Farmington, MS

1862 – Battle of Ft Pickens, FL (Pensacola), evacuated by CS

1862 – US Naval Academy relocated from Annapolis MD to Newport, RI

1864 – -20] Skirmish at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia

1864 – Battle of Cloyd’s Mt, & Swift Creek, VA (Drewery’s Bluff, Ft Darling)

1864 – Battle of Dalton, GA

1868 – The city of Reno, Nevada, is founded.

1877 – Mihail Kogălniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania.

1882 – Telegraph Hill RR Co organized

1887 – Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show opens in London.

1889 – 15th Kentucky Derby: Thomas Kiley aboard Spokane wins in 2:34.50

1896 – 1st horseless carriage show in London (featured 10 models)

1899 – Lawn mower patented

1904 – The steam locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine to exceed 100mph.

1913 – 17th amendment provides for election of senators by popular vote

1914 – 40th Kentucky Derby: John McCabe aboard Old Rosebud wins in 2:03.4

1914 – Pres Wilson proclaims Mother’s Day

1915 – German & French fight Battle of Artois

1916 – British-France Sykes-Picot meet over division of Turkey

1926 – Richard Byrd & Floyd Bennett make 1st flight over North Pole

1927 – 53rd Preakness: Whitey Abel aboard Bostonian wins in 2:01.6

1930 – 56th Preakness: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:00.6

1931 – 57th Preakness: George Ellis aboard Mate wins in 1:59

1932 – 58th Preakness: Eugene James aboard Burgoo King wins in 1:59.8

1932 – Piccadilly Circus, 1st lit by electricity

1936 – Italy takes Addis Abba, annexing Absynnia (Ethiopia)

1939 – Catholic church beatified the 1st Native American, Kateri Tekakwitha

1941 – English Army breaks German spy codes

1942 – 68th Preakness: Basil James aboard Alsab wins in 1:57

1943 – 5th German Pantser army surrenders in Tunisia

1944 – 1st eye bank opens in New York

1944 – Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol

1945 – Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (Natl Day)

1945 – New balata ball used in baseball, 50% livilier

1945 – Norwegian nazi collaborators Vidkun Quisling arrested

1945 – Victory celebration at Red Square

1945 – World War II: Partisans liberate Ljubljana.

1945 – World War II: Hermann Göring is captured by the United States Army.

1951 – Air raid on Chinese positions at Yalu River

1956 – First ascent of Manaslu, the world’s eighth-highest mountain.

1960 – US is 1st country to use the birth control pill legally

1960 – US send U-2 over USSR

1962 – Beatles sign their 1st contract with EMI Parlophone

1962 – Laser beam successfully bounced off Moon for 1st time

1967 – 1st flight of Fokker F-28 Fellowship

1970 – 100,000s demonstrate against Vietnam War

1973 – For 2nd time, Johnny Bench hits 3 HRs in a game

1974 – House Judiciary Committee begin formal hearings on Nixon impeachment

1975 – Brian Oldfield shot puts 22.86 m (world record)

1977 – Patty Hearst let out of jail

1978 – Corpse of kidnapped ex-premier Aldo Moro found

1982 – “9” opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 739 performances

1984 – Alexander Calder’s “Big Crinkly” sells for $852,000

1984 – Chicago White Sox beat Milwaukee Brewers, 7-6, in 25 inn (started 5/8)

1984 – White Sox & Brewers play 8:06, game, longest timed baseball game

1989 – NY Mets Kevin Elster, errors after 88 errorless games at shortstop

1989 – NY Mets Rick Cerone, errors after 159 errorless games as catcher

1990 – NY Newsday reporter Jimmy Breslin suspended for a racial slur

1990 – Sampdoria wins 30th Europe Cup II

1992 – America Cup finals begin in San Diego

1992 – Final episode of “Golden Girls” airs on NBC-TV

1992 – Armenian forces capture Shusha, marking a major turning point in the Karabakh War.

1994 – Mass murderer Joel Rifkind found guilty in NY

1995 – Kinshasa, Zaire under quarantine after an outbreak of Ebola virus

1997 – 1st US ambassador since Saigon fell arrives in Vietnam

2001 – In Ghana 129 football fans die in what became known as the Accra Sports Stadium Disaster. The deaths were caused by a stampede (caused by the firing of teargas by police personnel at the stadium)that followed a controversial decision by the referee handling a crucial match between arch-rivals Accra Hearts of Oak and Kumasi Asante Kotoko.

2002 – The 38-day stand-off in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem comes to an end when the Palestinians inside agree to have 13 suspected militants among them deported to several different countries.

2002 – In Kaspiysk, Russia, a remote-controlled bomb explodes during a holiday parade killing 43 and injuring at least 130.

2004 – Chechen president Akhmad Kadyrov is killed in a land mine bomb blast under a VIP stage during a World War II memorial victory parade in Grozny, Chechnya.

2005 – Liberal commentary website The Huffington Post is launched

2012 – Mark Rothko’s “Orange, Red, Yellow” becomes the most expensive contemporary art piece to be sold at auction for $86.9 million dollars

 

 

 

Births

1147 – Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese shogun (d. 1199)

1265 – Dante Alighieri, Italian poet (Divina Commedia)

1596 – Abraham van Diepenbeeck, painter

1738 – John Pindar, [Peter], physician/poet

1740 – Giovanni Paisiello, Italian composer (Barber of Seville)

1783 – Alexander Ross, Canada, pioneer/fur trader

1785 – James Pollard Espy, Penns, meteorologist (Philosphy of Storms)

1800 – John Brown, Torrington, Connecticut, American revolutionary abolitionist (d. 1859)

1810 – Louis Gallait, historical painter

1824 – William Edmonson “Grumble” Jones, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

1837 – Adam Opel, German manufacturer (cycling, motorcars)

1843 – Belle Boyd, spy (Confederate)/actress/lecturer

1860 – James Matthew (J.M.) Barrie, Scotland, novelist (Margaret Ogilvy, Peter Pan). Dies 1937.

1873 – Howard Carter, London, British archaeologist and egyptologist (found King Tutankhamen’s tomb)

1882 – Henry J Kaiser, builder (Liberty Ships, Jeeps, Boulder Dam)

1886 – Francis Biddle, United States Attorney General (d. 1968)

1910 – Barbara Woodhouse, dog training expert

1912 – Pedro Armendariz, Mexico, actor (From Russia With Love)

1913 – John Hayes, Admiral

1913 – Victor Smith, Admiral (Australian Chiefs of Staff)

1914 – Hank Snow, Nova Scotia Canada, country singer (I Went to Your Wedding)

1914 – Theodore Kheel, labor negotiator (Fair Employment Practices)

1915 – Richard Janvrin, British vice admiral

1918 – Mike Wallace, Brookline Mass, newscaster (Biography, 60 Minutes), (d. 2012)

1921 – Daniel Berrigan, American peace activist

1923 – Johnny Grant, American radio personality, television producer (d. 2008)

1927 – John McDermott, Lord Justice of Appeal (Northern Ireland)

1927 – Manfred Eigen, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 1967)

1928 – Barbara Ann Scott, Ottawa Ontario, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1948), (d. 2012)

1928 – Richard A “Pancho” Gonzalez, LA California, tennis star (US 1948-49)

1935 – Nokie Edwards, American guitarist (The Ventures)

1936 – Albert Finney, Salford UK, actor (Dresser, Under the Volcano)

1936 – Glenda Jackson, Cheshire England, actress (Women in Love)

1937 – Dave Prater, Ocilla Ga, rock vocalist (Sam & Dave)

1937 – Sonny Curtis, Texas, guitarist (Crickets)

1938 – Nokie Edwards, rocker (Ventures)

1939 – Ralph Boston, Laurel Miss, long jumper (Oly-gold/sil/brz-60, 64, 68)

1940 – James L Brooks, producer/director (Broadcast News, Taxi, Critic)

1941 – Pete Birrell, rock bassist (Freddie & The Dreamers)

1942 – Tommy Roe, Atlanta, rocker (Hooray for Hazel)

1944 – Richard Furay, Ohio, rock vocalist (Buffalo Springfield, Poco)

1945 – Steve Katz, NYC, rock guitarist/vocalist (Blood, Sweat & Tears)

1946 – Candice Bergen, Beverly Hills, actr (Carnal Knowledge, Murphy Brown)

1948 – Hans Georg Bock, German mathematician

1949 – Billy Joel, Bronx, rock vocalist (Pianoman, Capt Jack, Bridge)

1950 – Tom Petersson, Rockford Il, rock bassist (Cheap Trick)

1951 – Alley Mills, Chicago Ill, actress (Norma Arnold-Wonder Years)

1957 – Fred Markham, 1st man to pedal a bike 65 mph

1958 – Esko Rechardt, Finland, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1980)

1961 – Rene Capo, Pinal del Rio Cuba, half-heavyweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1962 – Dave Gahan, Essex, rock vocalist (Depeche Mode-Dreaming of Me)

1962 – John Corbett, actor/singer (Chris-Northern Exposure)

1962 – Paul Heaton, rocker (Housemartins-Happy Hour, Over There)

1964 – Miloslav Mecir, Czechoslovakia, tennis player (Olympic-gold-1988)

1965 – Ken Nomura, Japanese racing driver

1965 – Janu Tornell, American model and Survivor contestant

1968 – Marie-Jose Perec, Guadeloupe, French 200m/400m runner (Oly-2 gold-96)

1976 – Faye Johnstone, Auckland NZ, archer (Olympics-96)

1979 – Rosario Dawson, American actress

1979 – Pierre Bouvier, Canadian musician (Simple Plan)

1980 – Tony Schmidt, German racing driver

1988 – John Ryan Fitzpatrick, Canadian race truck driver

 

 

Deaths

1079 – Stanislaus, Polish bishop of Cracow, murdered

1280 – Magnus VI Lagaboeter, King of Norway (1263-80), dies at 42

1315 – Hugh V, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1282)

1443 – Niccolo d’Albergati, Italian cardinal, dies

1446 – Mary of Enghien, Queen of Naples (b. 1368)

1460 – Jean Lavite, Atrechts painter, dies

1474 – Peter van Hagenbach, Elzasser knight/land guardian, beheaded

1590 – Karel “Cardinal” van Bourbon, archbishop of Rouen, dies at 66

1657 – William Bradford, Governor (Plymouth Colony, Mass), dies

1747 – John Dalrymple, 2nd Earl of Stair, Scottish soldier and diplomat (b. 1673)

1790 – William Clingan, American delegate to the Continental Congress

1791 – Francis Hopkinson, US writer/music/lawyer, dies at 53

1850 – Louis-Joseph Gay-Lussac, chemist/physicist, dies

1864 – “Uncle” John Sedgwick, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 50

1864 – Thomas Donnely Doubleday, US Union Col, dies in an accident

1889 – William S. Harney, U.S. general (b. 1800)

1914 – C.W. Post, American food manufacturer (b. 1854)

1931 – A[lbert] A[braham] Michelson, US physicist (1907 Nobel), dies at 78

1937 – Walter Mittelholzer, Swiss aviation pioneer, dies in crash at 43

1938 – Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist (b. 1866)

1965 – Leopold Figl, premier Austria, dies at 62

1968 – Mercedes de Acosta, American poet, playwright, costume designer, and socialite (b. 1893)

1970 – Walter P Reuther, US worker’s union leader/president (CIO), dies

1977 – James Jones, US writer (Bad Blood, From Here to Eternity), dies at 55

1978 – Aldo Moro, 5 times PM of Italy, assassinated by the Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization Red Brigades at 61

1981 – Nelson Algren, US writer (Man with the Golden Arm), dies at 72

1985 – Edmond O’Brien, actor (Moon Pilot, Wild Bunch), dies at 69

1986 – Herschel Bernardi, actor (Lt Jacoby-Peter Gunn, Arnie), dies at 62

1986 – Tenzing Norgay, Tibetan climber (Mount Everest 1953), dies at 71

1989 – Keith Whitley, country singer (Don’t Close Your Eyes), dies at 33

1992 – Mike Tyrell [Red Baron], British air acrobat, dies in an accident

1994 – Elias Motsoaledi, South African freedom fighter (b. 1924)

1998 – Alice Faye, American actress (b. 1915)

2004 – Alan King, American comedian (b. 1927)

2007 – Dwight Wilson, second-to-last Canadian WWI veteran (b. 1901)

2010 – Lena Horne, American singer and actress (b. 1917)

2012 – Vidal Sassoon, British hairdresser and businessman, dies from leukemia at 84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

535 – John II ends his reign as Catholic Pope

589 – Reccared summons the Third Council of Toledo

615 – St Boniface IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope

685 – St Benedict II ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1360 – Treaty of Brétigny signed by English & French

1429 – French troops under Joan of Arc rescues Orleans

1450 – Jack Cade’s Rebellion-Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI

1521 – Parliament of Worms installs edict against Marten Luther

1541 – Hernando de Soto discovers Mississippi River

1639 – William Coddington founds Newport RI

1784 – Only known deaths by hailstones in US (Winnsborough SC)

1792 – British Capt George Vancouver sights, names Mt Rainier, Wash

1792 – US establishes military draft

1823 – “Home Sweet Home” 1st sung (London)

1840 – Alexander Wolcott patents Photographic Process

 

 

 

1846 – 1st major battle of Mexican War fought at Palo Alto Texas

 

 

 

 

 

 

1847 – Robert Thompson patents rubber tire

1861 – Richmond Va, is named the capital of the Confederacy

1862 – Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell Va

1864 – Actions at Stony Creek/Nottoway bridge Virginia (Drewry’s Bluff)

1864 – Atlanta Campaign: Severe fighting near Dalton

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Spotsylvania Court House begins

 

 

 

 

 

 

1877 – 1st Westminster Dog Show held

1878 – 1st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines

1879 – George Selden files for 1st patent for a gasoline-driven automobile

1881 – Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolian monarch

1885 – Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl

1886 – Jacob’s Pharmacy in Atlanta sells 1st Coca-Coke (contained cocaine)

1895 – China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki

1897 – 22nd Preakness: T Thorpe aboard Paul Kauvar wins in 1:51¼

1900 – 250 grave robbers shot to death

1902 – Mt Pelee erupts, wipes out St Pierre, Martinique, kills 30,000

1907 – Tommy Burns beats Jack O’Brien in 20 for heavyweight boxing title

1914 – Paramount Pictures is formed.

1915 – 41st Kentucky Derby: Joe Notter aboard Regret wins in 2:05.4

1916 – German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes

1919 – 1st transatlantic flight take-off by a navy seaplane

1919 – Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later results in the creation of Remembrance Day.

1920 – 46th Kentucky Derby: Ted Rice aboard Paul Jones wins in 2:09

1921 – Sweden abolished capital punishment

1925 – 51st Preakness: Clarence Kummer aboard Coventry wins in 1:59

1926 – 1st flight over North Pole (Bennett & Byrd)

1926 – Fire breaks out in Fenway Park

1937 – 63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins 2:03.2

1942 – Aircraft carrier Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack at Coral Sea

1943 – 69th Preakness: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 1:57.4

1943 – Adm Cunningham of Brit fleet: “Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass”

1945 – Gen Von Keitel surrenders to Marshal Zhukov

1945 – V-E Day; Germany signs unconditional surrender, WW II ends in Europe

1946 – The Estonian school girls Aili Jõgi and Ageeda Paavel blow up the Soviet memorial that preceded the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn.

1950 – Chiang Kai-shek asks US for weapons

1951 – Dacron men’s suits introduced

1952 – Mad Magazine debuts

1958 – Pres Eisenhower orders National Guard out of Central HS, Little Rock

1958 – VP Nixon is shoved, stoned, booed & spat upon by protesters in Peru

1959 – 3-deck Nile excursion steamer springs a leak panicking passengers who capsized ship. 200 drown just yards from shore

1961 – 1st practical sea water conversion plant-Freeport Texas

1961 – Alan Shepard receives NASA Distinguished Service Medal, Washington

1962 – “Funny Thing Happened” opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 965 perfs

1962 – 1st Atlas Centaur Launch

1963 – “Dr No” premieres in US

1963 – JFK offers Israel assistance against aggression

1965 – 1st shut put over 70′ (Randy Matson 70′ 7″)

1966 – Only HR ever hit out of Baltimore’s Memorial Park (Frank Robinson)

1967 – Muhammad Ali is indicted for refusing induction in US Army

1968 – Jim (Catfish) Hunter of Oakland pitches perfect game vs Twins (4-0)

1968 – Pulitzer prize awarded to William Styron (Confessions of Nat Turner)

1970 – Beatles release “Let it Be” album

1970 – Construction workers break up an anti-war rally in NYC’s Wall Street

1972 – Sabena aircraft at Lod Intl, Tel Aviv, captured by Palestinians

 

 

 

1973 – Indians holding SD hamlet of Wounded Knee for 10 weeks surrender

 

 

 

 

 

 

1974 – 50 MPH speed limit in Britain lifted

1976 – The rollercoaster Revolution (roller coaster), the first steel coaster with a vertical flip, opens at Six Flags Magic Mountain

1977 – David Berkowitz pleads guilty in “Son of Sam” 44-caliber shootings

1980 – World Health Organization announced smallpox had been eradicated

1984 – Thames Barrier to stop flooding in London officially completed

1984 – USSR announces it will not participate in LA Summer Olympics

1987 – Gary Hart quits democratic presidential race (Donna Rice affair)

 

 

 

1987 – The Loughgall ambushThe SAS kill 8 IRA members and 1 civilianin Loughgall, Northern Ireland.

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – Cuyahoga County voters approve sin tax to build Cleveland Gateway

1990 – Reindependence Day of Estonia

1991 – CIA director William H Webster resigns

1993 – Lennox Lewis beats Tony Tucker in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

 

 

 

1993 – 16 year old Keron Thomas disguises himself as a motorman & takes NYC subway train & 2,000 passengers on a 3 hour ride

 

 

 

 

 

1994 – 500th commentary by Andy Rooney on 60 Minutes

1994 – Pres Clinton announces US will no longer repatriate boat people

1999 – Nancy Mace becomes the first female cadet to graduate from The Citadel military college.

2005 – The new Canadian War Museum opens, in commemoration of the 60th anniversary of V-E Day.

2010 – The last piece of Yankee Stadium falls in the Bronx, New York, marking the end of the two year demolition process.

 

 

 

Births

1326 – Joanna I of Auvergne, queen of France (d. 1360)

1460 – Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (d. 1536)

1492 – Andreas Alciatus, [Giovanni Andrea-Alciato], Italian lawyer

1521 – Peter Canisius, [Pieter de Hondt/Kanijs], jesuit/saint

1587 – Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1637)

1629 – Niels Juel, Danish admiral (d. 1697)

1670 – Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier (d. 1726)

 

 

 

1737 – Edward GibbonEnglandhistorian (Decline & Fall of Roman Empire)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1738 – Mikhail Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1809)

1753 – Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla, father of Mexican independence

1786 – Thomas Hancock, founded British rubber industry

1810 – James Cooper, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863

1821 – William Henry Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1885)

 

 

 

1824 – William Walkerfilibuster/president of Nicaragua (1856-57)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1828 – Jean Henri Dunant, Switz, writer/founder (Red Cross, YMCA, Nobel 1901)

1829 – Louis Moreau Gottschalk, 1st internationally recognized US pianist

1833 – Frank Wheaton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1903

1836 – Bryan Morel Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1905

1846 – Oscar Hammerstein, Germany, opera/playwright (Kohinoor)

 

 

 

1884 – Harry TrumanLamar Missouri33rd US President (D) (1945-1953), (d. 1972)

 

Harry_S_Truman,_bw_half-length_photo_portrait,_facing_front,_1945

 

 

 

 

1895 – Edmund Wilson, American critic/writer (Patriotic Gore)

1895 – Fulton J Sheen, El Paso Ill, bishop (Life is Worth Living)

1895 – Jose Gomez, [Joselito el Gallo], bullfighter

1895 – James H. “Dutch” Kindelberger, American aerospace pioneer (d. 1962)

 

 

 

1899 – Friedrich August von HayekAust/British economist (Road to Serfdom)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1902 – Andre Michel Lwoff, physiologist

1906 – Roberto Rossellini, Rome Italy, director (Open City)

 

 

 

1911 – Robert Johnsonblues singer (King of Delta Blues Singer)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1916 – Gordon Scarrott, engineer

1916 – João Havelange, Brazilian industrialist

1921 – Saul Bass, designer

1926 – David Attenborough, producer/TV host/scientist

 

 

 

1926- Don RicklesQueens NYcomedian (Don Rickles ShowCPO Sharkey)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1928 – Theodore Sorenson, presidential advisor (JFK)/author (1000 Days)

1932 – Sonny Liston, American heavyweight boxer (d. 1970)

1935 – Salome Jens, Milwaukee Wisc, actress (From Here to Eternity)

1936 – Neville Purvis, British vice admiral (Chief of Fleet Support)

1937 – Daniel Robberechts, Belgian writer (Labia Majora)

1937 – Thomas Pynchon, novelist (V)

1939 – Otis Paul Drayton, Glen Cove NY, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1964)

1940 – Peter Benchley, NYC, novelist (Jaws, The Deep), (d. 2006)

1940 – Ricky Nelson, NJ, rock star (Hello Mary Lou, It’s Late, Garden Party)

1941 – James A Traficant Jr, (Rep-D-OH, 1985- )

1942 – Angel Cordero Jr, Santurce PR, jockey (Seattle Slew) [or Nov 8]

1942 – Euclid “Motorhead” Sherwood, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)

1943 – Paul Samwell-Smith, rocker (Yardbirds-For Your Love)

1943 – Rick Samwell-Smith, rocker (Yardbirds-For Your Love)

1943 – Toni Tennille, Montgomery Ala, female Beachboy (Capt & Tennille)

1944 – Gary Glitter, [Paul Gadd], England, rocker (Rock & Roll Part II)

 

 

 

1945 – Keith Jarrettjazz musician/film composer (Nachtfahrer)

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1947 – Phil Sawyer, rocker (Spencer Davis Group)

1947 – Rick Zehringer, Ohio, rocker (McCoys)

1951 – Chris Frantz, Ky, rock drummer (Talking Heads, Tom Tom Club)

1951 – Philip Bailey, rocker (Earth Wind & Fire-Shining Star, Easy Lover)

1952 – Charles J Camarda, NYC, PhD/astronaut

1953 – Alex Van Halen, Amsterdam The Netherlands, Dutch drummer (Van Halen)

1955 – Stephen Furst, Norfolk Va, actor (Animal House, Elliot-St Elsewhere)

1956 – Jeff Madrigali, Walnut Creek California, soling yachter (Olymp-bronze-96)

1957 – Deana Deardruff, US, 4 X 100m swimmer (Olympic-gold-1972)

1959 – Ronnie Lott, Albuquerque, NM, NFL defensive back (SF 49er)

1961 – Akira Taue, Japanese professional wrestler

1964 – Melissa Gilbert Brinkman, LA, actress (Little House on the Prairie)

1964 – Peter Gill, rocker (Frankie Goes to Hollywood-Relax) [or Mar/Jan 8]

1970 – Christine Stark, Winnipeg Manitoba, volleyballer (Olympics-96)

1973 – Hiromu Arakawa, Japanese artist

1975 – Enrique Iglesias, Madrid, Spanish singer-songwriter and King of Latin Pop (Bailamos, Hero)

1976 – Martha Wainwright, Canadian musician and songwriter

1978 – Josie Maran, American model

1981 – Björn Dixgård, Swedish guitarist

 

 

 

Deaths

535 – John, [Mercurius], Italian Pope (533-35), dies

685 – Benedict II, Italian Pope (683-85), dies

1192 – Duke Ottokar IV of Styria (b. 1163)

1278 – Emperor Duanzong of China (b. 1268)

1319 – Haakon V, King of Norway (1299-1319), dies

1473 – John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English politician (b. 1420)

1538 – Edward Fox, English bishop

1672 – Jean-Armand du Peyrer, Comte de Tréville and French Officer (b. 1598)

1684 – Henri Dumont, composer, dies

1725 – John Lovewell, US indian fighter, dies in battle

1773 – Ali Bey Al-Kabir, Egyptian Mameluk head, dies (b. 1728)

1788 – Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian-born physician and naturalist (b. 1723)

1794 – Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, chemist (identified oxygen), guillotined

1819 – Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819)

1842 – Jules Dumont d’Urville, French explorer (b. 1790)

1864 – James Samuel Wadsworth, gen-mjr (Union), dies in battle at 56

 

 

 

1873 – John Stuart Millgreat Empiricist philosopherdies at 66

 

John Stuart Mill

 

 

 

 

1876 – Truganini, last originating Tasmanian, dies

1880 – Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (b. 1821)

1887 – Alexander Ulyanov, brother of Lenin/hanged for assassination of tsar

1903 – Eugene-Henri-Paul Gauguin, French painter (Tahiti), dies

1904 – Eadweard Muybridge, English photographer (horse trot), dies

1915 – Henry McNeal Turner, 1 US black army chaplain, dies at 82

1936 – Oswald Spengler, German philosopher (Underworld of Abendlandes), dies

1943 – Mordicai Anielewicz, commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, killed

1947 – Harry Gordon Selfridge, American-born department store founder (b. 1858)

1960 – J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (b. 1904)

1967 – Laverne Andrews, singer (Andrews Sisters), dies at 51

1969 – Remington Kellogg, American naturalist (b. 1892)

1974 – Graham Bond, rocker, dies jumping under a train

1975 – Avery Brundage, CEO (Intl Olympic Committee, 1952-72), dies at 87

1976 – Ulrike Meinhof, lead Germany Red Army Faction, dies

1982 – Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian auto racer, dies in an accident

1985 – Edmond O’Brien, actor (Sam Benedict), dies of Alzheimer’s at 69

 

 

 

1988 – Robert A Heinleinsci-fi writer (Friday), dies of heart failure at 80

 

 

 

 

 

 

1991 – Ronnie Brody, British actor (Superman 3, What’s Up Nurse), dies at 72

1994 – George Peppard, actor (Breakfast at Tiffanys, A-Team), dies at 65

1995 – Carroll Best, bluegrass banjo, dies at 63

1995 – Jerry Zipkin, socialite, dies at 80

1996 – Serge Chermayeff, architect/designer, dies at 95

1996 – Garth Williams, American illustrator (b. 1912)

1998 – Bebe Rebozo, American banker and Watergate figure (b. 1912)

1999 – Dirk Bogarde, London England, actor (b. 1921) (Death in Venice, Servant)

1999 – Dana Plato, American actress (b. 1964)

2005 – Nicolás Vuyovich, Argentine racing driver (b. 1981)

2006 – Iain Macmillan, Abbey Road photographer (b. 1938)

2008 – Eddy Arnold, Country music star (b. 1918)

2012 – Maurice Sendak, American author/illustrator, dies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Happy Birthday FA von Hayek

 

 

 

Wiki Bio

 

” Friedrich August Hayek ; 8 May 1899 – 23 March 1992), born in Austria-Hungary as Friedrich August von Hayek and frequently known as F. A. Hayek, was an Austrian, later turned British , economist and  philosopher best known for his defense of classical liberalism. In 1974, Hayek shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (with Gunnar Myrdal) for his “pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and … penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena”.

