Tag Archive: 3D Printing


 

State Department Demands Takedown Of 3D-Printable Gun Files For Possible Export Control Violations

 

 

 

” The battle for control of dangerous digital shapes may have just begun.

On Thursday, Defense Distributed founder Cody Wilson received a letter from the State Department Office of Defense Trade Controls Compliance demanding that he take down the online blueprints for the 3D-printable “Liberator” handgun that his group released Monday, along with nine other 3D-printable firearms components hosted on the group’s website Defcad.org. The government says it wants to review the files for compliance with arms export control laws known as the International Traffic in Arms Regulations, or ITAR. By uploading the weapons files to the Internet and allowing them to be downloaded abroad, the letter implies Wilson’s high-tech gun group may have violated those export controls

Despite taking down his files, Wilson doesn’t see the government’s attempts to censor the Liberator’s blueprints as a defeat. On the contrary, Defense Distributed’s radical libertarian and anarchist founder says he’s been seeking to highlight exactly this issue, that a 3D-printable gun can’t be stopped from spreading around the global Internet no matter what legal measures governments take. “This is the conversation I want,” Wilson says. “Is this a workable regulatory regime? Can there be defense trade control in the era of the Internet and 3D printing?”

Wilson compares his new legal troubles to the widely-followed case in the mid-1990s of Philip Zimmermann, the inventor of the cryptographic software PGP, who was threatened with indictment under ITAR for putting his military-grade encryption software online. “It’s PGP all over again,” says Wilson.

 

 

Here is the letter Mr Wilson received from the State department ;

 

” In reply letter to DTCC Case: 13-0001444

[Cody Wilson’s address redacted]

Dear Mr. Wilson,

The Department of State, Bureau of Political Military Affairs, Office of Defense Trade Controls Compliance, Enforcement Division (DTCC/END) is responsible for compliance with and civil enforcement of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778) (AECA) and the AECA’s implementing regulations, the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (22 C.F.R. Parts 120-130) (ITAR). The AECA and the ITAR impose certain requirements and restrictions on the transfer of, and access to, controlled defense articles and related technical data designated by the United States Munitions List (USML) (22 C.F.R. Part 121).

The DTCC/END is conducting a review of technical data made publicly available by Defense Distributed through its 3D printing website, DEFCAD.org, the majority of which appear to be related to items in Category I of the USML. Defense Distributed may have released ITAR-controlled technical data without the required prior authorization from the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC), a violation of the ITAR.

Technical data regulated under the ITAR refers to information required for the design, development, production, manufacture, assembly, operation, repair, testing, maintenance or modification of defense articles, including information in the form of blueprints, drawings, photographs, plans, instructions or documentation. For a complete definition of technical data, see 120.10 of the ITAR. Pursuant to 127.1 of the ITAR, it is unlawful to export any defense article or technical data for which a license or written approval is required without first obtaining the required authorization from the DDTC. Please note that disclosing (including oral or visual disclosure) or tranferring technical data to a foreign person, whether in the United States or abroad, is considered an export under 120.17 of the ITAR.

The Department believes Defense Distributed may not have established the proper jurisdiction of the subject technical data. To resolve this matter officially, we request that Defense Distributed submit Commodity Jurisdiction (CJ) determination requests for the following selection of data files available on DEFCAD.org, and any other technical data for which Defense Distributed is unable to determine proper jurisdiction:

  1. Defense Distributed Liberator pistol
  2. .22 electric
  3. 125mm BK-14M high-explosive anti-tank warhead
  4. 5.56/.223 muzzle brake
  5. Springfield XD-40 tactical slide assembly
  6. Sound Moderator – slip on
  7. “The Dirty Diane” 1/2-28 to 3/4-16 STP S3600 oil filter silencer adapter
  8. 12 gauge to .22 CB sub-caliber insert
  9. Voltlock electronic black powder system
  10. VZ-58 sight

DTCC/END requests that Defense Distributed submits its CJ requests within three weeks of the receipt of this letter and notify this office of the final CJ determinations. All CJ requests must be submitted electronically through an online application using the DS-4076 Commodity Jurisdiction Request Form. The form, guidance for submitting CJ requests, and other relevant information such as a copy of the ITAR can be found on DDTC’s website at http://www.pmddtc.state.gov.

