Today in the Past

 

 

Events

 

526 – Antioch in modern day Syria struck by Earthquake, about 250,000 die

799 – Pope Leo III, aided by Charles the Great, returns to Rome

1349 – Jews of Augsburg Germany massacred

1516 – Treaty of Freiburg] French/Swiss “eternal” peace treaty

1581 – Doornik surrenders to duke of Parma

1745 – Bonnie Prince Charlies army moves into Manchester & occupy Carlisle

1760 – French commandant Beletre surrenders Detroit to Maj R Rogers

1775 – Sir James Jay invents invisible ink

 

 

 

1781 – The crew of the slave ship Zong murders 133 Africans by dumping them into the sea in order to claim insurance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1812 – Napoleon’s Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia

1830 – November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia’s rule in Poland begins.

 

 

 

1847 – Indians kill Washington state pioneers Marcus & Narcissa Whitman, and 12 others in Walla Walla Ore

 

 

 

 

 

 

1863 – Battle of Ft Sanders, TN (Ft Loudon), 8-900 casualities

1864 – 4th & last day of skirmishes at Waynesboro, Georgia

1864 – Battle of Spring Hill, TN (Thomason’s Station)

 

 

 

1864 – Sand Creek Massacre, Colorado militia kills about 150 peaceful Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians including Cheyenne chief One-Eye

 

 

 

 

 

 

1870 – Compulsory education proclaimed in England

1872 – Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.

1877 – Thomas Edison demonstrates hand-cranked phonograph

1887 – US receives rights to Pearl Harbor, on Oahu, Hawaii

1890 – 1st Army-Navy football game, Score: Navy 24, Army 0 at West Point

1897 – 1st motorcycle race (Surrey England)

1900 – Lord Kitchener succeeds lord Roberts up as supreme commander in S Afr

1902 – Gerhart Hauptmanns “Der arnë Heinrich,” premieres in Vienna

1910 – The first US patent for inventing the traffic lights system is issued to Ernest Sirrine.

 

 

 

1915 – Fire destroys most of the buildings on Santa Catalina Island, California.

 

                                                                                                                                                                  

 

 

 

 

 

1916 – US declares martial law in Dominican Republic

1929 – Lt Cmdr Richard E Byrd sends “My calculations indicate that we have reached vicinity of South Pole” (He was wrong)

1933 – 1st state liquor stores authorized (Pennsylvania)

1934 – Chic Bears beat Detroit (19-16) in 1st NFL game broadcast nationally

1937 – Prince Bernhard injured in auto accident in Netherlands

1939 – Cor Klint swims world record 200 m backstroke (2:38.8)

1941 – Passenger ship Lurline sends radio signal of sighting Jap war fleet

1942 – US rations coffee

1943 – US aircraft carrier Hornet launched

1944 – Albania liberated from Nazi control (Natl Day)

1944 – John Hopkins hospital performs 1st open heart surgery

1947 – UN Gen Assembly partitions Palestine between Arabs & Jews

1948 – “Kukla, Fran, & Ollie” debuted on NBC

1949 – Nationalist regime of China leaves for Taiwan/Formosa

1949 – Uranium mine explosions in East Germany kills 3,700

1951 – 1st underground atomic explosion, Frenchman Flat Nevada

1952 – Pres-elect Eisenhower visits Korea to assess war

1953 – American Airlines begins 1st regular coml NY-LA air service

1960 – 26th Heisman Trophy Award: Joe Bellino, Navy (HB)

1961 – Freedom Riders attacked by white mob at bus station in Miss

1961 – John A McCone replaces Allen W Dulles as 6th director of CIA

 

 

 

1961 – MercuryAtlas 5 carries a chimp (Enos) to orbit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1962 – Great-Britain & France decide to jointly build Concorde

1963 – LBJ sets up Warren Comm to investigate assassination of JFK

1967 – British troops withdraw from Aden and South Yemen

1967 – Robert McNamara elected president of World bank

1972 – Nolan Bushnell (co-founder of Atari) releases Pong (the first commercially successful video game) in Andy Capp’s Tavern in Sunnyvale, California.

1975 – Kilauea Volcano erupts in Hawaii

1978 – UN observes “international day of solidarity with Palestinian people,” boycotted by US & about 20 other countries

1987 – Joe Montana of 49ers completes NFL record 22 consecutive passes

1987 – A Korean Air Boeing 707 explodes over the Thai-Burmese border, killing 155.