Hayek is an economist and major political thinker of the twentieth century. Hayek’s account of how changing prices communicate information which enables individuals to coordinate their plans is widely regarded as an important achievement in economics. He also contributed to the fields of systems  thinking ,  jurisprudenceneuroscience, and the history of ideas.

  Hayek served in World War I and said that his experience in the war and his desire to help avoid the mistakes that had led to the war led him to his career. Hayek lived in Austria, Great Britain, the United States and Germany, and became a British subject in 1938. He spent most of his academic life at the London School of Economics (LSE), the University of Chicago, and the University of Freiburg.

  In 1984, he was appointed as a member of the Order of the Companions of Honour by Queen Elizabeth II on the advice of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher for his “services to the study of economics”. He was the first recipient of the Hanns Martin Schleyer Prize in 1984. He also received the US Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991 from president George H. W. Bush. In 2011, his article The Use of Knowledge in Society was selected as one of the top 20 articles published in the American Economic Review during its first 100 years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Concise Encyclopedia Of Economics:

 

” If any twentieth-century economist was a Renaissance man, it was Friedrich Hayek. He made fundamental contributions in political theory, psychology, and economics. In a field in which the relevance of ideas often is eclipsed by expansions on an initial theory, many of his contributions are so remarkable that people still read them more than fifty years after they were written. Many graduate economics students today, for example, study his articles from the 1930s and 1940s on economics and knowledge, deriving insights that some of their elders in the economics profession still do not totally understand. It would not be surprising if a substantial minority of economists still read and learn from his articles in the year 2050. In his book Commanding Heights, Daniel Yergin called Hayek the “preeminent” economist of the last half of the twentieth century.”

 

 

 

Further Reading

 

The Friedrich Hayek Quote Page

Biography of F. A. Hayek (1899-1992)Mises.org

Friedrich Hayek (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

F. A. Hayek | Libertarianism.org

BBC News – Masters of Money: Friedrich Hayek

F.A. Hayek – Encyclopedia Britannica

BBC News – Keynes v Hayek: Two economic giants go head to head

Friedrich von Hayek Nobel Prize Winner

Videos

 

 

Bibliography

 

1920–1929

  • Monetary Theory and the Trade Cycle (1929) 

1930–1939

  • Prices and Production (1931) 
  • Monetary Nationalism and International Stability (1937) 
  • Profits, Interest and Investment (1939) 

1940–1949

1950–1959

  • “The Transmission of the Ideals of Economic Freedom,” (1951) Full Article
  • John Stuart Mill and Harriet Taylor: Their Friendship and Subsequent Marriage (1951) ISBN 978-0-678-06504-4
  • The Counter-Revolution of Science: Studies on the Abuse of Reason (1952) ISBN 978-0-913966-67-9
  • The Sensory Order: An Inquiry into the Foundations of Theoretical Psychology (1952) ISBN 978-0-226-32094-6
  • The Political Ideal of the Rule of Law (1955)

1960–1969

1970–1979

1980–1989

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

Events

558 – In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses. Justinian I immediately orders the dome rebuilt.

1274 – 2nd Council of Lyons (14th ecumenical council) opens

1355 – 1,200 Jews of Toledo Spain killed by Count Henry of Trastamara

1416 – Monk Nicolaas Serrurier arrested because of heresy at Tournay

1429 – English siege of Orleans broken by Joan of Arc

1579 – Congress of Cologne forms in Netherlands

1624 – Admiral Hermites conquering fleet reaches Callao the Lima, Peru

1660 – Isaack B Fubine of Savoy, in The Hague, patents macaroni

1700 – William Penn began monthly meetings for Blacks advocating emancipation

1718 – The city of New Orleans was founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville .

1727 – Jews are expelled from Ukraine by Empress Catherine I of Russia

1765 – Adm Nelsons flagship HMS Victory launched

1789 – 1st inaugurational ball (for George Washington in NYC)

1840 – Tornado strikes Natchez Miss, kills 317

1847 – American Medical Association organizes (Phila)

1862 – Battle of West Point, VA (Eltham’s Landing, Barnhamsville)

1864 – Battle of Wilderness ends (total lossesUSA-17,666CSA-7,500)

1864 – Skirmish at Port Walthall Junction Virginia (Drewry’s Bluff)

1866 – German premier Otto von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassin attempt

1873 – US marines attack Panama

1877 – Cin Enquirer, 1st uses term “Bullpen” to indicate foul territory

1888 – George Eastman patents “Kodak box camera”

1891 – Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Moslem rebellion, 300 killed

1895 – In Saint Petersburg, Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention – the world’s first radio receiver. In the former Soviet Union the anniversary of this day is celebrated as Radio Day.

1902 – Soufriere volcano on St Vincent kills 2-5,000

1904 – Flexible Flyer trademark registered

1907 – Charles Collier wins 1st Isle of Man TT Race: (38.22 mph)

1909 – Construction begins on first 100 houses in Ahuzat Bayit (Tel Aviv)

1910 – 35th Preakness: R Estep aboard Layminster wins in 1:40.6

1912 – Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories The award is established by Joseph Pulitzer

1915 – Lusitania sunk by German submarine; 1198 lives lost

1921 – 47th Kentucky Derby: Charles Thompson on Behave Yourself wins 2:04.2

1925 – Pirate shortstop Glenn Wright makes an unassisted triple play

1927 – SF Municipal Airport (Mills Field) dedicated

1928 – England lowers age of women voters from 30 to 21

1928 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for (Bridge of San Luis Rey)

1932 – 58th Kentucky Derby: Eugene James aboard Burgoo King wins in 2:05.2

1934 – World’s largest pearl (6.4 kg) found at Palawan, Philippines

1938 – 64th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Lawrin wins in 2:04.8

1941 – British House of Commons votes for Churchill (477-3)

1941 – Glenn Miller records “Chattanooga Choo Choo” for RCA

1942 – Battle of Coral Sea halts Japanese expansion

1942 – Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed

1943 – Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps

1943 – Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched

1944 – German assault on Tito’s hideout in Drvar Bosnia

1945 – Branch Rickey announces formation of the US Negro Baseball League

1945 – Formal undertaking of complete German surrender

1945 – Mauthausen Concentration Camp liberated

1945 – Nazi generals Jodl & Von Friedenburg surrender

1945 – Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)

1946 – Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with around 20 employees.

1947 – General MacArthur approves Japanese constitution

1948 – Nazi collaborator V-Mann Antonius van de Waals sentence to death

1949 – 75th Kentucky Derby: Steve Brooks aboard Ponder wins in 2:04.2

1952 – The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey W.A. Dummer.

1953 – Record 537-kg swordfish is caught by LE Marronin Chile

1954 – French surrender to Vietminh after 55-day siege at Dien Bien Phu

1955 – 81st Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Swaps wins in 2:01.8

1956 – Battle at Oran, Algeria, kills 300

1957 – Maj Johnson, USAAF flies a Lockheed Starfight to 17.28 miles (27.8 K)

1958 – Howard Johnson sets aircraft altitude record in F-104, 27,810 m

1960 – 86th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack on Venetian Way wins in 2:02.4

1960 – USSR announces Francis Gary Powers confessed to being a CIA spy

1962 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Theodore H White (Making of President 1960)

1963 – Bruno Sammartino becomes WWF champ

1966 – 92nd Kentucky Derby: Donald Brumfield aboard Kauai King wins in 2:02

1966 – Mamas & Papas “Monday Monday” hits #1

1969 – Lt General Robert E Cushman, Jr, USMC, becomes deputy director of CIA

1970 – “Long & Winding Road” becomes Beatles’ last American release

1975 – Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 53 launched to study X-rays

1977 – 103rd Kentucky Derby: Jean Cruguet on Seattle Slew wins in 2:02.2

1980 – Josip Tito, Yugoslav president, buried

1982 – IBM releases PC-DOS version 1.1

1983 – 109th Kentucky Derby: Ed Delahoussaye on Sunny’s Halo wins in 2:02.2

1984 – $180m out-of-court settlement reached in Agent Orange suit

1987 – 105°F in Sacramento, CA

1987 – Diane Chambers’ (Shelley Long) final episode on Cheers

1988 – 114th Kentucky Derby: Gary Stevens on Winning Colors wins in 2:02.2

1989 – Panamanian voters reject dictator Manuel Noriega’s bid for presidency

1992 – 5 NYC cops arrested in Hauppauge Long Island for selling cocaine

1992 – Constitutional amendment barring mid-term congressional raises passes

1992 – Jockey Angel Cordero retires after winning over 7,000 horse races

1992 – US space shuttle STS-49 launched (maiden voyage of Endeavour)

1994 – 120th Kentucky Derby: Chris McCarron on Go For Gin wins in 2:03.6

1994 – Edvard Munchs painting “The Scream” recovered 3 months after stolen

1995 – Jacques Chirac wins French presidential election

1997 – Galileo, 4th Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 8)

1998 – Mercedes-Benz buys Chrysler for $40 billion USD and forms DaimlerChrysler in the largest industrial merger in history.

1999 – Kosovo War: In Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese citizens are killed and 20 wounded when a NATO aircraft bombs the Chinese embassy in Belgrade.

1999 – Pope John Paul II travels to Romania becoming the first pope to visit a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the Great Schism in 1054.

1999 – A jury finds The Jenny Jones Show and Warner Bros. liable in the shooting death of Scott Amedure, after the show purposely deceived Jonathan Schmitz to appear on a secret same-sex crush episode. Schmitz later killed Amedure and the jury awarded Amedure’s family $25 million USD.

2007 – The tomb of Herod the Great is discovered.

2012 – Vladimir Putin sworn in for third six year term as President of Russia

2012 – Paeleoclimatological research claims dinosaur flatulence may have warmed the earth

Births

1328 – Louis VI the Roman, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1365)

1530 – Louis I Condé, French prince/leader of hugenots

1574 – Innocent X, [Giambattista Pamfili], 236th pope (1644-55)

1643 – Stephanus Van Cortlandt, American politician (d. 1700)

1700 – Gerard van Swieten, Dutch botanist

1724 – Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser, Austrian general (d. 1797)

1740 – Nikolai Arkharov, Russian general (d. 1814)

1748 – Olympe de Gouges, playwright and feminist revolutionary (d. 1793)

1774 – William Bainbridge, American Commodore (d. 1833)

1795 – Gerhard M Roentgen, industrialist (founder dockyard Fijenoord)

1812 – Robert Browning, London England, poet (Pied Piper)

1826 – Varina Howell Davis, 1st lady (Confederacy), died in 1905

1827 – Francis Engle Patterson, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862

1832 – Carl G Neumann, German mathematician/physicist (Neumann-functions)

1833 – Johannes Brahms, Hamburg Germany, composer

1840 – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Votkinsk, Russia, composer (1812 Overture, Swan Lake), (d. 1893) 

1885 – George “Gabby” Hayes, Wellesvile NY, actor (In Old Santa Fe, El Paso)

1892 – Archibald MacLeish, Glencoe Ill, polit essayist/poet/dramatist (JB)

1892 – Josip Broz Tito, WW II partisan, leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80)

1897 – Kitty McKane, England, tennis (Oly-gold/2 silver/2 bronze-1920, 24)

1901 – Gary CooperMontanaactor (2 Acad AwardsSgt YorkHigh Noon)

Gary-Cooper-gary-cooper-31448022-500-683

1909 – Edwin H Land, inventor (instant photography (Polaroid))

1911 – Ishiro Honda, Japanese film director (d. 1993)

1917 – David Tomlinson, Scotland, actor (Mary Poppins, Helter Skelter)

1917 – William Geoffrey Biddle, bomb disposal expert

1919 – Eva Peron-Duarte [Evita], Argentina, 1st lady/actress, (d. 1952)

1922 – Darren McGavin, Spokane Wash, actor (Night Stalker, Tribes, Turk 182)

1922 – Joe O’Donnell, American documentary photographer, photojournalist (d. 2007)

1927 – Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, German screenwriter

1928 – Marvin Mitchelson, attorney

1930 – Totie Fields, American comedienne (d. 1978)

1931 – Gene [Rodman] Wolfe, US, sci-fi author (Soldier of Arete)

1931 – Teresa Brewer, Toledo Ohio, singer (Put Another Nickel In)

1933 – Johnny Unitas, NFL QB (Balt Colts, San Diego); one of the greats

1934 – Willard Scott, weatherman (Today)

1938 – Johnny Caldwell, Ireland, flyweight boxer (Olympic-bronze-1956)

1939 – Jimmy Ruffin, vocalist (What Becomes of Broken Hearted)

1939 – Johnny Maestro, NY rock vocalist (Crests-16 Candles, Brooklyn Bridge)

1939 – Sidney Altman, Canadian molecular biologist, Nobel laureate

1943 – Peter Horak, jetboat jumper

1944 – John Heard, actor (Pelican Brief, CHUD, Radio Flyer, Big)

1944 – Sivi Aberg, actress (Batman TV show)

1946 – Bill Danoff, Springfield Mass, vocalist (Starland Vocal Band)

1946 – Bill Kreutzmann, Palo Alto CA, American rock drummer (Grateful Dead)

1946 – Richard L Brodsky, US lawyer/NY State Assemblyman (D) (1983- )

1946 – Brian Turner, English celebrity chef

1949 – Marilyn Cole, Portsmouth England, playmate of the year (Jan, 1972)

1950 – Prairie Prince, rocker (Tubes)

1950 – Randall ‘Tex’ CobbAmerican boxer and actor

1950 – Tim Russert, Buffalo NY, American television journalist and host of NBC’s Meet the Press, (d. 2008)

1951 – Robert Hegyes, NJ, actor (Underground Aces, Welcome Back Kotter)

1952 – Amy Heckerling, Bronx, dir (Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Clueless)

1953 – Ian McKay, British soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982)

1954 – Philippe Geluck, Belgian cartoonist

1957 – [Christopher St John] “Sinjin” Smith, LA CA, volleyballer (Oly-96)

1959 – Tamara E Jernigan, Chattoonaga, PhD/astro (STS 40, 52, 67, 80)

1961 – Phil Campbell, British musician (Motörhead)

1962 – Robbie Knievel, daredevil, son of Evel (Chips Something Special)

1964 – Doug Benson, American comedian

1969 – Eagle Eye Cherry, Swedish musician

1971 – Horgh, (Reidar Horghagen) Norwegian drummer (Immortal/Hypocrisy)

1972 – Frank Trigg, American Mixed Martial Arts Fighter

1973 – Kristian Lundin, record producer

1973 – Paolo Savoldelli, Italian cyclist

1975 – Jason Tunks, London Ontario, discus thrower (Olympics-96)

Deaths

685 – Marwan I ibn al-Hakam, 4th kalief of Omajjaden (684-85), dies

973 – Otto I the Great, Holy Roman Emperor (962-973), dies at 60

1092 – Remigius de Fécamp, first bishop of Lincoln (b. unknown)

1166 – Willem I, the Bad, king of Sicily (1154-66)

1205 – Ladislaus III Arpad, King of Hungary (1204-05), dies at 5 or 6

1427 – Thomas la Warr, 5th Baron De La Warr, English churchman

1523 – Franz von Sickingen, Germ knight/protect of poor, dies of wounds at 42

1539 – Guru Nanak Dev, Founder of Sikhism (b. 1469)

1539 – Ottaviano Petrucci, Italian printer (b. 1466)

1617 – David Fabricius, German astronomer, dies at 53

1671 – Edward Montagu, English baron Kimbolton, dies at about 68

1793 – Johan A Zoutman, Dutch lt admiral (battle of Doggersbank), dies at 68

1863 – Amiel Weeks Whipple, US Union gen-major, dies of injuries at 46

1884 – Judah P Benjamin, confederate minister of War, dies at 72

1896 – H. H. Holmes (Herman Webster Mudgett) , American serial killer (b. 1860)

1915 – Alfred G Vanderbilt, US millionaire, dies aboard Lusitania

1915 – Alfred Scott Witherbee Jr, US Lusitania officer, dies

1915 – Charles Frohman, dies aboard Lusitania

1929 – Albert Anselmi, US gangster, murdered by Al Capone

1929 – John Scalise, US gangster, murdered by Al Capone

1929 – Joseph “Top Toad” Giunta, US gangster, murdered by Al Capone

1958 – Nyogen Senzaki, 1st Zen teacher to reside in USA, dies at 81

1987 – Colin Blakely, dies at 56

1994 – Margaret Skeete, oldest American, dies at 115

1996 – Albert Meltzer, anarchist, dies at 76

1996 – Howard Frank Trayton Smith, diplomat/head of MI5, dies at 76

1998 – Allan McLeod Cormack, South African physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1924)

1998 – Eddie Rabbitt, American musician (b. 1941)

2000 – Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., American actor (b. 1909)

2002 – Seattle SlewAmerican racehorse (b. 1974)

2002 – Kevyn Aucoin, Makeup Artist and Photographer (b. 1962)

2006 – Joan C. Edwards, American philanthropist (b. 1918)

2007 – Yahweh ben Yahweh, American cult leader (b. 1935)

2009 – David Mellor, English cutlery designer (b. 1930)

2011 – Seve Ballesteros, Spanish golfer (b. 1957)

Today In The Past

 

Events

1312 – Pope Clement V closes Council of Vienna

1527 – Spanish & German Imperial troops sack Rome; ending Renaissance

1529 – Battle at Gogra: Mogol emperor Babur beats Afghans & Bengals

1536 – King Henry VIII, orders bible be placed in every church

1542 – Francis Xavier reaches Old Goa, the capital of Portuguese India at the time.

1626 – Dutch colonist Peter Minuit buys Manhattan Island from local Indians for 60 guilders worth of trinkets

1648 – Battle at Zolty Wody-Bohdan Chmielricki’s Cossaks beat John II Casimir

1682 – Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles.

1733 – 1st international boxing match: Bob Whittaker beats Tito di Carni

1757 – Battle at Prague: Frederik II of Prussia beats emperor army

1787 – 1st Black Masonic Lodge (African # 459) forms Prince Hall, Boston

1794 – Haiti, under Toussaint L’Ouverture, revolts against France

1833 – John Deere makes 1st steel plow

1835 – James Gordon Bennett, Sr. publishes the first issue of the New York Herald (price 1 cent).

1851 – Dr John Gorrie patents a “refrigeration machine”

1851 – Linus Yale patents Yale-lock

1853 – 1st major US rail disaster kills 46 (Norwalk, Connecticut)
.
1861 – Arkansas & Tennessee becomes 9th & 10th states to secede from US

1861 – Jefferson Davis approves a bill declaring War between US & Confederacy

1864 – Battle of Port Walthall Junction, VA

1864 – Battle of Wilderness-Gen Longstreet seriously injured

1864 – General Sherman begins advance to Atlanta Georgia

1882 – Chinese Exclusion Act: US Congress ceases Chinese immigration

1882 – Thomas Henry Burke and Lord Frederick Cavendish are stabbed and killed during the Phoenix Park Murders in Dublin.

1889 – Universal Exposition opens in Paris, Eiffel Tower completed

1890 – Mormon Church renounces polygamy [1006-Truth Restored (Morman pub)]

1895 – 21st Kentucky Derby: Soup Perkins aboard Halma wins in 2:37.50

1896 – 22nd Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Ben Brush wins in 2:07.75

1902 – British SS Camorta sinks off Rangoon; 739 die

1902 – Zulu assault at Holkrantz South-Africa

1903 – Chicago White Sox commit 12 errors against Detroit Tigers

1904 – American Lung Association holds its 1st meeting

1907 – 33rd Kentucky Derby: Andy Minder aboard Pink Star wins in 2:12.6

1910 – George V becomes King of the United Kingdom upon the death of his father, Edward VII.

1914 – British House of Lords rejects women suffrage

1915 – Allies attack Cape Helles, Hellespont

1915 – Red Sox Babe Ruth pitching debut & 1st HR, loses to Yanks 4-3 in 15

1925 – Ty Cobb hits his 5th HR in 2 games tying Cap Ansons record of 1884

1929 – NY to SF footrace begins

1933 – 59th Kentucky Derby: Don Meade aboard Brokers Tip wins in 2:06.8

1935 – British King George & Queen Mary celebrates silver jubilee

 

 

 

1937 – Dirigible Hindenburg explodes in flames at LakehurstNJ (36 die)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1939 – 65th Kentucky Derby: James Stout aboard Johnstown wins in 2:03.4

1940 – Pulitzer prize awarded to John Steinbeck (Grapes of Wrath)

1941 – Joseph Stalin became premier of Russia

1941 – At California’s March Field, Bob Hope performs his first USO show.

1942 – Corregidor & Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies

1944 – 70th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 2:04.2

1945 – World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).

1950 – 76th Kentucky Derby: William Boland on Middleground wins in 2:01.6

1954 – Roger Bannister of Britain breaks 4 minute mile (3:59:4)

1955 – West Germany joins NATO

1957 – Last broadcast of “I Love Lucy” on CBS-TV

1959 – Iceland gunboats shoot at British fishing ships

1960 – Pres Eisenhower signs Civil Rights Act of 1960

1960 – Trotsky’s murderer Jacques Mornard (Ramon Mercader), freed in Mexico

1961 – 87th Kentucky Derby: John Sellers aboard Carry Back wins in 2:04

1962 – 1st nuclear warhead fired from Polaris submarine (Ethan Allen)

1962 – Pathet Lao breaks cease fire/conquerors Nam Tha Laos

1963 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Barbara Tuchman (Guns of August)

1966 – Myra Hindley and Ian Brady are sentenced to life imprisonment for the Moors Murders in England.

1967 – 400 students seize administration building at Cheyney State College

1967 – 93rd Kentucky Derby: Bobby Ussery on Proud Clarion wins in 2:00.6

1968 – Battle between students & troops in Paris, 1000 injured

1968 – Giants reliever Lindy McDaniel sets NL record of 225th consecutive errorless game (108 chances consecutively since June 16, 1964)

1970 – Yuchiro Miura of Japan skies down Mt Everest

1972 – 98th Kentucky Derby: Ron Turcotte aboard Riva Ridge wins in 2:01.8

1974 – Bundy victim Roberta Parks disappears from OSU, Corvallis, Ore

1974 – Smallest attendance at Phila’s Veterans Stadium (4,149)

1974 – Stolen “Guitar Player” painting by Jan Vermeer found in London

1975 – Bundy victim Lynette Culver disappears from Pocatello, Idaho

1975 – Early warnings provided by REACT (ham radio operators) means only

1978 – 104th Kentucky Derby: Steve Cauthen aboard Affirmed wins in 2:01.2

1979 – Fred Markham set a bicycle speed record of 818 kph over 200 m

1982 – Seattle Mariner Gaylord Perry becomes 15th pitcher to win 300 games

1984 – Jose Napoleon Duarte wins El Salvador presidential election

1987 – Gary Hart denies affair with model Donna Rice

1987 – Mario Andretti sets one-lap speed record at Indy at 218.204 MPH

1989 – 115th Kentucky Derby: Pat Valenzuela on Sunday Silence wins in 2:05

1994 – Chunnel linking England & France officially opens

1994 – Comedian Bobcat Goldthwait sets fire to the couch on Tonight Show

1994 – House passes the assault weapons ban

1994 – Lennox Lewis TKOs Phil Jackson in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

1995 – 121st Kentucky Derby: Gary Stevens on Thunder Gulch wins in 2:01.2

1996 – The body of former CIA director William Colby is found washed up on a riverbank in southern Maryland, eight days after he disappeared.

1997 – The Bank of England is given independence from political control, the most significant change in the bank’s 300-year history.

1998 – Kerry Wood strikes out 20 Houston Astros to tie the major league record held by Roger Clemens. He threw a one-hitter and did not walk a batter in his 5th career start.

2002 – Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn is shot and killed by an animal rights activist.

2010 – The second largest intraday point swing in Dow Jones Industrial Average history occurs.