Until the Department provides Defense Distributed with the final CJ determinations, Defense Distributed should treat the above technical data as ITAR-controlled. This means that all such data should be removed from public access immediately. Defense Distributed should also review the remainder of the data made public on its website to determine whether any additional data may be similarly controlled and proceed according to ITAR requirements.

Additionally, DTCC/END requests information about the procedures Defense Distributed follows to determine the classification of its technical data, to include aforementioned technical data files. We ask that you provide your procedures for determining proper jurisdiction of technical data within 30 days of the date of this letter to Ms. Bridget Van Buren, Compliance Specialist, Enforcement Division, at the address below.
Office of Defense Trade Controls Compliance

PM/DTCC, SA-1, Room L132

2401 E Street, NW

Washington, DC 20522

Phone 202-663-3323

We appreciate your full cooperation in this matter. Please note our reference number in any future correspondence.

Sincerely,

Glenn E. Smith

Chief, Enforcement Division”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blueprints For 3D-Plastic Gun Downloaded 100,000 Times In 2 Days Before The State Department Orders The Site To Take Down The Weapon Designs

Crude: The Liberator plastic gun is a simple single-shot weapon that fires a small .380-caliber bullet

” Blueprints for the first-ever plastic gun produced on a 3-D printer, that can pass through metal detectors, have been downloaded over 100,000 times since it was posted to the web on Monday. 

Designs for the ‘Liberator’ pistol were posted online by Defense Distributed but on Thursday the U.S. State Department ordered the website to take down the blueprints, on the basis that the plans could violate export regulations. “

” The blueprints, that could be produced on 3-D printers costing as little as $1,000, were seen as a breakthrough because no one has previously designed such a weapon that could withstand the pressure of firing modern ammunition.

Surprisingly, most downloads of the plans did not come from inside the U.S. but from Spain.

The U.S. is second, ahead of Brazil, Germany, and the U.K., according to Haroon Khalid, a developer working with Defense Distributed, who reported the statistics to Forbes.”

Gutenberg’s Rifle: The Downloadable Firearm Is Almost Real

 

 

 

See video of the Wiki Weapon firing here .

 

 

” It’s an oppressive spring afternoon in Austin, Texas. Low clouds threaten to unleash a gullywasher. After a couple of emails and phone calls I’m at an apartment complex off to the west of the University of Texas campus. A pair of young men pull up and pop the lid on the trunk of their car. One pulls a flat metal case from the trunk and I jokingly ask, “Is that a gun or a guitar?”

The lead man could blend in with the musicians and hipsters all over Austin who recently dominated the city during SXSW, but he isn’t one and what he has in the case is an instrument, but it’s not musical.

The man with the strange rifle is Cody Wilson, 25, the co-director of Defense Distributed. That’s the group that in the past year has gone from not even existing to being on the verge of changing everything.

Or nothing. The fact is, neither Wilson nor anyone else knows what effect realizing his idea will have. But we’re very close to finding out.

Defense Distributed is about to create the world’s first fully functional, fully printed gun. The wikiweapon will be real.

We go into his apartment and he shows me around. It’s a typical male college student’s place — he’s a law student at UT — a bit messy and unkempt. Up in his bedroom he has a huge American flag on one wall and the famous “Come and Take It” flag opposite. It’s a replica of the flag that flew at Gonzales, Texas, on October 2, 1835 when Texians dared the Mexican army to retrieve a cannon.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Dems Say Need To Block ‘Stomach Churning’ Plastic Printable Gun Is Urgent

” A New York Democrat wants to revise gun laws to encompass a downloadable plastic gun produced on a 3-D printer.

On Friday, Defense Distributed premiered its plastic firearm with only one small necessary metal part: the firing pin.

Rep. Steve Israel (D-N.Y.) wants to pour water on this invention with his Undetectable Firearms Modernization Act, which extends a 1988 ban on plastic guns that expires this year and extends it to include homemade, plastic high-capacity magazines and receivers. The piece of metal in the downloadable gun, which allows it to be spotted by metal detectors, keeps it within current law.

“Security checkpoints, background checks, and gun regulations will do little good if criminals can print plastic firearms at home and bring those firearms through metal detectors with no one the wiser. When I started talking about the issue of plastic firearms months ago, I was told the idea of a plastic gun is science-fiction. Now that this technology appears to be upon us, we need to act now to extend the ban on plastic firearms,” Israel said.”

Not to be upstaged , fellow Statist NY Senator,  Chuck “Am I On” Schumer , puts in his two cents.

” On CNBC today, Schumer “at the very least” Congress needs to make it “a crime to have such a gun.”