1990 – UN Security Council sets Jan 15th military deadline against Iraq

1994 – Seoul, Korea, celebrated the 600th anniversary of its founding

2007 – The Armed Forces of the Philippines lay siege to The Peninsula Manila after soldiers led by Senator Antonio Trillanes stage a mutiny.

 

 

Births

 

1229 – Louis II, the Stern, ruler (upper Baveria)

1338 – Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England (d. 1368)

1427 – Zhengtong, Emperor of China (d. 1464)

1627 – John Ray, English naturalist (d. 1705)

1752 – Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (d. 1819)

1762 – Pierre André Latreille, French zoologist (d. 1833)

1797 – Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti, composer

 

 

 

1803 – Christian Doppler, Salzburg, Austria, physicist (Doppler effect), (d. 1853)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1803 – Gottfried Semper, German architect (d. 1879)

1811 – Wendell Phillips, women’s suffrage/antislavery/prison reformer

 

 

 

1815 – Stephen Augustus Hurlbut, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1882

 

 

 

 

 

 

1825 – Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist (d. 1893)

1832 – Louisa May Alcott, Germantown Pa, author (Little Women)

1833 – Louis Douglass Watkins, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868

1834 – Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

1835 – Empress Dowager Cixi, Chinese ruler (d. 1908)

1849 – Ambrose Fleming, inventor (diode)

1857 – Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (d. 1911)

1874 – Antonio Egas Moniz, Portugal, lobotomist (Nobel 1949)

 

 

 

1894 – Yakima Canutt, [Enos Edward], Colfax WA, American stuntman actor/director 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1895 – Busby Berkeley, Los Angeles CA, choreographer

1895 – William V S Tubman, (Whig), 17th Liberian president (1943-70)

1896 – Philip L Carret, Lynn Mass, CEO (Pioneer Fund)

 

 

 

1898 – C S Lewis [Clive Staples], Belfast, sci-fi author (Silver Chair), (d. 1963)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1902 – Carlo Levi, Italy, painter/novelist (Of Fear & Freedom)

1904 – Egon Eiermann, German architect (d. 1970)

1911 – Klaus EJ Fuchs, German/British atomic physicist/spy

1915 – Earl W Sutherland, US pharmacologist (Nobel 1971)

1915 – Billy Strayhorn, American musician and composer (d. 1967)

1917 – Merle Travis, Muhlenberg County KY, country singer (16 Tons) (d. 1983)

1918 – Herb Shriner, Toledo Ohio, host/humorist (Herb Shriner Show)

1918 – Madeleine L’Engle, [Franklin], US, sci-fi author (Ilsa, Love Letters)

1922 – Benjamin Smit, Curacaos architect (St Elizabeth Hospital)

1927 – Vin[ce] Scully, sportscaster (NBC Baseball Game of the Week)

1931 – André Noyelle, Belgian cyclist (d. 2003)

1932 – Diane Ladd, Meridian Miss, actress (Wild Angels, Wild at Heart)

 

 

 

1933 – John Mayall, MacClesfield England, blues musician (Don’t Waste My Time)

 

 

Hideaway with Eric Clapton

Stormy Monday with Albert King

So Many Roads with Gary Moore

Don’t Start Me Talkin with Buddy Guy & Junior Wells

 

 

 

 

1940 – Chuck Mangione, Rochester NY, jazz hornist (Chasing the Clouds Away)

 

Feels So Good

Children Of Sanchez

Give It All You Got

Land of Make Believe

 

 

 

 

1942 – Felix Cavaliere, Pelham NY, rock keyboardist (Rascals-Lonely too Long)

1945 – Roger Bambuck, Guadeloupe, French 4X100 runner (Olympic-bronze-1968)

1946 – Suzy Chaffee, US, skier/chapstick user (Olympics-1968)

1946 – Silvio Rodríguez, Cuban poet

1947 – Ronnie Montrose, Denver, Colorado, American guitarist, (d. 2012)

1949 – Garry Shandling, AZ, comedian (Garry Shandling, Larry Sanders Show)

1949 – Kenneth D Cameron, Cleve Oh, Lt Col USMC/astronaut (STS 37, 56, 74)

1949 – Stan Rogers, Canadian folk musician and songwriter (d. 1983)