2012 – Francois Hollande elected President of France

2012 – Greece parliamentary election results in 60% support for parties opposed to austerity measures

 

 

 

 

Births

973 – Henry II, Roman Catholic German king/emperor (1002/14-24)

1397 – Sejong the Great of Joseon, ruler of Korea (d. 1450)

1501 – Marcellus II, [Marcello Cervini], Italy, humanist/Pope (1555, 22 days)

1581 – Frans Francken, the Younger, painter

1606 – Lorenzo Lippi, [Perlone Zipoli], poet/painter

1638 – Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, First Lord of the British Admiralty (d. 1696)

 

 

 

1758 – Maximilien RobespierreArras France , French revolutionary/avocat (1781)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1785 – Arvir A Afzelius, Swedish story teller

1800 – Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat and general (d. 1881)

1801 – George Sears Greene, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1899

1806 – Chapin Aaron Harris, US, found America Society of Dental Surgeons

1812 – Marin R Delany, Charlestown Va, 1st black major in US Medical Corp

1813 – Joseph Tarr Copeland, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1893

1825 – Joseph Bailey, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1829 – Phoebe Ann Coffin, 1st female ordained minister in New England

1843 – Grove Karl Gilbert, geologist, investigated Lake Bonneville, Utah

1856 – Robert Edwin Peary, US, arctic explorer (North Pole-Apr 6 1909)

1856 – Sigmund Freud, Freiberg in Mähren, Moravia, Austrian neurologist and father of psychology, (d. 1939)

1861 – Radindranath Tagore, Hindu poet/mystic/composer (Nobel 1913)

1861 – Motilal Nehru, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1931)

1870 – Amedos Peter Giannine, San Jose California, founded Bank of America

1870 – John McCutcheon, cartoonist (Pulitzer Prize-1931)

1871 – Victor Grignard, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)

1875 – William Daniel Leahy, Iowa, 5 star admiral/chief of staff (1949)

1895 – Rudolph Valentino, Castellaneta Italy, sheik/actor (Eagle)

1898 – Daniel Gerber, Freemont Mi, beloved by babies at mealtime

1899 – Billy Cotton, British entertainer (d. 1969)

1902 – Walter Dawson, British Air Chief marshall

1902 – Harry Golden, American journalist (d. 1981)

1903 – Toots Shor, New York restaurateur (d. 1977)

1906 – Andre Weil, [Bourbaki], French/US mathematician

1907 – Weeb Ewbank, NFL coach (Baltimore Colts, NY Jets)

1912 – Bill Quinn, NYC, actor (Rifleman, Van Ranseleer-All in the Family)

1912 – Hugh Martell, British Vice Admiral

1913 – Jack [John T] Aitken, British anatomist

1913 – Kenneth Horne, English paper manufacturer/multi-millionaire

1913 – Stewart Granger, [James Stewart], London, actor (Prisoner of Zenda)

1915 – Orson Welles [George], Kenosha Wisc, actor (Citizen Kane, War of the Worlds), (d. 1985)

1915 – Theodore H White, historian/writer (Making of President)

1921 – Freddy Randall, jazz trumpeteer

1923 – Guiseppe Martelli, physicist

1924 – Denny Wright, British guitarist (d. 1992)

1926 – John Hamilton-Jones, CEO (Richmond Enterprises)/British Maj-Gen

1929 – John Polk Allen, Carnegie Oklahoma, CEO (Biosphere 2)

1931 – Willie Mays, Westfield Alabama, baseball centerfielder (Giants, NY Mets), “Say Hey Kid” (660 HRs, MVP 1954)

1932 – Viscount Coke, English large landowner/art collector

1936 – Sylvia Robinson, rocker (Mickey & Sylvia-Love is Strange)

1937 – Rubin Carter, American boxer

1939 – Anthony Blacker, master-general of Ordnance

1939 – Herbie Cox, rocker (Cleftones)

1942 – Rin Kaiho, professional Go player

1943 – Andreas Baader, leader of the German organization Red Army Faction (d. 1977)

1944 – Masanori Murakami, First Japanese baseball player in major leagues

 

 

 

1945 – Bob SegerDearborn Michrocker  (Silver Bullet BandShake Down)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1947 – Dennis Cowan, London, rocker (Bonzo Dog Band)

1947 – Richard “Dick” Fosbury, Portland Ore, high jumper (Oly-gold-68)

1950 – Robbie McIntosh, drummer (Avg White Band-Show your Hand)

1951 – Samuel Doe, President of Liberia (d. 1990)

1952 – Chiaki Naito-Mukai, Tatebayashi Japan, astronaut (STS 65, sk:95)

1953 – Lynn Whitfield, Baton Rouge, actress (Josephine Baker, Equal Justice)

1955 – Tom Bergeron, American game show host

1960 – Julianne Phillips, Lake Oswego Oregon, actress (Frankie Reed-Sisters)

1961 – George Clooney, Lexington Kentucky, actor (Dr Douglas Ross-ER, Batman)

1961 – Roma Downey, Derry Ireland, actress (1 Life to Live, Touched by an Angel)

1962 – Adam Yellin, American record producer

1968 – Lætitia Sadier, French singer (Stereolab)

1971 – Chris Shiflett, Guitarist for Foo Fighters

1976 – Lindsay Page, Madison Wis, figure skater (1997 E Great Lakes Sr-3rd)

1977 – Christophe Brandt, Belgian cyclist

1978 – Alexander Fedorov, Russian bodybuilder

1980 – Brooke Bennett, 800m freestyle (Olympics-gold-96)

1980 – Taebin, Korean singer (1TYM)

1981 – Matthew Leone, bassist of Madina Lake

1981 – Nathan Leone, lead singer of Madina Lake

 

 

 

Deaths

523 – Thrasamunde, king of Vandalen

680 – Muawiyah I, caliph (b. 602)

988 – Dirk II, West Frisian count of Holland

1085 – King Alfonso VI, of Leon conquered Toledo, dies

1124 – Balak, Emir of Aleppo, murdered

1475 – Dieric Bouts, Dutch painter, dies at about 64

1502 – James Tyrrell, alleged murderer of the Princes in the Tower (executed)

1527 – Karel van Bourbon, military governor (Lombardije), dies at 37

1631 – Robert Bruce Cotton, English politician

1757 – Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)

1757 – Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (b. 1684)

1856 – William Hamilton, metaphysicist, dies

1859 – Friedrich Heinrich Alexander, explorer/scientist, dies

1862 – Henry David Thoreau, US writer/pacifist (Walden Pond), dies at 44

1864 – Henry Livermore Abbott, US Union brig-general, dies in battle

1864 – Micah Jenkins, Confederate brig-general (friendly fire), dies at 28

1882 – Frederick Cavendish, assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin

1882 – Thomas Henry Burke, assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin

1919 – Frank Lyman Baum, author (Wizard of Oz), dies at 62

1949 – Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian philosopher (Nobel 1911), dies at 86

1952 – Maria Montessori, Italian physician/educationist, dies at 81

1963 – Monty Wooley, actor (Pied Piper, Man Who Came to Dinner), dies at 74

1963 – Theodore von Kármán, Hungarian-born physicist (b. 1881)

1983 – Kai Winding, American trombonist and jazz composer (b. 1922)

1987 – William J Casey, director of CIA (1981-87), dies at 73

1989 – Guy Williams, actor (Zorro, Lost in Space)

1991 – Wilfrid Hyde-White, Brits actor (Peyton Place/140+ films), dies at 87

1992 – Jilly Rizzo, restauranteur/friend of Frank Sinatra, dies in car at 75

1992 – Marlene Dietrich, [Maria Losch], actress (Angel), dies in Paris at 90

1994 – Haskell “Cool Papa” Sadler, blues singer/guitarist, dies at 59

1996 – Geoffrey Dawes, physiologist, dies at 78

1996 – Geoffrey Hodges, bomb disposal expert, dies at 87

1996 – Michael Gerzon, mathematician, dies at 50

2002 – Otis Blackwell, American pianist, singer and songwriter (b. 1932)

2004 – Barney Kessel, American jazz guitarist (b. 1923)

2006 – Lillian Asplund, last American RMS Titanic survivor (b. 1906)

2006 – Grant McLennan, co-founder of Australian band The Go-Betweens (b. 1958)

2009 – Kevin Grubb, former NASCAR driver (b. 1978)

2012 – George Lindsey, American actor, dies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

It Just Got Easier To See A Cool Historical Maps Collection

 

 

Screenshot of the new viewer for USGS historical topo maps.

 

 

” It just got way, way easier to search and browse the US Geological Survey’s collection of historical topographic maps, thanks to a new online map viewer. These maps—more than 178,000 of them—date back to 1880, and they cover the entire country. Best of all, they’re free to download for anyone who wants to, say, check out the contours of the Grand Canyon or study the urbanization of the San Francisco Bay Area (see below).

Hunting for historical topo maps on the USGS site used to be confusing and annoying. It involved a lot of clicking on what you hoped was the right thing, squinting at the tiny preview maps, and twiddling your thumbs while the enormous full-sized version downloaded. And then starting over when it turned out to be the wrong thing.”

 

Read more here

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

553 – 2nd Council of Constantinople (5th ecumenical council) opens

1260 – Kublai Khan becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire.

1382 – Battle of Beverhoutsveld – population beats drunken army

1430 – Jews are expelled from Speyer Germany

1494 – On 2nd voyage to New World, Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica

1640 – English Short Parliament unites

1646 – King Charles I surrenders at Scotland

1762 – Russia & Prussia sign peace treaty, Treaty of Saint Petersburg ending the Seven Years War

1780 – 2nd oldest learned society in US (American Academy of Arts & Sciences) forms (Boston)

1809 – Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)

1814 – British attack Ft Ontario, Oswego, NY

1816 – American Bible Society organized (NY)

1842 – City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours (Hamburg Germany)

1847 – American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)

1854 – English pirate Plumridge robs along pro-English Finnish coast

1855 – NYC regains Castle Clinton, to be used for immigration

1862 – French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo

1862 – Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, VA

1863 – Battle of Tupelo, MS

1863 – Joe Coburn KOs Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round

1864 – Atlanta Campaign: 5 days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge

1864 – Battle between Confederate & Union ships at mouth of Roanoke

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of WildernessVA (Germana FordWilderness Tavern)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Campaign in Northern Georgia – Chattanooga GA to Atlanta GA

1865 – 1st US train robbery (North Bend Ohio)

1877 – Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles.

1886 – The Bay View Tragedy occurs, as militia fire upon a crowd of protesters in Milwaukee, Wisconsin killing seven.

1891 – Music Hall (Carnegie Hall) opens in NY, Tchaikovsky as guest conductor

1893 – Panic of 1893: Great crash on NY Stock Exchange

1904 – Cy Young of Boston pitches perfect game against Phila A’s (3-0)

1908 – 34th Kentucky Derby: Arthur Pickens on Stone Street wins in 2:15.2

1908 – Great White Fleet arrives in SF

1912 – 5th Olympic games open at Stockholm, Sweden

1915 – German U-20 sinks Earl of Lathom

1916 – US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924

1920 – US Pres Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal

1922 – Construction begins on Yankee Stadium (Bronx)

1925 – John T Scopes arrested for teaching evolution in Tennessee

1925 – Ty Cobb goes 6 for 6, (16 total bases)

1925 – Afrikaans is established as an official language in South Africa.

1926 – Sinclair Lewis refuses his Pulitzer Prize for “Arrowsmith”

1930 – 1st woman to fly solo from Engl to Australia takes-off (Amy Johnson)

1934 – 60th Kentucky Derby: Mack Garner aboard Cavalcade wins in 2:04

1935 – Jessie Owens of US, sets then long jump record at 26′ 8½”

1936 – Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip

1936 – Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa

1938 – Phillies Harold Kelleher faces 16 batters in 6th, as Cubs score 12 runs, both marks are NL records off one hurler in a single inning

1940 – Norwegian government in exile forms in London

1941 – 2 Fokker’s employees flee nazi occupied Netherlands to England

1941 – Chanel No. 5 was released.

1942 – British assault on Diego Suarez Madagascar

1942 – US begins rationing sugar during WW II

1943 – Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System

1944 – Gandhi freed from prison

1944 – Russian offensive against Sebastopol Krim

1945 – Mauthausen Concentration camp liberated

1945 – Netherlands & Denmark liberated from Nazi control

1945 – Uprising against SS-occupying troops in Prague

1945 – Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated

1945 – World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler’s death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.

1947 – Mississippi Valley flooding kills 16 & causes $850M in damage

1947 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Penn Warren (All the King’s Men)

1948 – 1st air squadron of jets aboard a carrier

1951 – 77th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Count Turf wins in 2:02.6

1952 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Herman Wouk (Caine Mutiny)

1954 – Military coup by general Alfredo Stroessner in Paraguay

1955 – West Germany granted full sovereignty by 3 occupying powers

1956 – 82nd Kentucky Derby: David Erb aboard Needles wins in 2:03.4

1956 – Jim Bailey (US) runs mile a record 3:58.6 in LA Calif

1956 – World championships of judo are 1st held, in Tokyo

1958 – Pulitzer prize awarded to James Agee for (Death in the Family)

1961 – Alan Shepard becomes 1st American in space (aboard Freedom 7)

1962 – 88th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack aboard Decidedly wins in 2:00.4

1962 – West Side Story soundtrack album goes to #1 & stays #1 for 54 weeks which is more than 20 weeks longer than any other album

1964 – Separatists riot in Quebec

1965 – 1st large-scale US Army ground units arrive in South Vietnam

1966 – Willie Mays hit his 512th HR

1973 – 99th Kentucky Derby: Ron Turcotte aboard Secretariat wins in 1:59.4

1975 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Shaara (Killer Angels)

1978 – Cin Red Pete Rose becomes 14th player to get 3,000 hits

1979 – 105th Kentucky Derby: Ron Franklin on Spectacular Bid wins in 2:02.4

1979 – Voyager 1 passes Jupiter

1980 – Siege at Iranian Embassy in London ends; British commandos & police stormed the building

1984 – 110th Kentucky Derby: Laffit Pincay Jr aboard Swale wins in 2:02.4

1985 – Amy Alcott wins LPGA Moss Creek Women’s Golf Invitational

1987 – Congress begins Iran-Contra hearings

1988 – Eugene A Marino installed as 1st black US archbishop

1989 – Mike Tyson gets 2nd speeding ticket for drag racing in Albany NY

1990 – 116th Kentucky Derby: Craig Perret aboard Unbridled wins in 2:02

1990 – Paul Hogan & Linda Koslowski wed in Byron Bay, Eastern Australia

1991 – A riot breaks out in the Mt. Pleasant section of Washington, D.C. after a Salvadoran man is shot by police.

1994 – North-Yemen air force bombs Aden South Yemen

1995 – Last basketball game at Boston Gardens (Magic beats Celtics)

1997 – “Married With Children” final episode on Fox TV

1997 – Iridium-1 Delta 2 Launch, Successful

2000 – Conjunction of Sun, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn & Moon

2005 – The United Kingdom general election takes place, in which Tony Blair’s Labour Party is re-elected for a third, consecutive term.

2006 – The government of Sudan signs an accord with the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA).

2012 – Japan shuts down its nuclear reactors leaving the country without nuclear power for the first time since 1970

 

 

 

Births

867 – Uda, Emperor of Japan (d. 931)

1210 – King Afonso III of Portugal (d. 1279)

1352 – Ruprecht, Roman catholic German king

1479 – Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru (d. 1574)

1546 – Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician (d. 1623)

1635 – Philippe Quinault, French playwright (L’amant indiscret)

1764 – Robert Craufurd, British general (d. 1812)

1800 – Louis Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette)

 

 

 

1813 – Søren KierkegaardDanish philosopher (d. 1855)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1818 – Karl Marx, Trier, Prussia, philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), (d. 1883)

1823 – James Allen Hardie, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1876

1830 – John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer (d. 1906)

1832 – H H Bancroft, historian, publisher (History of Pacific States)

1833 – Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer/explorer

1834 – Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter (d. 1873)

 

 

 

1849 – HambletonianChester NYgreatest standardbred horse

 

 

 

 

 

 

1865 – Nellie Bly, [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (d. 1922)

1866 – Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist (d. 1938)

1883 – Charles Bender, only American Indian in baseball’s Hall of Fame

 

 

 

1883 – Archibald WavellBritish general (d. 1950)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1890 – Christopher Morley, author (Kitty Foil)

1899 – Freeman Gosden, Richmond Va, radio actor (Amos-Amos ‘n’ Andy)

1900 – Charles Jewtraw, US, 500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1924)

1900 – Mervyn A Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope)

 

 

 

1901 – Blind Willie McTellAmerican ragtime/blues singer and guitarist (d. 1959)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1903 – James Beard, US, culinary expert/author (Delights & Prejudices)

1908 – Rex Harrison, [Reginald Carey], Engld, actor (My Fair Lady, Cleopatra)

1910 – William I Martin, US pilot/vice-admiral (WW II)

1911 – Phillip Edmund Clinton Manson-Bahr, specialist in tropical medicine

1912 – Alice Faye, [Ann Leppert], NYC, actress (Barricade, State Fair)

1913 – Tyrone Power, Cleve, actor (Mark of Zorro, Alexander’s Ragtime Band)

1916 – Zail Singh, President of India (d. 1994)

1920 – John Hidalgo Moya, architect/designer (Skylon)

1922 – Phil Gordon, Meridian Miss, singer/actor (Jasper-Bev Hillbillies)

1925 – Leo Ryan, United States Congressman (d. 1978)

1926 – Ann B Davis, Schenectady NY, American actress (Bob Cummings Show, Alice-Brady Bunch)

1927 – Pat Carroll, Shrevport La, comedienne/actress (Make Room for Daddy)

1930 – Michael James Adams, USAF pilot (X-15)

1931 – Greg, Belgian comic-book writer (Achille Talon) (d, 1999)

1932 – Will Hutchins, Atwater California, actor (Sugarfoot, Hey Landlord)

1938 – Johnnie Taylor, Crawfordsville, Arkansas, R&B and multi-genre singer (Disco Lady, I Believe in You), (d. 2000)

1939 – Cesare Fiorio, Italian sporting director of various Formula One teams

1940 – Lance Henriksen, actor (Aliens, Pumpkinhead, Knights, Hard Target)

1942 – Tammy Wynette [Virginia Pugh], Redbay Alabama, country singer (Stand by your Man), (d. 1998)

 

 

 

1943 – Michael PalinEnglandcomedian (Monty PythonFish Called Wanda)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1944 – John Rhys-Davies, Salisbury England, actor (Sir Edward-Quest, Sliders)

1945 – Raphael, Spain, spanish singer (When the Sun Sets, Lo Meyur de Ano)

1945 – Kurt Loder, Entertainment reporter

1946 – Stefania Sandrelli, Viareggio Italy, actress (Lie, Conformist, 1900)

1948 – Bill Ward, Birmingham England, heavy metal drummer (Black Sabbath)

1950 – Googoosh, Faegheh Atashin (فائقه آتشین), Iranian, Persian Singer & actress

1951 – Rex Goh, rock guitarist (Air Supply)

1952 – Louis Cortelezzi, rock saxophonist (Mink DeVille)

1952 – Campbell McComas, Australian impersonator and broadcaster (d. 2005)

1953 – Billy Burnette, Memphis Tn, rock guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)

1954 – Angelo Kimball, Boston Mass, rock guitarist (Face To Face)

1955 – Robert Feld, Nashville Tn, National Scrabble Champion (1990)

1957 – Lisa Eilbacher, Dharan Saudi Arabia, actress (Beverly Hills Cop)

1958 – Ron Arad, Israeli aircraft navigator missing in action.

1959 – Ian McCullough, rock vocalist (Echo & Bunnymen-Heaven Up Here)

1964 – Heike Henkel, German FR, world record indoor high jumper (1992)

1967 – Maro Mavri, Greek fashion model and actress

1970 – Naomi Klein, Canadian author and activist

1970 – Soheil Ayari, French racer

1972 – Janelle Lynn Canady, Miss Alaska USA (1996)

1972 – James Cracknell, British rowing champion, double Olympic gold medalist

1973 – Tina Yothers, Whittier California, actresss (Jennifer-Family Ties)

1974 – Seiji Ara, Japanese racing driver

1984 – Eve Torres, American dancer and model

1988 – Jessica Dubroff, American aviator (d. 1996)

1988 – Adele, English singer

 

 

 

Deaths

200 – Sun Ce, warlord of the Han Dynasty (b. 175)

311 – Gaius VM Galerius, emperor of Rome, dies at about 50

984 – Gerberga of Saxony, Queen of Western Francia

1028 – Alfonso V, King of Leon/Galicia (999-1028), dies in battle

1194 – Casimir II, the Just, grand duke of Poland (1177-94), dies. Born 1138

1219 – King Leo II of Armenia (b. 1150)

1309 – Charles II, the Lame, King of Naples (1285-1309), dies

1504 – Anton of Burgundy, the Great Bastard, knight, dies at about 82

1525 – Frederik III, the Wise, ruler of Saxon (1486-1525), dies at 62

1582 – Charlotte de Bourbon, Princess of Orange, dies

1613 – Johann Steuerlein, composer, dies at 66

1672 – Samuel Cooper, English painter (b. 1609)

1702 – Jacob Hintze, composer, dies at 79

1766 – Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (b. 1684)

1811 – Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)

1821 – French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte (1799-1815), dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena

1827 – Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (1806-27), dies at 76

1859 – Peter G L Dirichlet, German mathematician, dies at 53

1864 – Alexander Hays, US Union-general-major, dies in battle at 44

1864 – John Marshall Jones, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 43

1864 – Leroy A Stafford, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 42

1886 – Joseph Albert, German photographer (Albertotype), dies at 61

1892 – August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German chemist (b. 1818)

1902 – Bret Harte, writer, dies at 65

1931 – Glen Kidston, British aviator and racing driver (b. 1899)

1968 – Albert Dekker, dies of accidental suffocation at 62

1971 – Petro Scaglione, Italian procureur-general, killed by Mafia

 

 

 

1972 – Rev Gary Davisfolk/blues pioneerdies at 76

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1976 – Thomas Burnett Swann, sci-fi author (Day of Minotaur), dies at 47

1981 – Bobby Sands, IRA activist/terrorist dies in the 66th day of his hunger strike

1985 – Sir Donald Bailey, British civil engineer (b. 1901)

1988 – Michael Shaara, American author (b. 1928)

1989 – Frank Easton, cricket wicketkeeper (NSW 1933-39), dies

1993 – Irving Howe, US writer/critic (Dissent), dies at 72

1994 – Hein Salomonson, architect, dies at about 83

1995 – James Pack, naval officer museum curator, dies at 81

1995 – Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, engineer, dies at 75

1995 – Mikhail Moseyevich Botvinnik, world chess champ, dies

2001 – Raymond Kessler, American midget wrestler

2002 – Paul Klipsch, American engineer, noted for his loudspeaker designs. (b. 1904)

2007 – Theodore Harold Maiman, Inventor (b. 1927)

2008 – Irv Robbins, Canadian-American entrepreneur (b. 1917)

2011 – Claude Choules, last surviving World War I veteran (b. 1901)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1256 – The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.

1303 – Flemings conquers Middelburg

1415 – Religious reformers John Wycliffe and Jan Hus are condemned as heretics at the Council of Constance.

1471 – Battle of Tewkesbury – King Edward IV vs Ex-queen Margaretha

1493 – Spanish Pope Alexander VI divides America between Spain & Portugal

1494 – Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica

1626 – Peter Minuit becomes director-general of New Netherlands

1652 – Battle at Etampes: French army under Turenne beats Fronde rebels

1686 – Municipality of Ilagan is founded in the Philippines.

1715 – French manufacturer debuts 1st folding umbrella (Paris)

1776 – Rhode Island declares independence from England

1799 – Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: The Battle of Seringapatam: The siege of Seringapatam ends when the city is assaulted and the Tipu Sultan killed by the besieging British army, under the command of General George Harris.

1805 – Henry C Overing buys 80 acres of Throggs Neck in Bronx

1814 – Bourbon reign restored in France

1839 – The Cunard Steamship Company Ltd forms San Bonifacio

1843 – Great-Britain annexes Natal

1846 – US state Michigan ends death penalty

1851 – 1st major SF fire

1861 – At Gretna LA, one of 1st guns of Rebel navy is cast

1862 – -5] Battle at Williamsburg, Virginia

1862 – Yorktown, VA – McClellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brigadier General Gabrial Rains

1863 – Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church

1863 – End of Chancellorsville – Beaten Union army withdraws

1864 – -16] actions at Drewry’s Bluff, Virginia

1864 – Gen Grant’s Army at Potomac attacks at Rappahannock

1864 – Ulysses S. Grant crosses Rapidan & begins his duel with Robert E Lee

1865 – Battle of Citronville, AL; Richard Taylor surrenders

1865 – Battle of Mobile, AL

1869 – The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.

1878 – Phonograph shown for 1st time at Grand Opera House

1886 – Haymarket riot in Chicago; bomb kills 7 policemen

1893 – Cowboy Bob Pickett invents bulldogging

1896 – 1st edition of London Daily Mail (halfpenny)

1896 – Grease fire ignites half ton of dynamite at Cripple Creek Colorado

1897 – 23rd Kentucky Derby: Buttons Garner aboard Typhoon II wins in 2:12.5

1897 – Fire in Paris bazaar at Rue Jean Goujon kills 200

1898 – 24th Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Plaudit wins in 2:09

1899 – 25th Kentucky Derby: Fred Taral aboard Manuel wins in 2:12

1904 – Construction begins by the United States on the Panama Canal.

1904 – Charles Stewart Rolls meets Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, England.

1910 – Canadian parliament accept creation of Royal Canadian Navy

1910 – Tel Aviv founded

1916 – At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare

1917 – Arabs sack Tel Aviv

1919 – Giants play their 1st legal Sunday home game, 35,000 see Phils win 4-3

1923 – Bloody street battles between nazi’s, socialist & police in Vienna

1923 – NY state revokes Prohibition law

1927 – 1st balloon flight over 40,000 feet (Scott Field, Ill)

1929 – Lou Gehrig hits 3 consecutive HRs, Yankees 11, Tigers 9

1932 – Al Capone, convict of income tax evasion, enters Atlanta Penitentiary

1933 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (Conquistador)

1935 – 61st Kentucky Derby: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 2:05

1938 – Douglas Hyde (a protestant) becomes 1st president of Eire

1940 – 66th Kentucky Derby: Carroll Bierman aboard Gallahadion wins in 2:05

1942 – Battle of Coral Sea begun (1st sea battle fought solely in air)

1942 – Food 1st rationed in US

1945 – German troops in Netherlands, Denmark & Norway surrender

1946 – 5 die in a 2 day riot at Alcatraz prison in SF bay

1946 – 72nd Kentucky Derby: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:06.6

1948 – The Hague Court of Justice convicts Hans Rauter (SS) to the death

1953 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Ernest Hemingway (Old Man & The Sea)

1957 – 83rd Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack aboard Iron Liege wins in 2:02.2

1959 – 1st Grammy Awards: Perry Como & Ella Fitzgerald win
.
1961 – CORE begins freedom rides from Washington, DC

1963 – 89th Kentucky Derby: Braulio Baeza aboard Chateaugay wins in 2:01.8

1964 – 70 GATT-countries confer in Geneva

1964 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Richard Hofstadter (Anti-intellectualism)

1965 – Willie Mays 512th HR breaks Mel Ott’s 511th NL record

1968 – 94th Kentucky Derby: Ismael Valenzuela aboard Forward Pass wins

1968 – Dancer Image DQ due to drugs after winning 94th Kent Derby in 2:02½

1970 – National Guard kills 4 at Kent State in Ohio

1970 – Premier Kosygin affirms existence Russian military advisors in Egypt

1972 – The Don’t Make A Wave Committee, a fledgling environmental organization founded in Canada in 1971, officially changes its name to “Greenpeace Foundation”.

1973 – 1st TV network female nudity-Steambath (PBS)-Valerie Perrine

1973 – Longest game in Veterans’ Stadium, Phillies beat Braves 5-4 in 20

1974 – 100th Kentucky Derby: Angel Cordero Jr. aboard Cannonade wins in 2:04

1979 – Margaret Thatcher elected prime minister of England

1982 – British torpedo boat Sheffield off Falkland hit by Exocet rocket

1984 – Dave Kingman’s fly ball never comes down (stuck in Metrodome ceiling)

1985 – 111th Kentucky Derby: Angel Cordero Jr on Spend A Buck wins 2:00.2

1989 – Junior Felix of Toronto becomes 53rd to hit HR on 1st at bat

1991 – 117th Kentucky Derby: Chris Antley aboard Strike the Gold wins in 2:03

1996 – 122nd Kentucky Derby: Jerry Bailey aboard Grindstone wins in 2:01

1998 – A federal judge in Sacramento, California, gives “Unabomber” Theodore Kaczynski four life sentences plus 30 years after Kaczynski accepts a plea agreement sparing him from the death penalty.

2002 – Barry Bonds hits his 400th home run as a Giant, leading his team to a 3-0 win over Cincinnati. Bonds is the first player to hit 400 homers for one team and 100 with another

2007 – Greensburg, Kansas is almost completely destroyed by a 1.7m wide EF-5 tornado.

2007 – The Scottish National Party wins the Scottish general election and becomes the largest party in the Scottish Parliament for the first time ever.