“If the police see you carrying one on the street, they’ll know it’s a crime. If anybody sees you doing it, they’ll know it’s a crime,” he said. “What we should do beyond that, I don’t know. I mean, obviously there are First Amendment issues. We’ve had this issue about bombs being put on the Internet in the past. And obviously someone could go overseas and put something on the Internet where our laws don’t govern.” “

Daily Video 4.23.13

3D Printing and the Future of Stuff

 

 

” What if instead of going to the store to buy a new toilet brush, all you had to do was walk into your office and print one out? With recent advances in 3D printing, such a scenario might not be as far away as you think.

Special thanks to Ben Malouf of Acuity Design for letting us take some footage of his awesome 3D printers! Check them out athttp://acuitydesign.co

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References for this episode can be found in the Google document here: http://dft.ba/-5zPQ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gutenberg’s Rifle: The Downloadable Firearm Is Almost Real

 

 

 

” As he pulls the firearm from the case to show it to me, a woman walks by with her dog. I hope that we’re not alarming her. She didn’t seem to be surprised in the least. This is Texas, and guns are everywhere from the local Walmart to the state capitol building, every day.

The man with the strange rifle is Cody Wilson, 25, the co-director of Defense Distributed. That’s the group that in the past year has gone from not even existing to being on the verge of changing everything.

Or nothing. The fact is, neither Wilson nor anyone else knows what effect realizing his idea will have. But we’re very close to finding out.

Defense Distributed is about to create the world’s first fully functional, fully printed gun. The wikiweapon will be real.”

 

 

 

Cody Wilson On The Angel Clark Show Talking 3-D Printable Guns

 

 

” Cody R. Wilson is a student at the University of Texas School of Law. He is the crypto-anarchist founder and director of Defense Distributed and DEFCAD, non-profit organizations that develop and publish open source gun designs suitable for 3D printing. Wilson was called “the face of printable firearms” by MAKE magazine, one of the most polarizing figures in technology by Forbes, and was named one of the 15 most dangerous people in the world by Wired.”

 

 

 

 

“Download This Gun”: 3D-Printed Semi-Automatic Fires Over 600 Rounds

*And the Department of Justice says there’s nothing illegal about it, either

” Wilson’s nonprofit organization, Defense Distributedreleased a video this week showing a gun firing off over 600 rounds—illustrating what is likely to be the first wave of semi-automatic and automatic weapons produced by the additive manufacturing process.

The lower, or “lower receiver” part of a firearm, is the crucial part that contains all of the gun’s operating parts, including the trigger group and the magazine port. (Under American law, the lower is what’s defined as the firearm itself.) The AR is designed to be modular, meaning it can receive different types of “uppers” (barrels) as well as different-sized magazines.

“This is the first publicly printed AR lower demonstrated to withstand a large volume of .223 without structural degradation or failure,” Wilson wrote on Wednesday. “The actual count was 660+ on day 1 with the SLA lower. The test ended when we ran out of ammunition, but this lower could easily withstand 1,000 rounds.”

Already, he says, over 10,000 people have downloaded the lower CAD file, and more have downloaded it through BitTorrent.”

 

 

 

” So that raises the question: is this legal? For now, it would appear so.

“There are no restrictions on an individual manufacturing a firearm for personal use,” a Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) spokesperson told Ars. “However, if the individual is engaged in business as a firearms manufacturer, that person must obtain a manufacturing license.”

Wilson said that he’s applied for a federal firearms license in his own name with the ATF in October, and he expects to hear a response “any day now.” The ATF did not respond to our request for confirmation of Wilson’s claims.

Specifically, Wilson said he’s looking to become a Class 2 Special Occupational Taxpayer, as licensed under federal law (PDF), which would allow him to become a dealer under the National Firearms Act.”

 

 

Here is a roundup of articles we have posted  on the future of  DIY 3D firearms manufacturing :

 

 

Introducing Defense Distributor’s “Cuomo” AR Mag … DIY … With 3D Printing

The Wiki Weapon project Lands Funding

Well , Duh …

Time To Ban Printers

Now You See It , Now You Don’t …

The Genie NEVER Goes Back In The Bottle

HT/Instapundit

3D Printed Gun Parts Hit Road Blocks (and Why it Matters)

 

 

 

 

” As states like Colorado try to make manufacturing some magazines illegal, than legality must be a concern. But regulation is going to be complicated, if not impossible, when people begin printing magazines at home.