1950 – Kevin O’Donnell Jr, US, sci-fi author (Caverns, Reefs, Lava)

1951 – Barry Goudreau, Boston Mass, rock guitarist (Boston)

1954 – Joel Coen, Minneapolis Mn, actor/dir (Spies Like Us, Barton Fink)

1955 – Howie Mandel, Toronto Canada, comedian (Dr Wayne Fiscus-St Elsewhere)

1956 – Hinton Battle, American dancer

1956 – Leo Laporte, American television personality

1957 – Matthew Rubel, CEO of Collective Brands Licensing

1962 – Andrew McCarthy, NYC, actor (St Elmo’s Fire, Class)

1965 – Ellen Cleghorne, comedienne (Saturday Night Live)

1967 – Sean Carlin, Australian hammer thrower (Olympics-8-1992, 96)

1968 – Pedro A Martinez, Villa Mella Dom Rep, pitcher (NY Mets)

1969 – J-Me Carney, cyclist (Olympics-96)

 

 

 

1969 – Mariano Rivera, Panama City Panama, pitcher (NY Yankees)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1971 – Amy Peterson, Maplewood Minn, short track skater (Olympics-1994)

1971 – Gena Lee Nolin, actress/model (Baywatch)

1976 – Anna Faris, American actress

1979 – Simon Amstell, English comedian and television presenter

 

 

 

1982 – Ashley Force, American racecar driver

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deaths

 

561 – Chlotarius I, king of the France (558-61), dies at about 61

917 – Radboud, bishop of Utrecht/Deventer (900-17)/saint, dies

1253 – Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1206)

1268 – Clement IV, [Guido Fulcodi], Pope (1265-68), dies

1314 – Philip IV, the Handsome, King of France (1285-1314), (b. 1268)

1330 – Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England (b. 1287)

1378 – Charles IV, Roman-German King/German emperor (Univ of Prague), dies

1530 – Thomas Wolsey, Cardinal,adviser and Lord Chancellor, (1514-29) to England’s King Henry VIII (approx. 60)

 

 

 

1595 – Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga, Basque soldier and poet (b. 1533)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1626 – Ernst, Graf von Mansfield, German soldier (c. 1580)

1646 – Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish theologian and astronomer (b. 1565)

1699 – Patrick Gordon, Scottish general (b. 1635)

1759 – Nicolaus I Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1687)

1797 – Samuel Langdon, American President of Harvard University (b. 1723)

 

 

 

1872 – Horace Greeley, US founder/publisher (NY Tribune), dies at 61

 

 

 

 

 

 

1924 – Giacomo Puccini, Ital composer (Mme Butterfly), dies in Brussels at 65

1953 – Milt Gross, American comic book illustrator and animator (b. 1895)

1957 – Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Austria/US composer (Kathrin), dies at 60

1972- Carl Stalling, American composer (b. 1888)

1974 – Haroldson L Hunt, US multi-millionaire, dies at 85

1974 – James J. Braddock, American heavyweight boxer (b. 1905)

1976 – Godfrey Cambridge, actor (Watermelon Man), dies at 43

1981 – Natalie Wood, actress (West Side Story), drowns at 43 (suicide)

1984 – Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (b. 1900)

 

 

 

1986 – Cary Grant, actor (Charade), dies in Davenport Iowa at 82

 

 

Cary Grant receiving an Honorary Oscar®

Cary Grant tribute narrated by Michael Caine

Bringing Up Baby

Monkey Business with Marilyn Monroe

 

 

 

 

1991 – Ralph Bellamy, actor (Rosemary’s Baby, His Girl Friday), dies at 87

1992 – Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer (Jackie Kennedy), dies at 78

1992 – Jean Dieudonné, French mathematician (b. 1906)

1993 – JRD Tata, Indies industrialist (Air-India), dies at 89

1999 – Gene Rayburn, American game show host (b. 1917)

2001 – George Harrison, English singer, guitarist and songwriter (b. 1943)

2004 – John Drew Barrymore, American actor (b. 1929)

2005 – Wendie Jo Sperber, American actress (b. 1958)

2007 – Roger Bonham Smith, Former chairman and CEO of General Motors (b. 1925)

2007 – Tom Terrell, musicologist, NPR reviewer, deejay (b. 1950)

2008 – Jørn Utzon, Danish architect (b. 1918)

2010 – Maurice Wilkes, British computer scientist (b. 1913)

 

 

 

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