2012 – 14 decapitated bodies and 9 hung from a bridge are found in Nuevo Laredo, Mexico

 

 

 

 

Births

1006 – Khajeh Abdullah Ansari, The Persian Sufi (d. 1088), Herat, Khorasan (now Afghanistan)

1008 – King Henry I of France (d. 1060)

1631 – Mary I Henriette Stuart, daughter of Charles I/queen of England

1655 – Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori, Italy, piano builder

1733 – Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (d. 1799)

1767 – Tyagaraja, Composer of Indian classical Carnatic music (d. 1847)

1776 – Johann Friedrich Herbart, Germany, philosopher/psychologist

1781 – Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher (d. 1832)

1796 – Horace Mann, US, educator/author/editor (pioneered public schools)

1796 – Joseph Pannell Taylor, Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1864

1796 – William H. Prescott, American historian (d. 1859)

1820 – Julia Gardiner Tyler, 2nd wife of Pres John Tyler (1841-45)

1825 – Thomas Henry Huxley, scientist/humanist/Darwinist

1826 – Frederick Church, US romantic landscape painter (Hudson River Sch)

1827 – John Hanning Speke, British explorer (d. 1864)

1852 – Alice Pleasance Liddell, English schoolgirl model for Alice in Wonderland (d. 1934)

1881 – Aleksandr F Kerenski, Russian premier (1917-Prelude to Bolshevism)

1889 – Francis J Spellman, US Cardinal

1902 – Rodney Meredith Thomas, architect/painter

1907 – Lincoln Kirstein, American impresario (d. 1996)

1916 – Maurice “Moe” Purtill, jazz drummer

1923 – Ed Cassidy, American musician (Spirit)

1925 – Maurice R. Greenberg, American businessman

1926 – Milton “Milt” Thompson, US NASA-test pilot/chief-engineer (X-15)

1927 – Terry (Owen John) Scott, Watford UK, English actor and comedian (Carry On Films)

1928 – Hosni Mubarak, Kafr-El Meselha, Egypt, Egyptian president (1981-2011)

1928 – Maynard Ferguson, Verdun Quebec, jazz trumpeter (Roulette)

1928 – Wolfgang von Trips, German racing driver (d. 1961)

1929 – Audrey Hepburn, Brussels Belg, (Breakfast at Tiffany’s, My Fair Lady), (d. 1993)

1930 – Roberta Peters, NYC, operatic soprano (NY Met)

1936 – El Cordobés, Spanish matador

1937 – Ron Carter, jazz bassist (Ron Carter Meets Bach)

1937 – Mr. Fuji, Former professional wrestler

1937 – Dick Dale, American guitarist

1939 – Amos Oz, Jerusalem, Israel, author (My Michael)

1940 – Robin Cook, American novelist

1941 – George F Will, political analyst (Night Line)

1942 – Ronnie Bond, drummer (Troggs-Wild Thing)

1943 – Nickolas Ashford, SC, singer (Ashford & Simpson-Solid as a Rock)

1944 – Paul Gleason, Jersey City NJ, actor (Breakfast Club, Die Hard)

1945 – George Wadenius, rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears)

1946 – John Watson, Northern Irish racecar driver

1948 – Billy O’Donnell, harness racer driver of year (1984)

1948 – Hurley Haywood, American race car driver, and three-time winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans

1949 – Sybil Danning, [Danninger], Weis Austria, actress (Chained Heat)

1949 – Zal Cleminson, rocker (Alex Harvey Band)

1949 – John Force, American race car driver

1950 – Darryl Hunt, English pop bassist (Pogues-Pair of Brown Eyes)

1951 – Mick Mars, American guitarist (Mötley Crüe)

1954 – Pia Zadora, American actress

1956 – Ulrike Meyfarth, Frankfurt West Germany, high jumper (Olympic-gold-1972)

1956 – Sharon Jones, Augusta Georgia, soul/funk singer (Sharon Jones & The Dap-Kings)

1958 – Keith Haring, Kutztown Pa, graffiti artist (Vanity Fair, Paris Review)

1959 – Randy Travis, Marshville NC, country singer (Diggin’ Up Bones)

1962 – Tracy Vaccaro, Glendale California, playmate (October, 1983)

1966 – Jane McGrath, co-founder of the McGrath Foundation for breast cancer (d. 2008)

1970 – Dawn Staley, Phila, basketball guard (Olympics-gold-96)

1971 – Luiz Garcia, Jr., Brazilian racing driver

1975 – Laci Peterson, American murder victim (d. 2002)

1979 – Lance Bass, American singer (*NSYNC)

1987 – Jorge Lorenzo, Spanish motorcycle racer

 

 

 

Deaths

1436 – Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman (b. 1390s)

1471 – Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales (killed in battle) (b. 1453)

1471 – Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Somerset, English military commander (executed)

1566 – Luca Ghini, Italian physician and botanist (b. 1490)

1605 – Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian biologist/medical, dies at 82

1615 – Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician (b. 1561)

1677 – Isaac Barrow, English mathematician (b. 1630)

1684 – John Nevison, English highwayman (b. 1639)

1734 – James Thornhill, English painter

1790 – Matthew Tilghman, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1718)

1799 – Tipu Sultan, Indian military leader killed during Battle of Seringapatam (b. 1750)

1811 – Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (b. 1776)

1832 – Jan van Speyck, Dutch admiral, buried in New Church

1855 – Camille Pleyel, Austria piano builder/composer, dies at 66

1858 – Aimé Bonpland, French explorer and botanist (b. 1773)

1859 – Joseph Diaz Gergonne, French mathematician (b. 1771)

1879 – William Froude, Brit civil eng/shipbuilder (F Integer), dies at 68

1916 – Joseph Mary Plunkett, Irish revolutionary (b. 1887)

1955 – Louis Breguet, French aviation pioneer, dies at 75

1970 – 4 students, at Kent State University killed by Ohio National Guard

1970 – William Schroeder (b. 1950)

1971 – Donald Dexter Van Slyke, US chemist (Cyanosis), dies at 88

1972 – Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)

1973 – Jane Bowles, writer, dies at 56

1975 – Moe Howard, [Moses Horowitz], comedian (3 Stooges), dies at 77

1980 – Josip Broz Tito, leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), dies at 87

1984 – Diana Dors, actress (Berserk!), dies at 52 of cancer

1984 – Bob Clampett, American cartoonist (b. 1913)

1987 – Cathryn Damon, actress (Mary Campbell-Soap), dies at 56

1987 – Paul Butterfield, singer/harmonica player, dies of drug abuse at 44

1991 – Dennis Crosby, son of Bing, commits suicide at 54

1994 – Karl Francis Hettinger, onion Field survivor, dies at 59

1996 – Jean Crepin, soldier/industrialist, dies at 87

1997 – Alvy Moore, actor/producer (Mr Kimball-Green Acres), dies at 75

2001 – Bonnie Lee Bakley, American murder victim (b. 1956)

2005 – David Hackworth, U.S. Army officer and military journalist (b. 1930)

2009 – Dom Deluise, American comedian, actor (b. 1933)

2012 – MCA [Adam Yauch], beastie boys vocalist, dies from cancer at 47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1294 – John II becomes duke of Brabant/Limburg

1342 – Count Hartmann II becomes ruler of Vaduz (Liechtenstein)

1382 – Battle on Beverhoutsfield near Brugge

1455 – Jews flee Spain

1494 – Jamaica discovered by Columbus; he names it “St Iago”

1512 – Pope Julius II opens 5th Council of Lateran at St. John Lateran Basilica in Rome

1654 – Bridge at Rowley Mass begins charging tolls for animals

1661 – Johannes Hevelius observes 3rd transit of Mercury ever to be seen

1662 – Royal charter granted Connecticut

1715 – Edmund Halley observes total eclipse phenomenon “Baily’s Beads”

1765 – 1st US medical college opens in Philadelphia

1802 – Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city

1810 – Lord Byron swims Hellespont

1815 – Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats king Joachim of Naples

1845 – 1st black lawyer (Macon B Allen) admitted to bar (Mass)

1845 – Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton China

1846 – Mexican army surrounds fort in Texas

1851 – Most of SF destroyed by fire; 30 die

1861 – Gen Winfield Scott presents his Anaconda Plan for the North against the South in US Civil War

1861 – Lincoln asks for 42,000 Army Volunteers & another 18,000 seamen

1863 – Battle of Fredricksburg, VA (Marye’s Heights)

1863 – Battle of Salem Church, VA

1864 – 3rd day in Battle at Alexandria Louisiana: Confederate assault

1867 – The Hudson’s Bay Company gives up all claims to Vancouver Island.

1900 – 26th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Boland aboard Lieut Gibson wins in 2:06.25

1901 – Fire destroyed 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida

1902 – 28th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on Alan-a-Dale wins in 2:08.75

1906 – British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey

1909 – 35th Kentucky Derby: Vincent Powers on Wintergreen wins in 2:08.2

1916 – The leaders of the Easter Rising are executed in Dublin.

1921 – West Virginia imposes 1st state sales tax

1923 – 1st nonstop transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed

1926 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Sinclair Lewis (Arrowsmith)

1926 – US marines land in Nicaragua (9-mo after leaving), stay until 1933

1928 – Japanese atrocities in Jinan, China.

1932 – 24 tourists begin 1st air-charter holiday (London-Basle, Switz)

1933 – 1st female director (Nellie T Ross) of US Mint takes office

1936 – NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio makes his major-league debut, gets 3 hits

1937 – Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for “Gone With the Wind”

1938 – Lefty Grove defeats Tigers 4-3 for 1st of record 20 consecutive wins at his home field Fenway Park; he doesn’t lose there until May 12 1941

1941 – 67th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Whirlaway wins in 2:01.4

1942 – Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands

1943 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon’s Teeth)

1943 – US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia

1944 – Meat rationing ends in US

1945 – 1st Polish armour brigade occupies Wilhelmshafen

1945 – Allies arrests German nuclear physics Werner Heisenberg

1945 – German ship “Cap Arcona” sinks in East Sea, 5,800 killed

1947 – 73rd Kentucky Derby: Eric Guerin aboard Jet Pilot wins in 2:06.8

1949 – 1st firing of a US Viking rocket; reached 80 km

1951 – Gil McDougald ties major league record with 6 RBIs in 1 inning

1952 – 1st landing by an airplane at geographic North Pole

1952 – 78th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hill Gail wins in 2:01.6

1954 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Charles A Lindbergh & John Patrick

1956 – A new range of mountains discovered in Antarctica (2 over 13,000′)

1958 – 84th Kentucky Derby: Ismael Valenzuela aboard Tim Tam wins in 2:05

1958 – WINS suspends Alan Freed for causing a riot in Boston, he quits

1961 – Warren Spahn pitches a 2 hitter after pitching a no hitter

1962 – Express train crashed into wreckage of a commuter train & a freight, killing 163, injuring 400 (Tokyo, Japan)

1965 – 1st use of satellite TV, Today Show on Early Bird Satellite

1967 – Black students seize finance building at Northwestern U

1968 – Holland Pirate Radio Station VRON becomes Radio Veronica Intl

1969 – 95th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack on Majestic Prince wins in 2:01.8

1971 – National Public Radio begins programming

1971 – Pulitzer prize awarded to John Toland (Rising Sun)

1973 – Chicago’s Sears Tower, world’s tallest building (443 m), topped out

1975 – 101st Kentucky Derby: Jacinto Vasquez on Foolish Pleasure wins 2:02

1976 – Panama 747SP lands after record flight around world (46:26)

1978 – The first unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail (which would later become known as “spam”) is sent by a Digital Equipment Corporation marketing representative to every ARPANET address on the west coast of the United States.

1979 – 1st woman prime minister of Great Britain (Margaret Thatcher)

1979 – Bobby Bonds hits his 300th HR (2nd to have 300 HRs & 300 stolen bases)

1980 – 106th Kentucky Derby: Jacinto Vasquez on Genuine Risk wins in 2:02

1980 – Giants 1st baseman Willie McCovey hits his 521st & final HR

1980 – Texas Ranger Ferguson Jenkins becomes 4th to win 100 games in AL & NL

1982 – NY Times reports that military will get 25% of NASA’s budget

1982 – Pres Reagan begins 5 minute weekly radio broadcasts

1986 – 112th Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Ferdinand wins in 2:02.8

1986 – Cubs 3rd baseman Ron Cey hits his 300th & 301st HR

1988 – 4,200 kg Colombian cocaine in seized at Tarpon Springs Florida

1988 – Jasper Johns’ “Diver” sold for $4,200,000

1991 – 356th & final episode of CBS 2nd longest running series Dallas, 2nd only to Gunsmoke

1992 – Balt’s Gregg Olson, 25, is youngest to record 100 saves

1994 – US space probe Clementine launched

1997 – 123rd Kentucky Derby: Gary Stevens aboard Silver Charm wins in 2:02.3

1997 – Garry Kasparov begins chess match with IBM supercomputer Deep Blue

1999 – Oklahoma City, Oklahoma is slammed by an F5 tornado killing forty-two people, injuring 665, and causing $1 billion in damage. The tornado was one of 66 from the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak.

1999 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 11,000 for the first time in its history at 11,014.70.

2000 – The sport of geocaching begins, with the first cache placed and the coordinates from a GPS posted on Usenet.

2001 – The United States loses its seat on the U.N. Human Rights Commission for the first time since the commission was formed in 1947.

2003 – New Hampshire’s famous Old Man of the Mountain collapses.

2006 – Zacarias Moussaoui is sentenced to life in prison in Alexandria, Virginia.

2007 – British girl Madeleine McCann disappears from her bed in a holiday apartment in Praia da Luz, Portugal.

Births

612 – Constantine III, Byzantine Emperor (d. 641)

1415 – Cecily Neville, mother of Edward IV of England and Richard III of England (d. 1495)

1469 – Niccolo Machiavelli, Florence, Italy, politician/writer (Prince), d. 1527)

1514 – Bartholomaeus a Martyribus, [Fernandez], primate of Portugal

1535 – Alessandro “Agnolo” Allori, Italian painter/carpet designer

1662 – Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, German architect (d. 1736)

1695 – Henri Pitot, Italian-born French engineer (d. 1771)

1713 – Alexis Clairault, French mathematician (d. 1765)

1816 – Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union Army), died in 1892

1849 – Jacob Riis, Denmark, reporter (NY Tribune, NY Evening Sun)

1860 – John Scott Haldane, Scottish physiologist (d. 1936)

1861 – Emmett Dalton, American outlaw (d. 1937)

1873 – Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian general (d. 1945)

1874 – Francois Coty, Corsica, Corsican senator/perfume maker

1879 – Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman (d. 1950)

1888 – Beulah Bondi, American actress (d. 1981)

1892 – Beulah Bondi, Chicago, actress (It’s a Wonderful Life)

1895 – Zoltan Korda, Hungarian/British director (Jungle Book, 4 Feathers)

1896 – Dodie Smith, English novelist and playwright (d. 1990)

1896 – Karl Allmenroder, German World War I Ace (d. 1917)

1898 – Golda Meir, [Meyerson], Kiev Ukraine, 4th Israeli PM (1969-74)

1902 – Walter Slezak, Vienna, actor (Bedtime for Bonzo, Inspector General)

1903 – Bing Crosby, Tacoma Wash, singer (White Christmas, Going My Way)

1906 – Mary Astor, Quincy IL, actress (Maltese Falcon, Dinky)

1907 – Earl Wilson, Rockford Ohio, columnist (Midnight Earl)

1913 – Earl Blackwell, Atlanta Ga, author (Celebrity Register)

1913 – William M Inge, US playwright (Picnic-Pulitzer 1953)

1917 – Betty Comden, American lyricist, (d. 2006)

1919 – Pete Seeger, NYC, folk singer (Weaver, Goodnight Irene)

1919 – John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (d. 2004)

1921 – Sugar Ray Robinson, [Walter Smith], Ailey, Georgia, middle/welterweight boxer (1946-52, 55, 58), (d. 1989)

1922 – Marina Svetlova, ballerina/choreographer (Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo)

1924 – Ken Tyrrell, English founder of eponymous F1 racing team (d. 2001)

1933 – James Brown, Barnwell, South Carolina, American soul singer (Hot Pants, Living in America) and originator of funk music (d. 2006)

1933 – Alex Cord, American actor

1934 – Henry Cooper, English boxer

1935 – Ron Popeil, American inventor

1936 – Engelbert Humperdinck, [Arnolde Dorsey], India, singer (EH Show)

1937 – Frankie Valli, [Castelluccio], Newark NJ, singer (Four Seasons-Sherry)

1939 – Jose Torres, US, boxer (Olympics)

1939 – Samantha Eggar, London England, actress (Collector)

1941 – Nona Gaprindasvili, USSR, world women’s chess champ (1962-78)

1942 – Dave Marash, American journalist

1944 – Peter Staples, rocker (Troggs-Wild Thing)

1946 – Greg Gumbel, sportscaster (CBS TV, WFAN)

1947 – Doug Henning, Ft Garry Manitoba, magician (Broadway play-Magic)

1949 – Albert Sacco Jr, Boston Mass, PhD/astronaut (STS 73)

1950 – Mary Hopkin, South Wales, singer (Those Were the Days)

1951 – Christopher Cross, [Geppert], Texas, singer (Sailing, Arthur’s Theme)

1952 – Allen Wells, England, 100m dash (Olympic-gold-1980)

1953 – Bruce Hall, Champaign Ill, rock bassist (Reo Speedwagon)

1955 – Timmy Cappello, rock & sax player (played with Tina Turner, Ringo Starr & The Lost Boys)

1959 – David Ball, Blackpool, rock keyboardist (Soft Cell)

1961 – Joe Murray, American cartoonist

1962 – Anders Graneheim, Swedish bodybuilder

1963 – Jamie Reeves, British strongman

1965 – Nina Garcia, Colombian-American fashion expert and television personality

1969 – Karen Kraft, San Mateo California, rower (Olympics-silver-96)

1972 – Shonie Carter, American MMA fighter

1972 – Suzi Suzuki, former Japanese adult actress

1978 – Christina Hendricks, American actress

1980 – Marcel Vigneron, American chef (Top Chef)

1981 – Farrah Franklin, American singer (former member of Destiny’s Child)

1985 – Greg Raposo, American pop/rock singer

 

 

 

Deaths

1010 – Ansfried, 9th bishop of Utrecht (995-1010)/saint, dies at about 69

1152 – Matilda of Boulogne, Queen of England (b. 1105)

1160 – Peter Lombard, Italian scholar and bishop (b. c.1100)

1270 – King Béla IV of Hungary (b. 1206)

1481 – Mehmed II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1432)

1598 – Anna Guarini, Italian singer (b. 1563)

1606 – Henry Garnet, English Jesuit (executed) (b. 1555)

1679 – James Sharp, English archbishop (assassinated) (b. 1613)

1703 – Eglon van de Down, still-life painter, dies

1779 – John Winthrop, American astronomer (b. 1714)

1863 – Elisha Franklin “Bull” Paxton, US Confederate brig-gen, dies at 35

1921 – Théodore Pilette, Belgian racing driver (b. 1883)

1940 – Henry Ossian Flipper, American soldier, former slave and first African American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point, dies at 84

1961 – Maurice [Jean Jacques] Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher, dies at 53

1972 – Bruce Cabot, actor (Diamonds are Forever), dies at 68

1972 – Les Harvey, rocker, dies

1982 – Helmut Dantine, actor (Shadow of the Cloak), dies at 64

1988 – Lev Semenovich Pontryagin, Russian mathematician (b. 1908)

1989 – Christine Jorgensen, 1st transsexual, dies at 62

1991 – Jerzy Kosinski, author (Being There), dies at 57

1996 – Jack Weston, actor (Ishtar, Rad, Cuba), dies of lymphoma at 71

2000 – John Joseph Cardinal O’Connor, Catholic Archbishop of New York (b. 1920)

2003 – Suzy Parker, American actress (b. 1932)

2004 – Ken Downing, British racing driver (b. 1917)

2006 – Earl Woods, Athlete and father of Tiger Woods (b. 1932)

2007 – Wally Schirra, American astronaut (b. 1923)

2007 – Knock Yokoyama, Japanese comedian and politician (b. 1932)

2011 – Jackie Cooper, American actor (b. 1922)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

1194 – King Richard I of England gives Portsmouth its first Royal Charter.

1230 – William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny is hanged by Prince Llywelyn the Great.

1335 – Otto the Merry, Duke of Austria, becomes Duke of Carinthia.

1345 – “Quaden Maendach” in Gent: Battles between volders & weavers

1497 – John Cabot departs to North-America

1536 – King Henry VIII accused Anna Boleyn of adultery & incest

1668 – Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle/1st peace of Aken: ends War of Devolution, French-Spanish war in The Netherlands

1776 – France & Spain agreed to give weapons to American rebels

1780 – William Herschel discovers 1st binary star, Xi Ursae Majoris

1829 – After anchoring nearby, Captain Charles Fremantle of the HMS Challenger, declares the Swan River Colony in Australia.

1863 – South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Va

1863 – Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men

1865 – Pres Johnson offers $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis

1866 – Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao.

1885 – “Good Housekeeping” magazine is 1st published

1887 – Hannibal W Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film

1903 – 29th Kentucky Derby: Hal Booker aboard Judge Himes wins in 2:09

1904 – 30th Kentucky Derby: Shorty Prior aboard Elwood wins in 2:08.50

1906 – 32nd Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Troxler aboard Sir Huon wins in 2:08.8

1908 – 1908 “Take me out to the Ball Game registered for copyright.

1909 – Honus Wagner steals his way around bases in 1st inning against Cubs

1916 – US president Wilson signs Harrison Drug Act

1918 – General Motors acquires the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.

1919 – 1st US air passenger service starts

1923 – Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats Yanks 3-0

1926 – US military intervenes in Nicaragua

1932 – Jack Benny’s 1st radio show premieres (NBC Blue Network)

1932 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Pearl S Buck (Good Earth)

1936 – 62nd Kentucky Derby: Ira Hanford aboard Bold Venture wins in 2:03.6

1938 – Ella Fitzgerald records “A-Tisket, A-Tasket”

1938 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder (Our Town)

1939 – Lou Gehrig ends 2,130 consecutive game streak, Yanks beat Tigers 22-2

1941 – Martin Bormann succeeds Rudolf Hess as Hitler’s deputy

1941 – Ted Williams lowest average (.308) in year he hit over .400

1942 – 68th Kentucky Derby: Wayne D Wright aboard Shut Out wins in 2:04.4

1942 – Japanese troops occupy Mandalay Burma

1945 – German Army in Italy surrenders

1945 – Russia takes Berlin; General Weidling surrenders

1946 – The “Battle of Alcatraz” takes place, killing two guards and three inmates.

1949 – Arthur Miller wins Pulitzer Prize for “Death of a Salesman”

1949 – Don Newcombe, 1st start, shuts out Cincinnati on 5 hits to win 3-0

1953 – 79th Kentucky Derby: Hank Moreno aboard Dark Star wins in 2:02

1955 – Pulitzer prize awarded Tennessee Williams for (Cat on Hot Tin Roof)

1956 – US Lab detects high-temperature microwave radiation from Venus

1956 – US Methodist church disallows race separation

1959 – 85th Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Tomy Lee wins in 2:02.2

1960 – “American Bandstand’s” Dick Clark

1962 – OAS strikes in Algeria

1964 – 90th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack aboard Northern Dancer wins in 2:00

1964 – Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Omaha, to become NWA champ

1964 – First ascent of Shishapangma the fourteenth highest mountain in the world and the lowest of the Eight-thousanders.

1968 – Gold reaches then record high ($39.35 per ounce) in London

1969 – British liner Queen Elizabeth II leaves on maiden voyage to NY

1970 – 1st woman jockey at Kentucky Derby (Diane Crump)

1970 – 96th Kentucky Derby: Mike Manganello on Dust Commander wins 2:03.4

1972 – Electrical fire in Sunshine Silver mine. 126 die (Kellogg Idaho)

1972 – Lt General Vernon A Walters, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA

1974 – Former VP Spiro Agnew disbarred

1975 – Apple records closes down

1980 – Joseph Doherty & 3 other IRA men arrested for murder

1980 – Pink Floyd’s “Another Brick in Wall (Part II)” is banned in South Africa

1981 – 107th Kentucky Derby: Jorge Velasquez on Pleasant Colony wins in 2:02

1982 – Falklands War: Argentine cruiser General Belgrano sunk by British submarine Conqueror, killing more than 350 men

1987 – 113th Kentucky Derby: Chris McCarron aboard Alysheba wins in 2:03.4

1988 – Jackson Pollock’s “Search” sold for $4,800,000

1988 – Reds manager Pete Rose is suspended for 30 days for pushing an ump

1992 – 118th Kentucky Derby: Pat Day aboard Lil E Tee wins in 2:03

1994 – Bus crashes into a tree at Gdansk Poland, 30 killed

1994 – Dr Kervokian found innocent on assisting suicides

1994 – Michael Bolton found plagurized Isley Bros “Love is Wonderful Thing”

1995 – Serb missiles exploded in the heart of Zagreb, killing six

1997 – Mercury Mail announces its 1 millionth internet subscriber

1997 – Police arrest transsexual hooker Atisone Seiuli with Eddie Murphy

1998 – 124th Kentucky Derby

1998 – The European Central Bank is founded in Brussels in order to define and execute the European Union’s monetary policy.

2000 – President Bill Clinton announces that accurate GPS access would no longer be restricted to the United States military.

2002 – Marad massacre of eight Hindus near Palakkad in Kerala.

2004 – Yelwa massacre of more than 630 nomad Muslims by Christians in Nigeria.

2008 – Cyclone Nargis makes landfall in Myanmar killing over 130,000 people and leaving millions of people homeless.

2011 – Osama bin Laden, the suspected mastermind behind the September 11 attacks and the FBI’s most wanted man is killed by the United States special forces in Abbottabad, Pakistan.