But it goes beyond legislation.  After Sandy Hook, many people and corporate entities are distancing themselves from guns. There is the proposed sale of Freedom Group. Even firearms retailers pulled back from controversial guns.

Even Ebay is getting (more) skittish.  They’re paranoid about the mention of “Assault Weapons” in any description.  You can still sell a part that might fit more than one gun, but not if you mention assault weapons, or any of those taboo guns associated with assaults.  Theirpolicy page now reads: “Accessories that fit a variety of different weapons, including assault weapons [can be posted]. But in your listing, you can’t mention any assault weapon compatibility.”

And Thingiverse, the online repository of printable projects associated with MakerBot printers, recently pulled the plans for an AR-15 lower, citing a violation of their service terms (you’re not allowed to store files that can be used to make weapons).

This has to be an expected setback for HaveBlue (aka Michael Guslick), the designer that posted the AR-15 plans.  Similar things are happening to others.  Cody Wilson and the team at Defense Distributed, for example, now seem to be spearheading the printed firearms movement.  They have an SLA Printed 30 round AR magazine.  The only thing that isn’t printed is the mainspring.”

YouTube Yanks Video Of 3D-Printed Rifle Magazine

 

 

 

” A video showing a gun magazine created by a 3D printer was pulled off YouTube today, only to reappear later in the afternoon.

The removal notice for the popular clip, which was posted by a Texas group known as Defense Distributed, said the video was removed “as a violation of YouTube’s policy against spam, scams, and commercially deceptive content.”

“Yes, YouTube removed this video because permissive liberals flagged it as inappropriate,” the group said in a Tumblr post. “Please steal this and put it everywhere before it is again taken down.”

Talking Points Memo featured the video on Thursday, along with a feature on “Cuomo,” a 30-round automatic rifle magazine created with a 3D printer.”

    Welcome to the 21st century “Governor” … for every step you take us down the road to total dependence , the private sector , through the wonders of technology will see to it that your efforts at control come to naught .

Part one shows the finished product being examined and test loaded with blanks .

DefDist Printed Cuomo Mag – Part I

Part two shows the magazine in use at the range , full auto .

DefDist Printed Cuomo Mag – Part II

The Danger Room at Wired.com offers this perspective on the Cuomo AR Mag …

New 3-D Printed Rifle Magazine Lets You Fire Hundreds of Rounds

” In response to the upsurge in gun violence, politicians are proposing restrictions on the number of bullets that handgun and rifle magazines can hold. And just as they do, new printing technology blows holes right through that debate. The 3-D printing gunsmiths at Defense Distributed are about to release blueprints for an upgraded magazine that won’t degrade even after you fire hundreds of rounds.

Meet the “Cuomo.” It’s a new printed magazine for your AR-15 rifle, soon to be available for download, and it holds 30 bullets.”

Continue reading

Tools of Modern Gunmaking: Plastic and a 3-D Printer

 

 

 

” A man in Wisconsin viewed it as a technical challenge. Another, in New Hampshire, was looking to save some money. And in Texas, a third wanted to make a political point.

The three may have had different motivations but their results were the same: each built a working gun that included a part made in plastic with a 3-D printer.

What they did was legal and, except for the technology and material used, not much different from what do-it-yourself gunsmiths have been doing for decades.”

Printable Gun Magazines

” What just a few months ago was dismissed as a pipe dream or wishful thinking has today become a reality that will no doubt take the gun control debate, not just nationally but worldwide, to a whole new level.

Infowars.com has been reporting on this 3D printing innovator’s amazing work over the last few months. As Infowars breaks this story online, we wonder if the dinosaur press will realize the incredible significance of this — this technological development will circumvent unconstitutional magazine bans and could end the huge shortages we’re seeing. The future is now.

In November’s issue of Infowars Magazine, we wrote about Defense Distributed, a non-profit thinktank experimenting with the revolutionary technology of desktop 3D printing.

Defense Distributed’s goal is to provide a website that anyone in the world could visit to download the files needed to literally print out a working firearm, aptly dubbed a “wiki weapon,” using a 3D printer, a technology that’s already available to the average citizen and is also becoming increasingly affordable.”

http://www.infowars.com/ar-30-round-magazines-now-available-for-download-seri…

Daily Video 1.21.13

3D Printing and the Future of Shopping: Shapeways CEO Peter Weijmarshausen

 

Prohibitions Don’t Work, And New Technology Makes That More Obvious

 

prohibition01

 

” The popular prohibition movement of the moment has firearms in its … err … sights. Led by (really?) Vice President Joe Biden, a White House task force is apparently considering new gun laws that would restrict those scary-looking rifles known as “assault weapons,” ban high-capacity magazines, track sales (maybe through registration?) and require whatever else the politicians in the group think will win them votes.