2012 – Edvard Munch’s famous painting ‘The Scream’ sells at auction for $119,922,500

 

 

 

Births

1360 – Yongle, Emperor of China (d. 1424)

1458 – Leonor of Viseu, queen of Portugal (d. 1525)

1551 – William Camden, English historian (Brittania, Annales)

1660 – Pietro Alessandro Gaspare Scarlatti, Palermo Italy, composer (Tigrane)

1695 – Giovanni Niccolo Servandoni, Italian-born architect (d. 1766)

1729 – Catherine the Great [Catherine II], Stettin, Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia, Empress of Russia (1762-96)

1750 – John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War (d. 1780)

1779 – John Galt, Scotland, novelist (Ayrshire Legatees, Lawrie Todd)

1821 – Abram Sanders Piatt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1908

1828 – Désiré Charnay, French archaeologist (d. 1915)

1837 – Henry Martyn Robert, parliamentarian (Robert’s Rules of Order)

1844 – Elijah McCoy, black inventor, held over 50 patents

1860 – D’Arcy Thompson, zoologist/classicist (On Growth & Form)

1869 – Tyrone Power Sr, London England, actor (Alexanders Ragtime Band)

1879 – James F. Byrnes, American statesman, and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1972)

1885 – Hedda Hopper, American gossip columnist (d. 1966)

1890 – E[dward] E[lmer] “Doc” Smith, US, sci-fi author (Triplanetary). Died 1965

1892 – Manfred Freiherr von Richthofen [The Red Baron], Breslau, German World War I fighter ace

1895 – Lorenz Hart, American lyricist (d. 1943)

1897 – J. Fred Coots, American songwriter (d. 1985)

1902 – Brian Aherne, Worcestershire England, actor (Juarez)

1903 – Benjamin Spock, CT, pediatrician (Common Sense Book of Baby Care)

1906 – Aileen Riggin, Newport RI, springboard diver (Olympic-gold-1920, 24)

1906 – Philippe Halsman, American photographer (d. 1979)

1907 – Pinky Lee, children’s show host (Pinky Lee Show)

1910 – Alexander Bonnyman, U.S. Marine (d. 1943)

1912 – Axel Springer, German newspaper magnate

1917 – Albert Castelyns, Belgian water polo player and bobsledder

1924 – Theodore Bikel, Austrian/US folk singer/actor (Russians Are Coming)

1925 – Roscoe Lee Browne, Woodbury NJ, actor (McCoy, Saunders-Soap)

1932 – Bruce Glover, Chicago Ill, actor (Diamonds are Forever)

1933 – Bunk Gardner, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)

1935 – Link Wray, rocker (Link Wray & His Ray Men)

1937 – Lorenzo Music, Bkln NY, writer/actor/voice (Carlton-Rhoda, Garfield)

1939 – Sumio Iijima, Japanese physicist

1945 – Bianca Perez Morena de Macias Jagger, Nicaragua, model and socialite

1945 – Bob Henrit, English pop drummer (Kinks-Waterloo Sunset)

1945 – Goldy McJohn, rocker (Steppenwolf)

1945 – Judge Dread, English musician (d. 1998)

1946 – Lesley Gore, Tenafly NJ, singer (It’s My Party)

1948 – Larry Gatlin, Seminole Tx, country singer (Gatlin Bros-Broken Lady)

1950 – Lou Gramm, Rochester NY, rocker (Foreigner-Want to Know What Love Is)

1952 – Christine Baranski, Buffalo NY, actress (Maryann-Cybill, Birdcage)

1954 – Roberta Pedon, American glamour model (d. 1982)

1955 – Jay Osmond, rocker (Osmond Brothers)

1956 – David Rhodes, English guitarist

1961 – Doctor Robert, [Bruce R Howard], rocker (Blow Monkeys-Wicked Ways)

1962 – Jimmy White, English snooker player

1972 – Jill Savery, Fort Lauderdale Fl, synchronized swimmer (Olympics-gold-96)

1972 – Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson, American professional wrestler and actor

1977 – Amy D’Entremont, Stoneham Mass, figure skater (1995 NE Jr champ)

1977 – Jenna Von Oy, actress (Seven-Blossom)

1980 – Pierre-Luc Gagnon, Canadian skateboarder

1983 – Christa Rigozzi, Swiss model

1985 – Kyle Busch, American race car driver

1985 – Sarah Hughes, American figure skater

 

 

 

Deaths

373 – Athanasius, Patriarch of Alexandria (b. 298)

649 – Maruta of Tagrit, theology/1st mafriaan Jakobitische church, dies

756 – Emperor Shōmu, Emperor of Japan (b. 701)

907 – Boris I of Bulgaria

1230 – William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny (b. 1197)

1250 – Toeransa, sultan of Egypt, murdered

1300 – Blanche of Artois, regent of Navarre (b. 1248)

1450 – William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English military leader (b. 1396)

1519 – Leonardo Da Vinci, artist/scientist, dies at 67

1669 – Pieter Jansz Post, master builder (Waag, Gouda), dies at 61

1683 – Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (b. 1613)

1736 – Albert Seba, Amsterdam pharmacist, dies at 71

1849 – David H Chasse, baron/gen (fought Napoleon at Waterloo), dies at 84

1945 – Martin Bormann, propoganda minister for Hitler, dies

1957 – Joseph McCarthy, commie hunting senator (R-Wisc), dies at 47

1960 – Caryl Chessman, rapist executed after 12 years of appeals at 39

1968 – Donald L Hall, airplane designer (Spirit of St Louis), dies at 69

1972 – J Edgar Hoover, first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924-72) dies at 77

1980 – George Pál, Hungarian-born film director (b. 1908)

1983 – Marius F Duintjer, architect, dies

1983 – Norm Van Brocklin, American football star (b. 1926)

1985 – Attilio Bettega, Italian rallydriver (b.1951)

1986 – Henri Toivonen, Finnish rallydriver (b.1956)

1990 – David Rappaport, 3’11’ actor (Wizard, LA Law), shoots himself at 38

1990 – Oleg Anatolyevich Yakovlev, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 49

1992 – Lee Salk, baby doctor/author, dies of cardiac arrest at 65

1992 – Wilbur Mills, (Rep-D-Ark)/involved with Fanne Foxe, dies at 82

1993 – Julio Gallo, wine maker (Gallo), dies in a car accident at 82

1994 – Wilson Charles Geoffery Baldwin, hero, dies at 75

1999 – Oliver Reed, English actor (b. 1938)

2002 – W. T. Tutte, English-born codebreaker (b. 1917)

2006 – Louis Rukeyser, American columnist (b. 1933)

2010 – Lynn Redgrave, British actress (b. 1943)

2011 – Osama bin Laden, leader of al-Qaeda and ‘the most wanted man in the world’ (b. 1957)

2012 – Junior Seau, NFL inside linebacker, commits suicide at 43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

305 – Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor.

1006 – Supernova observed by Chinese & Egyptians in constellation Lupus

1048 – Bishop Bernold flees St Pieterskerk for Utrecht Neth

1328 – Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton – the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.

1394 – Ekiho, exorcised the Zen temple & it’s surroundings from an old badger

1523 – Danish king Christian III arrives in Veere

1528 – Pánfilo the Narváez begins exploration with 350 men to Florida

1544 – Turkish troops occupy Hungary

1551 – Council of Trente resumes

1598 – Jacob van Necks merchant fleet departs for Java

1625 – Portuguese & Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador (Bahia)

1682 – Louis XIV & his court inaugurates Paris Observatory

1703 – Battle at Rultusk: Swedish army beats Russians

1707 – England, Wales & Scotland form UK of Great Britain

1715 – Prussia declares war on Sweden

1751 – 1st American cricket match is played

1753 – Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, and the formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.

 

 

 

1776 – Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati

 

 

 

 

 

 

1778 – American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.

1785 – Kamehameha, the king of Hawaiʻi defeats Kalanikupule and establishes the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi

1822 – John Phillips becomes 1st mayor of Boston

1840 – 1st adhesive postage stamps (“Penny Blacks” from England) issued

1841 – 1st emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri for Calif

1844 – Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate

1846 – Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world

1848 – The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.

1857 – William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to US Navy

1861 – Lee orders Confederate troops under T J Jackson to Harper’s Ferry

1862 – Union captain David Farragut conquers New Orleans

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of ChancellorsvilleVA (29,000 injured or died)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi

1863 – Confederate “National Flag” replaces “Stars & Bars”

1864 – -8] Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)

1864 – Atlanta campaign, GA begins

1867 – Howard University chartered

1867 – Reconstruction of South begins, black voter registration

1869 – Folies Bergere opens in Paris

1873 – 1st US postal card issued

 

 

 

1875 – 238 members of “Whiskey Ring” accused of anti-US activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

1883 – “Buffalo Bill” Cody put on his 1st Wild West Show

1884 – Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)

1889 – Bayer introduces aspirin in powder form (Germany)

1891 – Cy Young pitches 1st game played in Cleveland’s League Park Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3

1898 – George Dewey commands, “You may fire when you are ready, Gridley” as US route Spanish fleet at Manila

1900 – Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah

1901 – Herb McFarland hit 1st grand slam in American League

1908 – World’s most intense shower (2.47″ in 3 minutes) at Portobelo Panama

1912 – Beverly Hills Hotel opens

1915 – British Lusitania leaves NY, for Liverpool

1919 – Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages

1920 – Babe Ruth’s 1st Yankee HR & 50th of career, out of Polo Grounds

1922 – Charlie Robertson of Chicago pitches a perfect no-hit, no-run game

1925 – A’s Jimmie Foxx, 17, 1st game; he pinch-hits a single

1926 – Brooklyn Dodgers & Boston Braves deadlock at 1-1 in 26 innings

1926 – Satchel Paige makes pitching debut in Negro Southern League

1927 – 1st British airliner to serve cooked meals (Imperial Airways)

1928 – Pitcairn Airlines (later Eastern) begins service

1929 – Brooklyn’s Johnny Finn sets 100 yard sack race in 14.4 seconds

 

 

 

1931 – Empire State Building opens in NYC

 

 

 

 

 

 

1931 – Singer Kate Smith begins her long-running radio program on CBS

1935 – Boulder Dam completed

1935 – Canada’s 1st silver dollar is circulated

1936 – FBI’s J Edgar Hoover arrests Alvin Karpis

1937 – FDR signs act of neutrality

1939 – Batman comics hit street

1939 – Pulitzer Prize awarded to Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (Yearling)

1941 – “Citizen Kane,” directed & starring Orson Welles, premieres in NY

1941 – General Mills introduces Cheerios

1941 – German assault on Tobruk

1942 – Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear “Jewish star”

1943 – 1st edition of illegal “The Free Artist” appears in Amsterdam

1943 – 69th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:04

1943 – Food rationing begins in US

1943 – German plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta

1945 – 900 occupiers of Demmin Vorpommeren, commit suicide

1945 – Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government

1945 – Australian & Dutch troops lands on Tarakan

1945 – Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II

1946 – Fieldmarshal Montgomery appointed British supreme commander

1946 – Mrs Emma Clarissa Clement named “American Mother of Year”

1947 – Lt General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, ends term as 2nd head of CIA

1947 – Radar for coml & private planes 1st demonstrated

1947 – Rear Admiral Roscoe H Hillenkoetter, USN, becomes 3th director of CIA

1948 – 74th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Citation wins in 2:05.4

1948 – North Korean proclaims itself People’s Democratic Republic of Korea

1948 – Glenn Taylor, Idaho Senator, arrested in Birmingham Alabama for trying to enter a meeting through a door marked “for Negroes”

1949 – A’s Elmer Valo is 1st AL’er to hit 2 bases-loaded triples in a game

1949 – Gerard Kuiper discovers Nereid, (2nd satellite of Neptune)

1950 – Gwendolyn Brooks, is 1st Black awarded a Pulitzer Prize (poetry)

1950 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Rodgers & Hammerstein (South Pacific)

1951 – 600,000 march for peace & freedom in Germany

1951 – Mickey Mantle’s 1st HR

1952 – Marines take part in an atomic explosion training in Nevada

1952 – Mr Potato Head, introduced

1952 – TWA introduces tourist class

1954 – 80th Kentucky Derby: Raymond York aboard Determine wins in 2:03

1955 – Bob Feller’s 15th 1 or less hitter (12 1-hitters, 3 no-hitters)

1956 – A doctor in Japan reports an “epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system”, marking the official discovery of Minamata disease.

1957 – Larry King’s 1st radio broadcast

1957 – US give Poland credit of $95 million

1957 – Vanguard TV-1 booster test reaches 195 km

1959 – Floyd Patterson KOs Brian London in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

1959 – West Germany introduces 5 day work week

 

 

 

1960 – Russia shoots down Francis Gary Powers‘ U-2 spy plane over Sverdlovsk

 

 

 

 

 

 

1961 – 1st US airplane hijacked to Cuba

1961 – Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba

1961 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee (To Kill a Mockingbird)

1962 – Bo Belinsky pitches a no-hitter, in his 4th start

1962 – JFK authorizes Area Redevelopment Act (ARA)

1963 – 1st American (James Whittaker) conquers Mount Everest

1964 – 1st BASIC program runs on a computer (Dartmouth)

1965 – 91st Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker on Lucky Debonair wins in 2:01.2

1965 – USSR launches Luna 5; later impacts on Moon

1965 – Battle of Dong-Yin, a naval conflict between ROC and PRC, takes place.

1966 – Last British concert by Beatles (Empire Pool in Wembley)

1967 – Anastasio Somoza Debayle becomes president of Nicaragua

1967 – Elvis Presley & Priscilla Beaulieu wed in Las Vegas

1969 – 43 Unification church couples wed in NYC

1969 – Leonard Tose buys NFL Philadelphia Eagles for $16,155,000

1969 – Pirate Radio Station 259 (England/France) begins transmitting

1971 – 97th Kentucky Derby: Gustavo Avila on Canonero II wins in 2:03.2

1971 – Amtrak Railroad begins operation

1971 – Rolling Stones release “Brown Sugar”

1972 – Radio’s Mutual Black Network premieres

1978 – Naomi Uemura became 1st to reach North Pole overland alone

1979 – Elton John becomes 1st pop star to perform in Israel

1979 – Marshall Islands (in Pacific) become self-governing

1981 – Harrison Williams (Sen-D-NJ) convicted on FBI Abscam charges

1981 – Radio Shack releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3

1982 – 108th Kentucky Derby: Ed Delahoussaye on Gato Del Sol wins in 2:02.4

1982 – 1982 World’s Fair in Knoxville Tennessee opens

1983 – Nolan Ryan surpasses Walter Johnson for most strikeouts (3,508)

1985 – US president Reagan ends embargo against Nicaragua

1986 – Bill Elliott sets stock car speed record of 212.229 mph

1986 – Tass reports Chernobyl nuclear power plant mishap

1986 – Will Stegers expedition reaches North Pole

1987 – 46 HRs hit in 13 baseball games

1988 – IRA attack in Roermond, kills 3

1989 – 135 acre Disney’s MGM studio officially opens to public

1989 – US Supreme Court rules employees have legal burden to prove non- discriminatory reasons for not hiring or promoting

1991 – Angola’s civil war ends

1991 – Rickey Henderson breaks Lou Brocks record with his 939th steal

1991 – Texas Ranger Nolan Ryan pitches record 7th no hitter (beats Toronto 3-0)

1991 – Skin-Spit-Skin featuring lesbian, homosexual & hetrosexual nude couples caressing, is seen by 5,000 in NYC

1992 – Eric Houston kills 4 in a California HS where he failed history 4 yrs prior

1992 – Rickey Henderson steals his 1,000th base

1993 – 119th Kentucky Derby: Jerry Bailey aboard Sea Hero wins in 2:02.4

1993 – Bomb attack on Sri Lankan president (26 die)

1994 – -3] Tornado & hail storms hit Jiangxi China, 95 killed

1994 – Charles Kuralt, retires as CBS newsman (On the Road)

1995 – Croatian forces launch Operation Flash during the Croatian War of Independence.

1997 – Tony Blair elected PM of UK

2000 – Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declares the existence of “a state of rebellion”, hours after thousands of supporters of her arrested predecessor, Joseph Estrada, storm towards the presidential palace at the height of the EDSA III rebellion.

2003 – 2003 invasion of Iraq: In what becomes known as the “Mission Accomplished” speech, U.S. President George W. Bush declares that “major combat operations in Iraq have ended” on board the USS Abraham Lincoln off the coast of California.

2006 – The Puerto Rican government closes the Department of Education and 42 other government agencies due to significant shortages in cash flow.

2007 – The Los Angeles May Day mêlée occurs, in which the Los Angeles Police Department’s response to a May Day pro-immigration rally become a matter of controversy.

2010 – Car bomb fails to go off in Times Square, New York City

2012 – Guggenheim Partners make the largest ever purchase of a sports franchise after buying the Los Angeles Dodgers for $2.1 billion

 

 

 

Births

1218 – John I, Count of Hainaut (d. 1257)

1218 – Rudolph I of Germany, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1291)

1238 – Magnus VI Lagabuter, King of Norway (1263-80)

1285 – Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1326)

1545 – Franciscus Junius, [Francois du Jon], French/Neth calvinist theologist

1592 – Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionaries/astronomer

1672 – Joseph Addison, England, essayist (Spectator)

1735 – John H van Kinsbergen, Dutch lt-admiral/founder of Dutch Marines Corp

1738 – Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819) (d. 1819)

1759 – Jacob Albright, [Albrecht], German/US predictor

 

 

 

1764 – Benjamin Henry Latrobeengineer/architect (built Capitol)

 

Latrobe

 

 

 

 

 

 

1769 – Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory) (1828-30)

1800 –  Thomas Aloysius Dornin, Comm (Union Navy), died in 1874

1807 – John Bankhead “Prince John” Magruder, Major General (Confederate Army)

1819 – William Steele, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885

1835 – Alfred Napoleon Alexander “Natti” Duffie, Brig Gen (Union volunteers)

1839 – Chardonnet, inventor (rayon)

 

 

 

1852 – Calamity Jane , frontier adventurer/indian fighter

 

 

 

 

 

 

1872 – Sidónio Pais, Portuguese military and politician (d. 1918)

1884 – Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe, British politician, naval officer and racing driver (d. 1964)

1887 – Alan Gordon Cunningham, Irish/Brit gen/director of Palestine (1945-48)

1896 – Mark Wayne Clark, American general (d. 1984)

1896 – J. Lawton Collins, American general (d. 1987)

1898 – Eugene R Black, US, Pres of World Bank (1953-62)

1907 – Kate Smith, American singer (d. 1986)

1909 – Ethel Jane Cain, original UK Speaking Clock voice

1910 – Cliff Battles, Akron Oh, NFL hall of famer (Braves, Redskins)

1913 – Louis Nye, American comedian and actor (d. 2005)

1915 – Archie Williams, American athlete (d. 1993)

1916 – Glenn Ford, Quebec Canada, actor (Cade’s County, Big Heat, Midway)

1918 – Jack Paar, Canton Ohio, American television host of the Jack Paar Show (d. 2004)

1921 – 12th Lord Middleton, English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1923 – Joseph Heller, Bkln NY, novelist (Catch-22, 1963 Arts & Letters Award)

1924 – Patricia Roberts Harris, 1st US black woman cabinet member

1924 – Terry Southern, writer

1925 – Malcolm Scott Carpenter, Boulder Colo, astronaut (Mercury 7-Aurora 7)

1927 – Greta Andersen, Denmark, 100m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1948)

1929 – Sonny James, [James Loden], Hackelburg AL, rocker (Young Love)

 

 

 

1930 – Little Walter, [Marion Walter Jacobs], Bluesman , Harp Player

 

Little Walter

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1939 – Judy Collins, Seattle Wash, singer (Send in the Clowns, Clouds)

1939 – Max Robinson, Richmond Virginia, American broadcast journalistr (ABC Evening News) (d. 1988)

1940 – Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer

1944 – Rita Coolidge, Nashville Tn, singer (Higher & Higher, We’re All Alone)

1946 – Jerry Weiss, NYC, rocker (Blood Sweat & Tears)

1946 – Joanna Lumley, Kashmir India, actress (Abs Fab, OHM’s Secret Service)

1946 – Nick Fortune, [Nicholas Fortuna], rock bassist (Buckinghams Chicago)

1946 – Tony Ashton, rocker

1946 – Valentin Muratov, USSR, floor exercise gymnist (Olympic-gold-1956)

1946 – John Woo, Hong Kong director

1947 – Carlos Ward, rocker (B T Express)

1948 – James Wise, US soul singer (Archie Bell & the Drells)

1949 – Margo Miller, SF California, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)

1949 – Paul Teutul, Sr., founder of Orange County Choppers

1954 – Joel Rosenberg, science fiction author

1957 – Dick Swett, (Rep-D-New Hampshire)

1957 – Paul D Ronney, LA California, ScD/astronaut (STS 83 alt)

1961 – Steven Cauthen, jockey (1978 Kentucky Derby-Affirmed)

1964 – Ruth Picardie, journalist

1966 – Johnny Colt, Cherry Point NC, rock bassist (Black Crowes)

1967 – Yael Arad, Israel, Women’s half middleweight judoka (Oly-1996)

1967 – Tim McGraw, American musician

1968 – D’arcy Wretzky, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins)

1969 – Wes Anderson, American director and writer

1975 – Jodhi May, London, British actress (A World Apart, The Other Boleyn Girl)

1980 – Jan Heylen, Belgian racing driver

1983 – The Human Tornado (Craig Williams), American professional wrestler

 

 

 

Deaths

408 – Arcadius, Eastern Roman emperor (b. 337/338)

1118 – Edith of Scotland, first wife of Henry I of England (b. c. 1080)

1171 – Dermot MacMurrough, last Irish King of Leinster, dies

1240 – Jacques de Vitry, Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals

1277 – Stefanus IV Uros I de Great, King of Serbia (1243-76), dies

1308 – Albrecht I van Habsburg, German King (1298-1308), murdered

1447 – Louis VII, Duke of Baveria (1413-43), dies

 

 

 

1539 – Isabella of Portugalqueen of Spain and empress of Germany (b. 1503)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1572 – Pius V, [Antonio Ghislieri], great-inquisiteur/Pope (1566-72), dies

1700 – John Dryden, English poet/playwright (Rival Ladies), dies

1731 – Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (b. 1677)

1813 – Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (killed in combat) (b. 1768)

1863 – Edward Dorr Tracy, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 29

 

 

 

1873 – David LivingstoneBritish physician/explorer (Africa), dies at 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

1899 – Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (b. 1824)

1902 – John Glover, English chemist (production sulfuric acid), dies at 85

1904 – Antonín Dvorak, Czech composer (Slavic Dancing), dies at 62

1913 – John Barclay Armstrong, Texas Ranger and U.S. Marshal (b. 1850)

1945 – Paul Josef Goebbels, Nazi minister on propoganda, commits suicide

1947 – Sanner, leader of Norger blood bath, executed

 

 

 

1965 – Spike Jonescomposer (Spike Jones Show), dies at 53

 

 

 

 

 

 

1978 – Aram Katchaturian, Russian composer (The Earth), dies at 74

1991 – Richard Thorpe, director (Jailhouse Rock, Night Must Fall), dies

1994 – Ayrton Senna, Brazilian Grand prix driver, dies in crash at 34

1997 – Bebe, AKA Flipper, dolphin, dies at 40

1998 – Eldridge Cleaver, American activist (b. 1935)

2000 – Steve Reeves, American actor (b. 1926)

2003 – Miss Elizabeth, American wrestler (b. 1960)

2006 – Big Hawk, American rapper (b.1969)

2006 – Johnny Paris, American saxophonist (Johnny and the Hurricanes) (b. 1940)

2008 – Deborah Jeane Palfrey, Washington, D.C. prostitution service owner (b. 1956)

2009 – Danny Gans, Canadian-born Las Vegas entertainer (b. 1956)

2012 – Charles “skip” Pitts, American soul and blues guitarist, dies from lung cancer at 65

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

311 – Emperor Galerius legal recognizes Christians in the Roman Empire

313 – Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule.

711 – Islamic conquest of Hispania: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).

1064 – German King Henry IV gives away Utrecht county of West Friesland

1315 – Enguerrand de Marigny is hanged on the public gallows at Montfaucon.

1349 – Jewish community at Radolszell Germany, exterminated

1396 – Crusaders & earl of Nevers depart from Dijon

1483 – Orbital calculations suggest that on this day, Pluto moved inside Neptune’s orbit until July 23, 1503.

1492 – Columbus is given royal commission to equip his fleet

1492 – Spain announces it will expels all Jews

1562 – 1st French colonists in US: Jean Ribault & colonists arrive in Florida

1598 – 1st theater performance in America (Spanish comedy-Rio Grande)

1671 – Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.

1722 – Game of Billiards is mentioned in New England Courant

1772 – John Clais patents 1st scale

1789 – George Washington inaugurated as 1st president of US

1794 – The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.

1798 – Dept of Navy forms

1803 – US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)

1808 – 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri

1812 – (Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state

1838 – Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation

1859 – Charles Dickens’ “A Tale Of Two Cities” is first published in literary periodical All the Year Round, continues in weekly installments until Nov 26

1860 – Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)

1861 – President Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory

1862 – Swift Run Gap, WV skirmishes

 

 

 

1863 – Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.

 

les_fetes_camerone

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Jenkin’s Ferry, Arkansas; Gen W R Scurry is killed

1864 – New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee

1865 – -5/1] Gen Shermans “Haines’s Bluff” at Snyder’s Mill, Virginia

1871 – The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die

1885 – Boston Pops Orchestra forms

1888 – Hail stones kills about 250 in Moradabad district of Delhi

1889 – 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington’s inauguration

1889 – George Washington Bridge linking NYC & NJ opens

1900 – 165 lb Robert Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb Ed Dunkhost in a boxing match

1900 – USA annexes Hawaii

1900 – Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.

1904 – Ice cream cone makes its debut

1911 – Portugal approves woman suffrage

1925 – Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for $146 million plus $50 million for charity.

1937 – The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.

1939 – NBC/RCA 1st public TV demo with FDR at opening of NY World’s Fair

1942 – 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wi

1943 – Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms

1945 – “Arthur Godfrey Time” begins a 27 year run on CBS radio

1945 – Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed

1945 – Lord Haw-Haw calls for crusade against the bolsheviks

1945 – Red Army occupies Demmin

1945 – Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin

1945 – Russian Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp

1947 – Boulder Dam renamed in honor of Herbert Hoover

1952 – Mr Potato Head is 1st toy advertised on television

1953 – Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League

1955 – Element 101, Mendelevium, announced

1955 – Imperial Bank of India nationalized

1958 – Ted Williams is 10th major league player to get 1,000 extra-base hits

1961 – Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize

1961 – SF Giant Willie Mays hits 4 HRs in a game

1962 – NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 75,190 m

1962 – Willie Mays hits 4 HRs

1967 – Highest tower to the world finished, 537m (USSR)

1970 – US troops invade Cambodia

1973 – Nixon announces resignation of Haldeman, Ehrlichman, et al

1974 – Pres Nixon hands over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings

1975 – Last US helicopter leaves US embassy grounds, Saigon surrenders

1976 – Muhammad Ali beats Jimmy Young in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1980 – Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London

1980 – Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands, abdicates

1982 – Iranian offensive in Khusistan

1984 – 1700 skiers participate in an alpine event at Are Sweden

1987 – NY Islander Mike Bossy plays his final game

1988 – Largest banana split ever, at 455 miles long, was made in Penns

1989 – Critics Siskel & Ebert film their 500th TV movie-review show

1990 – US 66th manned space mission STS 31 (Discovery 10) returns from space

1990 – US hostage Frank Reed freed after 4 years in hands of pro-Iranians

1991 – In Bangladesh a cyclone killed over 131,000 & left 9 million homeless

1992 – 208th & final episode of Cosby Show on NBC-TV

1997 – Big Ben stops at 12:11 PM for 54 minutes

1997 – Tino Martinez hits record 34 RBIs in April

2004 – U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.

2008 – Two skeletal remains found near Ekaterinburg, Russia were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia and one of his sisters.

2009 – Chrysler automobile company files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

2009 – The United Kingdom formally ends combat operations in Iraq.

2012 – The unfinished One World Trade Center overtakes the Empire State building to become the tallest building in New York

2012 – Spain’s economy double dips after a 0.3% contraction and 25% unemployment rate

2012 – Overloaded ferry in the Brahmaputra River,India, killing 103 people

 

 

 

 

Births

1245 – King Philip III of France (d. 1285)

1309 – Kazimierz III de Great, King of Poland (1333-70)

1553 – Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont, queen of France (d. 1601)

1602 – William Lilly, England, astrologer/author/almanac compiler

1651 – Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French priest/theorist/saint

1723 – Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (d. 1806)

1770 – David Thompson, English/Canadian explorer (Columbia River)

1777 – Carl Friedrich Gauss, world’s great mathematician

1805 – William Kerley Strong, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1830 – Davis Tillson, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895

1876 – Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (d. 1937)

1877 – Alice B. Toklas, American companion of Gertrude Stein (d. 1967)

1893 – Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi foreign minister (d. 1946)

 

 

 

1896 – Rev Gary DavisLaurens SCblues/folk guitarist (A Little More Faith)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1896 – Hans List, Austrian inventor (d. 1996)

1901 – Simon Kuznets, Ukrainian-born economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1985)

1910 – Al Lewis, actor (Leo-Car 54, Grandpa-Munsters)

1912 – Eve Arden, Mill Valley California, actress (Connie-Our Miss Brooks)

1912 – Manuel Gutierrez Mellado, soldier/politician

1924 – Sheldon Harnick, Chicago, lyricist (Fiorello, Fiddler on the Roof)

1925 – Johnny Horton, American musician (d. 1960)

1926 – Cloris Leachman, Des Moines Iowa, actress (Last Picture Show, Phyllis)

1926 – Edmund Cooper, UK, sci-fi author (Seed of Light, All Fool’s Day)

1927 – Lars Hall, Sweden, Pentathelete (Olympic-gold-1952)

1933 – Willie Nelson, Abbott Texas, country singer (On the Road Again)

 

 

 

1938 – Larry NivenUSsci-fi author (5 HugoNeutron Star)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940 – Burt Young, NYC, actor (Convoy, Rocky)

1941 – Johnny Farina, rocker (Santo & Johnny)

1944 – Jill Clayburgh, NYC, actress (Unmarried Woman, Semi-Tough)

1945 – Annie Dillard, American writer (An American Childhood)

1945 – Michael J Smith, Beaufort NC, Cmdr USN, astr (51L-Challenger disaster)

1946 – Donald Schollander, Charlotte NC, swimmer (Olympic-4 gold-64)

1946 – Bill Plympton, American animator

1952 – Tom Pesek, PC programmer (creator of HAL 9000 program)

1954 – Jane Campion, New Zealand film director

1956 – Lars von Trier, Danish film director

1957 – Duane G Carey, St Paul Minn, major USAF/astronaut

1959 – Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada

1960 – David Miscavige, American cult leader

1969 – Joey Restivo, Brooklyn, rocker (Linear-I Never Felt This Way, Lies)

1970 – Brad Layton, Seymour Ind, rower (Olympics-1996)

1975 – Beverley Peele, model [or Apr 7]

1975 – Elliott Sadler, American race car driver

1982 – Kirsten Dunst, Point Pleasant, New Jersey, American actress (Interview with the Vampire, Spider-Man)

1983 – Tatjana Hüfner, German luger

1985 – Ashley Alexandra Dupré, American singer and call girl

1988 – Molloko, SD Zoo, 1st California condor chick conceived in captivity

 

 

 

Deaths

65 – LucanRoman poet (b. 39)

 

 

 

 

 

 

313 – Gaius G V Maximus, [Daia], Emperor of Rome, dies

535 – Amalaswintha, queen of Ostrogoten, murdered

1030 – Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G’widen)/Islamic ruler, dies

1063 – Emperor Renzong of China (b. 1010)

1131 – Adjutor, Roman Catholic Saint

1196 – Boudouin II, bishop of Utrecht (1178-96), dies

1214 – Huguccio/Hugo van Pisa, Italian bishop, dies

1328 – Eckhard, German theologist/mystic, dies

1341 – John III, Duke of Brittany (b. 1285)

1439 – Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, English military leader (b. 1382)

1524 – Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard, French soldier (b. 1473)

1544 – Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, Lord Chancellor of England

1632 – Jean de Tilly, fieldmarshal, dies

1696 – Robert Plot, British naturalist (b. 1640)

1736 – Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer (b. 1668)

1784 – Franz K earl von Velbruck, German free mason, dies

1792 – John Montague 4th Earl of Sandwich, English Naval minister, dies at 73

 

 

 

1828 – Shakathe great Zulu Kingkilled

 

 

 

 

 

 

1829 – George Washington Adams, son of John Q Adams, dies on City Is NYC

1841 – Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (b. 1758)

1865 – Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and meteorologist (b. 1805)

1875 – Jean Frederic Waldeck, French explorer, lithographer, and cartographer (b. 1766)

1883 – Édouard Manet, French impressionist painter dies at 61

1900 – John Luther (Casey) Jones, dies in Cannonball Express train wreck

1903 – Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (b.1831)

1943 – Beatrice Potter Webb, British writer (My Apprenticeship), dies at 85

1945 – Adolph Hitler, German dictator (1936-45), commits suicide at 56

1945 – Eva Braun, mistress/wife of Hitler, commits suicide at 33

1966 – Richard Farina, American writer and folk rocker, dies on his birthday in a motorcycle accident

1970 – Inger Stevens, actress (Katy-Farmer’s Daughter), commits suicide at 35

1972 – Gia Scala, actress (Garment Jungle, I Aim at the Stars), dies at 38

1982 – Lester Bangs, American music journalist, author, and musician (b. 1949)

1983 – George Balanchine, Russian/US ballet composer/choreographer, dies from Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease at 79

 

 

 

1983 – Muddy Waters, US blues singer/guitarist (Mad Love), dies at 70

 

Birthday Tribute Here

 

 

 

 

1984 – Arthur T “Bomber” Harris, bombed nazi-Germany, dies

1989 – Sergio Leone, Italian director (Good, Bad & Ugly), dies at 60

1991 – George Sperti Sperti, inventor (Preparation H), dies at 91

1992 – Daan van Driel, Dutch cartoonist/WWII resist fighter (Trouw), dies

1994 – Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian race car driver, dies in crash at 31

2003 – Peter ‘Possum’ Bourne, New Zealand race car driver (b. 1956)

2006 – Lawrence Patrick, Biomechanics Professor, crash test subject

2007 – Tom Poston, American actor (b. 1921)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events 

1091 – Battle at Monte Levunium: Emperor Alexius I beats Petshegenes

 

 

 

1429 – Joan of Arc leads OrleansFranceto victory over English

 

 

 

 

 

 

1522 – Emperor Charles V names Frans van Holly inquisitor-gen of Netherlands

1550 – Emperor Charles V gives inquisiters additional authority

1553 – Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England

1623 – 11 Dutch ships depart for the conquest of Peru

1628 – Sweden & Denmark sign defense treaty against Duke of Wallenstein

1644 – Farm leader Li Zicheng becomes emperor of China & flees Peking

1661 – Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan

1715 – John Flamsteed observes Uranus for 6th time

1781 – French fleet occupies Tobago during American War of Independence

1781 – French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope

1813 – Rubber is patented

1845 – Macon B Allen & Robert Morris Jr, 1st blacks to open law practice

1852 – 1st edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus published

1853 – Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth

1857 – US Army, Pacific Div HQ permanently forms at Presidio (SF)

1861 – Maryland’s House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union

1862 – 100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Miss

1862 – New Orleans fell to Union forces during US Civil War

1864 – -30] Skirmish at Jenkins’ Ferry, Arkansas

1864 – The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York.

1882 – The “Elektromote” – forerunner of the trolleybus – is tested by Ernst Werner von Siemens in Berlin.

1886 – 1st public Dutch electricity opens

1888 – Old Kavallison, Congo: Stanley meet Emin Pasha

1892 – Charlie Reilly is baseball’s 1st pinch hitter

1894 – Commonweal of Christ (Coxey’s Army) arrives in Wash, DC 500 strong to protest unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol

1901 – 27th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on His Eminence wins in 2:07.75

1903 – Limestone slides at Turtle Mountain kills 9 (Frank Alberta)

1905 – 2″ rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, TX

1913 – Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken patents all-purpose zipper

1916 – Irish nationalists set post office on fire in Dublin

1922 – 1st official Intl Weightlifting Federation Champ (Tallinn, Estonia)

 

 

 

1927 – Construction of Spirit of St Louis is completed

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – North Sea floodgate at Ijmuiden (biggest in world) officially opens

1930 – Telephone connection England-Australia goes into service

1939 – Whitestone Bridge connecting Bronx & Queens opens

1942 – Japanese troop march into Lashio, cuts off Burma Road

1942 – Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France

1943 – Dietrich Bonhoeffer arrested by nazis

1945 – 1st food drop by RAF above nazi-occupied Holland (operation Manna)

1945 – Japanese army evacuates Rangoon

1945 – Terms of surrender of German armies in Italy signed

1945 – US liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau Germany

1946 – 28 former Jap leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals

1953 – The first U.S. experimental 3D-TV broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV.

1957 – 1st military nuclear power plant dedicated, Fort Belvoir Va

1961 – ABC’s “Wide World of Sports, debuts

1965 – Australian government announces it would send troops to Vietnam

1967 – Aretha Franklin releases “Respect”

1968 – “Hair” opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 1750 performances

1970 – 50,000 US & South Vietnamese troops invade Cambodia

1971 – Bill Graham closes down Fillmore & Fillmore East

1971 – Boeing receives contract for Mariner 10, Mercury exploration

1974 – President Nixon said he will release edited tapes made in White House

1975 – Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The U.S. begins to evacuate US citizens from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war comes to an end.

1977 – British Aerospace forms

 

 

 

1981 – Peter Sutcliffe admits he is the Yorkshire Ripper (murdered 13 women)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Phillie Steve Carlton is 1st lefty to strike out 3,000 batters

1983 – Harold Washington sworn in as Chicago’s 1st black mayor

1985 – Tony Tubbs TKOs Greg Page in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1986 – 800,000 books destroyed by fire in LA Central Library

1986 – Boston Red Sox Roger Clemens strikes out 20 Seattle Mariners

1987 – Chicago Cub Andre Dawson hits for cycle

1990 – Dan Quisenberry (all-time AL save king, 238) announces his retirement

1990 – Wrecking cranes began tearing down Berlin Wall at Brandenburg Gate

1991 – Croatia declares independence

1991 – Cyclone strikes Bangladesh, 139,000 die/10 million homeless

1992 – Jury acquits LA police officers of beating Rodney King, riots begin

1992 – Sheena Easton collapses on stage while performing in “Man of LaMancha”

1995 – Longest sausage ever, at 2877 miles, made in Kitchener Ontario

1997 – The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 enters into force, outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons among its signatories.

2002 – The United States is re-elected to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, one year after losing the seat it had held for 50 years.

2004 – Oldsmobile builds its final car ending 107 years of production.

 

 

 

Births 

534 – Taliesin, Welsh poet, according to legend in Mabinogion

1584 – Melchior Teschner, composer

1636 – Esaias Reusner, composer

1667 – John Arbuthnot, Scottish writer (Alexander Pope)

1745 – Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice Supreme Court (1796-1800)

1758 – Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero (d. 1820).

1762 – Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal (d. 1833)

1806 – Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austria, physician/philosopher

1815 – Abram Duryee, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890

1854 – Henri Poincaré, France, mathematician/astronomer/philosopher

1860 – Lorado Taft, US, sculptor (Black Hawk)

1863 – William Randolph Hearst, publisher (SF Examiner, Seattle P-I)

1871 – Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)

1872 – Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1930)

 

 

 

1875 – Rafael SabatiniItalian/British writer (d. 1950)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1893 – Harold C Urey, Ind, physicist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934)

 

 

 

1899 – Duke EllingtonWash DC, [Edward Kennedy], bandleader (Take “A” Train)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1901 – Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (1926-89)

1904 – Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate

1907 – Fred Zinneman, Austria, director (From Here to Eternity, Julia)

1908 – Jack [Stewart] Williamson, US, sci-fi author (Cometeers)

1909 – Tom Ewell, [S Yewell Tompkins], Ky, actor (Tom Ewell Show, 7 Yr Itch)

1914 – Ewan Roberts, Edinburgh Scotland, actress (Pvt Benjamin)

1915 – Donald Mills, singer (Mills Brothers)

1919 – Celeste Holm, NYC, actress (Gentleman’s Agreement, All About Eve), (d. 2012)

1921 – Cornelis de Jager, Dutch astronomer (Sun)

1922 – George Allen, football coach (LA Rams, Washington Redskins)

1922 – Tommy Noonan, WA, actor (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Promises Promises)

 

 

 

1922 – Toots ThielemansBelgian/US jazz musician/composer

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1925 – Danny Davis, rocker (Nashville Brass

1925 – Ned Austin, American character actor (d. 2007)

1927 – Betsy Ancker-Johnson, physicist/auto company exec

1927 – Dorothy Manley, England, 100m sprint (Olympic-silver-1948)

1928 – Big Jay McNeely, rocker

1928 – Carl Gardner, Tyler Tx, rock vocalist (Coasters-Searchin)

1931 – Anthony “Lonnie” Donegan, Scotish skiffle vocalist/guitarist

 

 

 

1934 – Otis RushAmerican , bluesman , guitarist , musician

 

Otis-Rush

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1936 – April Stevens, Niagara Falls NY, rock vocalist (Deep Purple)

1936 – Jacob Rothschild, English banker/multi-millionaire

1936 – Zubin Mehta, Bombay India, conductor (NY Philharmonic)

1942 – Klaus Voorman, rock bassist (Manfred Mann-Mighty Quinn)

1943 – Duane Allen, Taylortown Texas, country singer (Oak Ridge Boys-Elvira)

1945 – Tammi Terrell, soul singer (Ain’t No Mountain High Enough)

1947 – Jim Ryan, US, 1500m runner/broke 4 minute mile (Olympic-silver-1968)

1947 – Tommy James, singer (Crimson & Clover )

1948 – Reb Brown, Los Angeles CA, actor (Cage, Yor, Capt America, Fast Break)

1949 – Eddie Hart, US, 100m runner (Olympic-1972)

1949 – Francis Rossi, England, guitarist/vocalist (Status Quo-Down Down)

 

 

 

1951 – Dale EarnhardtAmerican racecar driver (d. 2001)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1952 – Deborah Van Valkenburgh, Schnectady, actress (Too Close for Comfort)

1952 – Nora Dunn, Chic Ill, comedienne (SNL, Miami Blues, Working Girl)

1953 – Nikolai Nikolayevich Budarin, Kirya Russia, cosmonaut (STS 71, TM-27)

1954 – Jake Burton Carpenter, American snowboarder

1955 – Jerry Seinfeld, comedian/actor (Jerry-Seinfeld)

1955 – Kate Mulgrew, Dubuque Iowa, actress (Capt Janeway-Star Trek Voyager)

1957 – Timothy Treadwell, American bear enthusiast (d. 2003)

1958 – Daniel Day-Lewis, England, actor (Last of the Mohicans, My Left Foot)

1958 – Eve Plumb, Burbank, actress (Jan-Brady Bunch, I’m Gonna Get You Sucka)

1958 – Michelle Pfeiffer, Midway City California, actress (Married to the Mob)

1958 – Simon Edwards, rocker (Fairground Attraction-Find My Love)

1965 – Reggie Miller, NBA player (Indiana Pacers)

1967 – Elizabeth “Betsy” McCagg, Kirkland Wash, rower (Olympics-4th-92, 96)

1968 – Carnie Wilson, LA California, rock vocalist (Wilson Phillips-Hold On)

1970 – Andre Agassi, Las Vegas Nev, tennis star (Oly-gold-96, US Open 1994)

1970 – Uma Thurman, Boston Mass, actress (Baron Munchausen, Pulp Fiction)

1970 – William Martin III, Charleston SC, finn yachter (Olympics-23rd-1996)

1975 – John Macready, LA California, gymnast (Olympics-5th-96)

1979 – Ryan Sharp, Scottish racing driver

1984 – Taylor Cole, American actress

 

 

 

2003 – BarbaroAmerican thoroughbred racehorse (d. 2007)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deaths

852 – Amalarius/Fortunatus/Symphosius of Metz/Lyon, bishop, dies at 76

926 – Burchard II, Duke of Swabia

1380 – Catherine of Siena, Italian saint (b. 1347)

1499 – John IV, Dutch army leader/earl of Egmond, dies

1535 – John Houghton, English, executed

1594 – Thomas Cooper, English bishop, lexicographer, and writer

1676 – Michiel A de Ruyter, Dutch rear-admiral, (Newport), killed at 69

1698 – Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b. 1655)

1768 – Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (b. 1694)

1793 – John Michell, English scientist (b. 1724)

1798 – Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist (b. 1723)

1903 – Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (b. 1835)

 

 

 

1918 – Gavrilo PrincipBosnian murderer of arch duke Ferdinanddies at 22

 

 

 

 

 

 

1920 – William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (b. 1839)

 

 

 

1935 – Leroy Carrpianist , bluesman , dies at 30

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1947 – Irving Fisher, US economist, dies at 80

1954 – Ernst Heldring, Dutch merchant/ship owner/financier, dies at 82

1961 – Cisco Houston, American folk singer (b. 1918)

1967 – Anthony Mann, US director (El Cid, Last Frontier), dies at 60

 

 

 

1967 – J.B. LenoirAmerican Blues Musician (b. 1929)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1972 – Ntare V, deposed King of Burundi, killed in an abortive coup

1975 – Charles McMahon Jr, US USMC lance corporal, killed in Vietnam

1975 – Darwin Judge, USMC-corporal, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Viet

1975 – Michael John Shea, USMC-lt/pilot, 1 of last soldiers killed in Vietnam

1975 – William Craig Nystul, USMC capt, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Viet

 

 

 

1980 – Alfred Joseph HitchcockBritish director (PsychoBirds), dies at 80

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1986 – Seamus McElwaine, Irish IRA-terrorist, killed at 25

1993 – Mick Ronson, English guitarist/producer (Mott the Hoople), dies at 46

1994 – Erik Erikson, anthropologist, dies at 53

1995 – Robert Gibb, zoo/theme park creator, dies at 57

1997 – Keith Ferguson, blues (Fabulous Thunderbirds), dies of overdose at 50

1997 – Mike Royko, columnist, dies of stroke at 64

2006 – John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (b. 1908)

2007 – Zhang Taofang, Chinese sniper (b. 1931)

2008 – Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist, known as the first to synthesize LSD (b. 1906)

2012 – Amarillo Slim, American professional poker player, dies at 83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—–

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

357 – Emperor Constantius II visits Rome

585 – War between Lydia & Media ended by solar eclipse

1192 – Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne confirmed by election. Killing carried out by Hashshashin.

1202 – King Philip II throws out John without Country, from France

1253 – -May 7th) Utrecht destroyed by fire

1253 – Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.

1503 – Battle at Cerignalo: Spanish army under G Cordoba beats France

1521 – Treaty of Worms: Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Arch duke of Neth-Austria

1635 – Virginia Gov John Harvey accused of treason & removed from office

1655 – English admiral Blake beats Tunen pirate fleet

1686 – 1st volume of Isaac Newton’s “Principia” published

1770 – Capt James Cook aboard Endeavor lands at Botany Bay in Australia

1788 – Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify constitution

 

 

 

1789 – Fletcher Christian leads Mutiny on HMS Bounty & Capt William Bligh

 

 

 

 

 

 

1796 – Cease fire of Cherasco

1804 – 31 English ships sail Suriname river demanding transition colony from the Dutch

1818 – Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes & Lake Champlain

1855 – 1st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston

1914 – 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles WV

1914 – W H Carrier patents air conditioner

1919 – 1st jump with Army Air Corp (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)

1924 – 119 die in Benwood West Virginia coal mine disaster

1925 – Kurd rebels surrender to Turkish army

1925 – Netherlands & Great Britain return to gold standard

1931 – Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track & field

1932 – Yellow fever vaccine for humans announced

1934 – FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act

1935 – Moscow underground opens (81 km long)

1937 – 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (NYC)

1937 – 1st commercial flight across Pacific, Pan Am

1940 – Glenn Miller records “Pennsylvania 6-5000”

1940 – Rudolf Hess becomes commandant of concentration camp Auschwitz

1941 – Last British troops in Greece surrenders

1942 – “WW II” titled so, as result of Gallup Poll

1942 – Nightly “dim-out” begins along East Coast

1943 – German-Italian counter offensive in North-Africa

1943 – US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara North Tunisia

1944 – Exercise “Tiger” ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats

1945 – British commands attack Elbe & occupies Lauenburg

1945 – US 5th army reaches Swiss border

1947 – Thor Heyerdahl & “Kon-Tiki” sail from Peru to Polynesia

1949 – Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, is assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others are also killed.

1952 – WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect

1952 – Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO.

1956 – Last French troop leave Vietnam

1956 – Reds Frank Robinson hits his 1st of 586 HRs

1958 – Vanguard TV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

1961 – Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude

1961 – Warren Spahn pitches 2nd no hitter at 41 beats SF Giants, 1-0

1965 – Lindsey Nelson broadcasts game at Astrodome from a hanging gondola

1965 – Richard Helms replaces Marshall S Carter as deputy director of CIA

1965 – US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until October 1966

1965 – William F Raborn Jr replaces John A McCone as 7th head of CIA

1967 – Muhammad Ali refuses induction into army & stripped of boxing title

1968 – 11 year-old Mary Bell strangles 4 year-old

1969 – Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France

1969 – King Crimson with Greg Lake & Ian McDonald debuts

1971 – Samuel Lee Gravely Jr becomes 1st black admiral in US Navy

1972 – Courts awarded Kentucky Derby prize money to 2nd place winner because winner was given drugs before race

 

 

 

1973 – Over 6000 Mk. 82 500 pound bombs detonate over the course of 18 hours in a railyard in northern California. 5500 structures are damagedand the town of Antelope, California ceases to existwith every building being reduced to the foundationThis accident leads to the passing of the Transportation Safety Act of 1974 which makes the NTSB an independent agency.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1977 – Christopher Boyce convicted for selling secrets

1977 – Andreas Baader & members of Baader-Meinhoff jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart, Germany

1983 – Argentine government declares all 15-30,000 missing persons dead

1983 – NASA launches Geos-F

1985 – Billy Martin named NY Yankee manager for 4th time

1985 – Fernando Valenzuela sets record of 41 scoreless inn to start season

1987 – American engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.

1988 – Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 roof tears off in flight; kills stewardess

1989 – Argentina, hit by rocketing inflation, runs out of money

1989 – Iran protests sale of “Satanic Verses” by Salman Rushdie

1990 – Boston Celtics score most points in a playoff, beat NY Knicks 157-128

1991 – Space Shuttle STS 39 (Discovery 12) launched

1994 – Aldrich Ames, former CIA officer & wife Rosario plead guilty to spying

1995 – Gas explosion in South Korean metro, 103 die

1996 – Martin Bryant shoots & kills 35 in Port Arthur Tasmania

2001 – Millionaire Dennis Tito becomes the world’s first space tourist.

 

 

 

Births

1442 – Edward IV, King of England (1461-70, 71-83)

1545 – Yi Sun-sin, Korean admiral (d. 1598)

1592 – George Villiers, 1st duke of Buckingham/English admiral

1686 – Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor (d. 1721)

1753 – Franz K Achard, German physicist

1758 – James Monroe, Westmoreland Va, (D-R) 5th pres (1817-25)

1774 – Francis Baily, describer of “Baily’s Beads” during solar eclipse

1795 – Charles Sturt, England, explorer (Australia)

1809 – Conradus Leemans, Dutch archaeologist

1810 – Daniel Ullmann, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892

1812 – Daniel Henry Rucker, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1910

1815 – Andrew Jackson Smith, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1897

1825 – James Winning McMillan, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1846 – Johann E Backlund, Swedish astronomer (planets/asteroids)

1868 – Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (d. 1908)

1878 – Lionel Barrymore, [Blythe], Phila, actor (Free Soul, Dr Kildare)

1882 – Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrialist

1888 – Henry DG Crerar, Canadian general (WW I/Italy/Netherland)

1889 – Karel WFM Doorman, Dutch rear admiral

1892 – Joseph Dunninger, NYC, mentalist (Amazing Dunninger)

1897 – Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician (d. 1986)

1900 – Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized “Oort Cloud”)

1906 – Bartholomeus J “Bart” Bok, Dutch/US astronomer (Milky Way)

1906 – Kurt Gödel, Austrian mathematician (d. 1978)

1908 – Oskar Schindler, Zwittau, Moravia, Austria-Hungary, Austrian businessman and subject of the novel Schindler’s Ark and the film Schindler’s List. (d. 1974)

1911 – Lee Falk, American comic strip writer (d. 1999)

1912 – Odette Hallowes, British classified agent in France (WW II)

1921 – Rowland Evans, White Marsh Pa, news reporter (CNN-Evans & Novak)

1922 – Iser J Koepermann, Russian/US world checkers champ (1958-68, 75-76)

1922 – William Guarnere, WWII Veteran

 

 

 

1922 – Alistair MacLeanScottish novelist (d. 1987)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1926 – Harper Lee, author (To Kill a Mockingbird)

 

 

 

1926 – Blossom DearieAmerican jazz singer

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1927 – Garfield Weston, English industrial/billionaire (Twinings Tea)

1928 – Eugene M. Shoemaker, American planetary scientist (d. 1997)

 

 

 

1929 – Carolyn JonesAmarillo Texasactress (MorticiaAddams Family)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 – James Baker 3, Houston, Sec of Treasury (1985-88), Sec State (1989-92)

1933 – Oliver “Bops Junior” Jackson, drummer

1937 – Saddam Hussein, [At-Takriti], Al-Awja, president of Iraq (1979-2003)

1941 – K. Barry Sharpless, American chemist, Nobel laureate

1942 – Ghislaine Hermanez, architect

1943 – Fantastic Johnny C[orley], US singer (Boogaloo down Broadway)

1947 – Steve Khan, jazz musician (Christmas Waltz)

1948 – Marcia Strassman, NYC, actress (Julle Kotter-Welcome Back Kotter)

1948 – Terry Pratchett, English author

1949 – Jerome “Jay” Apt, Springfield Mass, astronaut (STS 37, 47, 59, 79)

1949 – Indian Larry, American stuntsman (d. 2004)

1950 – Jay Leno, New Rochelle, comedian/talk show host (Tonight Show)

1952 – Mary McDonnell, Wilkes-Barre PA, actress (Sneakers, Independence Day)

1953 – Julie Cole, LPGA golfer

1953 – Kim Gordon, American musician (Sonic Youth)

1955 – Eddie Jobson, rock violinist (Zappa, UK, Roxy Music-For Your Pleasure)

1956 – Paul S Lockhart, Amarillo Tx, Major USAF/astronaut

1957 – Leopold Eyharts, France, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-26, TM-28/27)

1958 – Hal Evan Sutton, Shreveport LA, PGA golfer (1982 Walt Disney)

1960 – Ian Rankin, Scottish novelist

1960 – Joel H. Rosenthal American political scientist

1960 – Jón Páll Sigmarsson, Icelandic strength athlete (d. 1993)

1961 – Futoshi Matsunaga, Japanese serial killer

1964 – Helen Marina Lucy Windsor, England, daughter of Prince Edward

1966 – Too Short, American rapper

1967 – Monique Noel, Salem Oregon, playmate (May, 1989)

1971 – Mihai Apostal, Bucharest Romania, Canadian kayaker (Olympics-96)

1971 – Bridget Moynahan, American actress

1972 – Michelle Menzies, Barrie Ont, Canadian ice pairs (1995, 96 Can champs)

1973 – Marc[us] Blake Schneider, Lubbock TX, rower (Olympics-bronze-1996)

1974 – Penélope Cruz, Alcobendas, Madrid, Spanish actress (Vanilla Sky, Waking Up in Reno)

1981 – Jessica Alba, American actress

 

 

 

Deaths

1089 – Dirk de Grote, bishop of Verdun/Basel/archbishop of Trier, dies

1109 – Hugo van Cluny, 6th abbott of Cluny/saint, dies

1192 – Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem (b. mid 1140s)

1498 – Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, English politician

1533 – Nicholas West, English bishop and diplomat (b. 1461)

1741 – Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General and statesman (b. 1668)

1781 – Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1723)

1813 – Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (b. 1745)

1843 – William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (rights of Wallace), dies

1858 – Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (b. 1801)

1865 – Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born British shipping magnate (b. 1787)

1881 – Robert W Ollinger, US warden/last victim of Billy the Kid, dies

 

 

 

1905 – Fitzhugh LeeAmerican Confederate general (b. 1835)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1926 – Zip the Pinhead, American freak show performer (b. 1857)

1935 – Alexander Campbell Mackenzie, Scotish composer, dies at 87

1944 – Frank Knox, U.S. Vice-Presidential candidate (b. 1874)

1945 – Benito Mussolini, Fascist leader (Italy), shot after trial at 61

1946 – Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (b. 1870)

1970 – Ed Begley, actor (Mr Koppel-Leave it to Larry), dies at 69

1973 – Pat Henning, actor (Goodyear TV Playhouse), dies at 62

1981 – Mickey “Toy Bulldog” Walker, welterweight champ (1922-26) dies at 79

1988 – B. W. Stevenson, American country singer (b. 1949)

1991 – Floyd B McKissick, US founder (CORE), dies

1991 – Ken Curtis, actor (Festus-Gunsmoke), dies at 74

1996 – William E Colby, director of CIA (1973-76), dies

1999 – Rory Calhoun, American actor (b. 1922)

1999 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1921)

2002 – Alexander Lebed, Russian general (b. 1950)

2005 – Percy Heath, American jazz bassist (Modern Jazz Quartet) (b. 1923)

2007 – Tommy Newsom, American bandleader (b. 1929)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Feds Play The Race Card To Crush Parents’ Revolt Against Common Core

 

 

” There was a time when Common Core supporters loudly insisted the program — adopted by no fewer than 46 states — was most assuredly not federal, that any allegation that this astounding national uniformity was the result of federal pressure was a nasty, vicious lie. The State Standards Initiative confidently declares as “myth” the assertions that “Common Core State Standards were adopted by states as part of the [federal] Race to the Top grant program” or that the “federal government will take over ownership” of Common Core. The Initiative’s position is clear: “The federal government will not govern the Common Core State Standards. The Common Core was and will remain a state-led effort.” (Emphasis in original.)