Meanwhile, a merry band of gun-rights activists known as Defense Distributed have been using 3D printing technology to develop the means of producing guns and related paraphernalia at home. Brian Doherty has already written about this development at length, and I’ve covered it myself. But as it happens, matters have moved forward, and Defense Distributed is nowproducing high-capacity magazines with 3D printers. The group’s CEO, Cody Wilson, told Metro World News, “I have five people now making AK-47 magazines – they’re incredibly easy to reproduce.” “

Engineers Pave the Way Towards 3-D Printing of Personal Electronics

 

 

 ” Scientists are developing new materials which could one day allow people to print out custom-designed personal electronics such as games controllers which perfectly fit their hand shape.

The University of Warwick researchers have created a simple and inexpensive conductive plastic composite that can be used to produce electronic devices using the latest generation of low-cost 3D printers designed for use by hobbyists and even in the home.

The material, nicknamed ‘carbomorph’, enables users to lay down electronic tracks and sensors as part of a 3D printed structure — allowing the printer to create touch-sensitive areas for example, which can then be connected to a simple electronic circuit board. “

HaveBlue’s Creation

The World’s First 3D-Printed Gun

 

  ” An American gunsmith has become the first person to construct and shoot a pistol partly made out of plastic, 3D-printed parts. The creator, user HaveBlue from the AR-15 forum, has reportedly fired 200 rounds with his part-plastic pistol without any sign of wear and tear. “

 

 

 

While this pistol obviously wasn’t created from scratch using a 3D printer, the interesting thing is that the lower receiver — in a legal sense at least — is what actually constitutes a firearm. Without a lower receiver, the gun would not work; thus, the receiver is the actual legally-controlled part.

  ” In short, this means that people without gun licenses — or people who have had their licenses revoked — could print their own lower receiver and build a complete, off-the-books gun. What a chilling thought.

But hey, that’s the ambivalent nature of technology, the great enabler. In just the last few months, 3D printers have also been used to print organs, blood vessels, and drugs. In a few more years, when 3D printers move beyond plastic resins, who knows what we’ll be able to print. “

 

HT/Cheaper Than Dirt 

 loses 3D printer support

  “The Wiki Weapon project lead by Cody Wilson of Defense Distributed is the first major attempt to develop plans for a 3D-printable firearm. As he states in his video introduction, the idea isn’t new or original, but despite years of discussion, nobody has actually worked out all the details, at least not publicly. 

And the plans will be open-source, like software, compatible with open-source CAD software, free for anyone to use, update, modify and share. The long-term goal is to make a reliable, hopefully reusable firearm using nothing more than a RepRap, an inexpensive 3D printer that is designed to be able to replicate all the parts needed to replicate another RepRap, which is also open-source, free for all. 

Unlike other recent 3D-printed firearms, the Wiki Weapon standard eventually calls for no non-3D printed parts. Other people have used 3D printers to manufacture AR-15 lower receivers at home, which legally speaking counts as a firearm, but then use off-the-shelf parts and complete upper receivers to build a functioning rifle. Anyone with any AR experience knows that a lower, without the commercially-produced parts, is just a paperweight with a serial number. 

So with that idea in mind, Wilson took the idea public. Here’s his introduction.”

“High-end scientific tools can go into the tens or hundreds of thousands of dollars. But thanks to 3D printing and a plethora of free,
modifiable online plans, both professionals and DIYers are building their own equipment for a fraction of the cost, opening up a new world for backyard Einsteins and university researchers alike.”

Behold , homemade firepower ..

image

  ” While there are still some details to sort out, it’s pretty clear that making weapons at home using 3-D printers from commonly available
materials is going to become much more commonplace in the near future. “

Read it and weep gun control advocates

  ” So, can you print a gun? Yep, you can and that’s exactly what somebody with the alias “HaveBlue” did.
    To be accurate, HaveBlue didn’t print an entire gun, he printed a “ receiver ” for an AR-15 (better known as the military’s M16) at a cost of about $30 worth of materials.”

HT/Instapundit