  Yet when Common Core is threatened by a large-scale parental revolt, look who moves in to crush the dissenters’ dreams — Arne Duncan, the race-baiting (federal) Secretary of Education.

  Last week an estimated 184,000 New York students (out of 1.1 million) opted out of this year’s Common Core–mandated English tests, a more than three-fold increase from last year’s 60,000 opt-outs. Large-scale opt-outs threaten the validity of the tests, decreasing the likelihood that they fairly measure overall student achievement. In some schools the opt-out rates have crippled the tests. One Manhattan school reported an 85 percent opt-out rate, and other schools — including one in Park Slope, Brooklyn — have reported opt-out rates exceeding 30 percent.”

” With the tests in crisis, Arne Duncan said this week that if the states can’t fix themselves, the federal government will “have an obligation to step in.” This means not just threatening to cut federal funding, but essentially forcing states to withhold their own funds from delinquent schools. ”

 

National Review has more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Why Our Children Don’t Think There Are Moral Facts

 

 

 

 

” What would you say if you found out that our public schools were teaching children that it is not true that it’s wrong to kill people for fun or cheat on tests? Would you be surprised?

  I was. As a philosopher, I already knew that many college-aged students don’t believe in moral facts. While there are no national surveys quantifying this phenomenon, philosophy professors with whom I have spoken suggest that the overwhelming majority of college freshmen in their classrooms view moral claims as mere opinions that are not true or are true only relative to a culture.

  What I didn’t know was where this attitude came from. Given the presence of moral relativism in some academic circles, some people might naturally assume that philosophers themselves are to blame. But they aren’t. There are historical examples of philosophers who endorse a kind of moral relativism, dating back at least to Protagoras who declared that “man is the measure of all things,” and several who deny that there are any moral facts whatsoever. But such creatures are rare. Besides, if students are already showing up to college with this view of morality, it’s very unlikely that it’s the result of what professional philosophers are teaching. So where is the view coming from?

  A few weeks ago, I learned that students are exposed to this sort of thinking well before crossing the threshold of higher education. When I went to visit my son’s second grade open house, I found a troubling pair of signs hanging over the bulletin board. They read:

Fact: Something that is true about a subject and can be tested or proven.

Opinion: What someone thinks, feels, or believes.

  Hoping that this set of definitions was a one-off mistake, I went home and Googled “fact vs. opinion.” The definitions I found online were substantially the same as the one in my son’s classroom. As it turns out, the Common Core standards used by a majority of K-12 programs in the country require that students be able to “distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text.” And the Common Core institute provides a helpful page full of links to definitions, lesson plans and quizzes to ensure that students can tell the difference between facts and opinions.

  So what’s wrong with this distinction and how does it undermine the view that there are objective moral facts? “

Find out at the NY Times

Today In The Past

 

 

 

Events

1124 – David I becomes King of Scots.

1296 – Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England.

1509 – Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice

1518 – Treaty of St Truiden: anti-French Trapdoors/Bourgondisch covenant

1522 – Battle at Bicacca: Charles I & Pope Adrianus VI beat France

1526 – Mogol King Babur beats sultan of Delhi

1539 – Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (nowadays Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar.

1565 – 1st Spanish settlement in Philippines, Cebu City, forms

1578 – Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.

1650 – The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.

1667 – The blind and impoverished, John Milton sells the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10.

1773 – British Parliament passes Tea Act 

 

 

 

1805 – US Marines attack shores of Tripoli

 

"Attack on Derna"

 

 

 

 

 

1813 – Americans under Gen Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed

1828 – Zoological Gardens at Regent’s Park London, opens

1838 – Fire destroys half of Charleston

1840 – Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry.

1859 – “Pomona” sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard

1860 – Thomas Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry

1861 – President Abe Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus

1861 – West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from US

1863 – Battle of Streight’s raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL

1865 – Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered

1865 – Steamboat “Sultana” explodes in Mississippi River, kills up to 1,547. 1450 of 2000 paroled Union POWs on their way home are killed when river steamer “Sultana” blows up

1877 – Opera “Le Roi de Lahore” is produced (Paris)

1877 – President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends

 

 

 

1897 – Grant’s Tomb (famed of song & legenddedicated

 

 

 

 

 

 

1903 – Long Island’s Jamaica Race Track opens

1908 – 4th modern Olympic games opens in London

1933 – Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Wash DC

1933 – Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership’s first shop outside London.

1937 – 1st US social security payment made

1940 – Himmler orders establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp

1941 – German troops occupy Athens Greece

1942 – Belgium Jews are forced to wear stars

1942 – Tornado destroys Pryor Oklahoma killing 100, injuring 300

1943 – Lou Jansen & Jan Dieters arrested, lead illegal CPN party in Holland

1945 – Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini prisoner

1946 – 1st radar installation aboard a coml ship installed

1956 – Heavyweight champ, Rocky Marciano, retires undefeated from boxing

1960 – 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)

1961 – NFL officially recognizes Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio

1965 – RC Duncan patents “Pampers” disposable diaper

1967 – Expo ’67 opens in Montreal

1972 – Apollo 16 returns to Earth

1977 – Bloody riots in Soweto South Africa

1977 – HCC, Hobby Computer Club, forms in Netherlands

 

 

 

1978 – Accident at nuclear reactor Willow Island, W Virginiakills 51

 

 

 

 

 

 

1981 – Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse.

1982 – Trial of John W Hinckley Jr attempted assassin of Reagan, begins

1983 – Nolan Ryan becomes strikeout king (3,509), passing Walter Johnson

1987 – US Justice Dept bars Austrian Chancellor Kurt Waldheim from entering US, due to his aid of Nazi Germany during WW II

 

 

 

1989 – Beijing students take over Tiananmen Square in China

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – 50th annual barbershop quartet singing convention held (Mich)

1990 – Villanova’s women set a 6,000 m relay world record of 17:18:10

1992 – Betty Boothroyd becomes the first woman to be elected Speaker of the British House of Commons in its 700-year history.

1994 – President Nixon buried in Nixon Library in Calif

1995 – “Indiscretions” opens at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC for 221 perfs

2006 – Construction begins on the Freedom Tower for the new World Trade Center in New York City.

2007 – Estonian authorities remove the Bronze Soldier, a Soviet Red Army war memorial in Tallinn, amid political controversy with Russia.

2011 – The deadliest day of the 2011 Super outbreak of tornadoes, the largest tornado outbreak, in United States history.

2012 – Four explosions in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, kill 27 people

 

 

 

Births 

1410 – John Van Lannoy, Flemish governor of Holland/Zealand/West Frisia

1650 – Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1714)

1707 – John Burman, Dutch botanist/director botanical gardens

1718 – Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (d. 1790)

 

 

 

1724 – Col. Thomas Gardnera heroic political figure and soldier (d. 1775)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1755 – Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (d. 1836)

1759 – Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, England, writer/feminist (Female Reader)

 

 

 

1791 – Samuel MorseCharlestownMassachusettsAmerican inventor (telegraphMorse codeand painter

 

 

 

 

 

 

1820 – Herbert SpencerDerby EnglandVictorian philosopher (Social Statics)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1822 – Ulysses S. Grant, [Hiram], Ohio (R), 18th president (1869-77)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1835 – John Murray Corse, Pitts, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers) [or 9/27]

1840 – Edward Whymper, 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865)

1850 – Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German general (d. 1921)

1865 – Emile Erens, Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)

1892 – Louis Victor de Broglie, physicist (studied electrons)

1894 – George Petty, WWII Pin-Up Artist (d. 1975)

1896 – Wallace Hume Carothers, inventor (nylon)

1900 – Walter Lantz, animator (Woody Woodpecker’s creator)

1903 – Hans Walter Kosterliz, biochemist

1904 – Arthur F Burns, economist/chairman (Federal Reserve Board)

1913 – Philip Hauge Abelson, American physicist (d. 2004)

1916 – Enos Slaughter, American baseball player (d. 2002)

 

 

 

1922 – Jack KlugmanPhila (Oscar-Odd CoupleQuincyGoodbye Columbus), (d. 2012)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1927 – Connie Kay, jazz drummer

1927 – Coretta Scott King, Marion Ala, civil rights leader

1927 – Sheila Scott, English aviatrix (d. 1988)

1929 – Nina Ponomareva Romaschkova, USSR, discus thrower (Oly-gold-1952, 60)

1932 – Casey Kasem, Detroit Mich, radio personality (American Top 40)

1932 – Charles Adkins, US, light welterweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1952)

1932 – Anouk Aimée, French actress

1932 – Gian-Carlo Rota, Italian-born mathematician and philosopher (d. 1999)

1939 – Jerry Mercer, Montreal Canada, rock drummer (April Wine)

1939 – Judy Carne, Northhampton Engl, comedienne (Laugh-in, Fair Exchange)

1942 – Gordon Roddick, English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop)

1943 – Helmut Marko, auto racer (Le Mans Grand Prix)

1944 – Cuba Gooding, US singer (Everybody Plays the Fool)

1945 – August Wilson, US, playwright (Fences, Pulitzer 1987)

1947 – Ann Peebles, Missouri, singer (I Can’t Stand the Rain)

1947 – Pete Ham, Swansea Wales, rock vocalist (Badfinger-Come & Get It)

1948 – Katie Pierson, NJ, vocals/guitarist (B-52’s-Rock Lobster, Love Shack)

1948 – Frank William Abagnale, Jr., con artist turned security consultant.

1951 – Ace Frehley, Bronx NY, heavy metal rocker (Kiss-Beth, Frehley’s Comet)

1952 – Ari Vatanen, Finnish rally driver

 

 

 

1952 – Larry ElderAmerican political commentator

 

 

 

 

 

 

1953 – Ellen L Shulman Baker, Fayetteville NC, MD/astronaut (STS 34, 50, 71)

1953 – Arielle Dombasle, French singer and actress

1956 – Dennie Shupryt-Knoop, Chicago Ill, beach volleyballer (Olympics-96)

1959 – Marco Pirroni, London, rock guitarist (Adam & The Ants)

1965 – Courtenay Becker-Dey, Greenwich Conn, Europe yachter (Oly-bronze-1996)

1967 – Jason Whitlock, American sportswriter

1969 – Cory Booker, Mayor of Newark, New Jersey

1972 – Alison McKnight, Bakersfield California, 100m hurdler/heptathlete

1975 – Michael Booker, cornerback (Atlanta Falcons)

1980 – Christian Lara, Ecuadorian footballer

1980 – Ananda Mikola, Indonesian racing driver

1984 – Patrick Stump, American musician (Fall Out Boy)

 

 

 

Deaths

630 – King Ardashir III of Persia

1076 – Willem, bishop of Utrecht (1054-76), murderer of earl Floris I, dies

1124 – Alexander I, King of Scots (1107-24), dies

1404 – Philip, the Stout, Duke of Burgundy, dies at 62

 

 

 

1521 – Ferdinand Magellanworld travelerkilled by Filipino natives at 50

 

Magellan

 

 

 

 

 

 

1599 – Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (b. 1538)

1613 – Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit (b. 1532)

1625 – Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (b. 1553)

1702 – Jean Bart, French capt/sea hero (Escape out of Plymouth), dies at 51

 

 

 

1813 – Zebulon M PikeUS explorer (Pike’s Peak), dies in battle at 34

 

 

 

 

 

 

1882 – Ralph Waldo Emerson, US poet (Representive Men), dies

1893 – John Murray Corse, US general (Union), dies on his 58th birthday

1936 – Karl Pearson, mathematician, dies

1952 – Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician (b. 1865)

1957 – Mario A Gianini, creator (maraschino cherry), dies

1959 – Gordon Armstrong, inventor (baby incubator), dies

1965 – Alan Bunce, actor (Albert-Ethel & Albert), dies at 61

1965 – Edward R Murrow, newscaster (Person to Person), dies at 57

1972 – Phil King, rock (Blue Oyster Cult), shot in head at 24 while gambling

1989 – Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (b. 1894)

1991 – Ken Curtis, actor (Lost, Freckles, California Gold Rush), dies at 74

1996 – William Egan Colby, CIA Director, dies at 76

 

 

 

1998 – Carlos CastanedaPeruvianborn writer (b. 1925)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1999 – Al HirtAmerican Jazz trumpeter (b. 1922)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

2000 – Vicki Sue Robinson, American singer (b. 1954)

2002 – Ruth Handler, American toy manufacturer (b. 1916)

2002 – Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, Swiss industrialist and art collector (b. 1921)

2009 – Frankie Manning, an American dancer, instructor, choreographer, and one of the founding fathers of Lindy Hop. (b. 1914)

2011 – Marian Mercer, American actress (b. 1935)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

757 – Paolo Orsini replaces his brother Pope Stephen II, as Paul I

1220 – German king Frederick II grants bishops sovereign rights

1467 – The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy.

1478 – 1st Easter

1478 – Pazzi conspirators attack Lorenzo de’Medici & kill Giuliano de’Medici

1514 – Copernicus makes his 1st observations of Saturn

1532 – Sultan Suleiman through Hungary on away to Vienna

1564 – William Shakespeare baptized

1607 – 1st British to establish an American colony land at Cape Henry, Va

1654 – Jews are expelled from Brazil

1677 – Emperor Leopold I forms University of Innsbruck

1721 – Smallpox vaccination 1st administrated

1755 – 1st Russian university opens (Moscow)

1777 – Sybil Ludington, 16, rode from NY to Ct rallying her fathers militia

1819 – Odd Fellows Lodge forms

 

 

 

1859 – Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity 1st time this defense is successfully used

 

 

 

 

 

 

1865 – Battle of Durham Station, NC (Greensboro)

1865 – Battle of Ft Tobacco, VA

1865 – Confederate Gen J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham NC

1887 – Huntsville Electric Co forms to sell electricity

1904 – Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms

1905 – Cubs Jack McCarthy becomes only major league player to throw out 3 runners at plate in 1 game, all were ends of a double play

1907 – Jamestown, Va Tercentenary Exposition opens

1912 – 1st homerun hit at Fenway Park (Hugh Bradley, Red Sox)

1913 – Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in SF

1913 – Sun Yet San calls for revolt against pres Yuan Shikai in China

1928 – Madame Tussaud’s waxwork exhibition opens in London

1931 – Lou Gehrig hits a HR but is called out for passing a runner, mistake costs him AL home run crown; he & Babe Ruth tie for season

1933 – Jewish students are barred from school in Germany

 

 

 

1937 – German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain

 

 

 

 

 

 

1938 – Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks

1941 – A tradition begins, 1st organ at a baseball stadium (Chicago Cubs)

1941 – Potatoes rationed in Holland

1942 – Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko Manchuria

1944 – 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down

1945 – Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France’s Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason

1945 – World War II: Battle of Bautzen – last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht.

1950 – Last horse race at Havre de Grace Track in Md, is run

1950 – U of Miami ends William & Mary straight tennis match victories at 82

1952 – Patty Berg scores 64, best competitive round of golf by a woman

 

 

 

1952 – US minesweeper “Hobson” rams aircraft carrier “Wasp,” kills 176

 

 

 

 

 

 

1954 – Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins

1956 – First container ship left Port Newark, New Jersey for Houston, Texas

1957 – Jamestown, Va 350th Anniversary Festival opens

1959 – Cuba invades Panama

1961 – French paratroopers’ revolt suppressed in Algeria

1961 – Roger Maris hits 1st of 61 homers in 1961

1962 – 1st Lockheed A-12 flies

1962 – Ranger 4 crash lands on (backside of) Moon

1962 – Red Sox Bill Monbouquette no-hits White Sox 1-0

1962 – US/UK launch Ariel; 1st international payload

1966 – Arnold “Red” Auerbach retires as Boston Celtic’s coach

1968 – Students seize administration building at Ohio State

1971 – SF lightship replaced by automatic buoy

1977 – NY’s famed disco Studio 54 opens

1980 – Iran begins scattering US hostages from US Embassy

1980 – Longest jump by a jet boat is set at 120′

1980 – Phillies’ Steve Carlton pitches his 6th 1-hitter (beats Cards)

1982 – Argentina surrenders to Britain on S Georgia near Falkland Island

1982 – Rod Stewart is mugged, gunman steals his $50,000 Porsche

1983 – Dow Jones Industrial Avg breaks 1,200 for 1st time

1984 – Pres Reagan visits China

1989 – Mike Tyson is ticketed for driving 71 MPH in 30 mile zone in Albany

1990 – NY court of appeals ends 2½ year legal battle over 1988 America’s Cup by refusing jurisdiction of case

1990 – Nolan Ryan ties Bob Feller’s record of pitching 12 1-hitters

1991 – “Dinosaurs” premieres on ABC-TV

1991 – 23 killed in Kansas & Oklahoma by tornadoes

1992 – “Growing Pains,” final episode on ABC TV

1992 – “Who’s The Boss,” final episode after 8 years on ABC TV

1992 – Ozzie Smith steals his 500th base

1993 – NBC announces Conan O’Brien to replace David Letterman

1994 – Physicists announce first evidence of the top quark subatomic particle.

1995 – Coors Field, opens in Denver, Rockies beat Mets 11-9 in 14 innings

1996 – Sothebys ends 4 day auction of Jackie O stuff-take in $34.5 million

 

 

 

2002 – Robert Steinhäuser infiltrates and kills 17 at Gutenberg-Gymnasium in Erfurt,Germany before dying of a self-inflicted gunshot.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – Under international pressure, Syria withdraws the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison in Lebanon, ending its 29-year military domination of that country.

2012 – 70 people are killed by rocket attacks by the Syrian Army on the city of Hama

 

 

 

Births

121 – Antonius Marcus Aurelius, [Marcus A Verus], Emperor of Rome (161-180)

570 – Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi’a sect. Other sources suggest April 20.

1319 – Jean II, the Good, king of France (1350-64)

1538 – Giovanni P Lomazzo, Italian writer/poet (Trattato)

1564 – William Shakespeare, Stratford-on-Avon England, baptism and presumed birth date, playwright and poet 

1567 – Nicolas Forme, composer

1662 – Maria Luisa of Orleans, queen consort of Spain (d. 1689)

1710 – Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)

 

 

 

1711 – David HumeEnglish empiricist/philosopher (Treatise of Human Nature)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1718 – Esek Hopkins, US, 1st commander-in-chief (US Navy)

1774 – Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (d. 1853)

1785 – John James Audubon, Haiti, bird watcher/artist

1798 – James Beckwourth, American explorer (d. 1867)

1812 – Alfred Krupp, German arms merchant

1822 – Frederick Law Olmsted, architect/writer (designed Central Park)

1826 – George Hull Ward, American general (d. 1863)

1826 – Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General (d. 1872

1827 – Charles Edward Hovey, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1834 – Artemus Ward, (Charles Farrar Browne), humorist

1839 – Cyrus Hamblin, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867

1841 – Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian

1875 – Syngman Rhee, South Korea, pres of South Korea (1948-60) [or Mar 26]

1879 – Owen Williams Richardson, England, physicist (Nobel 1928)

 

 

 

1886 – Ma Rainey, [Gertrude Pridgett], “Mother of the Blues” American singer (d. 1939)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1888 – Anita Loos, American screenwriter, novelist (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes) and playwright (d. 1981)

1893 – Draza Mihajlovic, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal (d. 1946)

1894 – Rudolf Hess, Nazi official (d. 1987)

1897 – Eddie Eagan, American sportsman (d. 1967)

1898 – Edward PF Eagan, Denver, boxer (Oly-gold-20)/bobsledder (Oly-gold-32)

1898 – John Grierson, documentary film maker

1903 – Geoffrey Worthington, Air vice-marshall

1903 – Niven Busch, US screenwriter (Postman Always Rings Twice)

 

 

 

1912 – A. E. van VogtCanadasci-fi author (Wizard of Linn) (d. 2000)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1914 – Bernard Malamud, US, novelist (Fixer, Natural, Pulitizer 1967)

1914 – Horace Leonard Gold, Sci-Fi writer/editor

1914 – James William Rouse, US builder (shopping malls/Columbia, Maryland)

1916 – Morris L West, Australia, novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman)

1916 – Vic Perrin, American actor (d. 1989)

1917 – I[eoh] M[ing] Pei, Canton, China, architect (1961 Brunner Prize)

1917 – Sal “The Barber” Maglie, pitcher (NY Giants, 8th best won-lost pct)

1918 – Fanny Blankers-Koen, Holland, 100m/200m dash, hurdler (Olym-gold-1948)

1921 – Harry Knutton, Maj-Gen/dir-general (London City & Guilds Institute)

1922 – James Holt, medieval historian

1927 – Anne McLaren, biologist/zoologist/actress (Things to Come)

1930 – Roger Moens, Belgium, 800m runner (Olympic-silver-1960)

1932 – Michael Smith, English-born chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)

1933 – Carol Burnett, San Antonio Tx, comedian/actress (Annie, 4 Seasons)

1937 – Robert Boozer, Omaha Neb, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1960), (d. 2012)

 

 

 

1938 – Duane EddyPhoenix, Azcountry singer (Peter GunnCannonball)

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1942 – Bobby Rydell, Phila Pa, rock singer (Wild One, Bye Bye Birdie)

1942 – Claudine Auger, Paris France, Miss France (1958)/actress (Thunderball)

1942 – Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russia, cosmonaut

1943 – Gary Wright, singer, dream weaver (Spooky Tooth-It’s All About)

1943 – Peter Zumthor, Swiss architect

1944 – Martha Rockwell, Providence RI, skier (Mount Washington)

1945 – Giorgio Moroder, producer/singer/songwriter (150 gold discs)

1947 – Donna Elizabeth De Varona, Greenwich Ct, swimmer (Olympic-2 gold-64)

1948 – Boyd Matson, TV host/correspondent (National Geographic Explorer)

1949 – Jimmy Hall, rocker (Wet Willie)

1950 – Howard “Leon” Reeder, rock guitarist (Champaign)

1956 – Koo Stark, [Kathleen Dee-Anne], photographer/actress (Emily)

1958 – Giancarlo Esposito, actor (Bob Roberts, School Daze, King of NY)

1958 – Johnny “Earl of” Dumfries, racing driver

1959 – John Corabi, American Musician

1960 – Roger Taylor, rock drummer (Duran Duran-Hungry Like the Wolf)

1961 – Albert Lawrence, Jamaica, 4X100m relayer (Olympic-silver-1984)

1961 – Joan Chen, [Chen Chong], Shanghai China, actress (Heaven & Earth)

 

 

 

1963 – Jet LiBeijingChinese actor and martial artist (Romeo Must DieUnleashed)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1965 – Kevin James, American comedian

1970 – Melania Trump, Slovenian model

1970 – Tionne “T-Boz” Watkins, American singer (TLC)

1978 – Avant, American singer

1980 – Jordana Brewster, Panama, actress (Nikki Graves-As the World Turns)

1981 – Ms. Dynamite, English musician

1983 – José María López, Argentine racing driver

1983 – Jessica Lynch, American P.O.W.

1987 – Jessica Lee Rose, American-born New Zealand actress, famous YouTube star lonelygirl15

 

 

 

Deaths

757 – Stephen II, Pope (752-57), dies

1192 – Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (b. 1127)

1196 – Alfonso II, King of Aragon (1162-96), dies

1444 – Robert Campin, South Neth painter/porter of Doornik, dies at about 65

1476 – Simonetta Vespucci, inspiration of Botticelli (b.1453)

1478 – Giuliano de’ Medici, Medeheerser of Florence, murdered at about 24

1489 – Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (b. 1465)

1558 – Jean Francois Fernel, French physician, dies

1648 – Christoph Thomas Walliser, composer, dies at 79

1731 – Daniel Defoe, English author (Robinson Crusoe), dies at about 70

1789 – Peter I Panin, Russian general (Pugatshov-uprising), dies at about 67

1865 – John Wilkes Booth, assassin, is shot dead near Bowling Green VA at 27

1881 – Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (b. 1815)

1892 – Sir Provo Wallis, British Admiral and naval hero (b. 1791)

1940 – Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, IG Farben, Nobel 1931), dies at 65

1941 – Jean Demoor, Belgian physician/physiologist/educationalist, dies at 74

1957 – Gichin Funakoshi, Father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo (b. 1868)

1969 – Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of aikido (b. 1883)

1970 – Gypsy Rose Lee, stripper/actress (Pruitts of S Hampton), dies at 56

1973 – Irene Ryan, actress (Granny-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 69

1981 – Robert Davi, dies at 54

 

 

 

1984 – William “Count” Basiejazz piano great 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

1986 – [William] Broderick Crawford, actor (Highway Patrol), dies at 74

 

 

 

1989 – Lucille Ballcomedienne (I Love Lucy), dies of heart attack at 78

 

 

VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1992 – Alberta Vaughn, actress (Wild Horse, Silver Devil), dies at 87

1996 – Stirling Silliphant, screenwriter, dies at 78

1997 – Joey Faye, comic (Fruit of the Loom grapes), dies at 86

2005 – Mason Adams, American actor (b. 1919)

2005 – Maria Schell, Swiss-Austrian actress (b. 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today In The Past

 

 

Events

1185 – Sea battle at Dan-no-ura: Minamoto Yoritomo beats Taira-family

1449 – Anti-pope Felix V resigns

1507 – Geographer Martin Waldseemuller 1st used name America

1541 – -26) Liege flooded after heavy down pour

1604 – Count Maurits’ army lands at Cadzand

1607 – Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish/Portuguese fleet

1614 – Amsterdam Bank of Loan forms

1626 – Battle at the Dessauer bridge: Monarch Albrecht von Wallenstein beats Earl of Mansfeld

1678 – French troops conquer Ypres

1684 – Patent granted for thimble

1719 – Daniel Defoes publishes “Robinson Crusoe”

1792 – Guillotine 1st used, executes highwayman Nicolas J Pelletier

 

 

 

1829 – Charles Fremantle arrives in the HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.

 

Charles-Howe-Fremantle-209x300

 

 

 

 

1846 – Thornton AffairOpen conflict begins over the disputed border of Texastriggering the MexicanAmerican War.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1849 – The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal’s English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.

1850 – Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices

1859 – Ground broken for Suez Canal

1861 – Battle of Lavaca, TX

1861 – American Civil War: The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C.

 

 

 

1862 – Battle of New Orleans LA – US Admiral Farragut occupies New Orleans

 

 

 

 

 

 

1864 – Battle of Marks’ Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)

1875 – Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3″)

1886 – Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna

1898 – Spanish-American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April.

1904 – NY Yankee Jack Chesbro’s 1st of 41 wins this year

1915 – 78,000 ANZAC troops land at Gallipoli

1925 – Paul von Hindenburg elected president of Germany

1928 – Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for the blind

1933 – US & Canada drop Gold Standard

1938 – 1st use of seeing eye dog

1941 – Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta

1942 – Luftwaffe bombs Bath

1945 – Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany’s final transmission

1945 – Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany

1945 – Red army completely surrounds Berlin

1945 – US & Soviet forces meet at Torgau Germany on Elbe River

1947 – Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Voete begins

1950 – Chuck Cooper becomes 1st black to play in NBA

1953 – Scientists identify DNA

1954 – Bell labs announces 1st solar battery (NYC)

1954 – British raid Nairobi Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)

1956 – Elvis Presley’s “Heartbreak Hotel” goes #1

1957 – 1st experimental sodium nuclear reactor operated

1959 – St Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic, Great Lakes opens to shipping

1960 – 1st submerged circumnavigation of Earth completed (Triton)

1961 – Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin

1961 – Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit

1961 – Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad

1962 – US Ranger spacecraft crash lands on Moon

1966 – Drunk driver kills 10 children in Asse Belgium

1966 – The city of Tashkent is destroyed by a huge earthquake.

1967 – Abortion legalized in Colorado

1970 – Freda Payne releases “Band of Gold”

1971 – About 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters march on Washington

1972 – Hans-Werner Grosse glides 907.7 miles (1,461 km) in an AS-W-12

1974 – Chancellor Willy Brandt sect Gunther Guillaume found to be a spy

1974 – NFL moves goal posts & adopts sudden-death playoff

1975 – 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao

1975 – West German embassy blown-up in Stockholm Sweden

1976 – Cub centerfielder Rick Monday rescues US flag from 2 fans trying to set it on fire

1977 – Cin Reds tie record of 12 runs in 5th inning beating Braves 23-9

1978 – Supreme Court rules pension plans can’t require women to pay more

1979 – Peace treaty between Israel & Egypt goes into effect

1980 – Announcement of Jimmy Carter hostage rescue bungle in Iran

1981 – Mariners mgr Maury Wills is suspended for 2 games after ordering Seattle’s grounds crew to enlarge batter’s boxes by one foot

1981 – More than 100 workers are exposed to radiation during repairs of a nuclear power plant in Tsuruga, Japan.

1982 – In accordance with Camp David, Israel completes Sinai withdrawal

1983 – Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto’s orbit.

1985 – For 2nd time, Wayne Gretzky, scores 7 goals in a Cup game

1985 – Roger Miller’s musical “Big River,” premieres in NYC

1985 – West German Parliament ruled it illegal to deny the holocaust

1986 – ETA bomb attacks Madrid killing 5

1988 – John Demjanjuk (Ivan the Terrible), sentenced to death in Jerusalem

1989 – Mike Tyson gets a speeding ticket for drag racing in Albany NY

 

 

 

1990 – Hubble space telescope is placed into orbit by shuttle Discovery

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990 – Violeta Barrios de Chamorro begins a 6 year term as Nicaragua’s pres

1994 – 14″ of snow in Southern Calif

1994 – Bomb attack on taxi stand in Johannesburg, 10 killed

1994 – Fishing boat with school children capsize at Lanaka Syria, 46 killed

1994 – Mexican businessman & billionaire Angel Losada kidnap

1997 – Seattle Mariner Ken Griffey Jr hits his 250th HR

 

 

 

2005 – The final piece of the Obelisk of Axum is returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading Italian army in 1937.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2005 – 107 die in Amagasaki rail crash in Japan.

2007 – Boris Yeltsin’s funeral – the first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.

2011 – At least 300 people killed in deadliest tornado outbreak in the Southern United States since the 1974 Super Outbreak.

 

 

 

 

Births

32 – Marcus Salvius Otho, Roman Emperor (d. 69)

1214 – Louis IX, King of France (1226-70)

1228 – Conrad IV, Andria Italy, King of Germany, Jerusalem and Sicily (d. 1254)

1284 – Edward II, King of England (1307-27)

1287 – Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England (d. 1330)

 

 

 

1599 – Oliver CromwellPuritan lord protector of England (1653-58)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1621 – Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (d. 1679)

1694 – Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect (d. 1753)

1710 – James Ferguson, astronomer

1725 – Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral (d. 1786)

1769 – Mark Isambard Brunel, engineer/inventor

1840 – James Dearing, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865

1868 – John Bevins Moisant, pioneer aviator, first to cross English Channel with passenger and a cat, killed in New Orleans whose present day airport was originally name for him. (D. 1910)

1869 – Karl Prohaska, composer

1874 – Guglielmo Marconi, Bologna Italy, inventor (radio, Nobel 1909)

1900 – Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss/Us physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945)

1906 – William J Brennan Jr, NJ, 92nd Supreme Court judge (1956-90) [or 8/25]

1908 – Edward R Murrow, Pole Creek NC, newscaster (Person to Person)

1912 – Gladys L Presley, mother of Elvis

1913 – Earl Bostic, Tulsa OK, alto sax player (Flamingo, Temptation)

 

 

 

1917 – Ella Fitzgerald, Newport News VA, jazz singer (Is it live or Memorex)

 

Our Tribute To Ella

 

 

 

 

1923 – Albert King, Mississippi, blues singer/guitarist (Bad Luck Blues)

 

 Our Tribute To Albert 

 

 

 

 

 

1923 – Francis Graham-Smith, British astronomer

1929 – Yvette Williams, NZ, long jumper (Oly-gold-52)

1930 – Paul Mazursky, Brooklyn, writer/director (Moscow on the Hudson)

1931 – Felix Berezin, Russian mathematician (d. 1980)

1932 – Lia Manoliu, Romania, discus thrower (Olympic-gold-1968)

1932 – Meadowlark Lemmon, basketball star (Harlem Globetrotter) 

1933 – Jerry Leiber, songwriter (Leiber & Stoller)

1940 – Al Pacino, NYC, actor (And Justice For All, Godfather, Scorpio)

1940 – O B McClinton, [Burnett], country singer (Keep your arms around me)

1942 – Jon Kyl, (Rep-R-Arizona)

1945 – Bjorn Ulvaeus, rock vocalist/guitarist (ABBA-Waterloo, Dancing Queen)

1945 – Stu Cook, rock bassist (Creedence Clearwater Revival-Proud Mary)

1946 – Digby Fairweather, jazz trumpeter

1946 – Peter Sutherland, CEO (Allied Irish Banks)

1946 – Ronnie Gilbert, rocker (Lifeline, Harp)

1946 – Talia Shire, [Coppola], Lake Success NY, actress (Adrienne-Rocky)

1949 – Michael Brown, NYC, keyboardist (Left Bank-Don’t Walk Away Renee)

1949 – Dominique Strauss-Kahn, French economist, lawyer, and politician

1953 – Ron Clements, American animation director

1955 – Joanne Abbott, Sarnia Ontario, yachter (Olympics-96)

1955 – John Nunn, British chess player

 

 

 

1961 – Dinesh D’SouzaAmerican author

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964 – Andy Bell, rocker (Erasure-Oh L’Amour)

1964 – Hank Azaria, New York City, American actor (The Birdcage) and voice behind many characters in The Simpsons (Moe, Apu, Chief Wiggum, Comic Book Guy, Carl Carlson)

1965 – Eric Avery, American musician (Jane’s Addiction, Deconstruction, Polar Bear)

1967 – Angel Martino, Americus GA, 50m/100m freestyle (Oly-gold/2 br-92, 96)

1969 – Jon Olsen, US, 100m freestyle/400m/800m medley (Olymp-gold-1992, 96)

1969 – Marisa Pedulla, Bellefonte PA, half-lightweight judoka (Olympics-96)

1969 – Joe Buck, American sports broadcaster

1969 – Renée Zellweger, American actress

1971 – Andrew Grigg, CFL receiver (Hamilton Tiger Cats)

1971 – Brad Clontz, Stuart VA, pitcher (Atlanta Braves)

1978 – Letícia Birkheuer, Brazilian model

1981 – Felipe Massa, Brazilian Formula One driver

1981 – Anja Pärson, Swedish skier

1989 – Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, 11th Panchen Lama

 

 

 

 

Deaths

68 – Saint Mark, the first Pope of Alexandria and the founder of Christianity in Africa

974 – Ratherius of Verona/Liege, bishop/abbot, dies at about 84

1265 – Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, English crusader

1295 – Sancho IV, the Brave, scholar/king of Castile/Leon, dies

1342 – Benedict XII, [Jacques Fournier], Pope (1334-42), dies

1472 – Leon Battista degli Alberti, scupltor/musician (Dinner Pieces), dies

1482 – Margaret of Anjou, Queen (Henry VI), dies

1516 – John Yonge, English diplomat (b. 1467)

1605 – Naresuan, King of Siam (b. 1555)

1607 – Don Juan Alvarez, Spanish Admiral (Gibraltar), dies in battle

1607 – Jacob van Heemskerck, Dutch Admiral (Nova Zambia), dies in battle

1744 – Anders Celsius, Swed astronomer (Centegrade Thermometer), dies at 42

1770 – Jean-Antoine Nollet, French abbot and physicist (b. 1700)

1792 – Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Beckmann, composer, dies at 54

1792 – Nicolas J Pelletier, French highwayman, 1st person guillotined

1808 – Alois Luigi Tomasini, composer, dies at 66

1822 – Frederick “William” Herschel, German/British astronomer, dies at 83

1840 – Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (b. 1781)

1853 – William Beaumont, physiologist, dies at 67

1862 – Charles Ferguson Smith, US Union Gen-Maj, dies of infection at 55

1873 – Walter de la Mare, Engl poet/author (Behold the Dreamer), dies at 43

1878 – Anna Sewell, English author (b. 1820)

1905 – Jacob Olie, Dutch photographer, dies at about 70

1915 – Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (b. 1830)

1937 – Clem Sohn, air show performer dies at 26 when his chute fails to open

1972 – George Sanders, actor (Mr Freeze-Batman, Ivanhoe), dies at 65

1976 – Carol Reed, director (Agony & Ecstasy), dies

1988 – Clifford D[onald] Simak, sci-fi author (Hugo, Way Station), dies at 83

 

 

 

1990 – Dexter GordonJazz saxophonistdies of kidney failure at 67

 

Dexter Gordon

 VIDEOS

 

 

 

 

1992 – Yutaka Ozaki, Japanese rock artist, dies at 26 of pulmonary edema

1994 – Talaat Yassin Hamman, militant Moslem leader, shot dead at 32

1995 – Art Fleming, game show host (Jeopardy), dies at 74

1995 – Ginger Rogers, actress/dancer (Top Hat, Stage Door), dies at 83

1996 – Saul Bass, designer, dies at 74

2000 – Lucien le Cam, French mathematician (b. 1924)

 

 

 

2001 – Michele AlboretoItalian racecar driver (b. 1956)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2002 – Lisa Lopes, American rapper (TLC) (b. 1971)

2007 – Bobby “Boris” Pickett, American singer and songwriter (b. 1938)

2008 – Humphrey Lyttelton, Jazz musician and broadcaster, (b. 1921)

2009 – Beatrice Arthur, American comedian, actress, and singer, (b. 1922)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

—-

Happy Birthday Albert King

 

 

 

 

 

Wiki Bio

 

” One of the “Three Kings of the Blues Guitar” (along with B.B. King and Freddie King), Albert King stood 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m) (some reports say 6 ft 7 in (2.01 m)) and weighed 250 pounds (110 kg) and was known as “The Velvet Bulldozer”. He was born Albert Nelson on a cotton plantation in Indianola, Mississippi. During his childhood he would sing at a family gospel group at a church where his father played the guitar. One of 13 children, King grew up picking cotton on plantations near Forrest City, Arkansas, where the family moved when he was eight.”

 

 

 

” He began his professional work as a musician with a group called In The Groove Boys in Osceola, Arkansas. Moving north to Gary, Indiana and later St. Louis, Missouri, he briefly played drums for Jimmy Reed‘s band and on several early Reed recordings. Influenced by blues musicians Blind Lemon Jefferson and Lonnie Johnson, the electric guitar became his signature instrument, his preference being the Gibson Flying V which he named “Lucy”. King earned his nickname “The Velvet Bulldozer” during this period as he drove one of them and also worked as a mechanic to make a living.”

 

 

 

” King moved to Gary, Indiana in the early 1950s, then to Chicago in 1953 where he cut his first single for Parrot Records, but it was only a minor regional success. He then went back to St. Louis in 1956 and formed a new band. During this period, he settled on using the Flying V as his primary guitar. He resumed recording in 1959 with his first minor hit, “I’m a Lonely Man,” written by Little Milton, who was Bobbin Records A&R man, a fellow guitar hero, and responsible for King’s signing with the label.”

 

 

 

 

albertking

 

 

 

AllMusic Bio

 

” Albert King is truly a “King of the Blues,” although he doesn’t hold that title (B.B. does). Along with B.B. and Freddie KingAlbert King is one of the major influences on blues and rock guitar players. Without him, modern guitar music would not sound as it does — his style has influenced both black and white blues players from Otis Rush and Robert Cray to Eric Clapton and Stevie Ray Vaughan. It’s important to note that while almost all modern blues guitarists seldom play for long without falling into a B.B. King guitar cliché, Albert King never does — he’s had his own style and unique tone from the beginning.”

 

 

 

” Albert King plays guitar left-handed, without re-stringing the guitar from the right-handed setup; this “upside-down” playing accounts for his difference in tone, since he pulls down on the same strings that most players push up on when bending the blues notes. King‘s massive tone and totally unique way of squeezing bends out of a guitar string has had a major impact. Many young white guitarists — especially rock & rollers — have been influenced by King‘s playing, and many players who emulate his style may never have heard of Albert King, let alone heard his music. His style is immediately distinguishable from all other blues guitarists, and he’s one of the most important blues guitarists to ever pick up the electric guitar.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

” Albert King left Bobbin in late 1962 and recorded one session for King Records in the spring of 1963, which were much more pop-oriented than his previous work; the singles issued from the session failed to sell. Within a year, he cut four songs for the local St. Louis independent label Coun-Tree, which was run by a jazz singer named Leo Gooden. Though these singles didn’t appear in many cities — St. Louis, Chicago, and Kansas City were the only three to register sales — they foreshadowed his coming work with Stax Records. Furthermore, they were very popular within St. Louis, so much so that Gooden resented King‘s success and pushed him off the label.”

 

 

 

” Following his stint at Coun-Tree, Albert King signed with Stax Records in 1966. Albert‘s records for Stax would bring him stardom, both within blues and rock circles. All of his ’60s Stax sides were recorded with the label’s house band, Booker T. & the MG’s, which gave his blues a sleek, soulful sound. That soul underpinning gave King crossover appeal, as evidenced by his R&B chart hits — “Laundromat Blues” (1966) and “Cross Cut Saw” (1967) both went Top 40, while “Born Under a Bad Sign” (1967) charted in the Top 50. Furthermore, King‘s style was appropriated by several rock & roll players, most notably Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton, who copied Albert‘s “Personal Manager” guitar solo on the Cream song, “Strange Brew.” Albert King‘s first album for Stax, 1967’s Born Under a Bad Sign, was a collection of his singles for the label and became one of the most popular and influential blues albums of the late ’60s. Beginning in 1968, Albert King was playing not only to blues audiences, but also to crowds of young rock & rollers. He frequently played at the Fillmore West in San Francisco and he even recorded an album, Live Wire/Blues Power, at the hall in the summer of 1968.”

 

 

 

” Early in 1969, King recorded Years Gone By, his first true studio album. Later that year, he recorded a tribute album to Elvis Presley (Blues for Elvis: Albert King Does the King’s Things) and a jam session with Steve Cropper and Pops Staples (Jammed Together), in addition to performing a concert with the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra. For the next few years, Albert toured America and Europe, returning to the studio in 1971, to record the Lovejoy album. In 1972, he recorded I’ll Play the Blues for You, which featured accompaniment from the Bar-Kaysthe Memphis Horns, and the Movement. The album was rooted in the blues, but featured distinctively modern soul and funk overtones.”

 

 

 

 

 

Rock & Roll Hall Of Fame Bio

 

” In 1969, King performed live with the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra, forming what was called an “87-piece blues band.” During the early Seventies, he recorded the album Lovejoy with a group of white rock singers and an Elvis Presley tribute album, Albert King Does the King’s Things. King continued to tour throughout the Seventies, and in June 1970, he joined the Doors onstage at a show in Vancouver, Canada.”

 

 

 

” King’s sound underwent a major change in the Seventies, as he teamed up with the Bar-Kays and the Memphis Horns on the albums I’ll Play the Blues for You and I Wanna Get Funky. That partnership gave his music a much funkier sound than it had on his earlier recordings, and the former album’s title track became one of his signature songs. King also worked with Allen Toussaint and some of the Meters during this period.”

 

 

 

 

 

Cascade Blues Bio

 ”  If the annals are ever logged as to who the most influential guitar greats of all time were, then there would be no question regarding the inclusion of the three “Kings” of the Blues: B.B.Freddie and Albert. There is little doubt of the impact that each of these artists brought to the future sounds of Blues, Soul and Rock ‘n’ Roll. Albert King was a master of the single-string attack and was intrigued by Blues performers that he heard while growing up outside of Memphis. In turn, he influenced a new generation of guitar players that would include the likes of Jimi HendrixEric Clapton and Stevie Ray Vaughan.”

”  On February 1, 1968, Albert King shared a bill that included John Mayall and Jimi Hendrix for opening night at a new venue in San Francisco called The Fillmore Auditorium. This popular music hall would become a second home for King, and later that same year he returned to record a live album “Live Wire / Blues Power” became one of the best-selling Live Blue! recordings ever and helped establishKing’s career further. Two other albums were released in the early 1990s that were taped during these same performances (“Wednesday Night In San Francisco: Recorded Live At The Fillmore Auditorium” and “Thursday Night In San Francisco…”  Though weaker than the original both serve as true testaments to the talents of Albert King’s guitar.”

” King continued to record with Stax, until the demise of the label in the mid-1970s. The output of this period included some strange mixtures for a Blues musician. In 1969, Albert became the first Blues performer to perform with a symphony orchestra in a concert that teamed him with the St. Louis Symphony. He recorded the album “Lovejoy “at Muscle Shoals with white Southern rockers and even released a tribute album to Elvis Presley, “Blues For Elvis: Albert King Does The King’s Things“. There was even an appearance on a comedy LP by Albert Brooks, “A Star Is Bought“. After Staxfolded, King would record for a number of labels that would include TomatoUtopia and Fantasy, until he decided to retire in the mid-1980s. Though Albert King had given up on recording, he still managed to find time to perform. He made cameo appearances on albums by up-coming Bluesmen like Chris Cain (“Cuttin’ Loose“) and Gary Moore (“Still Got The Blues“). He also made frequent stops at Blues festivals around the world, continuing to influence new generations of guitarists including Stevie Ray Vaughan and Robert Cray.”

” King played his final concert in Los Angeles on December 19, 1992. He died two days later at home in Memphis after suffering a sudden heart attack. After his funeral, a procession was led down Beale Street in a true New Orleans-style Jazz tradition, as the hearse bearing King’s body was led by the Memphis Horns playing “When The Saints Go Marching In“. King was laid to rest across the Mississippi River in the Paradise Gardens Cemetery in Edmondson, Arkansas, not far from where he spent his childhood.”   

“Albert King has been honored by The Blues Foundation with his induction into their Hall of Fame. Both “Born Under A Bad Sign” and “Live Wire / Blues Power” are also honored as Classics of Blues Recordings. But, the real honor for King is the love and everlasting respect that so many of his peers have given him. Stevie Ray Vaughan would call him “Daddy” and John Lee Hooker named him as one of his all-time favorite guitarists. Michael Bloomfield once said, “Albert can take four notes and write a volume. He can say more with fewer notes than anyone I’ve ever known.”  B.B. King stated in his autobiography “He wasn’t my brother in blood, but he sure was my brother in Blues.”  Albert King’s legend will live on.  Every time a Blues or Rock combo is on stage, in an arena or small nightclub, or just playing in their garage and grinds into “Born Under A Bad Sign” or “Crosscut Saw“, his influence will be shining true.”

 

 

 

” King died on December 21, 1992 from a heart attack in his Memphis, Tennessee home. His final concert had been in Los Angeles two days earlier. He was given a funeral procession with the Memphis Horns playing “When The Saints Go Marching In” and buried in Edmondson, Arkansas near his childhood home. B.B. King eulogized him by stating “Albert wasn’t my brother in blood, but he was my brother in blues.”

On December 11th, 2012, it was announced that King would be posthumously inducted into the 2013 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. “

 

 

 

 

 Albert Nelson King

 

    Apr. 25, 1923-Dec. 21, 1992

 

 

 

Discography

Albums

Born Under A Bad Sign

‎ ◄ (12 versions)

Stax

1967

 

Live Wire / Blues Power

‎ ◄ (11 versions)

Stax

1968

 

Albert King , Steve Cropper & Pops Staples – Jammed Together ‎ ◄ (5 versions)

Stax

1969

 

King Of The Blues Guitar

‎ ◄ (6 versions)

Atlantic

1969

 

Years Gone By

‎ ◄ (6 versions)

Stax

1969

 

King Does The King’s Thing

‎ ◄ (6 versions)

Stax

1969

 

Lovejoy

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax

1971

 

I’ll Play The Blues For You

‎ ◄ (9 versions)

Stax

1972

 

I Wanna Get Funky

‎ ◄ (4 versions)

StaxStax

1974

 

Albert King / Chico Hamilton / Little Milton – Montreux Festival ‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax

1974

 

Travelin “To California

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

King Records (3)

1976

 

Truckload Of Lovin’

‎ ◄ (8 versions)

Utopia (2)

1976

 

Albert Live

‎ ◄ (4 versions)

Utopia (2)

1977

 

The Pinch

‎ ◄ (5 versions)

StaxEMI

1977

 

King Albert

‎ ◄ (5 versions)

Tomato

1977

 

Albert

‎ ◄ (5 versions)

Tomato

1978

 

New Orleans Heat

‎ ◄ (8 versions)

Tomato

1978

 

San Francisco ’83

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Fantasy

1983

 

I’m In A Phone Booth Baby

‎ (LP)

Fantasy

1984

 

The Lost Session

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax

1986

 

Blues At Sunrise

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax

1988

 

Thursday Night In San Francisco

‎ ◄ (3 versions)

Stax Records

1990

 

Wednesday Night In San Francisco

‎ ◄ (2 versions)

Stax

1990

 

Red House

‎ (LP, Album)

Essential

1991

 

Crosscut Saw – Albert King In San Francisco

‎ (CD, RM)

Stax

1992

 

Mean, Mean Blues

‎ (Cass, Album)

Highland Music

1993

 

Albert King With Stevie Ray Vaughan – In Session ‎ ◄ (9 versions)

Stax

1999

 

Live 69

‎ (CD, Album)

Tomato

2003

 

Talkin’ Blues

‎ (CD)

Thirsty Ear

2003

 

The Big Blues

‎ (LP, Album, RE)

Sundazed Music

2012

 

Live At The Blues Festival

‎ (LP, Album)

Links

100 GREATEST GUITARISTS

MTV Biography

Albert King: inducted in 2013 | The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame …

Albert King, Mississippi Blues musician – Mississippi writers …

Albert King | Bio, Pictures, Videos | Rolling Stone

Albert King – Profile and Biography of Blues Guitarist Albert King …

Albert King Biography – Musician Biographies

Videos

Wattstax (1973)

Albert King – Live 1/7/78 Full Show

Albert King – Maintenance Shop Blues (Live 1981)

John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers 1982 Jam With Albert King , Etta James …

Stevie Ray Vaughan & Albert King in session 1983

Albert King & Stevie Ray Vaughan — In Session 2010 1983

B.B. King & Albert King – Japan Blues Carnival 1989

Albert King / Canned Heat Aussie Tour 1990

LiveLeak.com – Rock and Roll Hall of Fame – ALBERT KING

Interviews

Albert King – Interview

Albert King – Interview 2

Greg Koch On Meeting Albert King • Wildwood Guitars Story

 

 

 

Music

Albert King – King Albert Vinyl Records, CDs and LPs

iTunes – Music – Albert King – Apple

Albert King on Spotify

Amazon.com: Albert King

Albert King – Listen to Free Music on Pandora …

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mob Of Teenagers Beats Two High School Students In Philadelphia Subway Station

 

 

 

 

 

 

” A security video showing a mob of students brutally beating two high schoolers in a Philadelphia subway station on Tuesday is being investigated by the city’s transportation officers.

“ It’s an outrageous event. This is so dangerous, it’s not even funny,” Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority Police Chief Thomas J. Nestel III told Philly.com.

“ We have operating trains down there. There are passengers waiting for the train … it’s horrendous.”

  The video, which was time-stamped around 3:15 p.m., shows about a dozen teenagers either participating in a one-minute assault on two male students, or cheering it on.”

 

NY Daily News

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Real Side Effect Of A Gluten-Free Diet: Scientific Illiteracy

 

 

GLUTEN LIE

 

 

 

” Walk into any grocery store or coffee shop and you’ll find gluten-free muffins, gluten-free chips, and gluten-free bread. Gluten has replaced fat as the ingredient we love to shun.

  And yet, scientists can’t find any good evidence to support this fad. Gluten is a protein composite that gives shape to grains like wheat, rye, and barley. And it’s true that a very small fraction of people have celiac disease, a real medical condition that causes their bodies to violently reject gluten. But that’s only a small fraction of people, and it’s not enough to explain the craze. The rest of us are going gluten-free without any real scientific basis for doing so.

  It’s exactly because the gluten-free diet has surged in popularity recently, despite the science, that Alan Jay Levinovitz, a professor of philosophy and religion at James Madison University, became fascinated by it. I talked to him about his new book, The Gluten Lie, to better understand why we’ve gone against this grain to the tune of more than $10 billion this year. “

 

Read more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Census: Record 51 Million Immigrants In 8 years, Will Account For 82% Of U.S. Growth

 

 

 

” Legal and illegal immigrants will hit a record high of 51 million in just eight years and eventually account for an astounding 82 percent of all population growth in America, according to new U.S. Census figures.

  A report from the Center for Immigration Studies that analyzed the statistics said that by 2023, one in seven U.S. residents will be an immigrant, rising to one in five by 2060 when the immigrant population totals 78 million.”

 

 

 

 

 ” The report was provided to Secrets and released Wednesday evening.

  The surge in immigrant population, both legal and illegal, threatens to slam into the presidential campaign as GOP candidates move to figure out what their position is and the president tries to use executive powers to exempt some 5 million illegals from deportation.

” These numbers have important implications for workers, schools, infrastructure, congestion and the environment,” said Steven Camarota, the center’s director of research. “They also may have implications for our ability to successfully assimilate and integrate immigrants. Yet there has been almost no national debate about bringing in so many people legally each year, which is the primary factor driving these numbers.” “

 

Washington Examiner has more